1914 WWI. The Lizt Society provides the design of the swastika to manufacturers of talismans worn by German soldiers. Lizt says the war will purge the world of democracy and usher in the Aryo-german empire. During WWI, the British War Drive uses the symbol of the swastika and members are awarded swastika lapel pins.
1914 Hitler is declared unfit for the Austrian army and moves to Munich, where he is recruited as an infantryman.
1914 First Conference of Race Betterment is given at Battlecreek, Michigan. Many psychiatrists gather to discuss the fact that the future of the race depends on addressing the mentally ill. A segregation and sterilization program is proposed, calling for the sterilization of 5.76 million "defective and antisocial" Americans by 1955.
1916 Madison Grant publishes The Passing of the Great Race, concerning Nordic superiority. Hitler later writes him a letter thanking him for writing this book, saying the book was his Bible.
1916 Lewis Terman, psychology professor at Stanford, publishes the first Americanized version of the IQ test. Regarding feeble-mindedness, he states, "...all feeble- minded are at least potential criminals. That every feeble-minded woman is a potential prostitute would hardly be disputed by anyone." He claims mental deficiency is common among "Spanish-Indian and Mexican families of the Southwest and also among negroes. Their dullness seems to be racial or at least inherent in the family stocks from which they come..." He goes on to recommend that .".children of this group should be segregated in special classes...They cannot master abstractions, but they can often be made efficient workers....There is no possibility at present of convincing society that they should not be allowed to reproduce, although from a eugenic point of view they constitute a grave problem because of their unusually prolific breeding."
Date Unknown1917-18 In Zurich, psychiatrist Ritter writes a report on Hitler and sends it to Hindenburg's presidential office.
1918 The Family Planning Movement in Britain publishes a work concerned with birth control, promoting the threat to the race posed by uncontrolled breeding.
End of WW I
German economy in ruins, with groups of soldiers and workers throughout Germany forming revolutionary socialist republics in various cities. Nationalists and monarchists form private armies and mobilize a counter- revolution.
The Thule Society (a mystical group and a branch of the German Order which is named for the legendary homeland of the German race) stockpiles weapons and trains volunteers to support the counter-revolution. Its leader pledges that the swastika will arise victorious. The establishment of a democracy in post WWI Germany is seen by Thule and others as a betrayal of the ancient German, Aryan ideal. The symbol of the Thule Society is the swastika.
The founder of the Thule Society secretly sponsors the formation of a worker's discussion group. Its chairman belongs to Thule and its most active member, Anton Drexler, proposes the group be formed into a political party. The Thule Chairman agrees.
FIRST MENTAL PATIENT DEATHS IN GERMANY
1918 WWI comes to an end. During WWI, roughly half of the patients in German mental hospitals (at least 50,000) are starved to death or die from disease.
1918 German psychiatrist Emil Kraepelin founds the Institute for Psychiatry in Munich. Funding comes later (1928) from the Rockefeller Foundation.
c 1918 Adolf Hitler is in the hands of psychiatrist Bumke, who examines him and treats him for "hysterical blindness."
Jan. 5, 1919 The workers' discussion group founded by the Thule Society becomes the German Workers Party.
April 30, 1919 20,000 men, led by detachments armed and led by Thule, storm Munich as part of the counter-revolution. Many wear the swastika.
Sept. 12, 1919 Adolf Hitler is sent by the army to spy on the German Workers' Party. He joins and is a frequent speaker. He works with three key people in the party: Alfred Rosenberg (a disciple of Chamberlain); Dietrich Eckart (of the Thule Society); and Rudolph Hess, future deputy fuhrer).
1919 Von Lizt dies. He is replaced as Germany's leading mystic by Jeorge Luntz, the founder of Ostara, who is already a respected biblical scholar, ex-monk and established mystic in his own right. Mixing occult doctrines and eugenics into what he calls Theozoology, Luntz claims the aryan race committed bestiality with a sub-human species long ago which accounts for the many mixed races that threaten aryan dominance. This interbreeding led to the diminution of the inherent aryan paranormal abilities (telepathy, etc.). He proposes that the racially impure and mentally ill or physically unsound should be sterilized. Other inferior races are to be taken to Madagascar or used as slaves. He says Jews should be deported to Madagascar, used as slaves or incinerated. (His proposals are all given serious consideration by the SS and some are put into practice.)
1919 Hitler trains to become an instructor in psychopolitical reconditioning for returning soldiers. He is also instructed in the skills of agitation and public speaking.
January, 1920 Weimar legislators pass a "marriage advising law," requiring government licensing offices in Germany to distribute a pamphlet to all couples seeking marriage licenses, advising them of hereditary aspects of tuberculosis, feeblemindedness and mental illness.
January, 1920 German Workers' Party changes its name to the National Socialist German Workers' Party. It formally adopts the swastika in its most familiar form as its official symbol this year. (Prior to this, both curved, straight, clockwise and counterclockwise swastikas have been in use. The curved swastika of the Thule will continue to be used later by the Lutwaffe and Storm Troopers.
1920-23 Alfred Rosenberg introduces Hitler to what he claims is a secret Jewish doctrine of world domination called the Protocols of the Elders of Zion. It is actually a 19th century forgery by the secret police of the Czar in Russia. Hitler is also introduced to the works of Stewart Chamberlain and is coached in public speaking by a well-known teacher of drama.
1920 Walter R. Hess in Switzerland and other researchers perform experiments on fully awake animals involving direct stimulation using electrodes inserted into their brains.
1920 Karl Binding and psychiatrist, Alfred Hoche, publish The Permission to Destroy Life Unworthy of Life. The killing of large numbers of people who are determined to be physically and/or mentally unfit is portrayed as a healing act.
1920s Eugenic research in Germany receives heavy financial support, the largest supporter being the Rockefeller Foundation, which gives money to the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Anthropology, Eugenics and Human Genetics in Berlin. This support continues after the Nazis come to power.
1920s Thyroids, ovaries, testicles and other glands are removed from tens of thousands of mental patients around the world, as these glands are seen as having an effect on mental state.
1920s-1930s Sterilization of the mentally ill and retarded is common in U.S. and Europe.
1920s Groups heavily focusing on eugenics are formed in Canada, France, Belgium, England, Bulgaria, Denmark, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Italy, Russia, German, Austria, Switzerland, Australia.
1921 Robert Yerkes, professor of psychology at Harvard University and past President of the American Psychological Association, publishes a report on "Relation of Intelligence Ratings to Nativity." He concludes that, "...in general, the Scandinavian and English speaking countries stand high on the list, while the Slavic and Latin countries are low..."
1921 The second International Congress of Eugenics is held in New York. The sponsoring committee includes Secretary of Commerce Herbert Hoover, among others.
1922 H.H. Laughlin, expert Eugenics Agent of the United States House of Representatives Committee on Immigration and Naturalization, publishes the Model Eugenical Sterilization law. This model forms the basis for many state sterilization laws and for Nazi Germany's 1933 law. Included in the list of people who should be subject to mandatory sterilization: Feeble minded, insane, criminalistic (including the "delinquent and wayward"), blind, ("including those with seriously impaired vision"), deformed ("including the crippled") and dependent, including "orphans," "ne'er do wells," "the homeless," "tramps" and "paupers."
1922 Euthanasia by medical doctors is discussed at the conference of the Society for Forensic Psychiatry in Dresden and rejected.