From the book "Republic of California History: An Alternative View"
Altman-Rikman Publishers, © 1987

        ...The Republic of Texas was, by this time, the only remaining slave-holding country in North America. Alabama, the last Confederate State to have passed the General Manumission, had done so on January 15th of the previous year, and the Indian Nation did the same barely a week later.

        In late June of 1880, events came to a head on the massive Webster plantation, just outside of Santa Ana. Exactly what happened is unknown, as by the time the revolt was over, none of those originally there when the outbreak occurred remained alive. However, on June 22nd, something became "The Last Straw" for the 4,000 plus slaves then being held there.

        All the plantation's European population died within two hours of the start of the uprising. The slaves then quickly organized to defend against the equally quickly organized reprisals of the Texas Militia.

        The "Texas Revolt" had begun.

        With one of the largest plantations in Texas in open revolt, slaves on others began to rise up as well, killing their masters and overseers and taking control of over half the plantations before the Militia moved. It's estimated that a total of 5,000 on both sides died within the first two days of the conflict...

        ...It isn't surprising that many of the former slaves escaping the failed revolution made their way to California, for they really had very few other choices. Canada and New England were impossibly far away. The United and Confederate States looked on them as something sub-human, and were unwilling to damage relations with Texas anyway. The previous decade's Texas-Indian wars had made the Indian Nation deeply suspicious of anyone from Texas. And Mexico did not want to risk having an angry Texas on its northeastern border, not when so much of its army was needed for its push into Central America against the Gran Columbian forces.

        However, Mexico was at least willing to let them pass through its northern territories, as long as they didn't stay. Thus, many of them began the long trek to California.

        It's estimated that at least 100,000 started the journey through the northern Mexican deserts to "The Green Lands," and that, appallingly, fewer than one in five of them made it, adding their own markers to "The Road of Graves..."

        ...Several colonies of the refugees were started throughout California, the largest - at 3,005 - being the Silverstone colony, which settled the Tujunga Valley to the north of Los Angeles. Under the strong leadership of the Washington clan... 1885, the long delayed start of construction by the San Pedro Bay Company resulted in a spur-line of the California Southern being built to the area in order to transport the easily accessible supplies of stone needed for the new harbor's breakwaters. Kelly Washington managed to parley the colony's control of this stone into a substantial source of income for the newly incorporated town, primarily by asking for most of the payments by SPB Co to be made in company stock - something the then cash-strapped company was only too happy to do.

        Six years later, with Silverstone's population swelling to over 25,000 due to Los Angeles' Big Tujunga hydropower project, Kelly Washington managed to convince the town to invest heavily in the new Tujunga Locomotive Works - which he had lured to the area with promises of substantial tax-breaks. The start of heavy industry in the Tujunga Valley, and of Silverstone's rise to a major city and "Crown of the Valley" had begun...