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State of Kentucky }

Wayne County      }

On this 2nd day of August 1832 personally appeared in open court before the Justices of the court of Wayne County now sitting Rody Daffron a Resident of Wayne in the County off Wayne and state aforesaid aged (to the best of his knowledge and Belief having no record of the same) about seventy five years of age, who being first duly sworn according to law, doth on his oath make the following Declaration, in order to obtain the Benefit of the Act of Congress passed June the 7th 1832. That he entered the Service of the United States, under the following named officers and served as herein stated.

I the said Rody Daffron volunteered at Six Mile Creek, just below Charlotte in the State of North Carolina for three months under Captain Roney his christian name not recollected, and served under Col. Fifer and General Smallwood their christian names not recollected, I marched to the Cheraw Hills thence to Salisbury lay there and there about and no enemy appearing we were discharged by the officers having served --- three months tour. He thinks in writing but have not it. That I the said Rody Daffron am very old, illiterate and have failed much in memory and cannot recollect the year I volunteered but principally the service and duty I performed that. After I returned home, in a short time, I volunteered in a company of Light Horse for another three months under Captain John Raynes. William Aldridge our Lieutenant. We were principally engaged in scouring the country after the tories up and down the waters of Deep River in the County of Randolph about which time peace was made and we all were ordered and marched home and were discharged by our officers having completed our three months tour as aforesaid. He thinks in writing again but have lost. I served six months for which I claim compensation.

I the said Rody Daffron was born in the State of Maryland . My Father and mother moved to Virginia Bute** County an when I was about 7 or 8 years old, my father moved to North Carolina, Randolph County where we lived 20 odd years, and then moved to South Carolina and lived 5 or 6 years and then moved to Wayne County in the State of Kentucky where I now live, having resided in this state about 30 years that I have no documentary evidence and that he knows of no person whose testimony he can obtain who can testify of his service in this country. He hereby relinquishes every claim whatever to a pension or annuity except the present and declares that his name is not on the pension of the agency of any state.

Sworn to and subscribed this day and year aforesaid.

his

Rody Daffron

mark

We Cameron Washam ----------- residing in the county of Wayne and Abner Decker residing in the same hereby certify that we are well acquainted with Rody Daffron who has subscribed and sworn to the above Declaration that we believe him to be 75 years of age, that he is reputed and believed in the neighborhood where he resides, to have been a soldier of the Revolution and that we concern in that opinion. Sworn and subscribed this day and year aforesaid.

Camon Washam

his mark

Abner Decker

And the said Court does hereby declare the opinion, after the investgation of the matter and after putting the interogatories prescribed by the War Department, that the above named applicat was a Revolutianary....(**end of page, does not continue to next. At least (2) pages are missing from this application, including page one of Milly's)

Page SIX

BRIEF in the case of Rody Daffron 6812

Of Wayne In the State of KY 15 Sep 32

(Act 7th June, 1832.)

1. Was the declaration made before a Court or a Judge? Court

2. If before a Judge, does it appear that the applicant is desabled by bodily infirmity?

3. How old is he? 75

4. State his service as directed in the form annexed:

Period Duration of Service Rank Names of General and Field Officers

Year Months Days as under whom he served

Volut 3 Pr Capt. Roney

do 3 Light Horse ? Rayns /Raynes/

5. In what battles was he engaged: None

6. Where did he reside when he entered the service? At 6 Mile Creek, Charlotte N.C.

7. Is his statement supported by living witnesses, by documentary proof, by traditionary evidence, by incidental evidence, or by the rolls? Traditionary

8. Are the papers defective as to form or authentication? and if so, in what respect? -The Court having no seal and the ____ of service was defined.

I CERTIFY that the foregoing statement and the answers agree withthe evidence in the case above mentioned. N.H. _______ Examining Clerk.

Millie's Application for Widow's Benifit

 

Barren County, KY

16 August 1852 personally appeared in open court, Milly Daffron, age 75 years and states she is the Widow of Rody Daffron, who was a pensioner of Wayne Co.  That she married him in Spartanburg, South Carolina on the 16th July 1797 and that her name before marriage was Milly Gibbs and that her husband died the 17th of September 1834.

 

Certificates from the clerk of Spartanburg District, S.C. :  "I, J.B. Tollison, Clerk of the court certifies that there is no record kept of marriages in my office or in the state of S.C. and therefore the marriage of Rody Daffron to Milly Gibbs is not recorded in the State of S.C. this 16 September 1852."

 

"I do certify that I have known Rody Daffron and Milly Daffron since 1823 and that they are reputed to be husband and wife up to the death of the soldier by William Simpson."

 

Abner Dabney said he had known them since 1806 in Wayne Co. , KY.  Both of the above witnesses said they know their children and that their supposed ages were between 40 and 50  years and that they were reputed to be their children.

 

"In the application made by Rody Daffron in Wayne Co., K  2 August 1832, he states that he volunteered at Six Mile Creek, just below Charlotte, North Carolina for 3 months under Capt. Roney and served under Col. Fifer and marched to Salisbury.  No enemy appeared, and we were discharged, having served 3 months tour.  A short time after I returned home, I volunteered in a company of Light Horse for another 3 months.  We engaged in scouring the country of the Tories, up and down the Waters of Deep River in the County of Randolph.  States that he was born in Maryland, and that his father and mother moved to Virginia and when I was about 7 or 8 years old, my father moved to Randolph Co., NC, where we lived 20 odd years.  We then moved to South Carolina and lived 5 or 6 years and then to Wayne Co., KY where I now live, having resided in this state about 30 years ".   (arrived about 1802)

 

 I do hereby certify that I have known Rody Daffern and Milly Daffern since the year one thousand eight hundred and twenty three and they was Reputed to be husband and wife up to the death of Rody Daffern and that the said Milly Daffern yet remained the widow of the said Rody Daffern.

 

Question

 

When and where did you first know the said Rody Daffern and Milly Daffern as husband and wife?

 

Answer

 

Wayne County, Kentucky and said resided as husband and wife and not disputed called in question.

 

Question

 

What was the apparent ages of the children that were recognized by them as their children?

 

Answer

 

Between forty and fifty years was the oldest and was reputed to be their children and Milly Daffern yet remained the widow of the said Rody Daffern.

 

This 6 day of April 1853.   William Simpson

 

State of Kentucky

County of Wayne

 

I certify the William Simpson who has this day subscribed and sworn to the following deposition before me is a creditable witness given under my hand this 6 day of April 1853. 

                              W. M. Burton

                              Presiding Judge

                              Monticello, Ky. 

The Widows Pension was rejected.

 

Rodney Daffron states in his Revolutionary War Pension Application that he joined at Six Mile Creek. 

Six Mile Creek was the headquarters for the Southern Army during the Fall of 1780.   If we are to understand the part Camp New Providence at Six Mile Creek played in the Revolutionary War in North Carolina we have to look back to earlier in 1780.  (Spelling in some of the Rev. War Application [RWPA]is as was written at the time.)

 

On 16 April 1780, when Washington learned that Rowdon and 2,500 men were to join Clinton’s army in S.C., he sent the Maryland lines and the Delaware regiments with the 1st Artillery, consisting of 18 field pieces, south to help the Southern States.  They left from Morristown, New Jersey.  Baron De Kalb who was about 58 yrs old, was placed in command.    Numbering 1400, they consisted of two brigades.  The first, commanded by Brigadier General William Smallwood, was 1st, 3rd, 5th and 7th Maryland regiments.  Second, commanded by Brigadier General Mordicai Gist,  was 2nd, 4th, 6th Marylanders and Regiment of Delaware.   The quartermaster general was unable to make provisions for the march.  They had to forge for themselves, living off the county. 

 

They arrived in Hillsboro on June 22, rested a week, then continue on July 1st.   Reinforcements were few.   The journey was difficult.    De Kalb left 6 guns in Hillsboro and 4 at the Roanoke River for lack of horses to draw them.   The men carried their belongings on their back.  Without any provisions, they often fasted for several days at a time or lived off green apples and peaches found on their way.  For two weeks they camped at Buffalo Ford on Deep River.  While there,  De Kalb received news that Lincoln, the commander of the Southern Department had be captured.   De Kalb was the senior officer in the department, but a foreigner, so he was not considered for the position.  Washington wanted Nathaniel Green, but Congress choose Horatio Gates to take command.

 

De Kalb had moved to Hollinsworth’s Farm on Deep River before July 25 when Gates arrived. Gates told all to “hold themselves in readiness to march at a moment’s warning”. Not taking in consideration of the troops condition.  When officers pointed this out, Gates promised “Plentiful supplies awaited them on route”.  Gates choose to march toward Camden by the direct road two days after his arrival.  On Aug 7th General Caswell and 2,100 North Carolina militia joined his army.  15 miles north of Camden General Edward Stevens and 700 Virginia militia joined him.  They arrive on August 15th, tired and worn down.  Rations never appeared on route as promised.

 

George Oldham RWPA states:  “…They got into South Carolina, they went under Stephen Moore and marched into South Carolina where they joined General Gates abt Aug 16 1780, near Lynche Creek and was at Gates defeat at Camden, 

 

 After a meal of bread and meat that did more harm than good to the troops stomachs, Gates ordered a march at 10:00 at night.  Four hours into the march they ran right into the enemy.  Cornwallis had marched toward Gates at the same time.   After the initial surprise, battle ensured. Since neither side wanted to fight at night, the battle was suspended.  Among the casualties on the American side was Lieutenant Colonel Charles Porterfield,  who died from his wounds.  Prisoners were taken on both sides.

 

 James Kell RWPA states:

In July 1780 he turned out volunteer under Capt. Trice under Col. Porterfield and Genl Butler and joined Genl Gates at Lynches Creek & marched to Rugeley's Mill -- and in the evening was marched to near Camden where they met the British & in the morning the Battle was fought he was in the Battle shot twice in the night & once in the morning. After the Battle, he was marched on retreat to Salisbury & from there to Hillsboro where he was discharged this tour he served three months at the least.

 

Dawn found both sides ready for battle.   Gates set on his right side:  Gist’s 2nd Brigade: 3 Maryland regiments and one Delaware along with one North Carolina regiment.  De Kalb is in charge of the right wing.  Artillery was in front of the center.  The left wing was Caswell’s North Carolina militia, Armand, and Stevens Virginia militia.  General Smallwood’s 1st Marylands were behind center, held in reserve.   Gates and staff were stationed about 200 yards behind Smallwood.

 

The first advance by the British and their Bayonets collapsed the American left wing.  The 500 Virginians ran in fear, throwing their muskets away.  The North Carolina troops saw this and threw down their arms and fled.  The nearly 2,000 North Carolinians failed to fire a single shot.  The 2,500 burst through the 1st Marylands.  This left one North Carolina regiment standing with the 2nd Brigade.  Knowing nothing of the retreat of the other wing, they fought.   They were winning their battle and thought the battle was going well for all.  There were no orders from Gates to retreat, so they continued to fight for nearly an hour.  De Kalb  sent his aide to request reserves from the lst Maryland brigade.  But General Smallwood had left the field.  Under the command of Otho Williams the lst Maryland’s tried to help the 2nd Brigade in vain.  The British were between them and the 2nd Brigade.

 

De Kalb’s horse was shot out from under him. He fought hand to hand.  His head was opened by a saber, and bandaged by an adjutant who begged him retreat.  But without orders from Gates, who was miles away, he fought on.  Cornwallis threw his entire force at the remaining Americans.  2,000 against 600.  Gist and 100 men waded into a swamp and escaped.  De Kalb  finally stopped after he had been wounded eleven times.  His aid protected his fallen generals body from the enemy.  De Kalb  was taken to a wagon, where he stood bleeding and barely able to stand.  Cornwallis found him and sent him to the British surgeons.  He lived for three days before dying in Camden.

 

John Moore’s RWPA states:  “…and came to Rugely Mills about 12 miles from Camden S.C.  that on the night before the Battle of Gates defeat, he moved from there and met the British, that the American Forces were drawn up in Battle order and continued so until morning when an engagement took place between the American and British forces  that he was in the engagement that after the Battle, was over his company dispersed and he returned to Orange County North Carolina, and was informed by Genrl Butler, that he could serve out his time with any company ….”

 

 Henry Davis’s RWPA states:  …volunteer in the year 1780 Caswell  county a regt commanded by Col Adam Saunders, Major Geo Oldham & Capt Jn Oldham – we marched from there to near Camden when we had a general battle under the commands of Genl Gates, Baron De Kalb & others.  When the Baron was killed and we meet with a severe defeat by Lord Cornwallis – we then retreated back after  which I was again discharged by a General Rutherford…..”

 

George Oldham  RWPA states:  He was put in front which made ____ the attack .  After the defeat he went or was ordered back to Pedee where Genl Stephen had left his baggage and Genl Butler sent for him to be at Hillsboro and to get all the men in Caswell to meet there……”

 

Joseph Darnall RWPA states:  “I fought in Battle of Camden, under Gen. Gates, we were defeated and got home the best way we could.”

 

After the Battle of Camden, what was left of the American army made it’s way to Charlotte.  The fleeing Americans were scattered everywhere; unable to find their officers.  Some found temporary refuge in the swamps, but Colonel Tarleton and his horsemen, picking up prisoners, pursued others who took to the road.  They also had to deal with civilian enemies stealing everything of value from them.  General Smallwood arrived in Charlotte with only a handful of men.  There was little food and defense in the open village minimal so Smallwood gathered the remnant of the Southern Army along with families, 300 friendly Catawba Indians, wounded men in wagons, litters and some on horseback, and moved on to Salisbury and then on to Hillsborough.

 

General Gates having fled the Battle on horseback was already in Hillsborough.  He had stopped overnight in Charlotte the day of the battle, leaving the following morning on a fresh horse.  He arrived on the 19th having made two hundred miles in three days, setting a new record for even the fastest rider.  His hasty retreat from battle, after giving only one command was to be his downfall.

 

Dan Alexander RWPA states:

In 1780 we were called out and went under the command of Maj. Wm. R. Davie, an Attorney and afterwards a Minister to France, I believe to join Gen. Gates near Camden. Maj. Davie was a tall Sallow complexioned man with blue eyes. In getting as far as Gaston which is near the South Carolina line we met the American Army retreating. Gen. Gates and Maj. Davie had some conversation. We advanced some distance when in meeting some  officer flying we also joined in the retreat. Gen. Gates had on a pale blue coat with epaulets, with velvet breeches, riding a bay horse. We retreated as far as Charlotte very much fatigued and worn down. The enemy followed us into Charlotte commanded by Gen. Cornwallis where they took up quarters and remained there this was in August. The American force was encamped ten miles north of Charlotte.

 

 

Men arrived daily, hungry, exhausted, and almost naked, until around 700 of Gate’s Army of 4,000 men had assembled.  They would have to be refitted for clothes, tents and blankets and for most muskets.

 

Daniel Cockerham RWPA states: “That they marched from Surry Co to Salisbury in Rowan Co, NC; thence across the Yadkin River,  at the mouth of Rocky River; thence down River, Pedee, after the junction of Rocky Rivr at Cheraw Hills, in S.C.  Then they joined army of Gen. Gates; then mchd under Major Joseph Vinstion, to reinforce Gen. Sumpter; when they joined Sumpter’s army mile between Camden in S.C. was with Sumpter at time of Gate’s defeat, and on Friday after Gates’s Defeat, the troops under Sumpter were overtaken and defeated either by Tarlton or some other British officer, who commanded the enemy forces at that time,” after this he returned home.

 

James Miller’s  RWPA states: “He further states that afterwards he volunteered again with the same captain in a company of Mounted gunmen, which was in a few days after he returned from the first expedition  and was marched down to Congeree river and crossed over to a place called Blackstocks where he sayd he was in the battle at that place, and that general Sumpter was wounded there by a ball in the shoulder and was marched back and recrossed the Congeree river and down on Linches Creek and from that to Black river; he states he was along when three or four wagons loaded with clothing & belonging to the Brittish was taken on there way from Charlestown to Camden, he says they took also, about forty or fifty prisoners, and put the prisoners and clothing on board of some boats on the Congeree and attempted to convey them to Fluds ford on said river but was prevented from doing so, by an attack made upon the Americans from the bank by the Brittish, and the Americans landed on the opposite bank leaving the clothing and prisoners to the enemy.  He states that shortly after that an attempt was made by the Americans under the Command of General Sumpter, to defeat the same Brittish troops that retook the clothing and prisoners, and to remove them from their small fort which they had erected on the bank of the Congeree river, but before the Americans reached that place they came in contact with a reenforcement of the Brittish and that an engagement between the two armies took place, and that the Americans was defeated.  He says he was then marched to Fishing Creek in Fairfield or Chester district South Carolina, and he says that at that place General Sumpter was again defeated by the Brittish under the Command of Col. Tarlton..”

 

On the 18th of August, an American regiment lead by Colonel Sumter had made camp on the north side of Fishing Creek.  Tarleton surprised and killed around 150. Capturing about 310.  They released the British prisoners and took all forty-four carriages loaded with miscellaneous stores.  Two days later Colonel Sumter arrived at Major William Davie’s Camp in Charlotte without a single man. 

 

The British now controlled Georgia, South Carolina and were preparing to capture North Carolina.   North Carolina Militia officers meet in Charlotte.  They appointed Colonel Robert Irwin to assemble the county militia and camp south of Charlotte.  He was joined  there by Colonel Francis Locke with the Rowan County militia.  NC Governor Nash appointed William Davidson Brigadier General in Command and Major William Davie to Colonel commanding all the Western District militia.  Their camp was on McAlpine Creek, about 15 miles from Charlotte.

 

Daniel Apple RWPA states:  “That in August 1780 in the County of Guilford ..he volunteered as private militiaman …  That immediately thereafter he was marched under the said Captain to the South passing through Salisbury to Charlotte in Mecklenburg County.   A few miles beyond which these troops were met by the British under Cornwallis when we retreated repassing Salisbury and the Yadkin River being pursued by the enemy, where our troops were encamped for something like a week, where upon the British returning South our forces were again marched after them and the main army went as far as what was called the Six Mile Creek where it encamped and this applicant was detached as one of a scout or reconnoitering party that they pursued the enemy as far as the Catawba River upon the border of So Carolina ….

 

 

In early September Cornwallis moves his Army to the North Carolina line on Waxhaw Creek.

 

Col. Davie set up camp between Davidson and Cornwallis at Six mile creek.

 

 

 

 Fowler Jones RWPA states: 

 

“That he entered the service …in the fall of 1780    I had a very good mare and did join the Light Horse company under the command of Solomon Walker Captain ….we rendezvoused at Hillsborough but we were there collected and all different light Horse Companies were placed under the command of Colonel Phil Taylor.  From Hillsborough we marched through Salisbury, …..to the neighborhood of Charlotte which was then in the possession of the Enemy.  Between Salisbury and Charlotte I saw Young Locke who had been killed by the British.  His brother was carrying his dead body on a horse before him when we met ….At lenth upon the British leaving Charlotte & crossing the Catawba, my mare was taken sick and I was left to take care of her and to guard a baggage wagon together with a few others at New Providence on Six Mile Creek.  Here I remained until my term of service had expired and my mare having died in the meantime, I received my discharge and walked home on foot”

 

 

William young’s RWPA states:  ….into Mecklenburg County beyond Charlotte to New Providence not far from South Carolina and that he was then under Gen’l Davidson in the fall of 1780

 

 

Etheldred Thomas RWPA states :

“… Entered as a substitute for Joshua Jones in the latter part of September 1780, in the Franklin County Militia North Carolina, on the term of three months, under command of Jenkins Devany   Field officers Colonel Hart and Lieutenant Colonel Branch, and commanded by General Jones. We commenced our march at Louisburgthence to Hillsboro to Salisbury  to Charlotte – and thence to Six Mile Creek, New Providence, in North Carolina in North Carolina, where we were placed under command of General Smallwood until General Greene took command of the Southern Army on the 2nd December 1780. He was in the detachment under Lieutenant Colonel Washington, when he captured Rugeley's Fort, by mounting a pine log shaped like a cannon on a pair of cart wheels, seeing which caused the surrender of the Fort by Colonel Rugeley with 117 Tories and a British officer who was paying his addresses to Rugeley's daughter: the Fort about 13 miles above Camden in South Carolina. The prisoners were guarded to New Providence where General Greene had his Head Quarters. In a few days we marched with the prisoners and placed them in Salisbury Jail.

 

Rodney Daffron RWPA states:  I the said Rody Daffron volunteered at Six Mile Creek, just below Charlotte in the State of North Carolina for three months under Captain Roney his christian name not recollected, and served under Col. Fifer and General Smallwood their christian names not recollected

 

A camp at Six mile creek was maintained through the fall. Colonel Davidson having been promoted to Brigadier General, encamped near Six Mile Creek, where he was joined by Generals Morgan and Smallwood, in October, 1780.

Austin Smith  RWPA states:

 

“That he again entered the service as a substitute in the place of one JAMES

BROWN, about the twentieth of August 1780, for a three months tour of militia service.  That they rendezvoused at Guilford Courthouse under the command of Captain ARTHUR FORBIS. ROBERT MOORE was the Lieutenant of the company. Colonel JOHN PAISLEY commanded the regiment. That he set out and marched for Salisbury thence towards Charlotte, near which place they learned that the British were advancing in great force. That they fell back and crossed the Yadkin River and there remained until

General SMALLWOOD and General MORGAN with the Maryland light infantry under Colonels WILLIAMS and HOWARD, and Colonel WASHINGTON with his troop of light dragoons and also a brigade of North Carolina militia under General JONES came on and joined them, when they recrossed the Yadkin and marched through Salisbury and to a place in Mecklenburg County called Providence, when we built tents, cleared out a parade ground, and continued to train the militia until our term of service expired, which was about the first of December 1780.”

 

  By mid November,  General Gates arrived with troops.   Smallwood is in attendance for a meeting with Gates and others on Nov. 25th.    .   Gates decides to establish camp back in Charlotte for the winter.  Smallwood stays at Six Mile Creek. Congress has asked General George Washington to appoint someone to head the Southern Army.  He appoints General Nathanael Greene. Brig. Gen. William Smallwood apparently had thought to command the Southern Army himself.  He leaves to return to  Maryland around the 19th of  December 1780

 

 (So if Rody Daffron knew of Gen Smallwood at Six Mile Creek camp, then he must have joined sometime between early October  and mid December of 1780.  But since he states that he went to Cheraw Hills and back to Salisbury, and that he served (3) three months, I would put his enrollment around mid November.) 

It is early December that General Nathanael Greene arrives to take command from General Gates.

 

William P. Riggan RWPA states:

 

leaving the Town of Charlotte – Mecklenburg Cty. No. Car. some miles to the right – in order to avoid the small-pox which was said to be then raging there. Some miles below Charlotte, at a place called New Providence or Six mile creek they fell in with the Regular Army under the command of Gen’ls. Smallwood & Green  and this being about the time that Gen’l. Green was ordered to the South to supersede Gen’l Gates in the command of the southern army. this  affiant recollects well the fact of the latter General’s shedding tears when he resigned his sword to the former. He had more opportunities of observing particulars at this time than many others because he was one of the attendants on the person & camp of his commanding General – Jones. at General Jones’s quarters he frequently saw the officers of the army – among them he distinctly recollects Col. Washington who commanded a troop of horse. he was the finest looking man he ever saw. While stationed at this place information was rec’d. that a large number of Tories had collected together at Rudgely’s Mills  under the command of Col. Rudgely  a celebrated Tory of that day – a detachment of Troops was ordered out to put the Tories to the route, but finding that their numbers exceeded all expectation the expedition was about to prove fruitless when a stratagem was resolved on – which resulted in the surrender of the whole Tory force This stratagem was nothing more than a log of wood, as was said at the time – made to resemble as much as possible a piece of artillery or cannon. The Tories being taken were brought forthwith into camp."

 

Camp New Providence at Six Mile Creek being the Headquarters for the Southern Army at this time, is where General Gates passes commanded over to General Greene.

 

General Greene found the troops of the Southern Department in a very sad shape.

 

When Gen. Greene entered upon his command, he
found himself under the greatest embarrassments. The
numerous Whig militia that had been kept on foot in
North Carolina, had laid waste almost all the country.
The troops were destitute of every thing necessary either
for their comfort or convenience. , The men were
naked;
there were no magazines; and the army was
subsisted by daily collections
. Every thing depended
upon opinion; and it was equally dangerous for him to
go forward or to stand still ; for if he lost the confidence
of the people, he lost all support ; and if he rushed on
to danger, all was hazarded……. “(2.) see below


They consisted of about 90 Cavalrymen, 60 Artillerists, and 2307 infantrymen, of which only abt 1500 were present. Absent were about 547.  Of those present only about 800 were properly clothed and equipped.   Some of Colonel Washington’s cavalry were so naked they had to be sent back to Virginia for clothing.  The provisions around Charlotte were exhausted having been stripped by the army and militia on both sides.

 

“ The fewness of his troops, the nature of the country, filled with woods
and swamps, and thinly inhabited,  and the want of magazines, led the general to
conclude on a partisan war.  

On his arrival at camp, he learned that the troops had
made a practice of going home without permission,

 staying weeks and then returning. Determined to stop such
a dangerous custom, the general gave out that he would
make an example of the first deserter of the kind he
caught ; and one was accordingly shot at the head of the
army drawn up to be spectators of the punishment.  [I have read

 that some one was hung, not shot]

 At  night he sent officers round the camp to listen to the
talk of the soldiers, and was happy to find that the mea-
sure had taken its desired effect, and that the language
of the men was only — " We must not do as we have
been used to: it is new lords new laws."
(2.) see below

 

 

 

  Green sent Gen. Kosciuszko to explore the surrounding countryside.   He reported back that the area on the Pee Dee River at Cheraw Hill  could sustain the army.   Since this was further from Cornwallis’ base at Winnsboro than New Providence, Green made the decision to divide his army.  By doing this, he made it easier for both to survive on the existing countryside’s rations.  And second he could put a fighting force on each of Cornwallis flanks if he should take the route back into South Carolina.   On Dec 16th, Green notified General Daniel Morgan who was in command of the Light Infantry composed of 320 Maryland and Delaware Continentals, 200 Virginia Militia under Major Triplett and 60 to 100 light dragoons under Lieutenant Colonel William Washington, that he was to proceed to the west side of the Catawba River, where he would be meet by Militia led by Davidson and Sumter.  The second of his two wings was led by Brigadier General Isaac Huger.  Green would go with Huger to the Pee Dee.

 

(At this point I have to point out the Rodney Daffron most have gone with General Huger and General Green.  He states in his RWPA: “ I marched to the Cheraw Hills thence to Salisbury”)

 

 

 

Benjamin Martin RWPA states:

 

The last Aug. 1780, the militia of Fauquier were called on to reinforce our army in Carolina. I substituted in the place of James Kamper he being a married man and I being a single man, Francis Triplet was Captain and John Combs Lieutenant, I was appointed first Sergeant. Another company was attached to us under Capt. James Winn. We marched from Fauquier Courthouse, the first of September, we passed through Fredricksburg, then to Richmond, then to Petersburg, from thence to Hillsborough in North Carolina, and there we joined the Maryland troops under Col. Howard, we marched from Hillsborough in N.C. to a place called New Providence and General Green took command. Col. Daniel Morgan was promoted to Brigadier General, the Augusta-Rockbridge militia joined us, the Virginia militia was form into a battalion, Capt. Triplett was promoted to Major and John Combs was made Capt. in his place. General Greene detached General Mogan with the Maryland troops under Col. Howard, the Virginia militia under Major Francis Triplett and Col William Washington's Light Horse. General Morgan marched down on Pecklet River and took up camp on a hill near the River and continued to send out detachments and defeat the Tory's. And about the Middle of January we were informed that Col. Tarlton was coming on us with superior force. We retreated to a place we called Cowpens and took up camp all in order for battle. The British attached us early in the morning. I was in the road all the time of the action I was covering Capt. Combs he was killed. Capt. Dobson and Lieutenant Ewen was on the left of the Maryland Troops near me, the British were completely defeated. We marched on with the prisoners to Salsberry . I continued with the army until the first of February and received a discharge as first sergeant for six months. The discharge was given my by Major Francis Triplett, on the road near the North Carolina line, the tour a private soldier.

 

 

General Greene’s camp celebrated Morgans’ victory over the British.    With a guide, an aide and a sergeant’s guard of dragoons  Green rode out to join Morgan.  He made the 125 mile trip in a little over two days.  He issued orders before he left to Huger to get  head north to Salisbury.  [Rody most have gone with Huger.]

 

 

  The retreat of the battalions from the Peedee under Huger, was conducted for 100  miles under circumstances requiring the utmost patience.  The worst wagons, with the poorest teams, and most useless part of the baggage, were early sent off by col. O.Williams to Hillsborough; but the best, and even the artillery, was an encumbrance in their situation.  They were some times with meat, often with flour, and always without spirituous liquors.  Notwithstanding the wintry season, and their having little clothing, they were daily reduced to the necessity of fording deep creeks,  and of remaining wet without any change of raiment, till the heat of their bodies and occasional fires in the woods, dried their tattered rags.  Their route lay through a barren country, which scarcely afforded necessaries for a few straggling inhabitants. They were retarded by heavy rains, broken bridges, bad roads, and poor horses.  Many of them marched without shoes over the frozen ground, and through flinty roads, which so gashed their feet, that the blood marked every step of their progress.  All these hardships were endured with the loss of a single sentinel by desertion.  (2.) 

(2.) The History of the Rise, Progress & Establishment of the Independence of the United States VOL IV  Published 1788  by William Gordon.)

 

He returned home after the three month tour was over.  

Rody stated he lived at Six Mile Creek when he entered the service. With a camp the size of New Providence depleating the countyside, I would think Rodney had moved his family away from there before he join the first time.  Did he move them to Randolph County where he says his father lives?  He must have traveled to Randolph County or this is where he went home to, in order to have joined with Capt. John Raynes company in Randolph County around April of 1781.

 

 He then volunteered in a Light Horse company of Captain John Raynes.

John Raynes RWPA states:

"That he entered the service of the United States under the following named officers, and served as herein stated. That he was drafted in the militia of Randolph County in the state of North Carolina, about the 1st day of December 1779, in a company commanded by Captain James Robertson. William Arnett was his lieutenant. William Rainey was his ensign. He was in a skirmish in a detachment commanded by Major William England with some British or Tories, or some of both, near the Cheraw Hills in South Carolina, at the time of this skirmish they were under the command of Col. John Littrell who was in camps about sixteen or eighteen miles from where they had the skirmish. He was discharged by Capt. Robertson about the first of March 1780 after having been in service three months. In June or July following he was taken a prisoner by the Tories who carried him within two miles of Wilmington when made his escape and returned to his fathers with whom he then lived after being in custody three or four weeks. In April 1781 he was commissioned by Col. John Collier , a captain of a company of rangers which he was authorized to raise. He was ordered to range through the counties of Randolph, Chatham, Cumberland and Moore and in the discharge of these services he was in actual service six months with his company. William Aldredge was lieutenant in his company. He was frequently in company with Capt. John Knight who commanded a company of rangers." 

So Rody's second "three month tour" had to have started around April 1781 and lasted til about June or July of 1781.

****Interesting that Sarah Daffron, wife of John, states her husband served under Capt. John Knight. Did Rody and John frequently ride together?? Capt. Raynes also served under Col. John Littrell, same as John*****

This is still a work in progress.