Label "X"©2005JCMarion


RCA Victor Records announced the formation of label "X" on April 20, 1953. It is a wholly owned subsidiary label of RCA, but will have its own independent distribution system. The head A & R man for the new label is Joe Carlton. The name is taken either from RCA Victor's mysterious "Project Madam X" which was the code name for the devepment of the 45 rpm record in the post war forties, or the name used by trade press reporters concerning RCA's hush hush approach to their new project. The rest of the year of 1953 was spent by establishing the position of the new label with RCA Victor as the main pop and classical label, a new R & B oriented label (soon to be called Groove Records) and the Camden label (named after the New Jersey city where RCA manufacturing headquarters is located). In early 1954 RCA announced the creation of Groove Records which originally was to use the label X distribution system, but later made the new label totally independent of label X. The label found a niche in the mid fifties by providing covers of R & B hits and quasi-R & B sides such as those by the Three Chuckles, Eddie Fontaine, and Louis Jordan, as a means of introducing the sound of R & B to mainstream America. By September of 1955, RCA discontinues the label X name, and replaces it with Vik Records which had its biggest hits with Mickey & Sylvia. Here is a representative discography of RCA's label X releases.

0001 - Bill Darnell - That's The Way Love Goes / For You

0002 - Richard Maltby - Deep Blue Sea / Patrol Polka

0003 - Smith Bros - Melancholy Me

0004 - Roberta Lee - When The Organ Played

0005 - Dinah Kaye - False Hearted Lover / Strike A Match

0006 - Al Morgan - Mom / That Silver Haired Daddy Of Mine

0008 - Sal Franzella - Impossible Motion / Fantastic Impromptu

0009 - Smith Bros - The Things I Love

0010 - Terry Fell & The Smith Brothers - Truck Driving Man / Don't Drop It

0014 - Ben Light - Back Home Again In Indiana (made risque "party " records in the 30s and 40s)

0016 - Richard Maltby - Meadowlark / Black Pearls

0018 - Geri Galian - Tara Lara / Slaughter On Tenth Avenue

0022 - Danny Mendelsohn - Happy Anniversary

0031 - Bill Darnell - Teardrops Are / You Can Betcha Life

0032 - Smith Brothers - If You Took Your Love from Me

0034 - Richard Maltby - Deep Blue Sea

0040 - Norman Petty Trio - Mood Indigo / Petty's Little Polka

0041 - The Coachmen - Fame And Fortune / Caring

0042 - Richard Maltby - St. Louis Blues Mambo

0044 - The Coachmen - Caring

0051 - Helen Grayco w Harold Mooney Orch - Oop Shoop / Teach Me Tonight (2 R & B covers by the wife of Spike Jones)

0053 - Wilder Brothers - Down In The Bottom Of The Well / Moon Of Manakoora

0055 - Russ Carlyle - In A Little Spanish Town / Nice Knowing You

0056 - Vince Carson - I'm Not Ashamed To Cry

0057 - Juliette - Am I Wasting My Time On You ?

0058 - Ben Light - Alexander's Ragtime Band

0060 - Roberta Lee - Now I Lay Me Down To Sleep

0066 - Three Chuckles - Runaround / At Last You Understand (from master from Boulevard Records in Detroit)

0068 - Danny Mendelsohn - Auld Lang Syne / For He's A Jolly Good Fellow

0069 - Terry Fell & The Fellows - Let's Stay Together / We Wanna See Santa Do The Mambo

0071 - Frank Petty Trio - Down Yonder / On The Alamo

0074 - Dinah Kaye - Butterscotch Mop

0075 - Richard Maltby - Stardust Mambo / Strictly Instrumental

0076 - Betty Clooney - Whisper

0077 - Frankie Lester - Tell It To Me Again

0078 - Terry Fell & The Fellows - You Don't Give A Hang About Me / Get Aboard My Wagon

0079 - Unloved And Unclaimed - The Geer Sisters

0080 - Jan Strickland - Come To Me My Little Darling / Let's

0083 - Geri Galian - Snowfall

0087 - Bill Darnell - Kokomo

0089 - Helen Grayco - Please Don't Freeze

0090 - Jimmy Palmer - The Waltz You Saved For Me

0091 - Andy Williams - Now I Know / Here Comes That Dream

0092 - Phyllis & Bill Holmes - That Is The makings Of Love0094 - Richard Maltby - Begin The Beguine March / Six Flats Unfurnished

0095 - Three Chuckles - Foolishly / If I Should Love You Again

0096 - Eddie Fontaine - Rock Love / All My Love Belongs To You

0097 - Gordon Jenkins - Tired Of Waiting

0098 - Wilder Brothers - Ichi Car Tami Dachi

0099 - Rose Stewart - How Much Do I Love You

0103 - Johnny Sparrow & His Bows and Arrows - Sparrow's Nest / Keyhole Special

0104 - Norman Petty Trio - Three Little Kisses

0105 - Roberta Lee - Please Have Mercy / Take A Look At Me

0108 - Eddie Fontaine - On Bended Knee / I Miss You So

0109 - Bill Darnell - Rock & Roll Baby / A Million Thanks

0111 - Gloria Van - I Worship You

0113 - Russ carlyle - If You Only Knew

0114 - Terry Fell & The Fellows - Mississippi River Shuffle / He's In Love

0116 - Louis Jordan - Whatever Lola Wants / It's Been Said

0117 - Frankie Lester - Coquette

0119 - Wilder Brothers - Crazy Doll

0123 - Jimmy Palmer - Oh Mabel

0124 - Bill Kenny - If We All Said A Prayer

0125 - Norman Brooks - Heart / Too many Heartaches

0126 - Sandy Stewart - No More Love

0128 - Eddie Fontaine - Rollin Stone / I'm Through Chasing After You

0130 - Norman Petty Trio - Oh You Pretty Woman

0134 - Three Chuckles - So Long / You Should Have Told Me

0135 - Richard Maltby - Jumpin Trumpet / High Tide Boogie

0137 - Gisele Mckenzie - Hard To Get / Boston Fancy

0142 - Peppermint Harris - Need Your Lovin / Just You And Me

0143 - Laurels - Truly Truly / Tis Night

0145 - Dickie Lee - Daniel Boone

0146 - Russ Carlyle - At Sundown

0148 - Louis Jordan - Baby Let's Do It Up

0149 - Terry Fell - I'm Hot To Trot / Fa-So-La

0150 - Three Chuckles - Blue Lover / I Realize

0151 - Eddie Fontaine - The Rain Song

0155 - Russ Carlyle - It Was Nice Knowing You

0156 - Sandy Stewart - In Nuevo Laredo

0157 - Norman Brooks - Lonely Girl / If I Had Two Hearts

0158 - Richard Maltby - Book Of Love / Midnight Mood

0159 - Gordon Jenkins - Sweet Dreams

0162 - Three Chuckles - Still Thinking Of You / Times Two I Love You

0163 - Dick Lee - Baby Baby You

0170 - Every Word You Speak - Russ Carlyle

0172 - Gisele McKenzie - Pepper Hot Baby

0173 - Ben Light - You

0175 - Gordon Jenkins - Wish I Could Say The Same

0178 - Bill Kenny - The Flower And The Weed

0179 - Norman Brooks - Goodbye Gal Goodbye

0180 - Helen Grayco - I'd Better Be Careful

0181 - Russ Carlyle - Point Of No Return

0184 - Eddie Fontaine - Boom De De Boom

0186 - Three Chuckles - The Funny Little Things You Do / Anyway

0187 - Sammy Shore - 17 Tons / What Is A Skunk

0188 - Harriet Kay - Yum Yum

0194 - Three Chuckles - And The Angels Sing / Tell Me

0196 - Richard Maltby - The man With The Golden Arm

0216 - Three Chuckles - We're Still Holding Hands / Gypsy In My Soul

RCA's label X also had a number of LP albums released during the two years of its existence.

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