Cockeysville Senior Center - Baltimore
Monday, August 11th at 10:30 a.m. --
Baltimore historian and educator Wayne R. Schaumburg will present an illustrated program entitled "19th Century Baltimore:
A City of Immigrants." The talk will focus on the city's role as a major port of entry for immigration. We will
look at the wave of Irish and Germans who came before the Civil War as well as the Polish, Russians, Lithuanians, Bohemians,
Austrians and others who made up the 610,000 who arrived here between 1868 and 1900. The program is free
and open to the public. Cockeysville Senior Center is located at 10535 York Road just north of Warren Road.
For more information, call 410-887-7694.
Senior Center -- Baltimore History Talks
Baltimore historian and educator Wayne R. Schaumburg will present
two illustrated programs in August. Both are free and open to the public. Pikesville
Senior Center is located at 1301 Reisterstown Road. For more information, call 410-887-1245.
Thursday, August 14th at 1 p.m.
-- History of Baltimore's Parks and Public Squares
Friday, August 29th at 1 p.m. -- Baltimore's Historic Houses
Railroad Workers Museum -- Walking Tour
On Saturday, August 16th, the Irish
Railroad Workers Museum will host a tour of the Irish neighborhood
nearby the B&O Railroad Museum. Baltimore was a major port of entry for Irish
survivors of the Great Hunger (also known as the Potato Famine). The Irish were
welcomed with railroad work, free education, a thriving Irish parish and
community life that included food markets, local pubs, and fraternal
organizations that advocated for a free and independent Ireland. The tour departs from the B&O Railroad Museum parking
lot at 10:30 a.m. and will be led by Tom Ward. The tour is free and open to the public
although donations to the museum are always welcome! For more information, call 410-347-4747 or email email@example.com.
Oaks Senior Center -- Baltimore History Talk
August 21 at 12:30 p.m. - Baltimore historian and educator
will present an illustrated talk on the Great Baltimore Fire of 1904. Entitled "A Hot Time in the Old Town," the program
will focus on the February 7th blaze that destroyed almost 90% of the central business district. Over 140 acres burned;
1,526 buildings were destroyed; 2,500 companies were put out of business; 30,000 residents were out of work; and damage
was estimated at over $100 million. The program is free and open to the public. Seven Oaks Senior
Center is located at 9210 Seven Courts Drive. For more information, call 410-887-5192.
Baltimore City Historical Society Tour
Saturday July 26th, 10 a.m.
-- Join BCHS for a tour of the Maryland Women's Heritage Center located at the corner of Liberty and West
Lexington Streets. The tour is free and open to the public, but reservations are required.
Contact Joe Stewart at firstname.lastname@example.org. The Heritage Center tells the story of women's history in Maryland.
Heritage -- Sunday Walking Tours
Looking Up Downtown Baltimore Walking Tour:
Gargoyles and Grand Landmarks -- First Sunday of the month through
November, 9:30 to 10:45 a.m., departing from the Farmer's Market $
In a little over an hour and walking a little less than a mile, we take you on a tour through the highlights of downtown
Baltimore's history and architecture.
Looking Up Downtown Baltimore Walking Tour: Historic
Jonestown and the Shot Tower -- Third Sunday of the month
through November, 9:30 to 10:45 a.m., departing from the Farmer's Market $ Enjoy a fun walk past Historic Jonestown’s unique landmarks from
the Phoenix Shot Tower (tallest structure in the U.S. until 1846) to an early commercial block on Gay Street (including one
of only a handful of surviving examples of cast-iron architecture). After looking up at some great buildings, we'll climb
the winding steps inside the Shot Tower so you can look back down at historic downtown Baltimore from above.
For more information and reservations, contact Baltimore Heritage at 410-332-9992.
Maryland Humanities Council - Literary Walking Tours of Mt. Vernon
Saturdays from April through September -- Follow in the footsteps of Baltimore's literary
luminaries and discover the elegant brownstone mansions and cultural institutions built by Baltimore's successful 19th century
merchants and industrialists. Participants will learn how a neighborhood of scholars, artists, authors, newspapermen,
philanthropists, and social reformers offered rich opportunities to discuss and debate issues of the day as well as open new
literary avenues. The 90-minute walking tours are free and open to the public, but
reservations are required. The tours depart at 11 a.m. from the Enoch Pratt Central Library located at 400 Cathedral
Street. For more information, call 410-685-0095. (Tour dates are July 19, August 16, September
Patterson Park Pagoda
Sundays through October from noon to 6 p.m. -- Completed in 1890 by Charles Latrobe, the Observatory, better known as
"the Pagoda," is the best known landmark in Patterson Park. Located on the west side of the park near the intersection
of Patterson Park Avenue and Pratt Street, the octagonal Victorian structure has a spiral staircase that leads to three levels
each providing great views of the city. Operated, maintained, and staffed by the Friends of Patterson Park, the Pagoda
is free and open to the public.
Tudor Hall Tours
of historic Tudor Hall, home of the Booth family in Harford County will take place on selected Sundays through November.
$ Tours begin at 1 p.m. and 2 p.m. on each date. In addition, there are several special talks
that are part of some of the 2 p.m. tours. Tudor Hall is located at 17 Tudor Lane of of Maryland Route 22 between
Bel Air and the campus of Harford Community College. For more information, call 443-619-0008 or email SpiritsofTudorHall@gmail.com . The tour dates are: July 27; August 10 and 24; September 14 and
28; October 12 and 26; November 9.
War of 1812
2012, Baltimore and Maryland will celebrate the bicentennial of the War of
1812. Events will culminate in September, 2014 with the celebration of
Baltimore's defense against the 1814 British attack. To learn more about
Baltimore and the War of 1812, visit www.starspangled200.org.
For information about upcoming bicentenial events, visit www.starspangled200.com.
National Historic Trail
- Maryland Historical Society
- Covers the upper Chesapeake Bay region in the war; includes
timeline, notable people, sites of interest, and bicentennial events
- created by Dr. David Hildebrand and the colonial Music Institute;
includes music from the period of the war
- excellent site that ties in
with the Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Society - War of 1812 Exhibit -Through June, 2015 $ Entitled In Full Glory Reflected: Maryland During
of 1812, this exhibit retells the dramatic story of the War of 1812 in
the Chesapeake region through displays, a gallery devoted to the defenders
of Baltimore, and more than 100 artifacts including the original Star-Spangled
Banner manuscript. The Maryland Historical Society is located at 201
West Monument Street just west of Park Avenue. For more information, call
Star-Spangled Banner Flag House --
"Family of Flagmakers: The Women Who Created the Star-Spangled Banner" is the newest exhibit for the
Museum. $ Family of Flagmakers tells the story of Mary
Pickersgill, the woman who created the Star-Spangled Banner, her family and her household. It is the first exhibit in history
to focus on this exceptional woman's life and her incredible achievement: the creation of the flag that inspired our
American National Anthem. The exhibit invites visitors to experience different aspects of Mary's life and the events surrounding
the creation of the famous flag. It will feature many one-of-a-kind
objects from the Flag House collection: the original receipt for the
Star-Spangled Banner, on display for the first time in decades; the Lightner drum, carried by drummer boy Henry Lightner,
who sounded the alarm when the British attacked Fort McHenry; and original fragments of the Star-Spangled Banner, cut from
the awe-inspiring 30 x 42 foot flag. The Flag House is located at 844 East Pratt Street. For more information,
Spangled Spectacular - September 2014
Listed below is the schedule of events that will take
place from September 6th-16th to celebrate the bicentennial of the British attack on Baltimore and the writing of
the Star-Spangled Banner. For more information on any of the events, contact the individual venue.
Saturday, 10 am–6 pm, Sept.7, Sunday, 9 am–5 pm, Battle of North Point Commemoration,
Fort Howard, free www.DundalkHistory.org Sept.8, Monday,
7 pm fireworks & concert at Sparrows Point High School, free
Wednesday 11 am-5 pm Tall ships & naval vessels arrive, passing Fort
McHenry to the Inner Harbor. Ships will be open for tours from September 11th-15th, noon to 5 p.m. The ships will be
located at the Inner Harbor, Fell's Point, and Locust Point
Thursday 9:30 – 11 am, Commemoration of both
9/11 and Defenders Day at Clifton Mansion in Clifton Park, featuring the U.S. Navy Leap Frog sky divers. Clifton is
the only remaining home of a War of 1812 officer in Baltimore, cavalry Captain
Thursday, 10 am -1 pm, March of the Defenders: 500 Maryland National
Guardsmen march from Patterson Park to Battle
Acre park on Old North Point Rd, free
Thursday, 11 am-noon, Memorial Service at
Fort McHenry for those who lost their lives in the Battle of Baltimore as well as "9/11" in 2001.
Thursday, 1-4 pm Blue Angels Air Show practice,
Sept.13 Saturday 8 am to 6 pm and
Sept.14 Sunday 8 am to 3 pm -- Living history encampment at Fort McHenry $
Sept.13 Saturday 6-930 pm Defenders Day ceremonies at Fort McHenry followed by fireworks, free
Saturday and Sept.14 Sunday, 2-4 pm Blue Angels Air Show,
Saturday, 7 p.m. Star Spangled Spectacular Concert $ at Pier
Six Pavilion (nationally telecast), followed at 9:30 by fireworks, free.
Sunday, 9 am “By Dawn’s Early Light”: Flag Raising
at Fort McHenry with the
Sunday, 10 am- 8:30 pm, Hampstead Hill Festival, Patterson Park, free
Sept.14 Sunday, 5 pm Concert “Singing on Key”, Old St.
Paul’s Church, 233 N. Charles St. at Saratoga St., free
Sept.15, Monday, 11 am – 6 pm, Tours of tall ships and naval vessels, free
Tuesday, 10 - 1 am, Tall ships and naval vessels depart Inner Harbor past Fort
War of 1812: Interpretive Resources
Both Key Cam and War of 1812 Interactive Battlefield Maps were designed to promote,
educate, and inform a wide audience about Francis Scott Key, significant War of 1812 battles in the Chesapeake region and
the upcoming 200th anniversary of the writing of the Star-Spangled Banner.
KeyCam.com, has four web cams that are fixed on Fort McHenry in Baltimore and is designed to give the same view
that 200 years ago inspired Francis Scott Key to write the words to what would later become our National Anthem.
The War of 1812 Interactive Battlefield Maps, www.1812battles.com, feature cutting-edge maps that through animation highlight four significant battles of the War
of 1812 in the Chesapeake: the Battle of St. Leonard Creek, the Battle of Bladensburg, the Battle of North Point and the
Battle of Baltimore. Each map provides an historical context of the battle, along with images, artwork, and video highlighting
the history of each battle. Users can experience the battles in the Chesapeake Bay landscape as it was during the War of
1812 or toggle to the modern landscape of 2014.
- B&O Railroad
Museum - Civil War Exhibit - $ The War Came By Train is a four year exhibit
celebrating the role of the B&O Railroad in the Civil War. It will
include the largest collection of Civil War railroad equipment in the
world along with significant military and personal artifacts that will
change annually. The "1864" segment includes the Battle of Monocacy and the Johnson-Gilmor Raid. For
information, call 410-752-2490. The B&O Museum is located at 901
W. Pratt Street.
Historical Society: Civil War Exhibit - Divided Voices: Maryland
in the Civil War commemorates the 150th anniversary of the
beginning of the Civil War. $ The largest Civil War exhibit in the
museum's 167-year history will tell the story of the conflict in three
parts: the romantic war, the real war, and the long reunion. The
Maryland Historical Society is located at 201 W. Monument Street just
west of Park Avenue. For more information, call 410-685-3750 or visit www.mdhs.org.
- Baltimore Civil
War Museum - Located
in the old President Street Station that was built in the 1850s, the
museum tells the story of Baltimore's role in the Civil War. The
museum is free and
open to the public from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. from Monday to Saturday, and
from noon to 5 p.m. on Sundays. The museum is located at 601 South
President Street. For more information, call 443-220-0290.
S. S. John W. Brown Cruises
Saturday, September 6th and Saturday, October 4th $ --
Experience World War II afloat as you spend an exciting day in 1944 and experience a sea and air adventure aboard this
restored Liberty ship. Plenty of food, era-relevant entertainers, and an air show with vintage World War II aircraft await
you. Tour museum spaces, crew quarters, bridge, flying bridge, chart room, radio room, mess rooms, troop berthing areas,
stern gun deck and much more.
One of only two
surviving fully operational Liberty ships in the United States, S.S. John W. Brown was built in Baltimore where 385 of
these ships were produced during the war. For more information and reservations, call 410-558-0164 or email email@example.com.
next set of
walking tours through historic Green Mount Cemetery will take place on Saturday, September 27th, October
11th, 25th , and November 1st - $ - Opened in 1839 as
the city's first urban-rural cemetery, Green Mount is the final resting
place of Johns Hopkins, Enoch Pratt, William and Henry Walters, Mary
Elizabeth Garrett, Theodore McKeldin, John Wilkes Booth, Betsy Patterson,
Walter Lord, and other famous Marylanders. Tours begin at 9:30 a.m. from
the main gate located at Greenmount Avenue and East Oliver Street, and are
led by Baltimore historian Wayne R. Schaumburg. Reservations are required. For more information on the tours, call 410-256-2180
Books on Baltimore
History and Architecture for 2014
Shackelford, A Journey From Roads to Rails: The
Baltimore and Frederick Turnpike, the B&O Railroad, and Ellicott Mills,
Maryland, 1800-1860 (See Fred Rasmussen's article in the Baltimore Sun from Friday, January
A Bungled Affair, Britain's War on the United States, the Final Years 1814-1815
Carol Berkin, Wondrous Beauty, Life and Adventures of Elizabeth Patterson Bonaparte
E. Fuller Torrey, The Martyrdom of Abolitionist Charles
Torrey (See the article by Mary Carol McCauley
in The Sun from Sunday, February 23rd)
and Melissa Blair, Washington and Baltimore Art Deco: A Design History of Neighboring Cities
Lucas and Julie Schabletsky, Archeology of the War of 1812 (due out in June,
David Shackelford, The
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad in Maryland
Bill Barry, The 1877 Railroad Strike in Baltimore
Ross Kimmel and Michael Musick, I'm Busy Drawing Pictures: The Civil War
Art and Letters of Private John Jacob Omenhausser, CSA (This Confederate soldier from Baltimore
was imprisoned at Point Lookout)
Marc Leepson, What So Proudly We Hailed:
Francis Scott Key, A Life (See the article by Mary Carole MacCauley in the Sun from
This Week in
1868: The Black Friday Flood: A 12-hour rain storm led to massive
flooding along the Jones Falls as flood-waters reached a height of 20 feet. South of Eager Street, the tidal wave of
water washed away all but one bridge over the Falls. Flooding was so extensive that water engulfed the Calvert
Street Station (present-day site of the Sun newspaper on Calvert Street), the Holliday Street Theater (present-day
War Memorial Plaza), and the Maryland Institute at Market Place. The storm claimed 50 lives, damaged 2,000 houses, and
threw some 4,000 people out of work.
1873: A major fire broke out on Clay Street near the downtown business district. The wind-blown flames
burned for ten hours, destroyed 113 buildings, and caused $750,000 in damage. The burned area was bordered by Park
Avenue, Liberty, Mulberry, and Saratoga Streets. Central Presbyterian Church (located today at York Road and Stevenson
Lane) at Liberty and Saratoga Streets was totally destroyed while First English Lutheran Church (located today at Charles
and 39th Streets) and its parish house on Lexington Street were heavily damaged. Although St. Alphonsus Catholic Church
was spared by the blaze, its orphanage and parish school were lost. Known as the "Clay Street Fire," it was the city's
worst blaze prior to the Great Baltimore Fire of 1904.
----------: 1964: Contracts
were signed for the building of the Morris Mechanic Theater and the new Hilton Hotel as part of the Charles Center Project.
----------: 1974: Johnny Unitas announced his retirement from the NFL. Unitas, 41 years old, played 17 seasons
with the Baltimore Colts and one with the San Diego Chargers. He said, "I hate to quit playing football. The mind
is willing, but your body wears out."
----------: 2000: Before a sell-out crowd of 47,874 at Camden
Yards, the New York Yankees beat the Orioles 19-1. It is the worst defeat for the Orioles at Camden Yards
1873: The Baltimore Hebrew Congregation abolished separate seating for men and women.
1863: As part of his job to recruit a black regiment in Baltimore for the
U.S.C.T., Colonel William Birney liberated several slave jails in the city. In all, Maryland furnished 8,700
African Americans who served in the 4th, 9th, 19th, 30th, and 39thRegiments including Christian Fleetwood who would win
the Congressional Medal of Honor.
1817: The First Mechanical Volunteers (organized by the Mechanical Company, the city's first volunteer fire
company, 1763) erected a monument to Aquilla Randall, one of its members who was killed at the Battle of North Point on September
12, 1814. The monument still stands today on Old North Point Road. The Randall obelisk was one of three monuments seen by
President John Quincy Adams on his 1827 visit to Baltimore during which he toasted Baltimore as "the monumental city."
1776: The Declaration of Independence was read and proclaimed at the city courthouse (located at Calvert
and Fayette Streets, where the Battle Monument stands today) to a joyous crowd of Baltimoreans accompanied by salvos of artillery.
-------------: 2007: Baltimore Oriole
Cal Ripken, Jr. was inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame in front of a crowd of more than 75,000 people.
At the invitation of Ripken, Orioles' umpire attendant Ernie Tyler broke his streak of 3,819 games to attend the ceremony
as a guest!
-------------: 2010: Buck Showalter
took over as manager of the Baltimore Orioles. He finished the season with a winning record.
July 30th: 1729: Baltimore
Town was founded on the northwest branch of the Patapsco River. Seven commissioners were appointed by the colonial government
in Annapolis to purchase 60 acres of land (known as Cole's Harbor) from the Carroll family and have it surveyed into one-acre
July 31st: 1864: Martin J. Spaulding was consecrated Archbishop of Baltimore.
He would serve until February, 1872.
------------: 1952: The Edmondson
Village Branch of the Enoch Pratt Free Library opened for business. It is located at Edmondson and Athol Avenues
just east of the shopping center.
------------: 1983: Brooks Robinson,
Juan Marashal, George Kell (who played briefly for the Orioles) and Walter Alston were inducted into the National Baseball
Hall of Fame.
Website updated on 7/24/2014
Photo Answer: Known as "Baltimore's Valhalla," Green Mount is one of the
city's most historic cemeteries and will celebrate its 175th anniversary on July 13th. Opened in 1839, it was Baltimore's
first urban-rural cemetery, that is, a cemetery with a park-like setting located close to the countryside. Organized
by a group of seven Baltimore gentlemen led by tobacco merchant Samuel Walker, they purchased 65 acres of merchant Robert
Oliver's country estate named "Green Mount." At it's dedication on July 13, 1839, keynote speaker John Pendleton Kennedy
praised the new site by saying that "Death was part of nature and Green Mount would provide a place for man to repose in the
quiet simple beauty of the natural countryside."
Within five years Green Mount saw over 600 burials and soon became Baltimore's cemetery of choice. Today, over
67,000 people are buried here (see the photo below). Its distinctive Tudor Gothic gatehouse was
designed by Robert Carey Long, Jr. in 1840, and is located at Greenmount Avenue and East Oliver Street. Other
architects would leave their mark on the cemetery s well. The walkways were
laid out by Benjamin Henry Latrobe, Jr. and designed to conform to the existing topography. Niernsee and Neilson designed
the Gothic revival chapel (see the photo below) while Buckler and Fenhagen erected the Masoleum
Green Mount is the final resting place of Johns Hopkins, Enoch Pratt, William and Henry Walters, Mary Elizabeth Garrett,
Arunah S. Abell (see the photo below), William Henry Rinehart, Harriet Lane Johnston, Theodore
McKeldin, Betsy Patterson, John Wilkes Booth, A. Aubrey Bodine, Walter Lord, Confederate General Joseph Johnston and
many other famous Marylanders.