Created by Sharon Hushka, January 2000 - 2008
Peace   Integrity   Enlightenment
 

Women's HerStory Month, March 2007
Most recently updated:     Nov 15, 2008

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Women's HerStory Month
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Celebrating 31 Women, 31 Days
     
Women's HerStory Month, March 2007

Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday

 

 

 

 

1 Artists
Rosa Bonheur
2 Writers
Lorraine  Hansberry
Actors
Camryn
Manheim

4 Spiritual

Julian of Norwich
5 African American
Daisy Lee
Bates
6 Latinas
Emma
Tenneyuca

7 Lesbians
Berenice
Abbott

8 International
Margaret
Gardner

9 Feminists
Catherine Macaulay
10 Suffragists
Alice
Paul

11 Business
Patricia
Russo

12 Inventors
Elizabeth Lee Hazen
13 Technology
Janese
Swanson

14 Space
Sandra
Olson

15 Aviators
Bessie
Coleman

16 Architects
Marion
Manley

17 Athletes
Steffi
Graff

18 Biologists
Ruth Lyttle Satter
19 Sociologists
Jane
Addams

20 Mathematicians
Ruth
Moufang

21 Physicists
Yvette
Cauchois

22 Astronomers
Sandra Moore
Faber

23 Engineers
Lillian Moller Gilbreth
24 Scientists
Lee (Leola) Ellen Ford
25 Philosophers
Hypatia
26 Lawyers
Osta
Underwood

27 Politicians
Anna G
Eshoo

28 Congresswomen
Nydia M.
Velázquez

29 Senators
Barbara Ann Mikulski
30 First Ladies
Abigail Smith Adams
31 Women’s Rights Activists
Gloria Steinem

Women's HerStory Month, March 2007

Day 1: Artists

Featured Women's Biography Site:
Women Artists in History seeks to showcase the work of women artists through the centuries; it is organized by time period and artist name.
http://www.wendy.com/women/artists.html

Featured Artist:
Rosa Bonheur (1822-1899) from France       
Realist painter, specializing in animals.
“Her most famous work was the monumental Horse Fair, completed in 1855, which measured eight feet high by sixteen feet wide. It led to international fame and recognition.”
http://www.wendy.com/women/artists.html#19
http://www.albrightknox.org/ArtStart/Bonheur.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosa_Bonheur
http://www.artnet.com/library/00/0098/T009871.asp
http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9080599/Rosa-Bonheur

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Day 2: Writers
Featured Women's Biography Site:
VG: Artist Biographies allow the reader to search alphabetically, by location, by axes of affiliation, by significant date, and by date posted regarding women who are/were writers. Information includes biographical, literary criticism, and links to more data.
http://voices.cla.umn.edu/vg/bios/index.html 

Featured Writer:  
Lorraine Vivian Hansberry (1930-1965) from Chicago, Illinois
Writer, feminist and civil rights activist, and a lesbian.
"I was born black and female," Lorraine Hansberry said. She used the limits placed on her race and her gender, as the inspiration for her writing and her life as a social activist.
Her first play, A Raisin In the Sun, is based on her childhood experiences of desegregating a white neighborhood.
She was the youngest American, the fifth woman and the first black to win the New York Drama Critic's Circle Award as Best Play of the Year.
http://voices.cla.umn.edu/vg/Bios/entries/hansberry_lorraine.html
http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/corhans.htm
http://www.scils.rutgers.edu/~cybers/hansberry2.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lorraine_Hansberry

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Day 3:  Actors
Featured Women's Biography Site:
Hollywood.com Movie People provides links to performers and people who make movies.
http://www.hollywood.com/celebs/

Featured Actor:
Camryn Manheim (1961- present), from Caldwell, New Jersey
Actor.
Proudly affirms her full-figured, self-described "Amazon," physique and uses it as a career asset.
Successful one-person Off-Broadway hit "Wake Up, I'm Fat."
Regularly performed as the opinionated lawyer “Ellenor Frutt” character on the ABC series "The Practice" (1997- )
Plays the character “Delia Banks”  on the tv series Ghost Whisperer (15 episodes, 2006-2007)
Golden Globe Award Best Supporting Actress in a Series, Mini-Series or Motion Picture Made for Television "The Practice" 1998
Emmy Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Drama Series "The Practice" 1997 - 98
Education:
Cabrillo Junior College Santa Cruz, California drama
University of California at Santa Cruz Santa Cruz, California BFA theater (1984)
New York University New York, New York MFA drama (1987)
http://www.hollywood.com/celebritydetail/Camryn_Manheim/193298
http://www.camrynmanheim.com/camLORES_web/biography.html
http://www.starpulse.com/Actresses/Manheim,_Camryn/Biography/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Camryn_Manheim

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Day 4: Spiritual
Featured Women's Biography Site:
Medieval Women: Includes biographies of Hildagard von Bingen, Joan of Arc, Julian of Norwich, and the Troubadors.
http://labyrinth.georgetown.edu/

Featured  theologian:
Julian of Norwich (1342 - 1416), from England
When she was thirty years old, she became gravely ill but recovered, followed by a series of fifteen visions, or "showings," in which she was led to contemplate the Passion of Christ.  She became an anchoress, living in a small hut near to the church in Norwich, devoting the rest of her life to prayer, contemplation, and interpreting  her visions. This evolved into a book, Revelations of Divine Love.
She became known as a counselor, dispensing advice, a combination of spiritual insight and common sense which, during the intensifying times of the Inquisitions, often ran contrary to the norm. For example, during the Middle Ages, it was commonly preached that Satan sought to trip and trap us, and heaven was a promise difficult to hope for, whereas in her Revelations, Julian sees God as one who delights in his creation - and who is thankful to us for our happiness...” She saw the possibility of  "God as Mother" and that the ideal Trinity (perfect love & delight in creation) was expressed in a family relationship.
http://www.umilta.net/julian.html
http://home.infionline.net/~ddisse/julian.html
http://elvis.rowan.edu/%7Ekilroy/JEK/05/08.html
http://www.gloriana.nu/julian.html#message

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Day 5: African American
Featured Women's Biography Site:   
Gale Group: Black History Month highlights the contributions of African Americans in the fields of literature, sport, activism, entertainment, and business.
http://www.gale.com/free_resources/bhm/bio/index.htm

Featured African American:
Daisy Lee Bates (1914 - 1999) from Huttig, Arkansas
Activist & writer
Best known for her role of advisor and protector to nine black students trying (as a legally mandated option) to integrate a previously all-white school, Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas (1957).
Also a publisher and journalist. Later moved to Washington, D.C., and worked for the Democratic National Committee. Worked for the Lyndon Johnson administration on his anti-poverty programs until a debilitating stroke in 1965. Her memoir The Long Shadow of Little Rock, can be viewed as a historical depiction of American race relations.
http://www.gale.com/free_resources/bhm/bio/bates_d.htm
http://www.africanamericans.com/DaisyBates.htm
http://encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=591

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Day 6:  Latinas
Featured Women's Biography Site:
Making Face, Making Soul.. Chicana feminist homepage includes paragraphs about many "Chicanas, Chingonas...are those Chicanas and Latinas who have made significant professional, educational, and cultural achievements."
http://chicanas.com/chingonas.html


Featured Latina:  
Emma Tenneyuca (1916-1999) from San Antonio, Texas
Activist
She was instrumental in leading Mexican workers rights' movements in Texas during the 1930's and later.
She was part of a “historical struggle to incorporate Mexican workers into progressive US trade unions at a time when 88% of all Mexican workers were employed in low-paying, low-status sectors of the economy”, including the 1930 strike at the Southern Pecan Shelling Company.
At the Pecan plant, extremely low wages, poor lighting, no indoor plumbing, no indoor washbowls, and inadequate (consequently there was a higher than normal rate of tuberculosis) were some of the plight of the workers.
http://chicanas.com/chingonas.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emma_Tennayuca
http://www.tsha.utexas.edu/handbook/online/articles/PP/oep1.html

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Day 7: Lesbians
Featured Women's Biography Site:
List of Gay, Lesbian or Bisexual People is a partial list of confirmed famous people who were or are gay, lesbian or bisexual. Links for additional information is also available.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_gay,_lesbian_or_bisexual_people/A-E

Featured Lesbian:
Berenice Abbott (1898- 1991) from Springfield, Ohio
Photographer
Spent her formative years and an influential decade in Paris (1920s)
5 decades of photographic accomplishments in New York City.
Work ranged from portraiture and modernist experimentation to documentation and scientific interpretation.
Known for her roles as photographic educator, inventor, author and historian.
She established the photography program at the New School for Social Research and taught there for more than 20 years (1934-58).
Abbot’s very influential Guide to Better Photography (1941) was one of several books and numerous articles she produced.
Has four U.S. patents for photographic and other devices.
Respect for others work included rescuing the work of French master photographer Eugene Atget.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berenice_Abbott   
http://www.artsconnected.org/artsnetmn/environ/abbott2.html
http://www.nypl.org/research/chss/spe/art/photo/abbottex/biography.html
http://www.artnet.com/library/00/0000/T000080.asp

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Day 8: International
Featured Women's Biography Site:
Dictionary of New Zealanders: provides at least 885 profiles of women who have had a significant impact in New Zealand. By typing in women as a search category, an alphabetical list is generated or the user request the biography of a specific woman or man.
http://www.dnzb.govt.nz/dnzb/

Featured International:
Margaret Gardner (1844 - 1929) from Newmains, Lanarkshire, Scotland
Former immigrant, domestic servant, farmer, flour mill owner and prominent land owner.
At around the age of 19, she emigrated from Scotland to New Zealand (1863).
Initially worked as a dairy maid until she met her husband when they were able to acquire their own land.
Widowed with ten children, she was left to run the wheat farm and flour mill.
Successfully managed the mill enterprise for 13 years until a devastating fire destroyed the mill operations. (1898). Within a year, she had it rebuilt on an even grander and more efficient scale.
Margaret Gardner continued to supervise the farm, adding 180 acres in 1903. In 1904, at the age of 60, she sold the land and mill operation.
http://www.dnzb.govt.nz/dnzb/

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Day 9: Feminists
Featured Women's Biography Site:
Feminist Foremothers provides biographical information about 30 women who wrote feminist tracts or were published between 1400 and 1800.
http://www.pinn.net/~sunshine/march99/whm_99.html  

Featured Feminist:
Catherine Macaulay (1731-1791) from Olantigh, Kent, England
English historian
She wrote the popular History of England from the Accession of James I to the Elevation of the House of Hanover (8 volumes, 1763-83).
Prolific writer and political thinker who associated with many others, including George Washington, Edmund Burke, and John Wilkes.
Supporter of the French Revolution as well as the formative United States’  radical “Society for the Supporters of the Bill of Rights.”
Wrote Letters on Education (1790), which addresses the “controversial” issue of women's education. Macaulay advocated that both men and women would benefit by allowing women access to all levels of formal educations.
http://www.pinn.net/%7Esunshine/march99/macaly2.html
http://www.berkshirehistory.com/bios/cmacaulay.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Catherine_Macaulay
http://www.answers.com/topic/catherine-macaulay
http://teachingamericanhistory.org/library/index.asp?document=353 [letter from G Washington]
http://www.npg.org.uk/live/search/person.asp?LinkID=mp02856 [12 portraits]

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Day 10: Suffragists
Featured Women's Biography Site:
75 Suffragists: Provides brief paragraphs about women active in the suffragist movement. "Most of the information here comes directly from the wonderful 4-volume set, Notable American Women. If your interest is stirred by any of these profiles, check out the fuller biographies in this library mainstay available from the National Women's History Project."
http://www.mith2.umd.edu/WomensStudies/ReadingRoom/History/Vote/75-suffragists.html

Featured Suffragist:
Alice Paul (1885-1977) from Moorestown, New Jersey
Feminist, Suffragist and Political Strategist
Raised as a Quaker, believers of the principle of equality of the sexes.
Graduated first in her class at a Hicksite school in Moorestown, New Jersey (1901).
Additional educational achievements:
B.A. in Biology from Swarthmore College, 1905
M.A. in Sociology from University of Pennsylvania, 1907
Ph.D. in Economics from University of Pennsylvania, 1912
LL.B. from Washington College of Law, 1922
LL.M. from American University, 1927
D.C.L. from American University, 1928
Worked for the passage (1920) of the Nineteen Amendment: Women’s Suffrage
Formed the National Woman's Party (NWP) (1916). Known for it’s "Silent Sentinels" standing outside the White House holding banners inscribed with incendiary phrases directed toward President Wilson on a daily basis.
Worked on the Equal Rights Amendment since 1923, on the seventy-fifth anniversary of the Seneca Falls Convention. ERA premise: "Men and women shall have equal rights throughout the United States and every place subject to its jurisdiction."  The Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) was introduced in every session of Congress from 1923 until it passed in 1972. When, atypically, a time limit was imposed on ratification. The time constraint was extended until 1982, yet because the amendment fell short of ratification by three states it is still unresolved.
http://www.bookrags.com/biography/alice-paul/
http://www.alicepaul.org/alicepaul.htm
http://www.alicepaul.org/
http://www.lkwdpl.org/wihohio/paul-ali.htm
http://pbskids.org/wayback/civilrights/features_suffrage.html

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Day 11: Business
Featured Women's Biography Site:
Wonder Women: CEO's Briefly profiles leading female CEO's and business executives.
http://www.infoplease.com/spot/womenceo1.html

Featured Businesswoman:
Patricia Russo  (1953 to present) from Trenton, New Jersey
Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Lucent Technologies (1953 to present) from Trenton, New Jersey.
In high school, she was co-captain of her basketball team and captain of the cheerleading squad.
After graduating from Georgetown University, she spent the next eight years working for sales and marketing department at International Business Machines (IBM). She went from being the only women selling mainframes to the position of marketing manager.
Began working for AT&T in 1981. “In 1999 she became executive vice president and chairwoman of Lucent's $24 billion Service Provider Networks Group, a position that placed Russo in charge of 80,000 employees.”
February 2003 Russo was named chairwoman of Lucent, eight months later, Lucent reported a profit for the first time in three years.Russo stopped the downsizing 150,000 of three years before to about 35,000.
She’s on the boards of Schering-Plough Corporation, Xerox Corporation, New Jersey Manufacturers Insurance Company, and her alma mater, Georgetown University.
Political science and history degrees from Georgetown
Advanced Management Program at Harvard Business School (1989)
Honorary doctorate in entrepreneurial studies from Columbia College, South Carolina.
Amongst Fortune’s “50 Most Powerful Women in American Business” (1998, 1999, 2001)
http://www.infoplease.com/spot/womenceo1.html#russo
http://www.referenceforbusiness.com/biography/M-R/Russo-Patricia-F-1953.html
http://www.forbes.com/lists/2005/11/ZE1Y.html
http://www.businessweek.com/technology/content/may2003/tc20030529_9745_tc111.htm

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Day 12: Inventors
Featured Women's Biography Site:
National Inventors Hall of Fame   provides biographies of nationally recognized (1973 - 1999) women and men inventors.
http://www.invent.org/hall_of_fame/1_1_search.asp

Featured Inventor:
Elizabeth Lee Hazen (1885 - 1975) from Rich, Mississippi
Microbiologists and Co-inventor of (nystatin) fungal antibiotic
Despite America’s early twentieth century anti-education sentiment towards women,
Hazen earned a doctoral degree in microbiology at Columbia University's College of Physicians and Surgeons.
Began her researching career with New York State’s Department of Health, was “famed for fostering a spirit of free inquiry and welcoming women scientists.”
Hazen shared tests and samples through the U.S. mail with chemist, Rachel Fuller Brown in Albany, together they developed an antibiotic they named 'nystatin'. Nystatin received Food and Drug Administration approval in 1954 and entered public use.
Nystatin’s value as a cure for many disfiguring and disabling fungal infections of the skin, mouth, throat, and intestinal tract, but it could be combined with antibacterial drugs to balance their effects.
Nystatin can be used in a wide range of ways including treating Dutch elm disease to rescuing water-damaged works of art from molds.
Royalties from Nystatin were donated (more than $13 million) to academic science through a nonprofit Research Corporation (until the patent expired).
http://www.invent.org/hall_of_fame/75.html
http://web.mit.edu/INVENT/iow/HazenBrown.html
http://www.bookrags.com/biography/elizabeth-hazen-wmi/
http://www.chemheritage.org/educationalservices/pharm/antibiot/readings/dig.htm
http://www2.nemcc.edu/mspeople/elizabeth_lee_hazen.htm

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Day 13: Technology
Featured Women's Biography Site:
The Tech: profiles18 Biographies of High-tech Overachievers of Silicon Valley fame.
http://www.thetech.org/exhibits/online/revolution/

Featured Technologist:
Janese Swanson (late 1950's to present) from California
Founder and CEO of Girl Tech (1995...)
Swanson tried a variety of careers: as a model; electronics salesperson at Sears; taught school; and worked as an airline flight attendant.
Worked at Broderbund Software in San Rafael where she headed teams that produced  ''Where in the World is Carmen San Diego?, Playroom and Treehouse products, but left in 1992.
Earned six academic degrees, including a Doctoral dissertation was on gender issues in product design and focused on play patterns and gender preferences.
Earned several awards:
"Annual Leading Change Award" from Women in Communications,
Webgirls, "Top 25 Women on the Web,"
YWCA of the USA "Advancement of Girls and Technology", and
"Women Entrepreneur of the Year Nominee" from National Association of Women Business Owners.
Featured in Ms. magazine's "Women of the Year" (1997)
http://www.thetech.org/exhibits/online/revolution/swanson/
http://www.hrw.com/science/si-science/chemistry/careers/innovative_lives/swanson.html
http://web.mit.edu/invent/iow/swanson.html
http://invention.smithsonian.org/centerpieces/ilives/swanson.html
http://www.girlgeeks.org/innergeek/inspiringwomen/jswanson.shtml

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Day 14: Space
Featured Women's Biography Site:
Women of NASA: The Women of NASA project offers 80 profiles of the nation's most successful females in a wide range of professions, offering young people anywhere opportunities and experiences to gain insight into their own future choices.
http://quest.nasa.gov/women/WON.html
   
Featured Space engineer:
Sandra Olson,
NASA Aerospace Engineer, Microgravity Combustion Scientist
Chemical Engineer major from the University of Pittsburgh, and got a
Master's degree in Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Case Western Reserve University
PhD in Mechanical Engineering, Case Western Reserve University
2003 Emmy Award in the Children/Youth Program category for "Measurement, Ratios, and Graphing: Who Added the 'Micro' to Gravity," a program in the NASA CONNECT™ series.
http://quest.arc.nasa.gov/people/bios/women/so.html
http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?N=4294825405 [NASA projects & research]
http://space.about.com/cs/videosapollo/a/nasaemmy03.htm  [Emmy Award]

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Day 15: Aviators
Featured Women's Biography Site:
Women in Aviation History: "Since the Wright Brothers took flight in 1903, women have made a significant contribution to aviation. The following is just a small sampling of the contributions women have made to the field of aviation."  Provided by the Ninety-Nines, an international organization of women pilots.
http://www.ninety-nines.org/bios.html

Featured Aviator:
Bessie Coleman  (1892 - 1926) from Atlanta, Texas
Pilot, African American
Denied the opportunity (due to race and gender prejudices) to train to be a pilot, Coleman learned to speak French and left for Paris, France.
Despite many obstacles, she persevered and earned her license on June 15, 1921 from the Federation Aeronautique Internationale.
Returned to the U.S. and began teaching other black women to fly, giving lectures and performing at flying exhibitions.
Gained notoriety as a barnstorming air circus performer in a war-surplus Jenny Trainer, thus earning the title "Queen Bessie."
She was thrown from the plane and fell to her death while practicing for a show in Orlando, Florida. ( April 30, 1926.)
Education was primarily completed all eight grades Missionary Baptist Church, a one-room school.
By saving her money, she had enough to complete only one term at the Colored Agricultural and Normal University in Langston, Oklahoma (1910).
Opted to leave the oppressive Jim Crow south and headed to Chicago with her brother.
She became a beautician to attend to the needs of some of the nearly 90% of the African American population who also lived on Chicago’s South Side (1920's) where the wealthy, the well-educated, the middle class, the poor and the hard-working co-existed in generally law abiding harmony.
While two of her brothers Walter and John were fighting in France during World War I, she had moved north, learned a trade and supported herself.  Their tales of French women flying and having careers inspired Coleman to become a pilot; she was 27.
http://www.ninety-nines.org/coleman.html
http://www.bessiecoleman.com/
http://www.women-in-aviation.com/cgi-bin/links/detail.cgi?ID=334
http://www.lkwdpl.org/wihohio/cole-bes.htm

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Day 16: Architects
Featured Women's Biography Site:
International Archive of Women Architecture (IAWA) Biographies database is searchable by name and region, provides biographical, employment, recognition, education, licenses/affiliation, publications and other useful information about each architect.
http://lumiere.lib.vt.edu/iawa_db/

Featured Architect:
Marion Manley (1893-1984) from Junction City, Kansas
Famous Floridian architect
One of the first female practicing architects in the state of Florida.
Her architectural drawings (1935-1971) for residences and buildings in Coconut Grove (Miami), Coral Gables, Miami Lakes, Miami-Dade County, and other parts of South Florida are stored at the Historical Museum of Southern Florida.
Notable projects include several buildings for the University of Miami and the Asolo Theater building at the Ringling Museum in Sarasota. 
Graduated from the University of Illinois (1917)
http://www.historical-museum.org/collect/findingaids/1987-198.html
http://www6.miami.edu/veritas/november2005/nb/nbstory1.html
http://www.bluffton.edu/~sullivanm/index/index2.html [photos, Univ Miami buildings]
   
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Day 17: Athletes
Featured Women's Biography Site:
Herman's Top Olympians - Tennis provides an extensive list of women and men who have excelled in Olympic tennis since 1896 to present.
http://users.skynet.be/hermandw/olymp/topste.htm

Featured Athlete:
Steffi Graff  (1969 to present), from Neckarau, Germany
Tennis professional
Turned pro at age 13 and was at the top of the women's tour for a record 377 weeks during her career.
Retired in 1999.
Tennis Olympic winner
    * Ladies' Singles - gold 1988, silver 1992 (130 HP)
    * Ladies' Doubles - bronze 1988 (18 HP)
Winner at Wimbledon 7 times ('88, '89, '91-'93, '95, '96),
Winner at Roland Garros 6 times ('87, '88, '93, '95, '96, '99),
Winner at Flushing Meadow 3 times ('93, '95, '96)
Winner at Australia 4 times ('88, '89, '90 and '94).
Proclaimed World Champion seven times ('87-'90 and '93, '95, '96)
Graf is the founder and chairperson of Children for Tomorrow, a non-profit foundation that develops and implements projects for children traumatized by war or other crises.
http://users.skynet.be/hermandw/olymp/biogr.htm#AFS
http://www.thebiographychannel.co.uk/biography_story/1397:1636/1/Steffi_Graf.htm
http://www.hickoksports.com/biograph/grafsteffi.shtml
http://www.tv.com/steffi-graf/person/165458/biography.html

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Day 18: Biologists
Featured Women's Biography Site:
Women Pioneers in Plant Biology consists of biographies written by former students, fellow researchers, admirers, or good friends, each of these women in an effort to acknowledge pioneering and diverse education, training and careers that have contributed to various fields of study: genetics, biochemistry, structure, and physiology. 
http://www.aspb.org/committees/women/pioneers.cfm

Featured Biology:
Ruth Lyttle Satter, (1923-1989), from New York City, New York
Research on the biological clocks in plants.
Graduate cum laude, major in mathematics and physics from Barnard College (1944)
Did research at AT&T Bell Laboratories during World War II.
Completed a horticulture class at New York’s Botanical Gardens (1951)
YMCA instructor in horticulture (1953 to 1963) in Hartford, Connecticut
At the age of forty-three, after raising a family, she earned a Ph.D. in botany from the University of Connecticut at Storrs, where she later became a faculty member.
In 1968 she began a 12 year affiliation with Yale University, focusing on the role of phytochrome (and circadian rhythms) in controlling leaflet movement in compound leguminous trees and other projects.
Ruth Lyttle Satter Prize in Mathematics established in 1990 as a memorial to honor Satter’s commitment to research and to encouraging women in science. The prize is awarded every two years to recognize an outstanding contribution to mathematics research by a woman in the previous five years
http://www.aspb.org/committees/women/pioneers.cfm#Ruth%20L.%20Satter
http://www.agnesscott.edu/lriddle/WOMEN/prizes.htm#satter
http://jbr.sagepub.com/cgi/reprint/6/1/2

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Day 19: Sociologists   
Featured Women's Biography Site:
Dead Sociologists' Society, provided from the Pfeiffer University, is a list of the various theorists, some biographical information, and a summary of their work.
http://www2.pfeiffer.edu/~lridener/DSS/DEADSOC.HTML

Featured Sociologist:
Jane Addams (1860-1935) from Cedarville, Illinois.
She was a sociologist, Nobel Prize winner, and a pioneer social worker (founded Hull House, 1935).
Graduates from Rockford Female Seminary (1881)
Founds Hull-House (with Ellen Gates Starr), a social settlement in Chicago(1889). Where she will live and work until her death in 1935.
Serves as member of Chicago Board of Education (1905-08)
Helps to found the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (1909)
1st Vice President of National American Woman Suffrage Association (1911-14)
Helps organize Woman's Peace Party, elected 1st Chairman (1915)
Founds Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, serves as President 1919-29
Helps found the American Civil Liberties Union (1920)
Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, the 1st American woman recipient (1931)
http://www2.pfeiffer.edu/%7Elridener/DSS/INDEX.HTML
http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1931/addams-bio.html
http://www.uic.edu/jaddams/hull/ja_bio.html
http://www.webster.edu/~woolflm/janeadams.html
http://www.gap-system.org/~history/Biographies/Moufang.html

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Day 20: Mathematicians
Featured Women's Biography Site:
Women Mathematicians: Chronologically and alphabetically listed biographies of women mathematicians, includes photos and references.
http://www.agnesscott.edu/lriddle/women/chronol.htm

Featured Mathematician:
Ruth Moufang (1905 - 1977), from Darmstadt, Germany.
Mathematician
Passed the teacher's examination at the University of Frankfurt (1929)
She earned a PhD in projective geometry and “helped to create a new mathematical specialty in the algebraic analysis of projective planes that drew upon a mixture of geometry and algebra.”
Hitler's Minister of Education her right to teach, instead she became the first German woman with a doctorate to be employed in industry (1937)
Beginning in 1946, she was finally allowed to teach at the university level and became the first German woman professor at Frankfurt .
http://www.agnesscott.edu/lriddle/women/moufang.htm
http://www.scottlan.edu/lriddle/women/moufang.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ruth_Moufang
http://www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/Biographies/Moufang.html

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Day 21: Physicists
Featured Women's Biography Site:
Contributions of 20th Century Women to Physics: Presented here is an archive of more than 75 citations of 20th century women who have made original and important contributions to physics.
http://cwp.library.ucla.edu/

Featured Physicist:
Yvette Cauchois (1908 - 1999) from Paris, France
Physicist
Noted for her realization of a bent-crystal spectrometer working by transmission and pioneered in the study of the energies of doubly and multiply ionized atomic states using x-ray satellite emission lines. She was a professor of chemical physics at the Sorbonne in Paris and, from 1953 to 1978, had served as the director of the Laboratoire de Chimie Physique (Laboratory of Physical Chemistry) at the Sorbonne (now the University of Paris VI). Education included Licence es Sciences, Sorbonne (1928), Diplome d'Etudes Supérieures, Sorbonne (1930), and Doctor es Sciences, Sorbonne (1933).
http://cwp.library.ucla.edu/Phase2/Cauchois,_Yvette@871234567.html
http://www.physicstoday.org/pt/vol-54/iss-4/p88.html

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Day 22: Astronomers
Featured Women's Biography Site:
History of Women in Astronomy includes brief biographical and career contributions of 26 women in the field of astronomy.
http://www.physics.sfsu.edu/~gmarcy/cswa/history/history.html

Featured Astronomer:
Sandra Moore Faber (1944 to present)
Astrophysicist
Her research focuses on the formation and evolution of galaxies and the evolution of structure in the universe.
Professor of Astronomy at the University of California, Santa Cruz.
Earned a B.A. in Physics (1966), Swarthmore College and a Ph.D. in Astronomy, Harvard University (1972).
Has received many distinguished honors, including being awarded the Centennial Medal of the Harvard University Graduate School of Arts and Sciences (2006).

http://cwp.library.ucla.edu/Phase2/Faber,_Sandra_Moore@931234567.html
http://www.ucolick.org/~board/faculty/faber.html
http://www.physics.sfsu.edu/~gmarcy/cswa/history/faber.html
http://www.meta-library.net/bio/sf-body.html
http://astro.ucsc.edu/~dept/faculty/faber.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sandra_M._Faber
http://www.seti.org/site/pp.asp?c=ktJ2J9MMIsE&b=279510
http://currents.ucsc.edu/05-06/06-12/faber.asp

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Day 23: Engineers
Featured Women's Biography Site:  
SDSC: Women in Science: profiles 16 women scientists. (San Diego Supercomputer Center)
http://www.sdsc.edu/ScienceWomen/

Featured Engineer:
Lillian Moller Gilbreth (1878-1072) from Oakland, California
She was an inventor, author, industrial engineer, industrial psychologist, and mother of twelve children.
B.A., Literature from University of California at Berkeley (1900)  
First woman to speak at a University of California commencement (1900)
Masters Degree, Literature, UC, Berkeley (1902)
First woman member of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers
First female professor at Purdue, an the engineering school, as a professor of management (1935).
Awarded the Hoover Medal of the American Society of Civil Engineers in1966.
http://www.sdsc.edu/ScienceWomen/gilbreth.htm
http://www.webster.edu/~woolflm/gilbreth2.html
http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/blGilbreth.htm
http://gilbrethnetwork.tripod.com/bio.html
http://www.greatwomen.org/women.php?action=viewone&id=65

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Day 24: Scientists
Featured Women's Biography Site:
WISE: Women in Science and Engineering Archives. Iowa State University archives offer photographs, manuscripts, and papers to record women's social history as well as the story of their scientific achievements.
http://www.lib.iastate.edu/spcl/wise/collist.html

Featured Scientist:
Lee (Leola) Ellen Ford (1917 to present) from Auburn, Indiana
An attorney, scientist, educator, and writer.
Her scientific research focused on corn cytology and monoploids and revolutionized the progress and development of the hybrid corn industry.
B.A. Wittenberg University (1947) 
Masters degree from the University of Minnesota (1949) ;
PhD in Cytogenetics and Botany from Iowa State University (1952)
J.D. (1972) from the University of Notre Dame
http://www.lib.iastate.edu/spcl/manuscripts/MS348.html
http://www.indianahistory.org/library/manuscripts/collection_guides/m0469.html

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Day 25: Philosophers
Featured Women's Biography Site:
4000 Years of Women Scientists  Women are, and always have been, scientists. This site lists over 125 names from our scientific and technical past, including inventors, scholars and writers as well as mathematicians and astronomers before the 20th century.
http://crux.astr.ua.edu/4000WS/summary.shtml

Featured Philosopher:
Hypatia (370 - 415 BCE) from Alexandria, Egypt
Mathematician, Inventor, and  Natural Philosopher
She is the author of three major treatises on geometry and algebra and one on astronomy.
Credited with inventing: an instrument for distilling water, an instrument to measure the specific gravity of water, an astrolabe and a planisphere.
Her learning and science is evident in statements attributed to her:
“Reserve your right to think, for even to think wrongly is better than not to think at all”
and “To teach superstitions as truth is a most terrible thing.”
However, intolerance in that era resulted in her being killed by a fanatical Christian monks when they dragged her from her classroom into the streets where they peeled her to death with oyster shells.
http://pages.prodigy.net/fljustice/hypatia.html
http://crux.astr.ua.edu/4000WS/HYPATIA.html
http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9041785/Hypatia
http://cosmopolis.com/people/hypatia.html
http://www.polyamory.org/~howard/Hypatia/Hubbard_1928.html

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Day 26: Lawyers
Featured Women's Biography Site:
Women's Legal History Biography Project developed by students at Stanford Law School, includes pioneer profiles, biographical chapters, articles, and other information about more than a hundred women in the legal profession.
http://www.stanford.edu/group/WLHP/

Featured Lawyer:
Osta Underwood (1914-2001?) from Knoxville, Tennessee
Nashville lawyer and women's rights advocate
Awarded Nashville’s “Promote Women Award” (1985)
President of the Tennessee Federation of BPW (1957-59) and at the national level as President of BPW/USA
http://www.tba.org/pioneers.html
http://72.14.253.104/search?q=cache:r1BcCRTtfpkJ:www.nscc.edu/text/////////financialaid/scholar/osta.pdf+%22osta+underwood%22&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=3&gl=us
http://www.library.nashville.org/localhistory/his_spcoll_coll_recmanucoll.asp  (Papers kept at the Nashville Public Library)  
http://www.bpwtn.org/history.html (Info re: BPW)

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Day 27: Politicians   
Featured Women's Biography Site:
Congresswomen's Biography contains a brief biography of all women who have served or are currently serving in the House of Representatives. Can be searched alphabetically, chronologically, or by state.
http://bioguide.congress.gov/congresswomen/alpha.asp

Featured Politician:
Anna G Eshoo (1942 to present), from New Britain, Connecticut
California’s United States House of Representative, since 1993
San Mateo, California County Board Supervisor for 10 years prior to becoming a congresswoman.
Government Leadership Award from the Semiconductor Equipment Manufacturing Industry (2006) 
Inaugural Congressional Award from the American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering (2006)
Education: Honorary Doctorate, Menlo College and an AA, English, from Canada College (1975).
http://eshoo.house.gov/
http://www.vote-smart.org/bio.php?can_id=H0284103
http://www.annaeshooforcongress.com/html/anna-bio.html
http://intelligence.house.gov/Members.aspx?ID=12

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Day 28: Congresswomen
Featured Women’s Biography Site:
Hispanic Americans in Congress, 1822 - 1995 provides biographical information about women and men in congress.
http://lcweb.loc.gov/rr/hispanic/congress/contents.html

Featured Congresswoman:
Nydia M. Velázquez (1953 to present) from Yabucoa, Puerto Rico
United States Representative, Democrat of New York since 1993
Chairwoman of the House Small Business Committee, making her the first Latina to ever chair a full congressional committee.
First in her family to graduate from high school.
First Hispanic woman to serve on the New York City Council
First Puerto Rican woman elected to Congress
Graduated from the University of Puerto Rico in Rio Piedras (1974)
M.A. degree in political science from New York University (1976)
http://www.loc.gov/rr/hispanic/congress/velazquez.html
http://www.house.gov/velazquez/biography.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nydia_Velazquez
http://www.senorboriqua.net/Famous%20Puerto%20Ricans2/Nydia%20Velazquez.html

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Day 29: Senators
Featured Women's Biography Site:
Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States Congress since 1774 to present provides a search able database by name, position or state for women and men members of Congress.
http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp   

Featured Senator:
Barbara Ann Mikulski (1936 to present) from Baltimore, Maryland
Maryland’s United State Senator since 1986
Member on many Senate committees including Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions Committee;           the Retirement Security and Aging Subcommittee; the Commerce, Justice, and Science Subcommittee;   the Defense Subcommittee;  the State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs Subcommittee; the Transportation, Treasury, the Judiciary, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies Subcommittee; the Homeland Security Subcommittee; and the Select Committee On Intelligence.
Former Maryland United State Representative from 1977 to 1987
Graduated, Mount St. Agnes College (1958)
Graduate degree from the University of Maryland School of Social Work (1965)
http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=M000702
http://mikulski.senate.gov/SenatorMikulski/biography.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbara_Mikulski

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Day 30: First Ladies
Featured Women's Biography Site:  
First Ladies includes biographies of women whose husbands were US Presidents, created by the National First Ladies Library.
http://www.firstladies.org/index.htm

Featured First Lady:
Abigail Smith Adams (1744 - 1818 ) from Weymouth, Massachusetts
United States First Lady from 1797 - 1801
She was a strong advocate for the education for girls that was equal to that given to boys in the public schools, although she herself had no formal education. At home, she was taught to read and write and was given access to the extensive libraries of her father (John Quincy, Speaker of the Massachusetts Assembly for 40 years) and maternal grandfather, taking a special interest in philosophy, theology, Shakespeare, the classics, ancient history, government and law.
She was appointed by the Massachusetts Colony General Court in 1775 “to question their fellow Massachusetts women who were charged by their word or action of remaining loyal to the British crown and working against the independence movement.”
http://www.firstladies.org/biographies/firstladies.aspx?biography=2
http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/firstladies/aa2.html
http://www.gale.com/free_resources/whm/bio/adams_a.htm
http://www.greatwomen.org/women.php?action=viewone&id=5

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Day 31: Women’s Rights Activists
Featured Women's Biography Site:
Discovery: Women of the Century organized alphabetically, by category, and by decades, brief profiles and links to additional information about women who have had an impact these 100 years are listed.
http://school.discovery.com/schooladventures/womenofthecentury/

Featured Women’s Rights Activist:
Gloria Steinem (1934 to present) from Ohio
A feminist leader, writer, and social activist
Steinem helped define the feminist movement since the ’60s. In 1972, she created Ms. magazine, the first national women’s magazine run by women. She edited the magazine for many years, as she continued to fight for civil rights, gay rights, and women’s rights.
http://school.discovery.com/schooladventures/womenofthecentury/phenomenalwomen/activists.html#Parks
http://www.galegroup.com/free_resources/whm/bio/steinem_g.htm
http://www.thebiographychannel.co.uk/biography_story/426:321/1/Gloria_Steinem.htm
http://www.heroism.org/class/1970/steinem.html

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