Being Good Stewards
by Walter Kenaston
through the grace of IAUE Aleim


We Christians are stewards of Jesus Christ, appointed in His place to minister the gifts He has given us.
This is not our choice, but His; and it is our duty to perform according to His will.


STEWARD. - Black's Law Dictionary, Third edition

This word signifies a man appointed in the place or stead of another, and generally denotes a principal officer within his jurisdiction.

AUTHORITY. - Black's Law Dictionary, Third edition

Permission. People v. Howard, 31 Cal. App. 358, 100 P. 697, 701. Control over, jurisdiction. State v. Home Brewing Co. of Indianapolis, 182 Ind. 75, 105 N. E. 969, 916. Often synonymous with power. (cites omitted) The power delegated by a principle to his agent. Clark v. Griffin, 95 N. J. Law, 508, 113 A. 234, 235.
In Governmental Law
Legal power; a right to command or act; the right and power of public officers to require obedience to their orders lawfully issued in the scope of their public duties.
In the English law relating to public administration, an authority is a body having jurisdiction in certain matters of a public nature.
* * *

POWER. - Black's Law Dictionary, Third edition

The right, ability, or faculty of doing something.
In a restricted sense a "power" is a liberty or authority reserved by, or limited to, a person to dispose of real or personal property, for his own benefit, or benefit of others, or enabling one person to dispose of interest which is vested in another.


Jesus Christ has authority from the Father:

John 5:
26* For as the Father hath life in himself; so hath he given to the Son to have life in himself;
27* And hath given him authority to execute judgment also, because he is the Son of man.

and, through the Great Commission, has entrusted both His authority and power in our hands, appointing us in His stead, to accomplish the work of the kingdom:

Matthew 28:18-20:
18* And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth.
19* Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost:
20* Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen.

God has given each Christian varying manners of gifts or abilities.

Romans 11:29* For the gifts and calling of God are without repentance.
Romans 12:6* Having then gifts differing according to the grace that is given to us, whether prophecy, let us prophesy according to the proportion of faith;
1 Corinthians 7:7 For I would that all men were even as I myself. But every man hath his proper gift of God, one after this manner, and another after that.
Ephesians 4:8* Wherefore he saith, When he ascended up on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts unto men.

The gifts God gives us are good for us.

Matthew 7:11* If ye then, being evil, know how to give good gifts unto your children, how much more shall your Father which is in heaven give good things to them that ask him?
Luke 11:13* If ye then, being evil, know how to give good gifts unto your children: how much more shall your heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to them that ask him?
James 1:17* Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and cometh down from the Father of lights, with whom is no variableness, neither shadow of turning.

Christians are entrusted with ministering with these gifts for ministry and upon the body of Christ.

1 Peter 4:10 As every man hath received the gift, even so minister the same one to another, as good stewards of the manifold grace of God.
Ephesians 4:11-12 11* And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers; 12* For the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ:
1 Corinthians 16:3* And when I come, whomsoever ye shall approve by your letters, them will I send to bring your liberality unto Jerusalem.
2 Corinthians 10:8* For though I should boast somewhat more of our authority, which the Lord hath given us for edification, and not for your destruction, I should not be ashamed:

We are accountable for how we minister these gifts, as is seen in the parable of the unjust steward, and we will be measured by our stewardship.

Luke 16:1 And he said also unto his disciples, There was a certain rich man, which had a steward; and the same was accused unto him that he had wasted his goods.
2 And he called him, and said unto him, How is it that I hear this of thee? give an account of thy stewardship; for thou mayest be no longer steward.
* * *
11* If therefore ye have not been faithful in the unrighteous mammon, who will commit to your trust the true riches?
12 And if ye have not been faithful in that which is another man's, who shall give you that which is your own?

1 Timothy 4:14* Neglect not the gift that is in thee, which was given thee by prophecy, with the laying on of the hands of the presbytery.
2 Timothy 1:6* Wherefore I put thee in remembrance that thou stir up the gift of God, which is in thee by the putting on of my hands.

Hebrews 11:4* By faith Abel offered unto God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain, by which he obtained witness that he was righteous, God testifying of his gifts: and by it he being dead yet speaketh.

Phillipians 4:17* Not because I desire a gift: but I desire fruit that may abound to your account.

We are to minister the gifts given us, not as the unsaved do and as we ourselves once did, but, according to the Spirit and knowing we shall be called upon to give account of our stewardship, with charity and hospitality among fellow Christians and with wisdom and correctness of speech, to glorify God.

1 Peter 4:1-11
1 ¶ Forasmuch then as Christ hath suffered for us in the flesh, arm yourselves likewise with the same mind: for he that hath suffered in the flesh hath ceased from sin;
2 That he no longer should live the rest of his time in the flesh to the lusts of men, but to the will of God.
3* For the time past of our life may suffice us to have wrought the will of the Gentiles, when we walked in lasciviousness, lusts, excess of wine, revellings, banquetings, and abominable idolatries:
4 ¶ Wherein they think it strange that ye run not with them to the same excess of riot, speaking evil of you:
5 Who shall give account to him that is ready to judge the quick and the dead.
6 For for this cause was the gospel preached also to them that are dead, that they might be judged according to men in the flesh, but live according to God in the spirit.
7 ¶ But the end of all things is at hand: be ye therefore sober, and watch unto prayer.
8 And above all things have fervent charity among yourselves: for charity shall cover the multitude of sins.
9 Use hospitality one to another without grudging.
10 As every man hath received the gift, even so minister the same one to another, as good stewards of the manifold grace of God.
11 If any man speak, let him speak as the oracles<3051> of God; if any man minister, let him do it as of the ability which God giveth: that God in all things may be glorified through Jesus Christ, to whom be praise and dominion for ever and ever. Amen.

2 Corithians 8:19 And not that only, but who was also chosen of the churches to travel with us with this grace, which is administered by us to the glory of the same Lord, and declaration of your ready mind:

We are to be, among other things, sober, hospitable, lovers of good men (but not every man), knowing we shall be judged on whether we were faithful.

Titus 1:
7 For a bishop<1985> must be blameless, as the steward of God; not selfwilled, not soon angry, not given to wine, no striker, not given to filthy lucre;
8 But a lover of hospitality, a lover of good men, sober, just, holy, temperate;
9 Holding fast the faithful word as he hath been taught, that he may be able by sound doctrine both to exhort and to convince the gainsayers.

1 Corinthians 4:
1 ¶ Let a man so account of us, as of the ministers of Christ, and stewards<3623> of the mysteries of God.
2 Moreover it is required in stewards<3623>, that a man be found faithful.
3 But with me it is a very small thing that I should be judged of you, or of man's judgment: yea, I judge not mine own self.
4* For I know nothing by myself; yet am I not hereby justified: but he that judgeth me is the Lord.

What are the some of the gifts? Firstly, the gifts of grace, righteousness and eternal life.

John 4:10* Jesus answered and said unto her, If thou knewest the gift of God, and who it is that saith to thee, Give me to drink; thou wouldest have asked of him, and he would have given thee living water.
Romans 5:15-18: 15* But not as the offence, so also is the free gift. For if through the offence of one many be dead, much more the grace of God, and the gift by grace, which is by one man, Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto many. 16* And not as it was by one that sinned, so is the gift: for the judgment was by one to condemnation, but the free gift is of many offences unto justification. 17* For if by one man's offence death reigned by one; much more they which receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ.) 18* Therefore as by the offence of one judgment came upon all men to condemnation; even so by the righteousness of one the free gift came upon all men unto justification of life.
Romans 6:23* For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.
2 Corinthians 9:15 Thanks be unto God for his unspeakable gift.
Ephesians 2:8* For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God:
Ephesians 3:7* Whereof I was made a minister, according to the gift of the grace of God given unto me by the effectual working of his power.
Ephesians 4:7* But unto every one of us is given grace according to the measure of the gift of Christ.

Also, the Holy Spirit:

Acts 2:38* Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.
Acts 10:45* And they of the circumcision which believed were astonished, as many as came with Peter, because that on the Gentiles also was poured out the gift of the Holy Ghost.
Acts 11:17* Forasmuch then as God gave them the like gift as he did unto us, who believed on the Lord Jesus Christ; what was I, that I could withstand God?

The gifts can be spiritual:

Romans 1:11* For I long to see you, that I may impart unto you some spiritual gift, to the end ye may be established;
1 Corinthians 1:7 So that ye come behind in no gift; waiting for the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ:
2 Corinthians 1:11 Ye also helping together by prayer for us, that for the gift bestowed upon us by the means of many persons thanks may be given by many on our behalf.
1 Corinthians 12:1-11:
1* ¶ Now concerning spiritual gifts, brethren, I would not have you ignorant. 2 Ye know that ye were Gentiles, carried away unto these dumb idols, even as ye were led. 3* Wherefore I give you to understand, that no man speaking by the Spirit of God calleth Jesus accursed: and that no man can say that Jesus is the Lord, but by the Holy Ghost. 4* Now there are diversities of gifts, but the same Spirit. 5 And there are differences of administrations, but the same Lord. 6 And there are diversities of operations, but it is the same God which worketh all in all. 7 But the manifestation of the Spirit is given to every man to profit withal. 8* For to one is given by the Spirit the word of wisdom; to another the word of knowledge by the same Spirit; 9* To another faith by the same Spirit; to another the gifts of healing by the same Spirit; 10* To another the working of miracles; to another prophecy; to another discerning of spirits; to another divers kinds of tongues; to another the interpretation of tongues: 11* But all these worketh that one and the selfsame Spirit, dividing to every man severally as he will.
1 Corinthians 14:1 Follow after charity, and desire spiritual gifts, but rather that ye may prophesy.
1 Corinthians 14:12 Even so ye, forasmuch as ye are zealous of spiritual gifts, seek that ye may excel to the edifying of the church.
2 Corinthians 8:4* Praying us with much intreaty that we would receive the gift, and take upon us the fellowship of the ministering to the saints.
2 Timothy 1:6* Wherefore I put thee in remembrance that thou stir up the gift of God, which is in thee by the putting on of my hands.

We are given gifts according to the grace given us, appropriate to our place in the body of Christ, and in relation to our fellow members we are to be (among other things) upbuilding, forgiving and not wrathful, and humble.

Romans 12:5-21:
5* So we, being many, are one body in Christ, and every one members one of another. 6* Having then gifts differing according to the grace that is given to us, whether prophecy, let us prophesy according to the proportion of faith; 7 Or ministry, let us wait on our ministering: or he that teacheth, on teaching; 8 Or he that exhorteth, on exhortation: he that giveth, let him do it with simplicity; he that ruleth, with diligence; he that sheweth mercy, with cheerfulness. 9 Let love be without dissimulation. Abhor that which is evil; cleave to that which is good. 10 Be kindly affectioned one to another with brotherly love; in honour preferring one another; 11 Not slothful in business; fervent in spirit; serving the Lord; 12* Rejoicing in hope; patient in tribulation; continuing instant in prayer; 13* Distributing to the necessity of saints; given to hospitality. 14 Bless them which persecute you: bless, and curse not. 15* Rejoice with them that do rejoice, and weep with them that weep. 16 Be of the same mind one toward another. Mind not high things, but condescend to men of low estate. Be not wise in your own conceits. 17 Recompense to no man evil for evil. Provide things honest in the sight of all men. 18 If it be possible, as much as lieth in you, live peaceably with all men. 19 Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves, but rather give place unto wrath: for it is written, Vengeance is mine; I will repay, saith the Lord. 20* Therefore if thine enemy hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give him drink: for in so doing thou shalt heap coals of fire on his head. 21 Be not overcome of evil, but overcome evil with good.


1 Corinthians 12:12-26:
12 ¶ For as the body is one, and hath many members, and all the members of that one body, being many, are one body: so also is Christ. 13* For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one body, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or free; and have been all made to drink into one Spirit. 14 For the body is not one member, but many. 15 If the foot shall say, Because I am not the hand, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body? 16 And if the ear shall say, Because I am not the eye, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body? 17 If the whole body were an eye, where were the hearing? If the whole were hearing, where were the smelling? 18 But now hath God set the members every one of them in the body, as it hath pleased him. 19 And if they were all one member, where were the body? 20 But now are they many members, yet but one body. 21 And the eye cannot say unto the hand, I have no need of thee: nor again the head to the feet, I have no need of you. 22 Nay, much more those members of the body, which seem to be more feeble, are necessary: 23 And those members of the body, which we think to be less honourable, upon these we bestow more abundant honour; and our uncomely parts have more abundant comeliness. 24 For our comely parts have no need: but God hath tempered the body together, having given more abundant honour to that part which lacked: 25* That there should be no schism in the body; but that the members should have the same care one for another. 26 And whether one member suffer, all the members suffer with it; or one member be honoured, all the members rejoice with it.

1 Corinthians 12:27-31:
27 ¶ Now ye are the body of Christ, and members in particular. 28* And God hath set some in the church, first apostles, secondarily prophets, thirdly teachers, after that miracles, then gifts of healings, helps, governments, diversities of tongues. 29 Are all apostles? are all prophets? are all teachers? are all workers of miracles? 30 Have all the gifts of healing? do all speak with tongues? do all interpret? 31* But covet earnestly the best gifts: and yet shew I unto you a more excellent way.

These we are to minister with humility and charity, as Christ would, as we are only acting in His place, for the benefit of His body, the Church.

1 Corinthians 13:1-13:
1* ¶ Though I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, and have not charity, I am become as sounding brass, or a tinkling cymbal. 2* And though I have the gift of prophecy, and understand all mysteries, and all knowledge; and though I have all faith, so that I could remove mountains, and have not charity, I am nothing. 3* And though I bestow all my goods to feed the poor, and though I give my body to be burned, and have not charity, it profiteth me nothing. 4* ¶ Charity suffereth long, and is kind; charity envieth not; charity vaunteth not itself, is not puffed up, 5* Doth not behave itself unseemly, seeketh not her own, is not easily provoked, thinketh no evil; 6* Rejoiceth not in iniquity, but rejoiceth in the truth; 7* Beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things. 8* ¶ Charity never faileth: but whether there be prophecies, they shall fail; whether there be tongues, they shall cease; whether there be knowledge, it shall vanish away. 9* For we know in part, and we prophesy in part. 10* But when that which is perfect is come, then that which is in part shall be done away. 11* When I was a child, I spake as a child, I understood as a child, I thought as a child: but when I became a man, I put away childish things. 12* For now we see through a glass, darkly; but then face to face: now I know in part; but then shall I know even as also I am known. 13* And now abideth faith, hope, charity, these three; but the greatest of these is charity.

In loving our fellow Christians, we are admonished to bear one another's burdens.

Galations 6:
2* Bear ye one another's burdens<922>, and so fulfil the law of Christ.
5 For every man shall bear his own burden<5413>.

The word rendered "burden" in verse 2 is from baros <922> and refers to the heaviness of one's load, while in verse 5 "burden" is from phortion <5413> and refers to the load itself. Just like at a job, each one is responsible to accomplish one's own assigned work, his burden, but co-workers can encourage each other when job and life stresses, the heaviness of the burden, threaten to cause someone to give up and fail at his work. This should be the spirit in which we build up and encourage one another to promote the work of Christ.

A word related to "steward" is "dispensation"<3622>, which is derived from oikonomos <3623> (the word rendered "steward"), is also rendered "stewardship," and is found in the four passages here listed:

1 Corithians 9:16-17* 16 For though I preach the gospel, I have nothing to glory of: for necessity is laid upon me; yea, woe is unto me, if I preach not the gospel! 17 For if I do this thing willingly, I have a reward: but if against my will, a dispensation <3622> of the gospel is committed unto me.
Ephesians 1:8-12* 8* Wherein he hath abounded toward us in all wisdom and prudence; 9* Having made known unto us the mystery of his will, according to his good pleasure which he hath purposed in himself: 10 That in the dispensation <3622> of the fulness of times he might gather together in one all things in Christ, both which are in heaven, and which are on earth; even in him: 11* In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will: 12* That we should be to the praise of his glory, who first trusted in Christ.
Ephesians 3:1-4 1* ¶ For this cause I Paul, the prisoner of Jesus Christ for you Gentiles, 2 If ye have heard of the dispensation <3622> of the grace of God which is given me to you-ward: 3* How that by revelation he made known unto me the mystery; (as I wrote afore in few words, 4* Whereby, when ye read, ye may understand my knowledge in the mystery of Christ)
Colosians 1:24-25* 24 Who now rejoice in my sufferings for you, and fill up that which is behind of the afflictions of Christ in my flesh for his body's sake, which is the church: 25 Whereof I am made a minister, according to the dispensation <3622> of God which is given to me for you, to fulfil the word of God;

All four of the above uses of the word "dispensation" make more sense if rendered as "stewardship," and refer to the duty given Paul regarding the gospel, which Paul says was given him against his will (1 Corinthians 9:16-17). This suggests stewardship is the calling of God and not our own pleasure. Online Bible returns these additional verses in a search for "3622" (being also the only occurances of "stewardship"):

Luke 16:2-4 2 And he called him, and said unto him, How is it that I hear this of thee? give an account of thy stewardship <3622>; for thou mayest be no longer steward. 3 Then the steward said within himself, What shall I do? for my lord taketh away from me the stewardship <3622>: I cannot dig; to beg I am ashamed. 4 I am resolved what to do, that, when I am put out of the stewardship <3622>, they may receive me into their houses.

The parable of the three servants given the talents when their master travels far away is related to stewardship, which again suggests the calling to stewardship is against our own wills:

Matthew 25:14-30 14 ¶ For the kingdom of heaven is as a man travelling into a far country, who called his own servants, and delivered unto them his goods. 15* And unto one he gave five talents, to another two, and to another one; to every man according to his several ability; and straightway took his journey. 16 Then he that had received the five talents went and traded with the same, and made them other five talents. 17 And likewise he that had received two, he also gained other two. 18 But he that had received one went and digged in the earth, and hid his lord's money. 19 After a long time the lord of those servants cometh, and reckoneth with them. 20 And so he that had received five talents came and brought other five talents, saying, Lord, thou deliveredst unto me five talents: behold, I have gained beside them five talents more. 21 His lord said unto him, Well done, thou good and faithful servant: thou hast been faithful over a few things, I will make thee ruler over many things: enter thou into the joy of thy lord. 22 He also that had received two talents came and said, Lord, thou deliveredst unto me two talents: behold, I have gained two other talents beside them. 23 His lord said unto him, Well done, good and faithful servant; thou hast been faithful over a few things, I will make thee ruler over many things: enter thou into the joy of thy lord. 24 Then he which had received the one talent came and said, Lord, I knew thee that thou art an hard man, reaping where thou hast not sown, and gathering where thou hast not strawed: 25 And I was afraid, and went and hid thy talent in the earth: lo, there thou hast that is thine. 26 His lord answered and said unto him, Thou wicked <4190> and slothful <3636> servant, thou knewest that I reap where I sowed not, and gather where I have not strawed: 27 Thou oughtest therefore to have put my money to the exchangers, and the at my coming I should have received mine own with usury. 28 Take therefore the talent from him, and give it unto him which hath ten talents. 29 For unto every one that hath shall be given, and he shall have abundance: but from him that hath not shall be taken away even that which he hath. 30* And cast ye the unprofitable <888> servant into outer darkness: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.

Also of relevance, I believe, is the parable of the tares at Matthew 13:24-43 (let the reader examine that passage). Tares are weeds which resemble wheat but that produce no fruit. The tares, those sown in the field of the world by the devil (verses 38,39), are to be gathered up and burned, where there will be "wailing and gnashing of teeth" (verse 42). The Christian must examine himself to consider if he has fruit (or increased talents) he can show our returning Christ. Why would we tempt God by resting on our laurels, bearing no fruit as if one of the tares?

It therefore appears Christians are responsible to use the gifts given of God (given without our consent, as to the servants) to profit the kingdom of God whether we want to or not. I feel many Christians would one-up the unprofitable servant by saying "Huh? Did you give me a gift, Jesus?," denying they had any gifts from Him. But Jesus is true, we just have to find them within ourselves. (And beware those who would make your gifts of no avail by deceiving you into thinking they have a higher calling and attempt to control you and your time, but who really just desire to magnify themselves above you and thwart the work of God. (Can you say "church three times a week"?) Wouldn't it be great if every Christian ministered with the wonderous gifts given him or her to help their Christian bothers and sisters, acting not according to someone else's schedule or understanding, but by the leading of the Spirit?) This is not a mental matter, but one of taking actions and doing works to benefit the name of God and our fellow Christians, being the body of Christ. The gifts given to those who fail to use the gifts properly, and certainly those who misuse them, when the Master returns, will be taken from those "unprofitable" ones and given to those more worthy.

A verse from Zephaniah warns those who are complacent and have their back-sides settled into their couches:

Zephaniah 1:12* And it shall come to pass at that time, that I will search Jerusalem with candles, and punish the men that are settled on their lees: that say in their heart, The LORD will not do good, neither will he do evil.

The promise of reward and the warning to do His commandments in Revelation 22 is surer still:

Revelation 22:
11 He that is unjust, let him be unjust still: and he which is filthy, let him be filthy still: and he that is righteous, let him be righteous still: and he that is holy, let him be holy still.
12 And, behold, I come quickly; and my reward is with me, to give every man according as his work shall be.
13* I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the first and the last.
14* Blessed are they that do his commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in through the gates into the city.
15* For without are dogs, and sorcerers, and whoremongers, and murderers, and idolaters, and whosoever loveth and maketh a lie.

Many Christians today see the evil in the world and then call out for Jesus Christ to return soon, in effect blaming Jesus for the letting the evils persist, when Jesus has given us the gifts and responsibilities to correct wrongs ourselves.

God has given Christians many gifts, some spiritual, some 'talents' of wealth and some 'talents' of capabilites. We are to use them for the ministry and the building up the body of Christ, not sitting and waiting for someone else to act, or for Jesus Christ to return. By ministering the gifts given us we will be rewarded and allowed to enter the peace of our Lord. Not properly acting on our gifts leaves us vulnerable to the charge of being an unprofitable servant and of being thrown into the outer darkness.

See also Invitees To The Feast.


Strong's definitions

3623 oikonomos {oy-kon-om'-os}
from 3624 and the base of 3551; TDNT - 5:149,674; n m
AV - steward 8, chamberlain 1, governor 1; 10
1) the manager of household or of household affairs
   1a) esp. a steward, manager, superintendent (whether free-born or as was usually the case, a freed-man or a slave) to whom the head of the house or proprietor has intrusted the management of his affairs, the care of receipts and expenditures, and the duty of dealing out the proper portion to every servant and even to the children not yet of age
   1b) the manager of a farm or landed estate, an overseer
   1c) the superintendent of the city's finances, the treasurer of a city (or of treasurers or quaestors of kings)
2) metaph. the apostles and other Christian teachers and bishops and overseers

922 baros {bar'-os}
probably from the same as 939 (through the notion of going down;
cf 899); TDNT - 1:553,95; n n
AV - burden 4, burdensome + 1722 1, weight 1; 6
1) heaviness, weight, burden, trouble
For Synonyms see entry 5819

939 basis {bas'-ece}
from baino (to walk);; n f
AV - foot (sole of) 1; 1
1) a stepping, walking
2) that with which one steps, the foot

See Definition for baros 922
See Definition for ogkos 3591
See Definition for phortion 5413
922 refers to weight, 3591 to bulk, and either may be oppressive;
922 is a load in so far as it is heavy, 5413 a burden in so far as it is borne; hence
5413 may be either heavy or light

5413 phortion {for-tee'-on}
diminutive of 5414; TDNT - 9:84,1252; n n
AV - burden 5; 5
1) a burden, load
   1a) of the freight or lading of a ship
2) metaph.
   2a) of burdensome rites
   2b) of the obligations Christ lays upon his followers, and styles a "burden" by way of the contrast to the precepts of the Pharisees, the observance of which was most oppressive
   2c) faults of the conscience which oppress the soul
For Synonyms see entry 5819

5414 phortos {for'-tos}
from 5342;; n m
AV - lading 1; 1
1) a load, burden
   1a) of a ship

5342 phero {fer'-o}
a primary verb (for which other and apparently not cognate ones are used in certain tenses only, namely, oio {oy'-o}; and enegko {en-eng'-ko); TDNT - 9:56,1252; v
AV - bring 34, bear 8, bring forth 5, come 3, reach 2, endure 2, carry 1, misc 9; 64
1) to carry
   1a) to carry some burden
      1a1) to bear with one's self
   1b) to move by bearing; move or, to be conveyed or borne, with the suggestion of force or speed
      1b1) of persons borne in a ship over the sea
      1b2) of a gust of wind, to rush
      1b3) of the mind, to be moved inwardly, prompted
   1c) to bear up i.e. uphold (keep from falling)
      1c1) of Christ, the preserver of the universe
2) to bear, i.e. endure, to endure the rigour of a thing, to bear patiently one's conduct, or spare one (abstain from punishing or destroying)
3) to bring, bring to, bring forward
   3a) to move to, apply
   3b) to bring in by announcing, to announce
   3c) to bear i.e. bring forth, produce; to bring forward in a speech
   3d) to lead, conduct

3051 logion {log'-ee-on}
from 3052; TDNT - 4:137,505; n n
AV - oracle 4; 4
1) a brief utterance, a divine oracle (doubtless because oracles were generally brief)
   1a) in the NT, the words or utterances of God
   1b) of the contents of the Mosaic law

3052 logios {log'-ee-os}
from 3056; TDNT - 4:136,505; adj
AV - eloquent 1; 1
1) learned, a man of letters, skilled in literature and the arts, esp. versed in history and the antiquities
2) skilled in speech, eloquent
3) rational, wise

1985 episkopos {ep-is'-kop-os}
from 1909 and 4649 (in the sense of 1983); TDNT - 2:608,244; n m
AV - bishop 6, overseer 1; 7
1) an overseer
   1a) a man charged with the duty of seeing that things to be done by others are done rightly, any curator, guardian or superintendent
   1b) the superintendent, elder, or overseer of a Christian church

3622 oikonomia {oy-kon-om-ee'-ah}
from 3623; TDNT - 5:151,674; n f
AV - dispensation 4, stewardship 3; 7
1) the management of a household or of household affairs
   1a) specifically, the management, oversight, administration, of other's property
   1b) the office of a manager or overseer, stewardship
   1c) administration, dispensation

4190 poneros {pon-ay-ros'}
from a derivative of 4192; TDNT - 6:546,912; adj
AV - evil 51, wicked 10, wicked one 6, evil things 2, misc 7; 76
1) full of labours, annoyances, hardships
   1a) pressed and harassed by labours
   1b) bringing toils, annoyances, perils; of a time full of peril to Christian faith and steadfastness; causing pain and trouble
2) bad, of a bad nature or condition
   2a) in a physical sense: diseased or blind
   2b) in an ethical sense: evil wicked, bad
The word is used in the nominative case in Mt. 6:13. This usually denotes a title in the Greek. Hence Christ is saying, deliver us from "The Evil", and is probably referring to Satan.

3636 okneros {ok-nay-ros'}
from 3635; TDNT - 5:166,681; adj
AV - slothful 2, grievous 1; 3
1) sluggish, slothful, backward

3635 okneo {ok-neh'-o}
from oknos (hesitation);; v
AV - delay 1; 1
1) to feel loath, to be slow
2) to delay, hesitate

888 achreios {akh-ri'-os}
from 1 (as a negative particle) and a derivative of 5534 [cf 5532];; adj
AV - unprofitable 2; 2
1) useless, good for nothing

5534 chre {khray}
third person singular of the same as 5530 or 5531 used impersonally;; v
AV - ought 1; 1
1) it is necessary
2) it behooves
For Synonyms see entry 5829

5530 chraomai {khrah'-om-ahee}
middle voice of a primary verb (perhaps rather from 5495, to handle);; v
AV - use 10, entreat 1; 11
1) to receive a loan
2) borrow
3) to take for one's use, to use
   3a) to make use of a thing

5531 chrao {khrah'-o}
probably the same as the base of 5530;; v
AV - lend 1; 1
1) to lend
For Synonyms see entry 5827

(5829) Synonyms
   See Definition for dei          1163
   See Definition for chre         5534
   1163 - seems to be more suggestive of moral obligation, denoting esp. that constrain which arises from divine appointment
   5534 - signifies the necessity resulting from time and circumstances




Hebrews 2:4* God also bearing them witness, both with signs and wonders, and with divers miracles, and gifts of the Holy Ghost, according to his own will?
Hebrews 5:1 For every high priest taken from among men is ordained for men in things pertaining to God, that he may offer both gifts and sacrifices for sins:
Hebrews 8:3 For every high priest is ordained to offer gifts and sacrifices: wherefore it is of necessity that this man have somewhat also to offer.
Hebrews 8:4 For if he were on earth, he should not be a priest, seeing that there are priests that offer gifts according to the law:
Hebrews 9:9* Which was a figure for the time then present, in which were offered both gifts and sacrifices, that could not make him that did the service perfect, as pertaining to the conscience;