Resume for William Trimmer


Return to MEMS at trimmer.net (TM)
Many items relating to micromechanics & MEMS


 
 

Education

1966 to 1972.  Ph.D. degree in Physics at Wesleyan University,  Connecticut, Graduate Student Body President, thesis: "An Experimental Search for Anisotropy in the Speed of Light".

1962 to 1966.  BA degree in physics at Occidental College, California.
 
 

Employment

2001 to present.  President of Belle Mead Research, Inc.  Hillsborough, NJ.

1999 to September 2001.  Chief Technical Officer, Standard MEMS, Inc.

1990 to 1999.  Principal and President, Belle Mead Research, Inc, Belle Mead, NJ.

1990 to 1993.  Visiting Fellow, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ

1982 to 1990.  MTS, AT&T Bell Laboratories, started research program on micromechanics and MEMS,  developed robotic system for handling small and fragile components, this system was transferred to the factory.

1979 to 1982.  Senior Scientist, Johnson & Johnson's  Special Research Group, helped develop acoustical system that was sold for early detection of breast cancer.
 
1977 to 1979.  Staff Physicist, Singer's Corporate Laboratory, electro-optical consultant to the Sewing Products Group.

1972 to 1977.  Assistant Professor and Chairman, Physics Department, The College of Wooster, Ohio.

1971 to 1972.  Assistant Professor, Montclair State College, New Jersey.

 
Professional Societies

American Physical Society, member.

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, member, Founding Editor of J-MEMS Journal.

American Society of Mechanical Engineers, member, Vice-Chairman and Co-Organizer of the WAM-93 MEMS sessions, Founding Editor of J-MEMS Journal.
 

Board of Directors

Past member, Board of Directors of the Zetitec Institute, Tucson, Arizona, in 2002, a non-profit corporation for scientific research, education, and technology development and transfer.
 

Conference Organization

Co-chairman and organizer of the first IEEE Micro Robots and Teleoperators Workshop, Hyannis, MA, (with K. J. Gabriel), November 9 to 11, 1987.  This was the first workshop of the international MEMS series.

Co-principal investigator and co-chairman of the NSF workshop on Micro Mechanical Systems Research, organized three NSF workshops to  help define the micro mechanical field, held at Salt Lake City, Hyannis, and Princeton, (with J. F. Jarvis and K. J. Gabriel), 1987 to 1988.

Co-chairman of the Micro Actuators session of the 4th International Conference on Solid-State Sensors and Actuators, Tokyo, Japan,  (with H. Adachi), June 2 to 5, 1987.

Co-chairman of the ASME Winter Annual Meeting session on Micro Mechanical Structures, (with K. J. Gabriel), Boston, December 16, 1987.

Co-chairman of the ASME Winter Annual Meeting session  Symposium on Microstructures, (with S. Jacobsen), Chicago, November 28, 1988.

Co-chairman of a  session on micromechanics at the 1989 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, (with S. Jacobsen), Scottsdale, Arizona, May 14 to 19, 1989.

Organizer and Co-chairman of two panel sessions on micro actuators  and structures at the ASME Winter Annual Meeting,  (with R. Horowitz), San Francisco, December 10 to 15, 1989.

Co-Organizer of the Symposium on Micro-Mechanical Systems at the ASME Winter Annual Meeting, (with D. Cho and A. Pisano), Dallas Texas, November 25 to December 1, 1990.

Chairman of the "Micromechanical Systems" session at the ASME Winter Annual Meeting, Dallas Texas, November 25 to December 1, 1990.

Co-Organizer of the Micromechanics Symposium at the ASME Winter Annual Meeting, (with A. Pisano), New Orleans, November 28 to December 3, 1993.

Co-Chairman of the MEMS, Micromechanics and Microengineering Workshop, (with William Carr), March 22, 1994, Newark, New Jersey.

Co-Organizer of the Engineering Foundation MEMS Conference on manufacturing and commercialization, (with R. Warrington & J. Jara-Almonte), September 11 to 16, 1994.

Chairman of the "Fabrication and Systems" session DSC-9B at the American Society of Mechanical Engineers' Winter Annual Meeting, Chicago, November 10, 1994.

Chairman of the "Microinstruments" session of the International Conference on Integrated Micro-Nanotechnology for Space Applications, sponsored by NASA & the Aerospace Corporation & AIAA, October 30 to November 3, 1995, Huston, Texas.

Steering Committee, Seventh International Symposium on Micro Machine and Human Science, Nagoya, Japan, October 2 to 4, 1996.

Organized the MEMS Journal Club for Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, and Connecticut, 1997 to Present.
 
 

Editorial Services

Guest Editor of Special Edition of Micromachine Devices Magazine entitled "Special CAD Focus," Volume 3, Number 6, June 1998.

Organized the joint IEEE / ASME journal, "Journal of Micro Mechanical Systems,"  Editor of the journal, 1992 to 1998.

Member of the IEEE Electron Devices Society Publication Committee, 1994

Co-editor of the ASME WAM-93 proceedings on Microelectromechanical Systems, (with A. Pisano), November 28 to December 3, 1993.

Editor of the Micromechanics section of Sensors and Actuators, Elsevier Sequoia S.A., Lausanne, Switzerland,1989 to 1990.

Co-Editor of "Microstructures, Sensors, and Actuators," published by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers,  (with D. Cho, R. Warrington, C. Blechinger, A. Pisano, L. Trefethan), November 1990.

Editor of two special editions of Sensors and  Actuators on Micro Mechanics, Volume 20, Nos. 1 and 2, November 15, 1989.

Co-editor of Small Machines, Large Opportunities: A Report on the  Emerging Field of Microdynamics, final report of the NSF Workshop on  Microelectromechanical Systems Research, (with J. Jarvis and K. Gabriel),  1988.

Co-editor of the IEEE Micro Robots and Teleoperators Proceedings, (with K. J. Gabriel), November 1987.
 
 

Special Services

Member, National Science Foundation's Forum on Emerging Engineering Technology, made presentation on micro mechanical field to the forum,  micro mechanics was one of two emerging technologies chosen for special NSF funding, October 29 to 30, 1987.

Organized and ran a workshop for DARPA on "Needs and Opportunities to Support Developing Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS) Technology" in conjunction with the University of Southern California - Information Sciences Institute, July 1992 to March 1993.

Presentation at the White House to William Raub on Micromechanics and Infrastructure Needs, December 18, 1991.

Member of the IEEE Electron Devices Society's Distinguished Lecturer Program, July, 1994 to present.

International Member of the Korean MEMS Research Planning Board, Professor Young-Ho Cho Program Leader.

Introductory Banquet Toast at the IEEE Tenth Annual International Workshop on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems, January 26 to 30, 1997, Nagoya, Japan.

Member of the IEEE Micro Electro Mechanical Systems Workshop Steering Committee, 1997.

Member of the IEEE International Symposium on Micro Machine and Human Science, 1997.

Organized and chair the MEMS Journal Club, Bimonthly meetings in the New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, and Connecticut area.

Nominated Kurt Petersen for the IEEE 2001 Simon Ramo Medal.
 
 

Invited Lectures and Seminars

Invited talk, "History of MEMS," New Jersey Nano Consortium, Bell Laboratories, Murray Hill, NJ, February 25, 2003.

Invited talk, "To Measure the Minute," presentation on the need for metrology in micro mechanics to the National Conference of Standards Laboratories, NCSL, Washington, DC, August 1, 2001.

Invited talk, "A Birds Eye View of MEMS," TEX MEMS III, Keynote presentation, Dallas, Texas, June 7, 2001.

Invited talk, "A Smaller Hammer," Conference on High Speed Computing, LANL/LLNL/SNL, Salishan Lodge, Gleneden Beach, Oregon, April 23-26, 2001.

Invited talk, "Path to MEMS Commercialization," Microsystem Symposium, The Michigan League, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, February 16, 2001.

Invited talk, "Micromachines and the Future -- Your Future,"  The noontime presentation to students and faculty at the Stony Brook Engineering & Technology Fair '99, The State University of New York at Stony Brook, October 6, 1999.

Invited talk, IEEE Distinguished Lecturer presentation "The Other Side of Computing," given to the third 1999 quarterly meeting of the Baltimore Chapter of the IEEE Electron Devices and Solid-State Circuits Society at the Historical Electronics Museum, Baltimore, Maryland, October 4, 1999.

Invited talk, "The Challenge of the Infinitesimal," at the Princeton University POEM MEMS/nanotechnology Initiative, Princeton, NJ, September 9, 1999.

Invited talk, "Primer on MEMS technology and its applications," at the Sensor CAT Workshop on MEMS Technology and Applications, Stony Brook, NY, Septerber 10, 1999.

Invited talk, "From Retrospective to the Future," at the Micromachines and Sensors Workshop, Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, Texas, October 16, 1998.

Invited talk, "The Other Side of Computing," at the Conference on High Speed Computing, Salishan Lodge, Gleneden Beach, Oregon, April 20 to 23, 1998.

Invited Plenary Talk, "Is Our Future Small?" at the Micromachining and Microfabrication Symposium of the SPIE, Austin Texas, September 29 to 30, 1997.

Invited talk, "Grand in Purpose, Insignificant in Size," at the IEEE Tenth Annual International Workshop on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems, January 26 to 30, 1997, Nagoya, Japan.

Invited talk, "Small Spaces for Outer Space," at the International Conference on Integrated Micro/Nanotechnology for Space Applications, October 30 to November 3, 1995, Huston, Texas.

Invited talk, "The Cents of Micromechanics: Commercial Considerations for MEMS Devices," at the SPIE conference on Microelectronic Manufacturing, Austin, Texas, October 23 to 24, 1995.

Invited talk, "The Science, Engineering, and Application of Small Mechanical Devices," at the 1995 American Society of Mechanical Engineers' Congress on Emerging Technologies, held concurrently with the Winter Annual Meeting, in San Francisco, California, November 16, 1995.

Invited talk, "The Trends, Techniques, and Applications of MEMS," at the International ISEM-Seoul Symposium on Advanced Computational and Design Techniques in Applied Electromagnetic Systems, June 22 to 24, 1994, Seoul, Korea.

Keynote talk the MEMS, Micromechanics and Microengineering Workshop, March 22, 1994, Newark New Jersey.

Presentation at the NEXUS (Network of Excellence in Multifunctional Microsystems) panel discussion on International Standards during the 1994 Microelectromechanical Systems Workshop, January 28, 1994.

Invited talk on "An Infrastructure for Micromechanics" at the Prospector V Microelectromechanical Systems Workshop, Park City, Utah, March 22 to 25, 1993.

Invited talk on "Micromechanical Actuators" at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory Microtech Workshop, Pasadena, March 27 to 28, 1992.

Invited talk on "Forces and their Micromechanical Applications" at the International Symposium on the Application of Electromagnetic Forces in Sendai, Japan, January 28 to 30, 1991.

Invited talk at the IEEE One Day Forum on Control in MEMS - Bridge between MEMS and Control, Nagoya, Japan, January 29, 1991.

Invited speaker at the Workshop on Microelectromechanical Systems, sponsored by the National Science Foundation, June 25 to 26, 1990, Fairfax, Virginia.

Invited talk at the 1990 Annual Meeting of the American Society for Precision Engineering, Rochester, New York, September 23 to 28, 1990.

Invited presentation at the DARPA Workshop on Defense Applications of Micro-Sensors and Actuators, Sonoma, California, July 24 and 25, 1990.

Invited to be keynote speaker at The Third Toyota Conference on  Integrated Micro Motion Systems - Micromachining, Control and  Applications at Aichi-ken, Japan, sponsored by the Toyota Motor  Corporation, October 22 to 24, 1989.

Invited talks at the St. Louis Science Center, and at the Monsanto Company,  March 16, 1989.

Invited lecture on the North Carolina Public Television for the Micro Electronics Center of North Carolina, taped on 27 October 1988, aired on 15 November 1988.

Invited talk on "Micromechanical Structures for Micro Robots"  for the Symposium on Technology for Microminiature Actuators and  Sensing Systems,  at Case Western Reserve University,  Cleveland, Ohio, sponsored by the Edison Sensor Technology Center,  Resource for Biomedical Sensor Technology, Case Center for  Electrochemical Sciences, Japanese Electrochemical Society,  The Electrochemical Society, October 4 to 6, 1988.

Invited talk on "Micro Robots" at the Space Operations Automation and Robotics Workshop,  Wright State University, Dayton, Ohio, sponsored by the United States Air Force and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration,  July 20 to 23, 1988.

Invited talk on "Micro Mechanical Systems" at the Workshop on  Micro Spacecraft for Space Science,  Jet Propulsion Laboratory,  Pasadena, California, sponsored by the National Aeronautics  and Space Administration, and the Strategic Defense Initiative  Organization,  July 6 and 7, 1988.
 
 

Awards

Rutgers University Cook College Team Award for Research, awarded for excellence in collaborative research, topic "Gene Injection," unanimously chosen by the committee out of 12 applying groups, (with Peter Ling, Chee-kok Chin, Randy Gaugler, Sawar Hushmi, Portia Orton), April 27, 1995.
 
 

Conference Proceedings Edited

1987 IEEE Micro Robots and Teleoperators Workshop, (this is the first workshop in the international MEMS series), Hyannis, Massachusetts, November 9 to 11, 1987

1993 ASME WAM Proceedings on MEMS, (with A. Pisano), November, 1993
 

Books

"Micromechanics and MEMS; Classic and Seminal Papers to 1990," Edited by William Trimmer, IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.) Press, 345 47th Street, New York NY 10017-2394, 1997, ISBN 0-7803-1085-3, IEEE Order Number PC4390.
 
 

Chapters of Books

William Trimmer, "Scaling of Micromechanical Devices," a chapter in the book "The MEMS Handbook," Mohamed Gad-el-Hak editor, published by the CRC Press 2002.

W. Trimmer, "Micromechanical Systems," a chapter in the book "Integrated Micro-Motion Systems: Micromachining, Control, and Applications," F Harashima editor, published by Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1990.
 
 

Reports

"Report on Infrastructure Needs and Opportunities to Support Developing Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems Technology" for the Advanced Research Projects Agency under Army Contract Number MDA 903-92-D-002, presents the results of three workshops on infrastructure needs in MEMS, organized and written in collaboration with the Information Sciences institute of the University of Southern California, December 7, 1993.
 
 

Reviews

Review of Marc Madouís book "Fundamentals of Microfabrication" in the September 1998 issue of Micromachine Devices, Volume 3 Number 9.

Review of Gregory T. A. Kovacs's book "Micromachined Transducers Source Book" for Micromachine Devices.

Review of the Proceedings of the IEEE Special Issue "Integrated Sensors, Microactuators & Microsystems (MEMS)" for Micromachine Devices.

Review of the "Biomedical Microdevices Journal" for Micromachine Devices.
 
 

Journal Publications

William Trimmer, Guest Editorial in Micromachine Devices "Computer Aided Design for MEMS/MST," Volume 3, Number 6, June 1998.

Ali Beskok, George Em Karniadakis, and William Trimmer, "Rarefaction and Compressibility Effects in Gas Microflows" Journal of Fluids Engineerings,  Volume 118, Number 3, September 1996.

Sawar Hashimi, Peter Ling, Ghazala Hashimi, Michael Reed, Randy Gaugler, William Trimmer, "Genetic Transformation of Nematodes Using Arrays of Micromechanical Piercing Structures "  Biotechniques, Vol 19, No 5, November 1995.

W. Trimmer, and R. Jebens, "Harmonic Electrostatic Motors,"  Sensors and Actuators, Volume 20, Nos. 1 and 2, pp 17 to 25, November 1989.

R. Jebens, W. Trimmer, and J. Walker, "Microactuators for Aligning Optical Fibers,"  Sensors and Actuators, Volume 20, Nos. 1 and 2, pp 65 to 74, November 1989.

K. J. Gabriel, W. S. N. Trimmer, and J. A. Walker, "A Micro Rotary Actuator Using Shape Memory Alloys,"  Sensors and Actuators, Volume 15, No. 1, pp. 95 to 102, September 1988.

W. S. N. Trimmer, "Micro Robots and Micro Mechanical Systems,"  Sensors and Actuators, Volume 19, No. 3, pp. 267 to 287, 1988.

M. Mehregany, K. J. Gabriel, and W. S. N. Trimmer, "Integrated Fabrication of Polysilicon Mechanisms," IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, Vol. 35, No. 6, pp. 719 to 723, June 1988.

W. S. N. Trimmer, K. J. Gabriel, J. A. Walker, and R. Mahadevan, "Micro Mechanical Systems," Nikkei Electronics (In Japanese), pp. 209 to 221, December 1987.

M. Mehregany, K. J. Gabriel, W. S. N. Trimmer, "Micro Gears and Turbines Etched from Silicon," Sensors and Actuators, Vol. 12, pp. 341 to 348, Nov/Dec. 1987.

W. S. N. Trimmer, and K. J. Gabriel, "Design Considerations for a Practical Electrostatic Micro Motor," Sensors and Actuators,  Vol. 11, pp. 189 to 206, 1987.

A. K. Chin, B. V. Dutt, W. S. N. Trimmer, J. R. Zuber, T. Boone, and K. D. Trapp, "Evaluation of Misfit Dislocations in Planar, Zinc-Diffused In Ga As PIN Photodiodes," Materials Letters, Vol. 1, No. 5,6, pp. 152 to 156, 1983.

William Stuart Newberry Trimmer, and David Vilkomerson, "A New Wire Phantom for Accurate Measurement of Acoustical Resolution," Ultrasonic Imaging, Vol. 5, pp. 87 to 93, 1983.

W. S. N. Trimmer, "Soldering Techniques," Byte, Vol. 84, September 1979.

W. S. N. Trimmer, "Primer of Digital CMOS Electronics," Am. J. Physics, Vol. 45, p. 746, 1977.

W. S. N. Trimmer, R. Baierlein, J. Faller, and H. Hill, "Experimental Search for Anisotropy in the Speed of Light," Phys. Rev. D, Vol. 8, p. 3321, 1973.

W. S. N. Trimmer, and R. Baierlein, "Anisotropic Modification of Maxwell's Equations," Phys. Rev. D, Vol. 8, pp. 3326, 1973.
 
 

Conference Proceedings

William Trimmer, "The Other Side of Computing," at the Conference on High Speed Computing, Salishan Lodge, Gleneden Beach, Oregon, April 20 to 23, 1998.

W. Trimmer, "Large Prospects for Small Systems using Micromechanics and MEMS," at the GOMAC Conference, Government Microcircuit Applications Conference, March 16 to 19, 1998, Arlington, VA.

W. Trimmer, "Grand in Purpose, Insignificant in Size," at the IEEE Tenth Annual International Workshop on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems, January 26 to 30, 1997, Nagoya, Japan.

W. Trimmer "Small Spaces for Outer Space," in the proceedings of the International Conference on Integrated Micro/Nanotechnology for Space Applications, October 30 to November 3, 1995, Huston, Texas.

Poster presentation at the MST ë95 Exhibition on Microsystem Technologies on developments in micromechanics, Science Museum, Tokyo, Japan, October 31 to November 2, 1995.

A. Beskok, W. Trimmer, and G. E. Karniadakis, "Rarefaction, Compressibility and Thermal Creep Effects in Micro-flows," in the American Society of Mechanical Engineersí Winter Annual Meeting, November 1995.

William Trimmer, "The Cents of Micromechanics: Commercial Considerations for MEMS Devices," at the SPIE conference on Microelectronic Manufacturing, Austin, Texas, October 23 to 24, 1995.

William Trimmer, Peter Ling, Chee-Kok Chin, Portia Orton, Randy Gaugler, Sarwar Hashmi, Ghazal Hashmi, Bruce Brunett, Michael Reed, "Injection of DNA into Plant and Animal Tissues with Micromechanical Piercing Structures," in the Proceedings of the IEEE Micro Electro Mechanical Systems Workshop in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, January 29 to February 2, 1995, pages 111 to 115, IEEE Catalog 95CH35754, ISBN 0-7803-2503-6.

L. Zhang, Dan Cho, H. Shiraishi, and W. Trimmer, "Squeeze Film Damping in Microelectromechanical Systems,"  in the ASME Winter Annual Meeting Proceedings "Micromechanical Systems," DSC-Vol 40, November 1992

W. Trimmer, and R. Jebens, "Actuators for Micro Robots," Proceedings of the 1989 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, Scottsdale, Arizona, May 14 to 19, 1989.

R. Jebens, and W. Trimmer,  "An Operational Harmonic Electrostatic Motor," Proceedings of the IEEE Workshop on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems, pp. 13 to 16, Salt Lake,  Utah,  February 1989.

R. Jebens, W. Trimmer, and J. Walker, "Micro Actuators for Aligning Optical Fibers," Proceedings of the IEEE Workshop on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems, pp. 35 to 39, Salt Lake,  Utah,  February 1989.

W. S. N. Trimmer, and K. J. Gabriel, "The Micro Mechanical Domain," Proc. ASME Winter Ann. Meeting, Boston, MA,  DSC Vol. 6, p. 393 to 396, Dec. 1987.

K. J. Gabriel, M. Mehregany, and W. S. N. Trimmer, "Micro Mechanical Components," Proceedings of the ASME Winter Annual Meeting, Boston, MA, DSC Vol. 6, pp. 397 to 401, Dec. 1987.

W. S. N. Trimmer, and K. J. Gabriel, "Silicon Electrostatic Motors," Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Solid-state Sensors and Actuators, Tokyo, Japan, June 1987.

K. J. Gabriel, and W. S. N. Trimmer,  "Micro Gears and Turbines Etched from Silicon," Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Solid-state Sensors and Actuators,  Tokyo, Japan, June 1987.

W. S. N. Trimmer, and K. J. Gabriel, "A Microstructured Electrostatic Actuator," Proceedings of the 170th Meeting of The Electrochemical Society, San Diego, California, October, 1986.

A. M. Feury, T. L. Poteat, and W. S. N. Trimmer, "A Micromachined Manipulator for Submicron Positioning of Optical Fibers," Proceedings of the IEEE Solid State Sensor Workshop,  Hilton Head Island, SC, June 1986.

G. Beni, S. Hackwood, and W. S. N. Trimmer, "High-Precision Robot System for Inspection and Testing of Electronic Devices," Proceedings of the International Conference on Robotics, Atlanta, Georgia, March 1984.
 
 

Patents

William Stuart Trimmer, "Micro Pump," U.S. Patent 6,520,477.

William Stuart Trimmer, Robert B. Marcus, "Knife Blades Having Ultra-Sharp Cutting Edges and Methods of Fabrication," U.S. Patent 5842387

William S. Trimmer, Donald P. Weiss, Donald J. Summers, Stephen A. Raccio, "Carrier Structure for Transducers ,"  U.S. Patent 5,821,595.

William S. Trimmer and Michael Treat, "Self-Propelled Endoscope using Pressure Driven Linear Actuators," U.S. Patent 5,595,565.

W. S. N. Trimmer, K. J. Gabriel and R. Prud'Homme, "Electrostatic Micro Motors," U. S. Patent 4,754,185.

K. J. Gabriel, W. S. N. Trimmer, and J. A. Walker, "Shape Memory Alloy Actuator," U. S. Patent 4,700,541.

W. S. N. Trimmer and T. L. Poteat, "A Self Aligning Package for Lightwave Components," U. S. Patent 4,688,885.

W. S. N. Trimmer, Bayard Gardineer, Jr, and Andreas Hadjucostis, "Passive Ultrasound Needle Probe Locator," U. S. Patent 4,431,006.

W. S. N. Trimmer and D. H. R. Vilkomerson, "Pulse-Echo Ultrasound System Utilizing Conjugate Emitting and Receiving Apertures," U. S. Patent 4,430,898.

C. Wayne Robbins and W. S. N. Trimmer, "Passive Ultrasound Needle Probe Locator," U. S. Patent 4,428,379.

W. S. N. Trimmer and D. H. R. Vilkomerson, "Resolution Measuring Device for Acoustical Imaging Systems and Method of Use," U. S. Patent 4,417,582.

W. S. N. Trimmer and Mark R. Laser, "Force Sensor," U. S. Patent 4,286,459.

W. S. N. Trimmer, "Display System Utilizing Incandescent Lamp Multiplexing," U. S. Patent 4,283,659.
 
 


If you have comments or suggestions, email me at william@trimmer.net

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