We shall now briefly consider glory, shame, and
shamelessness. [N1] The first [N2] is a
certain kind of Joy which every
one feels in himself whenever he becomes aware that his
conduct is esteemed and praised by others, without regard
to any other advantage or profit which they may have in view.
[Note N1]: B omits this sentence.
[Note N2]:A: De eerste [The first]; B: De eere [Glory].
Shame is a certain *kind of* sorrow which arises in one
when he happens to see that his conduct is despised by
others, without regard to any other disadvantage or injury
that they may have in view.
Shamelessness is nothing else than a want, or shaking off,
of shame, not through Reason, but either from innocence
of shame, as is the case with children, savage people, &c.,
or because, having been held in great contempt, one goes
now to any length without regard for anything.
Now that we know these passions, we also know, at the
same time, the vanity and imperfection which they have in
them. For Glory and Shame are not only of no advantage,
because of what we have observed in their definitions, but
also (inasmuch as they are based on self-love, and on the
opinion that man is the first cause of his action, and
therefore deserving of praise and blame) they are pernicious
and must be rejected.
I will not, however, say that one ought to live among
men in the same way that one would live away from them,
where Glory and Shame have no place; quite the contrary,
I admit that we are not only free to utilise
them, when we apply them in the service of
mankind and for their amelioration, but that we
may even do so at the price of curtailing our
own (otherwise perfect and legitimate) freedom.
For example: if any one wears costly clothes in
order to be respected, he seeks a Glory which
results from his self-love without any
consideration for his fellow-men; but when some
one observes that his wisdom (wherewith he can
be of service to his neighbours) is despised
and trampled under foot *simply* because he
is dressed in shabby clothes, then he will do
well if (from the motive to help them) he
provides himself with clothes to which they
cannot take exception, thereby becoming like
his fellowman in order that he may win over his
Further, as regards Shamelessness, this shows
itself to be such that in order to see its
deformity all that we need is merely its
definition, and that will be enough for us.