Republic of California Timeline

Date California Events World Events
1822 Emperor Agustin de Iturbide uses California as a dumping ground for those people he doesn't like. More than 10,000 are "exiled" there over the next five years. Mexican Empire (including California) secedes from Spain.
1831 Alta & Baja California Separate from the Mexican Empire. Mexico briefly lands troops in Baja and San Diego, but due to heavy resistance, a need for those troops in Mexico proper - and the fact that Mexico doesn't really consider California to be worth very much - this only leads to their withdrawal six months later and a de-facto acknowledgement that California is independent (though Mexico will claim it as their territory for the next 60 years). Britain recognizes California. Cherokees driven off their land and across the Mississippi. They begin to organize the local and other dispossessed Amerindians in the area. Beginnings of the Tribal Confederation ("The Nation").
1832 June 2nd - Mexico withdraws from San Diego ("Independence Day").

July 17th - Mexico withdraws from San Josť del Cabo - ending all hostilities between the RoC and Mexico ("Pazlibertad Day").
July 19th - Great Britain recognizes the Republic of California.
1830's California Governor Figueroa makes heavy use of land grants to encourage more settlers, this time with them under Californio control rather than far off Mexico City. Many arrive from British lands as ties between the two countries are strengthened. Continual rebellion in the Mexican Empire brings a stream of refugeesand there's also a small trickle of immigrants from the east coast. All help expand California's population. Influx of english speakers slow, but by 1850's they make up ~30% of population. Russian/American Company flourishes as increased demands for lumber and manufactured goods come from the south, and the colony grows.
1833 Due to influx of Russians into what will be Czarist America, California builds a fort on the north side of the Golden Gate at Point Bonita - Point Bonita Presidio. Point Bonita Pueblo founded to supply it nearby on the north bay, but growth is slow at first. Stawianska, in Russian American territory is now at almost 1,500 population.
1836 Jun 10, MM intensity X quake near San Pablo Last military action that can be even loosely connected to "The 1831 Rebellion" in New Mexico takes place west of Taos.
1838 Jun, MM X quake in Yerba Buena - similar to 1906 quake
1843 Big influx of spanish speaking refugees from Texas. Texas secedes from Mexican Empire, sets self up as Republic of Texas.
1845 First major gold discoveries. Big influx of everyone. Goldfield, Sacramento, and Border-City (as Valley City) founded.
1850 John Fremont elected governor, calls for rewriting of California's rather informal "constitution." San Pablo becoming a major port, to Yerba Buena's detriment The southern states secede from the U.S. - followed closely by a disgusted New England.
1852 "Gold Rush Fever" begins to peter our, as does immigration. First airship flight in France. It crashes four months later.
1855 Still arguing about "Articles of the Republic of California." Workman is governor. Town of Franklin founded in Salinas Valley
1857 Jan 9, MM intensity X-XI quake in Fort Tejon
1858 Articles finalized and approved. Under the new articles. 53 parliament members elected, and first parliament held on Sept 15th in Monterey. Workman appointed first PM that very meeting. First signs of english/spanish mix language. First steam train route construction from Yerba Buena (San Francisco, OTL) to Monterey started under Government run corporation.
1861 Y.B. & Monterey Rwy only half finished - but severely over budget. Amidst cries of embezzlement, the government's Railway Corporation collapses. Amendment to Articles bans use of government money in transportation - very loosely worded (much to future judges dismay). The unfinished line is bought at auction by California Pacific Rwy Corp. Construction starts again.
1862 San Pablo's port exceeds Yerba Buena's in tonnage for the first time. C.P. Rwy's Y.B. & Monterey line opens. Extension around bay to San Pablo started, with plans to join with proposed San Joaquin & Alameda Rwy. A British Royal Navy squadron sails into Edo Harbor, Japan. Japan slowly (and reluctantly) begins to open relations with other nations.
1865 Railway construction increasing. The Main Rail Lines currently in California are:

California Pacific Rwy - Y.B. to Monterey, East Bay Division, Salinas Valley Division

San Joaquin & Alameda Rwy - Hampstead to Fresno, spur to Tulare

S.J. to Alameda, S.J. to Gold-field, S.J. to Sacramento, S.J. to Merced

Los Angeles & San Pedro Rwy - L.A. to S.P., L.A. to San Gabriel

Anaranjado Coastal - S.P. to Costa Via (in receivership)

Santa Barbara & Ventura - S.B. to Ventura (under construction)

San Diego & L.A. - (under construction).

"Espanglish" becoming more common with lower classes. Basically english grammar with lots of loan words and pronunciation shifting towards that of spanish.

Russian territories in the north are challenged, but Russia, seeing this as a blow to their honor, imports both new colonists and troops, almost tripling the colony's size. California, not really having a standing army, backs down and begins negotiations to set the boarder. Approximate boarder set, at least at the coast, but exact placement inland of the coast range disputed for decades.
Russia tries to annex parts of British Columbia. England politely coughs, and they back down and return to their previous boarders. This convinces England though that both more colonists, and a transcontinental railway to ship such, are needed in B.C. Trans-Canadian Railway construction begins. Britain gains a concession of a British enclave in Japan, and founds Port Arthur as its primary trading center.
1868 Oct 21, MM X quake in Hayward, damage in San Leandro & Yerba Buena 30 killed. Apr 2, MM IX-X quake in Hawaii. Tsunami kills 148.
1870's California's population increases. At some point during the 1870's, Spanish speakers cease to be the majority, though they still remain the largest language block (and will until 1887). Still primarily a agricultural country. Becoming a major shipper of beef and citrus to England. In spite of this, Rancho San Pasqual fails again, and is bought by developers. Cortez founded on Gulf of California as port for Mexican trade by California Southern Rwy. Town of Pasqual formed out of the old rancho. New towns springing up everywhere in farming areas. New rail lines continue to be built. Among them:

San Gabriel Valley Rwy - L.A. to El Monte (Arroyo route), San Bernadino to Las Flores, connecting line under construction

California Southern - San Diego to Cortez

Santa Barbara, Santa Maria, & San Luis Obisbo Rwy - S.B. to S.L.O., S.L.O. Valley Division

Sierra Foothill Rwy - Goldfield to Fresno


S.J. & A Rwy - Sacramento to Border City

C.P. Rwy - Salinas Valley Division to Franklin

Cable Street Railway's are being built in Yerba Buena, San Jose, San Pablo, & L.A. Horse cars are everywhere.
Primitive electric train demonstrated in England. It draws little interest.

Series of boarder clashes between Texas & The Nation with inconclusive results - except to start a depression in Texas. This spreads to the Confederacy. By 1879, economic problems have forced all the states in the Confederacy to abolished slavery - making political brownie points abolishing what the depression has already made too expensive to keep. The main change for former slaves in the CSA, though, is that permanent debt to the big land owners replaces direct slave ownership.
1872 Mar 26, MM X-XI quake in Owen's Valley. 27 out of 300 pop. people killed in Lone Pine. Perhaps the largest In California History. Felt through most of California and the The Nation.
1880 Massive slave uprisings in Texas (the only remaining slave holding country in N. America). They are brutally put down. So brutally, 3 out of 5 slaves die. Thousands more manage to escape during the revolt. While slavery remains legal, this revolt marks the end of its wide practice in Texas - as they're now too expensive for most, due to their drastically reduced numbers and the continued effects of the depression.
1881 3,000 ex-slaves, refugees from the failed "Texas Revolt", arrive in California. Most settle the Tujunga Valley. Shortly there after, the "New England Colony" settles the Owen's Valley. Demonstration of new model of the electric train in Philadelphia. This time there is interest. It uses a third rail system. A test line is built. A rival system, using an overhead power supply with trolley pole, is constructed. A lawsuit by the owner of a horse which is electrocuted by the third rail insures that it is soon the only system (rumors that the horse owner has stock in the overhead system remain that).
1885 San Pedro Bay Company is formed, buys most of the dock facilities at the bay, and begins dredging and construction of new harbor there. Spur line from California Southern is considered inadequate, and talk of new rail line straight to L.A. commences.

The town of Silverstone is founded in the Tujunga Valley by the Texas Revolt refugees, and with access to stone supplies needed by the San Pedro Bay Company, flourishes.

In effort to regain some of its former commerce, Yerba Buena starts the Transbay ferry. Rail lines built to the ferry port at both ends. However, more and more trade is continuing to flow to San Pablo while Yerba Buena just manages to maintain the same level.

Sierra Foothill Rwy begins construction of hydropower dams in the mountains above its line. Plans to sell power to Goldfield, Sacramento, and other cities along its routes. San Gabriel Valley Rwy finishes El Monte to Las Flores link. Builds line to San Fernando. California Southern buys out failing S.D. & L.A. Rwy and merges with Anaranjado Coastal. S.B., S.M., & S.L.O. Rwy merges with S.B. & Ventura. Renamed California Coastal Rwy. Start construction of line east towards L.A.

Sierra Foothill builds line to Sacramento and starts its extension towards San Pablo.

First Electric line: Los Angeles Pacific - L.A. to Santa Monica. Very popular, local cable lines start electrification. Silverstone & San Pedro line begins construction to supply stone to the harbor works.
Japan, angered over the Britishers lax attitudes towards its policies, revokes the British enclave's charter and burns Port Arthur to the ground. The few RN ships in port are harried eastward by Japanese forces. After doing so, the Japanese Navy returns to closely patrolling Japanese waters as Japan once more tries to draw a curtain between itself and the rest of the world.
1886 June 17th, first fortifications for "Fermin Presidio" started, built to protect the new Los Angeles Harbor. Will eventually become primary command center for southern half of the country. Aug 31, MM X quake in South Carolina, millions in damage, 60 deaths.
1889 Several of the smaller Sierra Foothill Rwy hydropower plants begin operation. As the powerlines to Sacramento are not complete, it uses some of the excess power to electrify part of its rail line to Sacramento as a test.
1890 Almost all cable lines except in Yerba Buena have electrified. Only a few horse-car lines remain in small towns. Sierra Foothill Rwy begins full electric operation on Goldfield to San Pablo line. Extension run to Ferry Port.

Pacific Electric Rwy opens its Long Beach to L.A. line.
The Kingdom of Hawai'i becomes a British Protectorate (the RN has been stationing ships there since they were forced out of Port Arthur).
1891 Owen's Valley colony flourishing. They are trading heavily with the Mono Indians and, through them, the "The Nation" to the east. The colony continues to operate semi-independently of rest of California, in spite of California's claim to the territory.

Temple Treaty finally sets the boarder between California and Czarist America. Big hold up was over which side of the boarder Border-City would be on. Compromise splits it between the two, and it becomes one of the three Official Entry Points into Czarist America (another is as Drake's Bay, with a third to be decided later).

Silverstone has grown to 25,000 pop. due to the building of the Tujunga Locomotive Works and the Big Tujunga hydropower project. Pasqual to the south-east remains a sleepy town of ~3,000.
Czarist America beefs up boarder to insure that any movement is controlled (and taxed) through those three entries. Needless to say, there's a lot of smuggling going on through the mountains.
1892 Town of Jade founded out by Salton Springs to mine salt and other chemicals. Wagon road to San Bernadino built. First 10 locos built by Tujunga Loco, California Class 0-4-4's, delivered to California Southern (which owns 50% of the company). 15 others are on order for S.G.V. Rwy and C.C. Rwy. Tesla gives radio demonstration at Universidad San Pablo. Sierra Foothill's Electromotive Division hires him (bribe of "all the electricity you can eat" - which will prove expensive in later years) and sets him up in a research facility built on a spur north of Goldfield. C.C. Rwy and the C.P. Rwy finish negotiations to build connecting link between San Luis Obisbo & Franklin. Set up third company, Coast Range Rwy, wholly owned by C.C. and C.P., to build it. Early on it's decided to electrify it a) as a test of such, and b) to insure that people have to change trains at Franklin and San Luis Obisbo. Building of electric lines accelerates. At beginning of 1893 there are ~ 110 kims of track, by the end there's over 400, with 500 more planned. Current electrified trackage is -

L.A. Area:

L.A. Pacific

Pacific Electric

San Gabriel Valley Electric (division of S.G.V. Rwy)

San Pablo & Bay Area:

Bay Area Electric Rwy - East Bay

Yerba Buena Rwy

Market Street Rwy

South Bay Interurban - San Jose & Peninsular region

San Pablo Electric Rwy


Salinas Valley Electric Rwy

Franklin & Verde Rwy

South Franklin Interurban

These make up 80% of mileage, other 20% in short lines.
Japan reopens its boarders once again (due mostly to internal presure this time) and begins to try and modernize.
1893 The The Nation begins its press into the lightly held northern Mexican Territories [Nevada, Northern Arizona].
1894 Tujunga Loco starts an electromotive division.

Refugees from the "The Nation" expansion move through the Owen's area and then on to California proper. Some later move back to Mexico. Cortez booms as trade flows in & out of its port to support Mexico's increased military presence. Very heavy river traffic on the Colorado from both Mexico and California. The two, which have lacked official diplomatic ties since California's independence 70 years prior, actually forge a mutual nonaggression pact.

Part of this sets the boarder between the two as follows: Equidistant between the coast-lines of Mexico and Baja California north to the Colorado River delta, along the Colorado to 36o north, from there along 115o west to the Canadian boarder (though all territory north of 36o is currently in Indian hands...). Until this time, California's eastern boarder had more or less been the Sierra Nevada, then a diagonal from there to the Gulf (though loose claims - dating from Spanish times - put the boarder "officially" almost as far as the Great Salt Lake). This gives it considerable "new" territory (though, in practice, north of Owen's the border remains the Sierras), and surveyors are sent in to see what's there.

The Indian surge south has also cut the only trail to the east coast. Overland travelers must now go through southern Mexico, and take the "Acapulco Steamer" from Mexico's west coast to Cortez. Immigration from the East Coast slows to a trickle.

Coast Range Rwy completed - first run hailed as "Great Day in California History" - however delays caused by the train changes and heavy freight traffic north of Franklin on the C.P. will later cause much grumbling.
The Mexican Empire strengthens it's northern boarders and troops are stationed alongside the Colorado river.
1895 Sierra Foothill Rwy begins extension southward towards L.A. Major discoveries of petroleum in Middle California. Oil and gas fired powerplants are built in California in those areas too far from good hydropower sites. Within 10 years, their output exceeds that of hydropower. Czarist America finally completes its railway from Border-City to its coastal port Roumainzoff. The different gauge (California standard is 1.6 meters, C. America is 1.78), and heavy duty customs inspections insure that the rail yards at Border-City are a nightmare in their Byzantine complexity.

California experiences continued, if slow, growth. Population levels reach about 1.5 million for the country. Count Von Zeppelin begins demonstrations of his airships in Germany. The first passenger flight occurs in 1903.
1899 Dec 25, MM IX quake near Hemet, 6 killed. Sep 10, MM XI quake in Yakutat Bay, Alaska. Mostly unpopulated area.
1905 The Colorado floods the Salton Sink area. The new route is encouraged by settlers there (in spite of having to move the town of Jade to higher ground), and by 1909 the Widney Sea level stabilizes. The local climate ameliates somewhat, and agriculture begins to bloom in the area. Tourism also becomes a big money item at the resorts built on the Salton shores. Japan invades - and conquers - most of Korea and Manchuria.
1906 Apr 18, MM XI quake in Yerba Buena, followed by fire. 700 killed. Yerba Buena never really recovers, becoming a sleepy, backwater resort town.
1908 "Tunguska" comet impacts just south of St. Petersburg, destroying most of the city (primarily through the fires that rage on after impact). Most of the Czarist Royal Family is killed, as are much of their retainers (there being a birthday party for the Czar at the time). The people in the Russian Empire take this as a sign, and revolt. The Empire breaks into several sections, but the American possessions remain loyal to the new Czar (who was touring them at the time). He sets up court in the new city of Novaya Moskva, 150 kims north of Yerba Buena.

Success of the Widney Sea makes California go a little "hydrophilic". Literally hundreds of damming and lake creation projects are put forth, and dozens actually come to fruition - with mixed results. North of San Pedro, the L.A. river is shifted from it's Balloona Creek outlet to into a slough to create Verde Lake. It requires the building of several earthen dikes to get most of the lake to be deeper than half a meter and even with those it never gets too deep. However, at least the shoreline is fairly stable. Lake San Gabriel - formed by the damming of the Rio Hondo [Whittier] Narrows - unfortunately has its shoreline move as much as 1 1/2 kims between dry and wet years, and constantly requires dredging. Its outflows - the San Gabriel/Rio Hondo rivers - are eventually channeled around the Dominguez Hills into Verde Lake. This stabilized Verde Lake even more - but it was done primarily to reduce silting in the new San Pedro Bay Company harbor.

The Pacific Electric buys out almost all the smaller L.A. area lines, and merges with California Southern (which was in the process of electrifying). This creates the 2nd largest electric line in California. This worries the Silverstone & San Pedro, and they merge with the San Gabriel Valley Rwy, which they already had good relations with. Construction of an electric line to Jade and many of the other resort towns springing up on the shores of the Widney Sea begins. They also begin electrification of their San Pedro main line. The new company is renamed the Silverstone & Jade Electric Rwy.
Breakup of Russia causes war to break out in Eastern Europe over the pieces. The Russian-held sections of Poland declare themselves independent again. This lasts ten-months until Imperial German forces crush their meager defenses. Borders of Germany & Austria move eastward - at least for a while. Germany creates the first airwar by using dirigible bombers to take out strong points in Poland. This is an unusually successful tactic at first, primarily because they are alone in the air, and Russian forces have nothing resembling anti-aircraft guns. 3 years later, however, they run into the British forces who do have ack-ack, and 75% of the German bomber-airship fleet goes down in a single night.

In the east, Japan grabs a large section of Siberia and adds it to its Korean and Manchurian possessions.
1915 First flight of a dirigible in California, from Sacramento to San Pablo - where it promptly crashes. Verde Lake, stocked with fish and already a natural draw for waterfowl, has become a sportsman's paradise - and advertises itself as "The World's Finest." While a trifle of hyperbola, it does become a major tourist mecca. Even "The Nation's" ambassador winters there.

Tujunga Loco comes out with the Model 12 "Bettys" - the first electric locos to match the pulling power of the bigger steam locos. Sierra Foothill Radio (a division of S.F. Rwy) goes on the air, broadcasting from Goldfield and Southend. In the next 5 years over 200 stations crop up. Jun 22, MM VIII quake in Imperial Valley.
First dogfight between planes occurs on the Georgian front between British and Imperial German forces.

Oct 2, MM-X quake in The Nation (Pleasant Valley, Nevada here).
1916 The Eurowar ends.
1917 "Crazy" Mark Freeman buys land in the foothills/ mountains west of the Widney Sea - cheap (it's considered wasteland - too far from the shore for resorts, too lumpy for farms). He begins planting hundreds of hectares in trees, with plans to convert all his land into a forest (he likes forest. He's also terribly rich, being a major stockholder in S.F. Rwy). A decade later, much to everyone's surprise, he's got about 5 kims2 of short, but growing forest land. Freeman Woods continue to expand and are joined by several other private forests.
1920 90% of California's population is within 3 kims of a railline (70% of which are now electrified). Silverstone (now a city of 70,000) boasts that 98% of its citizens are within 100 meters of a trolley route (of course, it helps that the city plan is very narrow). There are less than 1,000 cars in California, partially because they are very expensive, but also because there are only about 300 kims of paved roads in the country. Most of the "streets" in California are either grass-lined trolleyways, or dirt roads.

"Crazy" Mark Freeman takes time out from planting trees to create the first "Trolley Mall". Since almost all shipping and commuting goes by trolley in the big (and little) cities, he builds a very large shopping complex with direct links to the trolley lines next to it. Essentially, the whole mall is built over an underground railyard/station. Freeman Plaza is built in sleepy Pasqual, right where the L.A. and Eastern Division main lines of the Silverstone & Jade come together. It proves very popular and soon other "Trolley Malls" pop up all over California. Gradually, the idea spreads worldwide.
Joint U.S.A. & The Nation railine from Great Lakes region through the The Nation to Vancouver, on Canada's west coast. As part of deal, U.S.A. formally renounces all claims to former "Louisiana Territory" lands west of the Missouri (they hadn't a chance of getting them anyway), and allows the The Nation to claim ownership (though not sovereignty) over certain "sacred lands" now in U.S.A. territory.
1921 Tesla, at his research facility in Goldfield (by now one of the world's finest R&D sites) manages to create at will the ball lightning he use to accidentally create in experiments decades before. Soon, he's refined the process to where he can create ball-lightning from 1-50 cm in diameter and sustain them virtually indefinitely. World scientists are fascinated - but it remains a "parlor trick" of no real use for years.

There's an air festival held in Sacramento - and California goes airplane happy. Soon, homemade biplanes are sprouting up everywhere.

Increasing conflicts between the various rail lines running between Los Angeles and the port at San Pedro result in the creation of the "Grand Union Railway Trackage Corporation" designed to build a simplified set of shared tracks between downtown Los Angeles and the port and providing a central scheduling point to handle all the trains traveling this route. The idea had actually been around for nearly ten years, but it took the end of the "gauge wars" in 1918 and the declaration of 1.6 meters as the Official California Standard Gauge (a gauge at the time shared with Mexico, Japan and much of Great Britain - it has since gone on to become a defacto "World Standard," covering almost 78% of the world's track kims) to kill one of the major sticking points in the plan.

The initial four tracks (now six, with brief sections of eight) were completed in 1924 and the use shift-over was finished by 1925 (though many miles of the original single-company tracks it replaced hung around for decades).
Airship travel has become the "in" thing for Europe. Several flights a year now cross the Atlantic to the Americas.
1922 Explorer David Hernandez leads a multi-national (Californian, Canadian and British) expedition to the far north. Based at "Camp Lonely" in the Canadian backcountry, on June 1st he leaves with a team of twelve men aboard the dirigible "Northern Lights" with the announced mission of exploring the far northern regions. On June 3rd, following a long flight, the diri reaches the North Pole and Hernandez becomes the first person to set foot on this most northern of regions.
1925 Silverstone & Jade exceeds P.E.'s track mileage. Verde Sportsman's Club, seeing that Freeman Woods is actually working (almost the first people - apart from Freeman - to notice this), begins planting about 1/3 of the shoreline of Verde Lake in a mixture of Monterey Pine, Engleman Oak, and Eucalyptus (a bizarre mix, but the board's vote split). It's only about 100 m. deep, but it's California's second Private Forest.

An arrangement between Sierra Foothill Rwy, Silverstone & Jade Electric, and Mexico National Rwy creates the "Azteca Express" in imitation of Europe's "Orient Express". It runs from Veracruz on Mexico's east coast, to Mexico City, up to Cortez in California, then north to Jade, over to Silverstone, north again through the Central Valley to Goldfield, west to Sacramento, then finally north once more to end up at Border-City. It changes engines 7 times along the route, takes 3 days to complete it, and is a big success.

Jun 29, MM-IX quake in Santa Barbara, $6 million in damage, 17 killed.
1926 Plans to build an aqueduct from Owen's Valley to L.A. are violently opposed by Owen's residents. They fight the proposal in court for 2 years - and lose. Britain and France nearly go to war over a territorial dispute in the Sahara. Fighting actually breaks out in Africa. Ethiopia plays both against each other (again) and gains some territorial concessions on the Red Sea.
1927 Los Angeles, Monterey, and San Pablo become regular stops on Germany's airship line.
1928 Having lost in the courts, the Owen's Valley promptly secedes from California. Both rail lines (and their passes) into the area from California are closed and fortified. Rapid recognition by the The Nation (their major trading partners) - and a loan of troops from same - cools California's plans to raise an army and invade. The logistics problems of moving an army either through the Sierra Nevada or Death Valley would have made an invasion difficult anyway. Czarist American tries to recreate the success of the "Azteca Express" with a train from its half of Border-City, north to Vancouver in Canada - this works out less well and the (luxury version of the) train is discontinued after less than three years (it's revived in 1970 to more success - mostly because the line through C. America is now dual-gauge and you no longer have to completely change trains at the Canadian boarder. In 1978 it, and the Azteca Express combine and the new Azteca runs all the way from Vancouver to Veracruz).
1930 California - grudgingly - recognizes the Owen Incorperacy (a kind of combo co-op/corporation/state). This points out to California that, treaties with Mexico not-withstanding, it doesn't really own everything east to 115o (it should be noted that, wisely perhaps, they haven't actually tried to operate as if they did for decades - this just makes it more Official). The de-facto boarder at the Sierras is made de-jure in a treaty with the The Nation. In spite of bad feelings between California and the Incorperacy, relations between the two normalize quickly and in less than 5 years, except for the fancy boarder crossing on the Sierra Foothill line into Owen's, things have pretty much settled down to pre-secession normalities. The treaty with California allows The Nation to pull back forces which they need in the south - Texas has been pushing at the boarders again. After a big defeat of Texas' expeditionary force, Mexico has a good think and formalizes their boarder with the The Nation. Texas however will keep trying over the next 30 years to invade, and even after giving up actual invasion attempts, still will claim huge hunks of the The Nation.
1932 Tesla demonstrates a laser at Goldfield Labs. It's his last invention for Sierra Foothill, and he leaves in a huff two months later when Sierra's board complains he's wasting his time (and their electricity) on yet another "parlor trick" like his ball-lightning. After leaving Goldfield, Tesla ends up at Bell Labs, Toronto where Alexander G. Bell grasps a connection between Tesla's laser and his own "photophone" experiments. Bell Labs begins work on laser communications, but due to the lack of optic fibers and light amplifiers, its uses remain limited and highly specialized for many decades. The transistor, however - which they announce this year as well - is far more successful. Dec 20, MM-X quake in "Cedar Mountain, Nevada".
1933 Mar 10, MM-IX quake in "Long Beach". $40 million in damage, 120 killed. Japan invades China proper. Over the next 10 years, they will turn most of East and Southeast Asia into a series of client states, mostly through diplomatic threats, though there will be almost continual fighting in the area as well.
1935 Naoko Yukio, a new researcher at Goldfield Labs, begins experiments with Tesla's ball-lightning as a means of confining plasma in a fusion reaction. Much to everyone's surprise she begins to get good results. In a burst of wisdom, Sierra Foothill increases her budget 500%. Japan threatens - but does not actually attack - the British protectorate of the Philippines (it is too stretched at the time with its land battles in China).
1937 The first fusion reactor is demonstrated at Goldfield labs. The prototype barely reaches the break-even point, but the lab is confident they'll get the bugs out soon. "Soon" proves to be nearly 10 years.
1939 First electronic computer - tube/transistor mix - built in England.
1940 May 18, MM-X quake in Imperial Valley. $6 million in damage, 8 killed.
1944 Japan, strained and nearly bankrupt after 40 years of almost continual fighting in Asia, pulls back from much of its conquered territories in S.E. Asia and China, leaving behind a flock of newly independent states (but retaining most of Manchuria and its Siberian possessions). About half of these immediately join back up with Japan for its new "Greater Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere". About a third of the half that doesn't do this then promptly attacks its neighbors that did.
1946 First fusion reactor goes online in Sacramento. More follow rapidly. Due to inherent limitations in the confinement system, they're small (~30,000 kilowatts max), but prove to be relatively cheap & durable. They quickly begin to replace existing oil-fired plants - most of which are reaching the end of their useful life. Construction of gas-fired plants also slows and stops. They too begin to be replaced by fusion. Still, there are still some gas fired (and two oil-fired) plants right up into the 1980's. Hydropower plants, due to their high investment/low operating costs, remain virtually unaffected however. Apr 1, major quake off Aleutians, tsunami caused millions in damage in Hawai'i!
1949 Apr 13, MM-VIII quake in Puget Sound, $25 million in damage, 8 killed.
1952 Jul 20, MM-X in "Kern County". $60 million damage, 12 killed. Aug 22, MM-VIII causes another $10 million, and 2 killed. Japan (and most of its partners not currently being attacked) has recovered economically from its attempt to conquer Asia, and is now considered a World Power right up there with England, Germany, France and Mexico.
1958 Jul 9, MM-XI quake in Lituya Bay, Alaska.
1959 First crude IC chip brought out by Bell Labs. They quickly come into use, but continue to be created in small, specialized, batches.

Aug 17, MM-X quake in "Hebgen Lake, Montana". Huge landslide dammed river and created lake.
1961 California Analog Systems comes out with the first computer (analog!) using only IC's in it's CPU. It's designed especially for use in Goldfield Labs' "Sunflower" reactor - their attempt to break the 30,000 kw barrier. The attempt fails, but they continue research into the problem. A spinoff of this research is a fusion rocket engine - but as it has a runtime of less than two hours between overhauls, no one can figure out a use for it. Poland, in a bloody revolution, throws Germany out of Polish territory. Germany remains the major power in Eastern Europe however.
1964 Mar 27, MM X-XI quake in Prince William Sound, Alaska. Major landslides, tsunamis and uplift.
1965 Using a fusion rocket, Britain launches the first spacecraft into orbit from their launch site in Australia. Apr 29, MM VII-VIII quake in Puget Sound.
1966 Dr. Harrington at Oxford proposes that the recent downward trend in worldwide temperatures is the start of the next ice-age. This theory will be debated with great passion for years.

Oct 1, 1969, VII-VIII quake in Santa Rosa. Feb 9, 1971, MM VIII-XI quake in San Fernando. Aug 1, 1975, MM IX quake in Oroville. Oct 15, 1979, MM IX quake in Imperial Valley. California's population passes the 7.5 million mark. Nov 29, 1975, MM VIII quake in Hawai'i. Tsunami.
1980's The beginning of "The Wet Decade". California rainfall levels hit record highs every year for the entire decade. Southern California has a record 45 inches in 1987. By the 90's records stop being made - but only because rainfalls have stabilized. California, indeed, the entire western North American coastline south of Canada, is now averaging between 5 and 10 inches higher than just a couple of decades before. The lower end of the Central Valley begins flooding, and many lakes that were "seasonal" are now managing to avoid the summer dry-ups.

Jan 24 & 26, 1980, MM VII quakes in "Livermore". May 25 & 27, 1980, MM VII quakes in "Mammoth Lakes" (Owen's Inc.). May 2, 1983, MM VIII quake in "Coalinga". Apr 24, 1984, MM VIII quake at "Morgan Hill". Oct 1, 1987, MM VIII quake at Rio Hondo [Whittier] Narrows. Oct 17, 1989, MM IX quake centered on Loma Prieta.
World temperatures have continued to drop. They're now averaging about 0.8o C lower than the baseline of 1900. Several areas have experienced higher rainfalls, while others have experienced the opposite. Most measured glaciers have grown - some by as muchs as five kims. Dr. Harrington has suggested that CO2 be released in vast quantities to stabilize the temperatures, but his plan is discounted as "it would be impossible for man to release so much CO2 as to affect the climate."

Nov 8, 1980, MM VII off C. American coast, north of California.
1986 May 7, MM VII quake at Kadak Island, Alaska.
1987 Britain plants its flag on Mars. Both Germany and Japan protest this, and rattle sabers. Mexico pulls together, and hosts, a worldwide conference on "Who Owns What in Space." It bogs down, then collapses when first Britain, then Japan pull out.