Wayne's Guide to Talks, Walks, and Tours of Baltimore
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This Week in Baltimore's History

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Can you name and locate this famous Baltimore landmark that will celebrate its 175th anniversary this July?  The answer is at the end of the page.

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This website is an on-going list of walks, talks, and tours that relate to Baltimore history and architecture.  The site was created for the benefit of my students, friends, and colleagues who often inquire about upcoming events. I update the site every week.   My e-mail address is: wayne.schaumburg@gmail.com .  Please feel free to comment or make suggestions.

 

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Cockeysville Senior Center  -  Baltimore History Talk

 

Monday, October 19th, 10:30 a.m.  -  Join Baltimore historian and educator for an illustrated talk on "Historic Houses of Baltimore." The program will include a total of 17 houses ranging from the 1760s to the 1960s and cover a variety of architectural styles from Georgian to modern.  The program is free and open to the public.  Cockeysville Senior Center is located at 10535 York Road just north of Warren Road.  For more information, call 410-887-7694.

 

 

 

 

Jewish Museum of Maryland

  • Sunday October 19th, 1 p.m. $ (free to members) -- Author and historian Dr. Ralph Eshelman will discuss the War of 1812 in the Chesapeake region.  He is co-author with Bert Kummerow of  In Full Glory Reflected:  Discovering the War of 1812 in the Chesapeake.  Copies of the book will be available for purchase.
  • Sunday, November 9th, 1 p.m. --  In connection with the museum's exhibit on Mendes Cohen (1796-1879), Jack Burkert from the Baltimore Museum of Industry will discuss the industry and technology that played a vital role in the growth of Baltimore in the 19th century.  $  (free to members) 

The  Jewish Museum of Maryland is located at 15 Lloyd Street.  For more information, call 410-732-6400.

 

 

 

Roland Park Country School:  Kaleidoscope Program -- Baltimore and the Civil War

Thursday, October 23rd, from 7-8:30 p.m.  $  Baltimore historian and educator Wayne R. Schaumburg will present an illustrated talk on "Baltimore and the Civil War:  A City Divided."  From the election of Abraham Lincoln to the surrender  at Appomattox, Baltimore played a major part in many of the events of the conflict.  For example,  three of the four candidates for President in 1860 were nominated at conventions held in Baltimore.  The first combat deaths of the Civil War took place in the city just one week after the Confederate attack on Fort Sumter. In April, 1864, President Lincoln spent the night at a house in Mt. Vernon Place after givng a speech during his only visit to Baltimore.  These and other stories will be part of this one-night class.  Roland Park Country School is located at 5204 Roland Avenue. For more information, call 410-323-5500. 

 

 

Maryland Historical Society  -  Green Mount Cemetery Tours

Saturday October 25th and Saturday, November 1st from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. Explore the lives of famous Marylanders who rest at Baltimore's Green Mount Cemetery. Led by historian Vince Vaise, the program begins with a tour of the Historical Society's special exhibitions.  Following lunch which will be provided, participants will motorcade to Green Mount Cemetery to visit the graves of these famous people. A lively, narrated walking tour along the historic paths will highlight the people, legends and lore surrounding one of Baltimore's most historic cemeteries.  Reservations are required.  For more information, call 410-685-3750.   The Maryland Historical Society is located at 301 West Monument Street. 

 

 

 

Baltimore Heritage  --  Sunday Walking Tours 

  • Looking Up Downtown Baltimore Walking Tour:  Gargoyles and Grand Landmarks --  First Sunday of the month through November, 9:30 to 10:45 a.m., departing from the Farmer's Market  In a little over an hour and walking a little less than a mile, we take you on a tour through the highlights of downtown Baltimore's history and architecture.

 

  • Looking Up Downtown Baltimore Walking Tour: Historic Jonestown and the Shot Tower  -- Third Sunday of the month through November, 9:30 to 10:45 a.m., departing from the Farmer's Market  $   Enjoy a fun walk past Historic Jonestown’s unique landmarks from the Phoenix Shot Tower (tallest structure in the U.S. until 1846) to an early commercial block on Gay Street (including one of only a handful of surviving examples of cast-iron architecture). After looking up at some great buildings, we'll climb the winding steps inside the Shot Tower so you can look back down at historic downtown Baltimore from above.   

For more information and reservations, contact Baltimore Heritage at 410-332-9992.

 

 

 

Baltimore Heritage -- October Programs

  • Doors Open Baltimore 2014: Industrial Baltimore Saturday, October 25th - 10:00 AM to 4:00 PM.  Baltimore Architecture Month will host the first ever Doors Open Baltimore — a free, one day event which introduces people to buildings which they may travel pass, but almost never have the opportunity to enter. ‘Open house’ days take place in cities across the world to promote heritage and enhance public appreciation of architecture and the built environment around us, and we’re proud to be bringing Doors Open to Baltimore!

 

  • We Dig Hampstead Hill! Lecture & Discussion with Project Archeologists  Saturday, October 25th - 3:00 PM to 4:30 PM.  With funding from the Maryland Heritage Area Authority and the National Park Service American Battlefield Protection Program, Baltimore Heritage completed "We Dig Hampstead Hill" – an archeological investigation of Patterson Park in spring 2014. The project archeologists spent the summer analyzing artifacts and are now ready to share some exciting stories about the history and archeology of Hampstead Hill! The program is free and open to the public.

 

  • Commission for Historical and Architectural Preservation: 50th Anniversary Celebration Tuesday, October 28th - 6:00 PM to 8:00 PM. Join Mayor Stephanie Rawlings-Blake, CHAP Commissioners and staff, and the Department of Planning in celebrating CHAP’s 50 years of service at Baltimore City Hall.  The program is free and open to the public. For more information, please contact Eric Holcomb at 443-984-2728 or eric.holcomb@baltimorecity.gov.

 

  • Catonsville by Foot: Summer Estates and War Protests Saturday, November 8 - 10:00 AM to 11:30 AM  Hugging the line between Baltimore City and Baltimore County, Catonsville retains much of its early 19th-century, genteel country-estate charm. The tour will be led by Baltimore Heritage’s own Marsha Wight Wise. The tour will finish with a visit to the Catonsville Room of the Baltimore County Public Library. The Catonsville Room is a wonderful depository of the area’s history. 


 

 

 

Enoch Pratt Free Library -- Book Talk

Thursday, October 22nd, 6 p.m. in the Hamilton Branch located at 5910 Harford Road -- Author and labor historian Bill Barry will discuss his new book "The 1877 Railroad Strike in Baltimore."  The program is free and open to the public.  For more information, call 410-396-6088.

 

 

 

Baltimore City Historical Society -- 14th Annual Mayor's Reception and History Honors Program  

Saturday, October 25th, from 1-3:30 p.m. at Clifton Mansion located at 2701 St. Lo Drive (just east of Harford Road and the Alameda) in Clifton Park.  The program is free and open to the public.  Enjoy refreshments; hear a brief speech from the Mayor;  honor ten people who have contributed to Baltimore's life and history; and tour the historic Clifton Mansion.

 

 

 

Friends of the Maryland State Archives - Book Talk

October 21st at 5:00 pm at the Maryland State Archives:  Ross M. Kimmel will discuss John Jacob Omenhausser and his Civil War artwork, much of it as a prisoner-of-war at Point Lookout in the final year of the war. The Friends of MSA recently published the book by Mr. Kimmel and Michael Musick:  "I Am Busy Drawing Pictures: The Civil War Art and Letters of Private John Jacob Omenhausser, CSA."  Omenhausser was from Baltimore.  The program is free and open to the public. The Maryland State Archives is located at 350 Rowe Blvd in Annapolis. For more information, call 410-260-6400.

 

 

 

 

Walters Art Museum --  "From Rye to Raphael:  The Walters Story"

Sunday, October 26th through April 17, 2016 --  This new exhibit explores the lives, times, tastes, and legacy of the museum founders William and Henry Walters through an extraordinary group  of art and artifacts.  The exhibit is free and open to the public during museum hours.  The museum is located at North Charles and Centre Streets.  For more information, call 410-547-9000.   

 

 

Free State at the Peale Museum:  Art Exhibit and Sale

Saturday, November 1st, from 7:30 to 9:30 p.m. in the Carroll Mansion located at 800 East Lombard Street - $ - Celebrate 200 years of the Peale Museum and the new Peale Center for Baltimore history and architecture.  For more information visit www.thepealecenter.org. (Also, see the Baltimore Sun article from October 7th written by Yvonne Wenger) 

 

 

"Inside Federal Hill" House Tour

Saturday November 1st, from noon to 5 p.m.  $  Join Federal Hill Main Streets on their second tour, showcasing 10 properties in charming Federal Hill.  A reception follows the tour that will be hosted by Federal Hill Main Street for all ticket holders. Tickets can be purchased in advance through www.historicfederalhill.org or by calling 410-727-4500.

 

 

 

 

Druid Hill Park  --  Rawlings Conservatory Lecture

Wednesday, November 5th from 6-8 p.m.  Join Alan Stein for an illustrated lecture on "Great Conservatories of the 19th Century & the Architecture Behind Them."  Revisit conservatories, some in Baltimore City, that were lost to the ravages of time and budget cuts.  A reception will precede the program.  For more information, call 410-396-0008. The Druid Hill Park Conservatory is located at 3100 Swan Drive near the intersection of Gwynns Fall Parkway and McCulloh Street.  

 

 

 

 

Johns Hopkins University Museums -- Mt. Vernon Tour

Sunday, November 9th from 11:30 a.m. to 3 p.m.  James Abbott, Director and Curator  of Evergreen Museum and Library will lead a tour of two historic Mt. Vernon landmarks:  Grace and St. Peter's Episcopal Church and the Garrett-Jacobs Mansion.  Both landmarks will shed light on the lives of  Mary Frick Garrett Jacobs, Robert Garrett, and Dr. Henry Barton Jacobs.  Brunch at the Garrett-Jacobs Mansion is included. Reservations are required. For more information, call 410-516-0341 or email evergreenmuseum@jhu.edu. The tour begins at Grace & St. Peter's Episcopal Church, located at the corner of Monument and Park Avenues. Free parking is available at the Maryland Historical Society across the street from the church. 

 

 

 

Baltimore Museum of Art -- 100th Anniversary

Sunday, November 23rd, from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.  This free and festive day celebrates the BMA's beautifully renovated American art galleries and newly reopened Merrick Historic Entrance with activities for all ages. The day features:

  • Ceremonial step-scrubbing performance with artist Megan Hildebrandt—arrive early to attend! 
  • Silver engraving, needlepoint, stained glass, and clock-making demonstrations
  • Storytelling with Maria Broom and Pedicab Oral History Project with artist Michelle Nugent
  • Family art-making activities and in-gallery conversations with museum educators
  • Free personalized hand-cut paper silhouettes by Alex Vernon
  • An in-gallery harp demonstration by Jasmine Hogan
  • A lively musical performance led by Brooks Long with Caleb Stine, Ruby Fulton, Eze JacksonLatrobe, Eric Kennedy, and others
  • Food trucks and free birthday cake from Charm City Cakes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tudor Hall Tours

Tours of historic Tudor Hall, home of the Booth family in Harford County will take place on selected Sundays through November. $ Tours begin at 1 p.m. and 2 p.m. on each date. In addition, there are several special talks that are part of some of the 2 p.m. tours.  Tudor Hall is located at 17 Tudor Lane of of Maryland Route 22 between Bel Air and the campus of Harford Community College.  For more information, call 443-619-0008 or email SpiritsofTudorHall@gmail.com .  The tour dates are:  October 12 and 26; November 9.

 

 

War of 1812 Bicentennial

 Baltimore continues to celebrate the bicentennial of the War of 1812.  To learn more about Baltimore and the war visit www.starspangled200.org.         

Other links to explore:

  • Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
  • Baltimore National Heritage Area
  • Eastern Shore 1812 Consortium
  • Fort McHenry
  • Star-Spangled Banner Flag House
  • Maryland Historical Society 
  • www.upperbay1812.com - Covers the upper Chesapeake Bay region in the war; includes timeline, notable people, sites of interest, and bicentennial events
  • www.1812music.org - created by Dr. David Hildebrand and the colonial Music Institute; includes music from the period of the war
  • www.starspangledtrail.net - excellent site that ties in with the Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail 

 

Maryland Historical Society - War of 1812 Exhibit -Through June, 2015  Entitled In Full Glory Reflected: Maryland During the War of 1812, this exhibit retells the dramatic story of the War of 1812 in the Chesapeake region through displays, a gallery devoted to the defenders of Baltimore, and more than 100 artifacts including the original Star-Spangled Banner manuscript. The Maryland Historical Society is located at 201 West Monument Street just west of Park Avenue. For more information, call 410-685-3750.

 

 

 

Creative Alliance:   1814:  The Summation -- A History Symposium on the War of 1812

Saturday, November 15th, 9 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. at the Patterson Theater located at 3134 Eastern Avenue   Join the Creative Alliance for a day long exploration of the War of 1812, its impact, and the role Maryland played in its outcome.  The program features panels with lively scholars sharing new research about the war, book signings and activities in the gallery, complete with plenty of time for audience discussion. Admission includes light refreshments and beverages throughout the day, a delightful lunch, and dynamic post-event happy hour with cash bar. The panels include: 

  • Overview of the War of 1812:  Don Hickey, Alan Taylor, Burt Kummerow, and Jane Cook
  • Maryland's Maritime Contributions to the War of 1812:  Ralph Eshelman, Christopher George, Carey Roberts, Jan Miles, Jamie Trost
  • People and Personalities of the War:  Alan Taylor, Don Hickey, Vince Leggett, Ryan Cox
  • Battle of Baltimore, From North Point to Hampstead Hill:  Scott Sheads, Ralph Eshelman, Christopher George, Robert Cummins, Jr.   

For more information, call 410-276-1651.

 

 

 

 Star-Spangled Banner Flag House

"Family of Flagmakers:  The Women Who Created the Star-Spangled Banner" is the newest exhibit for the Museum.   $   Family of Flagmakers tells the story of Mary Pickersgill, the woman who created the Star-Spangled Banner, her family and her household. It is the first exhibit in history to focus on this exceptional woman's life and her incredible achievement: the creation of the flag that inspired our American National Anthem. The exhibit invites visitors to experience different aspects of Mary's life and the events surrounding the creation of the famous flag. It will feature many one-of-a-kind objects from the Flag House collection: the original receipt for the Star-Spangled Banner, on display for the first time in decades; the Lightner drum, carried by drummer boy Henry Lightner, who sounded the alarm when the British attacked Fort McHenry; and original fragments of the Star-Spangled Banner, cut from the awe-inspiring 30 x 42 foot flag.  The Flag House is located at 844 East Pratt Street.  For more information, call 410-837-1793.

 

 

 

  War of 1812:   Interpretive Resources 

StarSpangled200.com Interactive Websites

 

Both  Key Cam and War of 1812 Interactive Battlefield Maps were designed to promote, educate, and inform a wide audience about Francis Scott Key, significant War of 1812 battles in the Chesapeake region and the upcoming 200th anniversary of the writing of the Star-Spangled Banner.

 KeyCam.com, has four web cams that are fixed on Fort McHenry in Baltimore and is designed to give the same view that 200 years ago inspired Francis Scott Key to write the words to what would later become our National Anthem.

The War of 1812 Interactive Battlefield Maps, www.1812battles.com, feature cutting-edge maps that through animation highlight four significant battles of the War of 1812 in the Chesapeake: the Battle of St. Leonard Creek, the Battle of Bladensburg, the Battle of North Point and the Battle of Baltimore. Each map provides an historical context of the battle, along with images, artwork, and video highlighting the history of each battle. Users can experience the battles in the Chesapeake Bay landscape as it was during the War of 1812 or toggle to the modern landscape of 2014.

 

 

 Civil War Sesquicentennial

  • B&O Railroad Museum - Civil War Exhibit - $ The War Came By Train is a four year exhibit celebrating the role of the B&O Railroad in the Civil War. It will include the largest collection of Civil War railroad equipment in the world along with significant military and personal artifacts that will change annually. The "1864" segment includes the Battle of Monocacy and the Johnson-Gilmor Raid.  For more information, call 410-752-2490. The B&O Museum is located at 901 W. Pratt Street.
  • Maryland Historical Society: Civil War Exhibit - Divided Voices: Maryland in the Civil War commemorates the 150th anniversary of the beginning of the Civil War. $ The largest Civil War exhibit in the museum's 167-year history will tell the story of the conflict in three parts: the romantic war, the real war, and the long reunion. The Maryland Historical Society is located at 201 W. Monument Street just west of Park Avenue. For more information, call 410-685-3750 or visit www.mdhs.org.
  • Baltimore Civil War Museum - Located in the old President Street Station that was built in the 1850s, the museum tells the story of Baltimore's role in the Civil War. The museum is free and open to the public from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. from Monday to Saturday, and from noon to 5 p.m. on Sundays. The museum is located at 601 South President Street. For more information, call 443-220-0290.

 

 

Historical Society of Baltimore County, Baltimore City Historical Society, and Stevenson University Public History Program

 

 

 

"Baltimore's Suburbanization and Outward Growth" Saturday, November 15th,

2-4 p.m. in Rockland Hall on the campus of Stevenson University located at 1101 Owings Mills Blvd.  The program is free and open to the public. 

 

Explore how Baltimore’s suburbanization has impacted, and been effected by, changes in urban and suburban demographics, transportation, housing practices, city and county planning, and poverty and tax policies.  Speakers include:

  • Eric Holcomb, City Planner with the Baltimore City Commission for Historical and Architectural Preservation, and author of The City as Suburb: A History of Northeast Baltimore, presents, "Tying It All Together: Understanding Suburban Growth in the Baltimore Region 1830-2010."

  • Antero Pietila, retired 35 year Baltimore Sun reporter, foreign correspondent, editorial board member, and author of Not in My Neighborhood: How Bigotry Shaped a Great American City, presents, "Suburbanization is a State of Mind."

 

  • Elizabeth Kneebone, fellow at the Metropolitan Policy Program at the Brookings Institution, and co-author of Confronting Suburban Poverty in America, presents, "The Shifting Geography of Poverty in Metropolitan Baltimore."

 

 

 

 

  Green Mount Cemetery Walking Tours

The next set of walking tours through historic Green Mount Cemetery will take place on Saturday, September 27th, October 11th, 25th , and November 1st - $ - Opened in 1839 as the city's first urban-rural cemetery, Green Mount is the final resting place of Johns Hopkins, Enoch Pratt, William and Henry Walters, Mary Elizabeth Garrett, Theodore McKeldin, John Wilkes Booth, Betsy Patterson, Walter Lord, and other famous Marylanders. Tours begin at 9:30 a.m. from the main gate located at Greenmount Avenue and East Oliver Street, and are led by Baltimore historian Wayne R. Schaumburg. Reservations are required. For more information on the tours, call 410-256-2180 or email wayne.schaumburg@gmail.comPLEASE NOTE THAT ALL FOUR TOURS ARE NOW FULL.  TO BE PLACED ON THE MAILING LIST FOR THE 2015 TOURS, EMAIL YOUR POSTAL ADDRESS  TO wayne.schaumburg@gmail.com.

 

 

 

New Books on Baltimore History and Architecture for 2014

 

David Shackelford, A Journey From Roads to Rails:  The Baltimore and Frederick Turnpike, the B&O Railroad, and Ellicott Mills, Maryland, 1800-1860 (See Fred Rasmussen's article in the Baltimore Sun from Friday, January 24th)

 

Geoffrey Footner, A Bungled Affair, Britain's War on the United States, the Final Years 1814-1815

 

Carol Berkin, Wondrous Beauty, Life and Adventures of Elizabeth Patterson Bonaparte

 

E. Fuller Torrey,  The Martyrdom of Abolitionist Charles Torrey  (See the article by Mary Carol McCauley in The Sun from Sunday, February 23rd)

 

Richard Striner and Melissa Blair, Washington and Baltimore Art Deco:  A Design History of Neighboring Cities

 

Lucas and Julie Schabletsky, Archeology of the War of 1812

 

David Shackelford, The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad in Maryland

 

Bill Barry, The 1877 Railroad Strike in Baltimore  (See the article by Kate Drabinski in the September 24th issue of The City Paper) 

 

Ross Kimmel and Michael Musick, I'm Busy Drawing Pictures: The Civil War Art and Letters of Private John Jacob Omenhausser, CSA  (This Confederate soldier from Baltimore was imprisoned at Point Lookout)

 

Marc Leepson, What So Proudly We Hailed:  Francis Scott Key, A Life (See the article by Mary Carole MacCauley in the Sun from July 27th)

 

Baltimore Sun, Man In the Street, From Dirt Roads to Blacktop:  A History of Baltimore Street Names

 

Mark Millikin, Babe Ruth:  Star Pitcher of the 1914 Baltimore Orioles

 

Marc Ferris, Star-Spangled Banner, The Unlikely Story of America's National Anthem

 

Rob Kasper, Baltimore Baseball & Barbecue with Boog Powell:  Stories from the Orioles' Smokey Slugger

 

Kathleen Brockway, Images of America, Baltimore's Deaf Heritage

 

Claudia Floyd, Union-Occupied Maryland, A Civil War Chronicle of Civilians and Soldiers

 

Dr. Charles Neimeyer, The U. S. Army Campaigns in the War of 1812:  The Chesapeake Campaign 1813-1814 

 

J. Carroll Holzer, Baltimore and Maryland During the War Between the States (as viewed by Private George Melvin -- 1st Maryland Confederate Infantry)

 

    

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This Week in Baltimore's History:

 

October 1st:  1897:  Gertrud Stein entered Hopkins Medical School. She attended for two years but did not complete her studies. 

 

----------------:  1990:  Barry Levinson's film "Avalon," opened   at the Senator Theater.  The film which chronicled the life of a Russian immigrant family in Baltimore, was filmed in Fell's Point, Mount Vernon, and Roland Park.  Eighteen members of Levinson's family appeared in minor roles or as extras! 

October 2nd:  1869:  The Centenary Biblical Institute opened at the Sharp Street Memorial Methodist Church.  Later the school moved to a site at Edmondson and Fulton Avenues.  Established to train young African American men for the Methodist ministry, the school moved again to northeast Baltimore in 1917 and became Morgan College.  Named for the Rev. Lyttleton Morgan, we know it today as Morgan State University.

 

----------------------:  1871:  Ford's Grand Opera House opened for business.  Located on Fayette Street near Eutaw, it was built by Baltimore-born James T. Ford, Sr. who had operated Ford's Theater in Washington, D.C.  The Baltimore playhouse operated for 93 years and became known to locals as "the temple of drama."  Ford's Theater lasted until February 2, 1964 when the curtain came down on its final show:  "A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum" starring Jerry Lester.  Within days, the theater was demolished for a parking garage while construction had already begun on the new Morris Mechanic Theater at Charles Center.

 

-----------------1960:  The Maryland Historical Society announced its acquisition of the watercolor paintings and journals of Benjamin Henry Latrobe, architect of the U. S. Capitol building and the Baltimore Cathedral.

 

-----------------: 1967:  The telephone reference service opened at the Enoch Pratt Free Library.

 

-----------------:  1967:  Baltimorean Thurgood Marshall was sworn in as the first African American justice on the U. S. Supreme Court.

 

October 3rd:  1876:  Johns Hopkins University opened with 89 students.  Classes were held in buildings located at Howard and Little Ross Streets.     

 

October 4th:  1944:  The Orioles won the International League championship with a 7th game victory over the Newark Bears by a score of 6-3.  The Orioles advanced to the Little League World Series where they defeated the Louisville Colonels.

 

October 5th:  1786:  A disastrous flood along the Jones Falls swept away mills, bridges,  and several buildings near the harbor.

 

----------------:  1939:  The Senator movie theater opened in Govans just south of Belvedere Avenue on York Road.

 

October 6th:  1956:  Johnny Unitas saw his first action with the Baltimore Colts in a 31-14 loss to the Detroit Lions.  He entered the game late in the fourth quarter for George Shaw.

 

----------------:  1991:  Cal Ripken, Jr. was the last major league batter at Memorial Stadium.  He grounded into a double-play as the Detroit Tigers defeated the Orioles 7-1.  After the game, an emotional ceremony featuring over 100 former Oriole players, bid farewell to Memorial Stadium.    

 

October 7th 1849:  Edgar Allan Poe died at the Washington Medical College (later known as Church Home Hospital) in Baltimore under mysterious circumstances (Jeff Jerome, former curator of the Poe Museum, has over 20 different versions of Poe's death).  Two days later, Poe was laid to rest in the rear section of the Western Burial Grounds, known today as Westminster Graveyard (located at Fayette and Greene Streets.).

 

  

 

             Website updated on 10/01/2014

 

 

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Photo Answer:   Known as "Baltimore's Valhalla," Green Mount is one of the city's most historic cemeteries and will celebrate its 175th anniversary on July 13th.  Opened in 1839, it was Baltimore's first urban-rural cemetery, that is, a cemetery with a park-like setting located close to the countryside.  Organized by a group of seven Baltimore gentlemen led by tobacco merchant Samuel Walker, they purchased 65 acres of merchant Robert Oliver's country estate named "Green Mount."  At it's dedication on July 13, 1839, keynote speaker John Pendleton Kennedy praised the new site by saying that "Death was part of nature and Green Mount would provide a place for man to repose in the quiet simple beauty of the natural countryside."

 
Within five years Green Mount saw over 600 burials and soon became Baltimore's cemetery of choice.  Today, over 67,000 people are buried here (see the photo below).  Its distinctive Tudor Gothic gatehouse was designed by Robert Carey Long, Jr. in 1840, and is located at Greenmount Avenue and East Oliver Street. Other architects would leave their mark on the cemetery s well.  The walkways were laid out by Benjamin Henry Latrobe, Jr. and designed to conform to the existing topography.  Niernsee and Neilson designed the Gothic revival chapel (see the photo below) while Buckler and Fenhagen erected the Masoleum in 1929.
 
Today Green Mount is the final resting place of Johns Hopkins, Enoch Pratt, William and Henry Walters,  Mary Elizabeth Garrett, Arunah S. Abell (see the photo below),  William Henry Rinehart, Harriet Lane Johnston, Theodore McKeldin, Betsy Patterson, John Wilkes Booth, A. Aubrey Bodine, Walter Lord, Confederate General Joseph Johnston and many other famous Marylanders.    

 

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