Begotten of Above
compiled by Walter Kenaston
by the grace of IAUE Aleim (the Lord God)


John 3:3* Jesus answered and said unto him, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born<1080> again<509>, he cannot see the kingdom of God.

The words "born again" in the verse above, also in John 3:7 and 1 Peter 1:23, should be translated "begotten of above" rather than "born again". To be "born" is through one's mother but to "beget" done by a father. Those saved through Christ are begotten spirits as the Father is Spirit.

Consider John 3:3-13, also 1 Peter 1:3 and 1 Peter 1:23.

John 3:
3* Jesus answered and said unto him, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born<1080> again<509>, he cannot see the kingdom of God.
4* Nicodemus saith unto him, How can a man be born<1080> when he is old? can he enter the second time into his mother's womb, and be born<1080>?
5* Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born<1080> of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God.
6* That which is born<1080> of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born<1080> of the Spirit is spirit.
7* Marvel not that I said unto thee, Ye must be born<1080> again<509>.
8* The wind bloweth where it listeth, and thou hearest the sound thereof, but canst not tell whence it cometh, and whither it goeth: so is every one that is born<1080> of the Spirit.
9* Nicodemus answered and said unto him, How can these things be?
10* Jesus answered and said unto him, Art thou a master of Israel, and knowest not these things?
11* Verily, verily, I say unto thee, We speak that we do know, and testify that we have seen; and ye receive not our witness.
12* If I have told you earthly things, and ye believe not, how shall ye believe, if I tell you of heavenly things?
13* And no man hath ascended up to heaven, but he that came down from heaven, even the Son of man which is in heaven.

1 Peter 1:3* ¶ Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which according to his abundant mercy hath begotten us again<313> unto a lively hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead,
1 Peter 1:23
* Being born[begat] again<313>, not of corruptible seed<4701>, but of incorruptible<862>, by the word of God, which liveth and abideth for ever.

The word gennao <1080> translated "born" is derived from genos <1085> which refers to kindred, offspring, family, stock. As family decent is reckoned through the father, it is clear the meaning of gennao should be confined to "beget", the male part of reproduction. This is confirmed at 1 Peter 1:23 where it refers to "seed" (which comes from a father). Gennao, in the sense it is being used in these verses, should be "begotten". When one is begotten of the Spirit, one is anagennao <313> or (loosely) "begat within" by the incorruptible seed of God as a new creature, risen from the dead, and begins to speak in accordance with the Spirit. (See John 3:8.)

The word anothen <509> translated "again" is derived from ano<507> which means "up, upwards, above, on high", and anothen, especially in the things which come from God, should be confined to the first sense of "from above, from a higher place". So anothen, as used in these verses, should be rendered "of above" or maybe "from above." Jesus tells us he speaks of heavenly things in John 3:11-13, confiming this.

Who's your Father? Are you a new creature begotten by the Father or simply expelled again from your's mother womb? If ye are Jesus Christ's, ye are his brother having been begotten from His own Father. The world which hates God and wishes to elevate a woman to His place of honor renders these words as "born again." But it is our Father in heaven Who has given us Life, not any other. Those saved through Christ are begotten of above by God, through baptism into Christ and by the Word of God, not as the Pharisee Nicodemus misunderstood as "born again."

1 Corinthians 3:9* For we are labourers together with God: ye are God's husbandry, ye are God's building.
1 Corinthians 15:45* And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit.
John 4:24* God is a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth.
Galatians 2:20* I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me: and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for me.
Romans 8:10-11 And if Christ be in you, the body is dead because of sin; but the Spirit is life because of righteousness. 11* But if the Spirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you, he that raised up Christ from the dead shall also quicken your mortal bodies by his Spirit that dwelleth in you.
1 Peter 2:2* As newborn babes, desire the sincere milk of the word, that ye may grow thereby:
1 John 3:9* Whosoever is born<1080>/begotten of God doth not commit sin; for his [God's] seed remaineth in him [whosoever is begotten]: and he cannot sin, because he is born<1080>/begotten of God.

Those saved by Christ are begotten of the Father, who is Spirit, and we are likewise spirits. We are therefore not "born again" after the flesh, but begotten from our Father above after the Spirit to be His children and brothers to Christ.


======= Strong's information ==========

1080 gennao {ghen-nah'-o}
from a variation of 1085; TDNT - 1:665,114; v
AV - begat 49, be born 39, bear 2, gender 2, bring forth 1, be delivered 1, misc 3; 97
1) of men who fathered children
   1a) to be born
   1b) to be begotten
      1b1) of women giving birth to children
2) metaph.
   2a) to engender, cause to arise, excite
   2b) in a Jewish sense, of one who brings others over to his way of life, to convert someone
   2c) of God making Christ his son
   2d) of God making men his sons through faith in Christ's work

1085 genos {ghen'-os}
from 1096; TDNT - 1:684,117; n n
AV - kind 5, kindred 3, offspring 3, nation 2, stock 2, born 2, diversity 1, misc. 3; 21
1) kindred
   1a) offspring
   1b) family
   1c) stock, tribe, nation
   1c1) i.e. nationality or descent from a particular people
   1d) the aggregate of many individuals of the same nature, kind, sort

303 ana {an-ah'}
a primary prep and adv;; prep
AV - by 3, apiece 2, every man 2, each 1, several 1, two and two + 1417 1, among 1, through 1, between 1, by 1, in 1; 15
1) into the midst, in the midst, amidst, among, between

313 anagennao {an-ag-en-nah'-o}
from 303 and 1080; TDNT - 1:673,114; v
AV - begat again 1, be born again 1; 2
1) to produce again, be born again, born anew
2) metaph. to have one's mind changed so that he lives a new life and one conformed to the will of God

509 anothen {an'-o-then}
from 507; TDNT - 1:378,63; adv
AV - from above 5, top 3, again 2, from the first 1, from the beginning 1, not tr 1; 13
1) from above, from a higher place
   1a) of things which come from heaven or God
2) from the first, from the beginning, from the very first
3) anew, over again

507 ano {an'-o}
from 473; TDNT - 1:376,63; adv
AV - above 5, up 2, high 1, brim 1; 9
1) up, upwards, above, on high
2) of the quarters of the heaven, northward
3) of countries, inland, up from the coast
4) of time, formerly
In Gal. 4:26 the word could refer to either place or time, i.e. place - the Jerusalem which is above - in the heavens time - the eternal Jerusalem which preceded the earthly one

473 anti {an-tee'}
a primary particle; TDNT - 1:372,61; prep
AV - for 15, because + 3639 4, for ... cause 1, therefore + 3639 1, in the room of 1; 22
1) over against, opposite to, before
2) for, instead of, in place of (something)
   2a) instead of
   2b) for
   2c) for that, because
   2d) wherefore, for this cause

862 aphthartos {af'-thar-tos}
from 1 (as a negative particle) and a derivative of 5351; TDNT - 9:93,1259; adj
AV - incorruptible 4, uncorruptible 1, immortal 1, not corruptible 1; 7
1) uncorrupted, not liable to corruption or decay, imperishable
   1a) of things
2) immortal
   2a) of the risen dead