An attack attempt (ATT) is charged to a player any time the player attempts to hit the ball over the net into the opponent's court. The ball may be spiked, set tipped or hit as an overhead contact. There are three possible outcomes of an attack attempt.
AttacksThe exceptions to an attack attempt are:
There is a kill. There can be an attack error. The ball can stay inplay. This is refered to as a "O attack " or attack attempt. An attempt is not charged on a ball played over the net on serve reception that is kept in play by the opposing team. This is called an overpass. An attempt is not charged on a free ball played over the net when in the opinion of the statistician, the free ball is passed only to keep the ball in play. An attempt is not charged to a player if, in the opinion of the statistician, the set is bad and the player plays the ball over the net only to keep the ball in play. An attempt is not charged to a player if the player passes the ball over the net only to keep the ball in play. A kill (K) is awarded to a player any time an attack is unreturnable by the opposition and is a direct cause of the opponent not returning the ball or any time the attack leads directly to a blocking error by the opposition. A kill leads directly to either a point or side-out. When a player is awarded a kill, the player also is awarded and attack attempt.
An Attack error (E) is charged to a player whenever an attack or attacker:
The Attack Error
Hits the ball out of bounds. Hits the ball into the net leading to a four-hit violation. Is blocked down by the opposition to the same side as the attacker, and cannot be kept in play as a direct result of the block. Goes into the net. Is called for a center-line violation. Is called for an illegal contact on the on the attack. Hits the ball into the antenna. An "O attack" is any attack attempted that is kept in play by the opposition. Total attempts (TA) equal the sum of kills, errors and "O attacks." The "O attack" also is refered to as an attack attempt.
The "O" Attack
A player is awarded an assist (A) whenever that player passes, sets or digs the ball to a teammate who attacks the ball for a kill. There are three possible outcomes of a ball that is being set.
An assist. As assist error or ball-handling error. A zero assist. This occurs when a ball that is set does not lead directly to a kill or side-out.
A serve is when a player attempts to serve the ball over the net into the opponent's court. There are three possible outcomes for every served ball.
The ServeA service ace (SA) is a serve that results directly in a point. A service ace is awarded to a player:
A service ace. A service error. A zero serve. This occurs when a serve does not result in a service ace or service error, but play continues.A service error (SE) is charged to a player: If the serve strikes the opponents court untouched. If the serve is touched by the opponent, but can not be kept in play. If the official calls a violation on the receiver, ie, a lift. If the receiving team is out of rotation, ie, overlap.
The service error (SE) is charged to the player who should have been serving. A service reception is when a player attempts to pass a successful serve attempt. There are two possible outcomes when a player attempts to pass a served ball.
If the serve hits the net or fails to hit the net. If the serve is out of bounds or hits the antenna. If the server foot-faults on the serve or takes too much time. If a player serves out of rotation.
A reception Error (RE) is charged to a player:
A service reception error. A zero service reception. This occurs when a player continues play by successfully passing a served ball and the pass does not result in a kill or lead directly to a kill by a teammate.
Reception errors should not be charged to an individual when team reception errors (TRE) are charged. A team reception error is charged when:
If the serve strikes the floor in the area of the player. If the player passes the serve but it cannot be kept in play by the team. If the player is called by a reception violation, ie, a lift.
When a service ace is awarded to one team, a reception error is awarded to the other team. In the final compilation of statistics, the total number of reception errors of one team should equal the total number of service aces of the other team.
A serve falls between two players and the statistician cannot determine which player is responsible. The receiving team is out of rotation.
A dig (D) is awarded when a player passes the ball that has been attacked by the opposition. Digs only are given when players receive an attacked ball and it is kept in play.
A ball-handling error (BHE) is a call made by the official that ends play.
A player is charged with a ball-handling error when the official calls:
A double hit. A thrown ball. A lifted ball.
The exceptions are:
A double hit called on serve reception is a reception error, not a ball handling error. A thrown ball during an attack is an attack error. A thrown ball during a block is a blocking error.
A block is awarded when a player(s) blocks the ball into the opponent's court leading directly to a point or side out. There are three possible outcomes when a player(s) is blocking.
The BlockA block solo (BS) is awarded when a player blocks the ball into the opposition's court leading directly to a point or a side-out. That player is the only blocker attempting to block the ball.
The player(s) is credited with a successful block solo or block assist. The player is charged with a block error. The attack attempt is deflected off the blocker's hands and is kept in play by one of the teams.
A block assist (BA) is awarded when two or three players block the ball into the opponent's courtfor point or side-out. Each player receives a bock assist even if only one player actually blocks the ball.
A blocking error (BE) occurs when an official calls a blocker for a violation, such as:
A blocker goes into the net. A blocker is called for a line violation. A back row player is called for blocking the ball. A blocker is called for reaching over the net.