Okay boys and girls, thanks to Allan Janus at the National Air and Space Museum, I got a copy of Lowe's original proposal for his "Planet Airship" - the one I based my "Lowe Airship Construction Timeline" off of. This is actually the real thing - not alternate history, but an actual historical document showing how Lowe was trying to gather investors in 1912 for his airship. And thanks to Mr. Janus - and a bunch of scanning and OCR work - here it is.

Note that the cover is actually from a different site - "Professor Thaddeus Lowe" - as the original xerox of it was way too dark and crumpled. All other images are straight from the xerox of the pamphlet itself, however.


Lowe Planet Airship

Lowe Planet Airship over Mt Lowe


        The era of practical aeronautics is at hand. The stage of experimentation has passed. There is already an active demand for air craft of demonstrable utility and the world is ready to accord honor, fame and wealth to the inventor who first places in the field an airship that demonstrates: Its practical safety; Its dirigibility and easy handling; Its ability to transport passengers with comfort; and Its capacity to carry heavy freight.

        In the following pages it will be shown that all these conditions are more than met in the LOWE PLANET AIRSHIP.

        The aircraft of the type and size herein considered will transport twenty to fifty passengers, with as luxurious comfort and safety as a Pullman Car or transatlantic steamer. And who that has not experienced it can conceive the delights of noiselessly, smoothly and swiftly navigating the air, overlooking all the varied scenery of the earth's surface and gazing down with an all-embracing sweep of vision upon the land operations of the human beings below! To ascend as a bird into the upper atmosphere and there travel unrestrainedly to and fro, has ever been one of the apparently unattainable ambitions of the most exalted minds of the human race, but now, by means of this Planet Airship, this last great conquest by man's genius is made possible. Through his steam engines and automobiles, man has annihilated space on land; by his steamers he has conquered the forces of nature on the water, and moves in safety from continent to continent over the trackless wastes of the expansive oceans: and now, by means of the Lowe Planet Airship, the last element open to him - the atmosphere - is to be invaded and the easier, more luxurious, delightful and scenic method of transportation is to be under his control.

        That this is no chimera, Professor Lowe'fs past achievements make certain, and it is to a rapid survey of these that this booklet is devoted. After a full and detailed description of the Lowe Planet Airship, a history of Professor Lowe's actual achievements in aeronautics, both before, during and after the civil war, is given, with the personal comments made upon them at the time by men of national and international reputation as soldiers, scientists and statesmen.

        That the Lowe Planet Airship is the next great movement in aerial navigation, and therefore offers the best financial investment in the world, will not be doubted after a careful perusal of the following pages.

                           522 Central Building,
                                        Los Angeles, Cal.

Interior of Lowe Planet Airship


        The Lowe Planet Airship is no experiment. It asks for no indulgence on the ground of uncertainty, but is ready to be judged by all intelligent minds upon the showing herein made of practical experiences of many years, under the severest tests that the forces of nature could bring or the ingenuity of man devise. Every claim made for it has already been demonstrated, and its success is as certain as that of any improved type of steam engine or automobile, based upon principles already established and in practical use.


        Fifty years ago Professor Lowe, constructed an airship, capable of lifting twenty-two tons, and a full account is later given from the graphic pen of the accomplished Garrick Mallery of a trip he and others made in that greatest of all airships. But in those days there was no engine invented that could be used for propelling an aircraft, therefore, the only method of travel was by an observance of the air currents and floating with them.


        It was soon evident., therefore, to Professor Lowe,that before aerial navigation could be brought to perfection, it was essential that a light, reliable and high-power engine should be invented and developed to a high degree. This has recently been accomplished in the automobile engine, which has demonstrated its utility under every kind of severest practical test.


        With this perfected engine to aid them, several investigators and experimenters have constructed more or less dangerous types of airships, such as the French "Republic," Lebaudy'fs "Patrie," Count de la Vaulx'fs and Deutsch'fs "Ville de Paris," and the more extensive and well-known German Zeppelin types. The cigar-shape, however, which has been assumed by all these experimenters, has been proven to be impracticable for several reasons. The shape itself demands a strong framework to hold it rigid for the suspension of the car, and this adds materially to its weight, while at the same time it offers two and a half times more surface against adverse wind currents than a semi-spherical envelope of the same relative size.


        It cannot be denied, however, that the Zeppelin type of airship is more spectacular than any other yet presented, and possibly that is one reason why so much time, money and inventive genius have been expended in trying to make it practical. Yet its small lifting capacity beyond its own weight, and the utter impossibility of transporting it on land or water by ordinary methods altogether precludes the possibility of its coming into general use. Indeed, the German government has already declined to consider it further for either naval or military purposes.


        The Lowe Planet Airship has avoided all the difficulties and dangers encountered by these late investigators, at the same time utilizing the automobile engine that renders it propulsive and completely amenable to guidance. This airship is composed of two portions, inseparably connected, yet which should be considered separately. These are, I. The envelope or holder of buoyant gas for sustaining the car. II. The passenger car.


After years of personal experience and a thorough study of the experiments of others, Professor Lowe has demonstrated that the globular form is the only safe and practical method of airship construction. It requires no framework to support its shape, presents the least surface to aerial currents in proportion to its carrying capacity and is in no danger of tilting, experience having demonstrated that it always strives to remain vertical over the weight it carries, and thus is practically rigid.

        The hydrogen holder is made of strong, heavy silk, and covered with an impervious preparation invented by Professor Lowe (a secret process) which not only prevents the gas from escaping, or injuring the silk but renders the envelope unaffected by weather. Thus, while ordinary balloons lose their contents by leakage in a few days, Professor Lowe'fs war balloons retained their contents for months, though subjected to the rain, snow, sleet and blasts of wintry weather, as well as the heat and dry wind of the summer.

        This gas envelope is covered with a strong network of specially made linen or silk cords. These cords are united at the bottom and then attached with scientific skill and care to the passenger car below.


A distinctively individualistic feature of the Lowe Planet Airship is the "Expansion Cone." To properly understand the use of this cone it is necessary to recall the fact that the ordinary balloon ascends under one of two conditions, one of which is exceedingly wasteful and the other is adverse to rigidity. Under the first condition the balloon is completely filled with gas, and thus, when it ascends into the higher altitudes, and the gas expands, it is necessary to open the valve allow the expanded gas to escape. Gas thus released is forever lost, and the lifting power correspondingly reduced. Under the second condition the balloon is only partially filled, and thus, loose and flabby at its lower extremity, is tossed to and fro by every diverse current while anchored, and assumes rigidity only when the gas expands in the higher altitudes.

        By means of the Expansion Cone in the Lowe Planet Airship, room is afforded for both the expansion and contraction of the gas, Within its protected space. Consequently, it will be seen that even before ascension (as well as afterwards) rigidity is maintained without any escape of or loss of lifting power.


To further regulate the expansion and contraction of the gas, due to differing temperatures of the outside atmosphere, the Lowe Airship is provided with scientific appliances which keep the hydrogen within the envelope at an even temperature, both night and day. These appliances are exceedingly simple, and work almost automatically, requiring but little attention.


        To appreciate the lifting power of hydrogen it is necessary to refer to some interesting figures.

        One thousand cubic feet of the air we breathe weighs 76.6 pounds, while 1,000 cubic feet of hydrogen gas, occupying the same space or bulk, weighs only 5.3 pounds. The air, then, weighs 14.4 times as much as hydrogen. Thus every 1,000 feet of confined hydrogen gas has a lifting power of 71 pounds.

        The following table shows the lifting power of hydrogen-filled holders of varying dimensions:

  Diameter     Surface     Gas Holding
    Buoyancy or
  Lifting Capacity
3 Ft. 2,827 Sq. Ft. 14,137 Cub. Ft. 848 lbs. 0.42
40   5,026   33,510   2,010   1.00
50   7,854   65,450   3,927   1.96
60   1 ,310   113,098   6,785   3.39
80   20,106   268,083   16,085   8.04
100   31,416   523,508   31,410   15.70
125   49,088   1,022,656   61,359   30.07
150   70,688   1,766.972   106,018   53.00
200   125,664   4,188,792   251,327   125.66
250   196,352   8,181.248   490.874   245.43
300   282,752   14,135,376   848,122   424.06
400   502.656   33,510.336   2,094,400   1,047.20
800   2,010,624   268,082,688   16,755,200   8,377.60

        It will thus he seen that a hydrogen holder 150 feet in diameter is capable of sustaining a weight of fifty-three tons, about five times the weight of a passenger car for forty persons, equipped with the necessary engines and fuel, and provided with abundant food supplies, and all else needed for comfort and enjoyment.


Another great advantage possessed by this form of airship is that although while being propelled in the atmosphere it is rigid, it becomes most convenient and compressible when it is desired to pack it for transportation on land or water, so that a score or more of` them could easily be packed and transported upon an ordinary sea-going yacht. The value of this feature cannot be overestimated.


        This is a well equipped power-launch, with all the usual accommodations for passengers, provisions and freight. Above it a roomy, comfortable cabin is provided, built in sections so that it can be "knocked down" and packed in the launch should its transportation be desired, This cabin is used as dining room, observation or sleeping car as required, in addition to the other accommodations. Over this cabin is a collapsible room of generous dimensions for the use of the navigators, observers, photographers, etc. It is provided with all the necessary instruments, as barometers, telescopes, field glasses, thermometers, sextants, altimeters, etc.

Interior of Lowe Planet Airship

        Every room is lighted with electric light, and heated, when required, with the exhaust from the engines, which also gives the necessary heat for cooking purposes. In fact, every comfort and luxury has been thought of, exactly as in a modern hotel, Pullman car, or first-class steamship. Wireless telegraph apparatus is suspended from the power launch, thus affording instant and constant communication with the earth.

        Being thus equipped for long voyages it is never necessary for the Planet Airship to land in a storm. If the weather is unpropitious it can ascend by means of its vertical propeller above all storms and remain there until the weather is suitable for landing.


        Two propellers of suitable power are provided, one each for vertical and horizontal propulsion. The former is located on the bow or stern of the power-launch, and is used to raise or lower the airship into the various surface and upper currents, so as to add their speed to that obtained by the power of the horizontal propeller. This latter is the chief motive power and is the finest model known to mechanics, and of the highest efficiency. Each propeller has its own gasoline engine, and the gearings are so arranged that in case of necessity, either can operate the other. A fully equipped repair shop is provided on board.


        Both land and water anchors are added to the equipment of sufficient strength to aid in landing when found necessary, though as a rule the airship is propelled by its own power to any point desired, the same as a steamship to its harbor and wharf. As these airships come into general use each city will provide its own anchorage place, free from obstructions, (las a ship'fs wharf is provided), where they can arrive and depart at pleasure. Unlike the one- or two-passenger aeroplanes that require acres of ground from which to make a safe rise, or landing, a giant airship capable of carrying fifty or a hundred passengers can be safely accommodated on less than an acre of ground.


        From the foregoing details, therefore, it will readily be seen that the main principles upon which the construction of the Lowe Planet Airship depends are as well known and tested as are those of the steamship, the railway engine and the automobile, while the methods of application of these principles are novel, personal and unique to this particular type of aircraft. Every possibility has been provided for', every event foreseen, the thousands of ascensions made by Professor Lowe before, during and after the civil war, in winter and summer, during the heat of the summer'fs day, in the darkness of night, even during thunder-storms, having given him a knowledge that could not be gained in any other way. Hence, the promoters of the Lowe Planet Airship confidently affirm the immense superiority of their aircraft over that of any other type, in principles and details of construction, lifting capacity, easy control, comfort and safety of passengers, and general efficiency.

Harper's Weekly article on Lowe


        It does not need much imaginative power to foresee many of the uses to which an airship of the Planet type can be put, and it is not an unreasonable occupation to spend a few moments in contemplating these soon-to-be-realized possibilities.


        For pleasure-craft nothing in the realm of transportation can equal an airship. Col. Garrick Mallery,with the pen of a ready writer, has given some idea of the exuberant delight he and his companions experienced when they ascended in the Lowe Airship of the old floating type. But what must it be to soar into the highest atmosphere like an eagle, knowing that your aircraft is under perfect control, that you can go hither or yonder you will, visit friends here or there, land at pleasure, or continue your [light indefinitely over land or sea! Ere long every social club of any pretension will own its planet airship, with its navigator, ready at moment'fs notice to take one or twenty of its members to any desired point. Wo1nen'fs Clubs will have the same freedom and pleasure, and it will be a sight witnessed every day to see members of such clubs gather at the Airship Anchorage, dressed as for social functions, enter their club airship and sail to a city twenty, fifty, a hundred miles away, where a sister club has provided a luncheon and intellectual entertainment for them.


        But in addition to these novel pleasures that will soon become ordinary, men and women alike may see what hitherto has been witnessed only by the birds. One may soar over one'fs native city, visit Washington and look down upon the Capitol, follow the windings of the Grand Canyon, a mile above it; journey across deserts in perfect comfort; visit the top of the Sierras, and float over Death Valley in an aerial palace hotel. The most difficult part of this will be to convince the reader, just as it was difficult to get the ordinary mind to believe in telephones, wireless telegraphy, and the thousand and one other things which have had to be fought for by inventors.


        For exploring purposes the Planet Airship will open up a large field and give a new impetus to adventurous minds in that it will make easily accessible those points of the earth's surface that hitherto have been reached only after tremendous expense, great hardships, sacrifices, or loss of life. High mountains, isolated cliffs, deep canyons with their detached buttes (as in the Grand Canyon), the arid wastes of trackless deserts, rocky islands, are all now open to the personal inspection of man. For with his airship under perfect control he can land where he will, high or low, and make such investigation as lie desires.

        In a Lowe Planet Airship he can go from Behring Sea to North Cape and observe the wonders of the midnight sun in ease and comfort, with the sensation of visiting another world. The North Polar region, comprising an area larger than the whole of the British Isles, which has never yet been explored, may now safely be examined in detail and all its conditions learned,thus putting the final seal of knowledge to the discovery of the North Pole. The South Pole and its adjacent country can also be investigated with little or no hardship, comparatively little expense, and no risk of loss of life.


        For practical long distance journeys the airship will afford advantages not possible by any other method of transportation. Places unpleasant or dangerous to reach can be visited with all unpleasantness and danger eliminated, for in ordinary weather, there are neither dangers nor unpleasantnesses in aerial travel. One has all the freedom and independence of the automobile multiplied a hundred fold. Space is annihilated and it is as easy to scale a mountain or descend a canyon as to go on the level; the snow clad heights or the sandy wastes are as easily traversed as the roads of a city, and the mud and slush of had roads, the floods of heavy rains or swollen creeks and rivers are as inconsequent as the flying of a hen in the path of an automobile.


        To those whose occupations take them to great heights in inaccessible mountains the Planet Airship will be a godsend. It will also completely revolutionize many mountain industries, especially rendering profitable many mines which are now operated at tremendous expense. Supplies are now taken into these mines on the backs of mules, burros and men at a cost that only the richest mines can bear, but with a Lowe Airship Freighter, capable of carrying ten, fifteen, twenty or more tons of machinery, and all the needful supplies, a mine that has hitherto been capitalized for a million can well afford to pay dividends on ten or more millions, owing to the reduced cost of operation. Many mines that have hitherto been operated at a loss will speedily become dividend payers, and good mines that have had to be abandoned because of their inaccessibility will again be worked at a profit, while the profits on good-paying mines will be tremendously enlarged.


        The possibilities of the use of airships in war are too great to be more than hinted at in such a cursory survey of the subject as this confessedly is. Yet it must be apparent to all that with an aircraft capable of carrying many tons'f weight, under perfect control and able to be propelled, up, down, or forward in any direction, or even stand still in the air, war as now conducted will soon be impossible. Fortifications can be inspected and destroyed, and battleships annihilated ere they can fire a gun upon their enemies. A fleet of fifty of these "dreadnaughts of the air" will completely revolutionize the art of War. They can be built and equipped for less than the cost of one battleship, and each one would be of greater service than the Atlantic and Pacific fleets combined. Yet the whole fifty could be stored away in one ordinary seagoing yacht, and be assembled, inflated, and put into practical operation, on sea or land, in a few hours, whenever needed This, indeed, is one of the glorious possibilities of the airship, that, by its very destructiveness, it will render war impossib1ea consummation devoutly to be wished by all who have the welfare of the human race at heart.


        The United States government, therefore, is as vitally interested in practical aeronautics as any other government on earth. It has spent and is still spending hundreds of millions on naval and land defenses, for it thoroughly committed to the doctrines that in time of peace it must prepare for war, and that peace is best secured by a perfect readiness for war on a tremendous scale.

        No other preparation for war can equal the building and equipment of fleets of the Lowe Planet Airship for military purposes, and the training of competent men to efficiently handle them. The peculiar climatic and topographical conditions of Southern California are ideal for this work. Training can be given here and experiments conducted as in no other spot on the Continent.


        Practice manoeuvers and the training of classes in both army and navy, require a location with close proximity to sea and land. Here is the illimitable Pacific on the one hand, and the mountains and trackless deserts of the Mohave and Colorado on the other. The close proximity of the mountains affords ready opportunity for swift and direct ascensions, and the testing of air currents caused by juxtaposition of high peaks, low passes desert areas and ocean expanse. The ocean and its uninhabited islands (within thirty or forty miles) afford exceptionable opportunities for naval experiments, and the desert enlarges these opportunities by adding immense and uninhabited areas on land. Practice stations can be established here with natural advantages equaled nowhere else on the habitable glove, for there are not only all the wonderful opportunities for practice and drill afforded by desert, mountain, plain, ocean and island, but the climate permits all-the-year-round experiments and manoeuvers, thus enabling students to be trained in one-third the time required in less highly favored regions: and at the same time both officers and cadets are within easy reach of the centers of civilization.


        The necessity and vast importance of these practical aerial schools cannot be over estimated. Until war has actually ceased, every nation must be prepared for its coming, and that airships will play the most prominent part in any future great war is self-evident to every thinking and observant mind. In future no fortification can be built that a Lowe Planet Airship cannot immediately destroy. No fleet of hostile battleships can approach our shores that a few Dreadnaughts of the air cannot destroy long before they have an opportunity to fire a single shot.

        Aerial schools will be established not only in Southern California but wherever army and naval posts are already in existence. Here will be the natural center, the chief operating ground, the building place, the academy-the combined West Point and Annapolis of the Governments Aerial Navigation schools.

        By providing itself with several efficient and well equipped aerial fleets and by the establishment of such schools the United States will command not only the profound respect of the nations of the earth, as being 'ewell forearmed, but will gain the necessary prestige that will make its voice the most potent and commanding in all future councils of nations, and especially in the international congress that undoubtedly ere long will be called to discuss and settle the new problems connected with the navigation of the air.

        If the United States Signal Corps, which now has charge of all government aeronautics, could be empowered to draw on either the Military or Naval fund for, say, $100,000, half of which could be used for building and thoroughly equipping a Lowe Planet Airship for war purposes,and the other half to enable the government experts to make an exhaustive series of tests during the summer vacation, Congress would then, at its next session, without loss of time, be thoroughly informed as to the needs of the military and naval departments,and the amount it would be desirable to appropriate for aeronautie purposes.

From the Pacific to the Atlantic in a
Lowe Planet Airship

An imaginary report made by Wm. H. Knight, Vice-President South-
ern California. Academy of Sciences, and read by him at Simpson Audi-
torium Los Angeles, California, November 13, 1909:


Reported by Wm. H. Knight

        Let us suppose that one of Prof. Lowe'fs new type of airships shall be chartered by a company of thirty to fifty passengers for a transcontinental journey from Los Angeles to New York.

        We note that its luxurious car is equipped with ample dining and sleeping accommodations for its journey across the continent.

        The great airship is advertised to leave its station in one of the suburban parks on the 1st day of June, 1910, at 12 0' clock. An immense concourse has assembled to witness its flight.

        Its passenger list, together with a crew of ten scientific and operating men, has been published, not only in the local papers and in those of the cities along the scheduled route, but in all the journals throughout this country and Europe.

        The anchors which hold the impatient monster to the earth are now released, and away it soars, graceful and majestic, truly like a thing of life, conscious of its mission and destiny.

        In a few moments the kodaks of Pomona and Covina arc taking snap shots at this leviathan of the air. A little later, every face in Redlands and Riverside is upturned, and every eye is noting its wonderful flight.

        Through the passes of the lofty San Bernardino range it wends its airy course, startling the eagles and condors in their mountain eyries.

        High over the Mohave Desert and the gleaming Colorado River it flies, then bending its course to the northward, follows the windings of that wonderful gorge ? the Grand Canyon. Here the passengers gain birdseye views, never before vouchsafed to the eye of man, of the magnificent scenes in that profound cleft of the earth'fs surface, and from a vantage point undreamed of by Major Powell who first penetrated its deep mysteries.

        As we proceed on our novel and delightful journey, there looms in the distance a portentous storm. It we were on a railway or ocean steamer. we should be compelled to plunge directly through it and take whatever consequences might ensue.

        Shall we turn back or descend to earth, and wait till the fury of the storm is over? Oh, no! We immediately rise above the storm-cloud into the bright sunshine. and serenely continue on our destined course. Meanwhile we watch the fitful play of lightning-flashes below. and listen to the deep-toned thunder as its reverberations roll harmlessly from cloud to cloud in the thick elemental conflict beneath us.

        But look yonder! What arc those beautiful objects Hitting about so gaily above the storm-cloud, bathing their bright-hued wings in the warm sunshine? Ah, they are butterflies, darting hither and thither as if they were hovering over the petals of a flower garden.

        But how did these delicate creatures get here-a mile above the earth. and what are they seeking in the untenanted sky? Instinct has taught them, when the storm gathers, to do just what reason has prompted us to do, that is, to soar above the dark and angry clouds and bask in the beautiful sunshine. (This remarkable phenomenon was witnessed on several occasions by Prof. Lowe in his early balloon excursions.)

        And now let us for a moment. take note of our sensations in this aerial journey. From our comfortable reclining chair we are glancing out over the picturesque, ever-changing landscape. and we remark that there is nothing more delightful than the soft, gentle motion of a craft. sustained by a buoyant power. sailing through the viewless air.

        There is no sense of dizziness like that of looking down the side of a high building, where the vertical wall connects the eye with the ground. It is as if you were on another planet, watching the world roll by.

        It has been described by aeronauts as the very poetry of motion. For once you seem to bid defiance to the power of gravity which has bound you slavishly to earth all your life.

        You exult in the wild freedom and independence of a bird, which, resting on poised wings, sails serenely over field and lake, over the habitations of men and the mountain crags, rejoicing as it cleaves the ambient air and compares its swift; flight with the creeping objects painfully toiling among the molehills below.

        But while the great airship, obedient to its motors and its helm, is speeding on its way over city and stream, through wooded valley and rugged gorge, the wireless telegraph on board is sending messages of its hourly progress, and receiving news of world-happenings from everywhere.

        Consequently, the people of Salt Lake City are apprised of the hour of approach to that locality, and are thronging the public square to welcome its advent. Here the Planet Airship makes its first landing, 8OO miles, from its starting point, rests on terra firma for two or three hours, takes in refreshments and supplies, then the passengers re-embark to proceed on their way till they reach the next stage of their journey at Denver, Where they receive a like welcome.

        And these receptions will be repeated, with varying and novel changes of scene and of civic method of celebrating an event so unique, at Omaha, at Chicago, at Cleveland, and at Buffalo, or if we pursue a more southern route, at Kansas City, St. Louis, Cincinnati, Pittsburg, and Philadelphia.

        Finally, after traversing a continent, the long-heralded Planet Airship will descend into a suburban park of New York, amid a throng of countless thousands of people - as large and enthusiastic as that which gathered in Berlin on a like occasion, to honor the arrival of Count Zeppelin in his huge aircraft.

        Throughout its transcontinental journey the movements and progress of our historic Planet Airship have been noted in the press dispatches of the world with the same minuteness of detail that was given to the recent Presidential tour from Washington to California.

        Furthermore, the denizens of all intermediate towns and cities, of farm and prairie and hillside, were on the alert to catch a glimpse of this advance messenger of the aerial feet which is to cleave the cerulean realms in the near future.

        And these people, in city, hamlet and countryside, from ocean to ocean, were on the watch day and night, for buglenotes from the sky woke the echoes by clay. and electric lights shone from the cabin windows at night.

        But there are other uses for the Planet Airship than for the transportation of passengers. This new type of airship, invented and perfected by our fellow citizen, Prof. T. S. C. Lowe, already of international fame on account of other epoch-making achievements, notably the construction of military balloons during the Civil War, the refrigeration of steamships, the economical production of fuel and illuminating gas, and the construction of the first spectacular mountain railway, this crowning achievement, the Planet Airship fully capable of performing all that is promised of it, will not be a mere aerial transport for pleasure excursionists, giving them new and undreamed of sensations of birdlike speeding through the empyrean; but it will also become an arbiter of peace among the nations of the earth, a determining factor in moulding the magnificent new future of a regenerated humanity.

        In what way will Prof. Lowe's Planet Airship become a direct agency for obliterating war and inaugurating an era of peace?

        Gentlemen, your bodies are the ones which will be fed to the bullets of the enemy in time of war. Is there anything in these days of huge armies and swollen navies that can avert an evil so dire, so grim, as battle-fields strewn with the mangled bodies of the slain?

        Yes, there is an effectual remedy at hand. Powerful planet airships shall be transformed into aerial dreadnaughts, panoplied with deadly missiles. They will swiftly, noiselessly, dart to the scene of conflict; then, poising over fortified positions, assembled fleets, and armories guarded only against approach by land or sea, deal destruction, swift and complete to each of them. Armed hosts will be utterly powerless to contend with an enemy so mysterious and so invincible.

        My friends, these terrible engines of the skies will force the responsible heads of every government on the globe to confer together and arrange terms of international amity.

        In other words these aerial navies will quickly bring about the era pre-visioned by the poet when:

"The war-drum throbbed no longer,
And the battle flags were furled,
In the Parliament of Man,
The Federation of the World."

        Ladies and Gentlemen, are these pictures that I have drawn - luxurious journeys through the air, blotting out the scourge of war - are these the vagaries of a dreamer?

        No, no! They are the sober prevision of realities which will as surely come true as that the race is marching onward to accomplish greater things in the arts, in scientific achievement, and in human betterment, than have been conceived in the inspired moments of the most hopeful optimist.

        The Present, earth-bound: Wars and rumors of war.

        The Future, angelic flight: Peace and the beautiful arts and sweet security of Peace.

Professor T. S. C. Lowe Makes Real
Conquest of the Air

By Professor Edgar Lucien Larkin,
Director Lowe Observatory.

        Professor Lowe did a great work in early manhood before and during the Civil War. In the opinion of able military experts he saved the United States from being divided into two nations during that War.

        Now he is to round out an eventful life of usefulness by a genuine conquest of the earth'fs atmosphere, in the safe and rapid transportation of passengers, merchandise and the United States Mail, and these through adverse air currents, clouds, fogs and storms. He will save the Nation'fs face, in the eyes of all the aviators in the world, and make his airships a household word in all languages of the habitable earth.

        He erected the Lowe Observatory on the summit of Echo Mountain. Before that he built the great inclined railway up the mountain side, and extended to a still higher altitude the fairy railroad, whose work it is to bring startled visitors from all parts of the world to this cliff above the clouds.

        These two, the Observatory and the Railway, could fill up an ordinary life career with honor, but they are mere episodes in the activity of Professor Lowe'fs life.

        His forthcoming airship will be able to rise and descend at will, above and below adverse currents, thunder storms, lightning and troubled strata. The engines will be a concentration of great power in a minimum of space. All polar mysteries will be revealed. It will be as safe to visit either pole of the earth as to go from Los Angeles to New York, London or Paris. The time required to make one circuit of the earth will be one month; twelve excursions annually. Unknown regions of the globe can then be explored and mapped in ease and comfort, since the great gas holder will retain its hydrogen during months, or even a year, with its full efficiency of lifting power. Sahara, Borneo, Thibet, Siberia, Central Asian deserts, the Himalayas and regions round and about both poles will soon yield their long-time hidden mysteries.

        The master mind who can create this Airship has plans for making many of them, not only for pleasure and gaining knowledge in this new science, but also for industrial uses, whenever explorations or transportations in inaccessible places are desired, of which there are many.

        It can be made to float over and enjoy the sunshine of both the North and the South Polar regions. Plans are already being made for parties desiring such a method of reaching various parts of the earth heretofore unexplored.

        The sphere on which these temporary dwellers in atmospheric space will reside, to all intents and purposes, is for the time being as permanent as is the earth itself. His is not anything that resembles an ordinary balloon, but rather a new creation that can be handled and propelled at will and remain at any elevation desired, for any reasonable number of days or months.

        Unlike ships at sea, when once in the air. there are no obstructions to run against, no strain through storms to cause the airship to spring a leak, as is often the case with sea-going ships, therefore, the Lowe Airship is that much safer, to say nothing about its ability to soar and keep above all storms.

        A commercial era of great importance is soon to open; the transportation problem is now solved; passengers can avoid the discomfort, dust and danger of railway travel and terrors of the sea.

        Professor Lowe is of a typical scientific mind, and is today one of the real scientific men of the United States. Every problem of aerial flight has been solved to practical completion.

        The Professor was born in New Hampshire in 1832. By 1858 he was actively engaged in his life-work of conquering the almost, to others, insoluble problems of Aeronautics, and many other great utilities.

        His voyage in the largest airship ever built was made on the day that the "Great Eastern" steamship arrived in America June 28th, 1860. At this time he exhibited his balloons and large airships to the Japanese Commission to the United States, in charge of Commodore Perry, who, ten years previously, had opened the ports of Japan

        He made a balloon voyage from Cincinnati, Ohio, at 4 a. m, on April 20th, 1861, and at noon on the same day descended near the ocean in South Carolina. traveling a distance of 800 miles.

        On his return North, after making the `quickest time of any traveller on record to this time, either in the air or on land, he entered the service of the United States Government.

        He made repeated ascents over the Armies of the Confederacy, and gave accurate information to Federal Officers by means of telegraph and signals. This information saved the Union of the States, that is, it prevented Washington from capture, for if the Capitol had fallen, Europe would have recognized the Southern cause.

        Professor Lowe came West in 1887, and immediately started work in Southern California. The great mountain railway, Alpine Tavern and the Observatory were opened in 1894, and materially aided the Southland on its momentous career of advertisement and advancement.

        The Comprehensive Water Gas System, invented by the active brain of Professor Lowe, completely revolutionized the gas industry of the country and reduced the cost to such an extent that all, instead of the few, now enjoy its benefits.

        He now has other inventions of still greater import ready for capital to enlarge itself while benefiting the world.

        None of them however, can do so much for the happiness of the inhabitants of the earth as will the introduction of his Planet type of Airships.