Women's HerStory Month,
recently updated: Nov 15, 2008
Celebrating 31 Women, 31 Days
Women's HerStory Month, March 2007
HerStory Month, March
Day 1: Artists
Women Artists in History seeks to showcase the work of women
artists through the centuries; it is organized by time period and
Realist painter, specializing in
“Her most famous work was the
monumental Horse Fair, completed in 1855, which measured eight feet
high by sixteen feet wide. It led to international fame and
Day 2: Writers
Biographies allow the reader
to search alphabetically, by location, by axes of affiliation, by
significant date, and by date posted regarding women who are/were
writers. Information includes biographical, literary criticism, and
links to more data.
(1930-1965) from Chicago, Illinois
Writer, feminist and civil rights
activist, and a lesbian.
"I was born black and female,"
Lorraine Hansberry said. She used the limits placed on her race and her
gender, as the inspiration for her writing and her life as a social
Her first play, A Raisin In the
Sun, is based on her childhood experiences of desegregating a white
She was the youngest American, the
fifth woman and the first black to win the New York Drama Critic's
Circle Award as Best Play of the Year.
Day 3: Actors
Hollywood.com Movie People provides links to
performers and people who make movies.
present), from Caldwell, New Jersey
Proudly affirms her full-figured,
self-described "Amazon," physique and uses it as a career asset.
Successful one-person Off-Broadway
hit "Wake Up, I'm Fat."
Regularly performed as the
opinionated lawyer “Ellenor Frutt” character on the ABC series "The
Practice" (1997- )
Plays the character “Delia
Banks” on the tv series Ghost Whisperer (15 episodes, 2006-2007)
Golden Globe Award Best Supporting
Actress in a Series, Mini-Series or Motion Picture Made for Television
"The Practice" 1998
Emmy Outstanding Supporting
Actress in a Drama Series "The Practice" 1997 - 98
Cabrillo Junior College Santa
Cruz, California drama
University of California at Santa
Cruz Santa Cruz, California BFA theater (1984)
New York University New York, New
York MFA drama (1987)
Day 4: Spiritual
Medieval Women: Includes biographies of Hildagard von
Bingen, Joan of Arc, Julian of Norwich, and the Troubadors.
of Norwich (1342
- 1416), from England
When she was thirty years old, she
became gravely ill but recovered, followed by a series of fifteen
visions, or "showings," in which she was led to contemplate the Passion
of Christ. She became an anchoress, living in a small hut near to
the church in Norwich, devoting the rest of her life to prayer,
contemplation, and interpreting her visions. This evolved into a
book, Revelations of Divine Love.
She became known as a counselor,
dispensing advice, a combination of spiritual insight and common sense
which, during the intensifying times of the Inquisitions, often ran
contrary to the norm. For example, during the Middle Ages, it was
commonly preached that Satan sought to trip and trap us, and heaven was
a promise difficult to hope for, whereas in her Revelations, Julian
sees God as one who delights in his creation - and who is thankful to
us for our happiness...” She saw the possibility of "God as
Mother" and that the ideal Trinity (perfect love & delight in
creation) was expressed in a family relationship.
Day 5: African
Group: Black History Month
highlights the contributions of African Americans in the fields of
literature, sport, activism, entertainment, and business.
Featured African American:
Bates (1914 -
1999) from Huttig, Arkansas
Activist & writer
Best known for her role of advisor
and protector to nine black students trying (as a legally mandated
option) to integrate a previously all-white school, Central High School
in Little Rock, Arkansas (1957).
Also a publisher and journalist.
Later moved to Washington, D.C., and worked for the Democratic National
Committee. Worked for the Lyndon Johnson administration on his
anti-poverty programs until a debilitating stroke in 1965. Her memoir
The Long Shadow of Little Rock, can be viewed as a historical depiction
of American race relations.
Day 6: Latinas
Making Face, Making Soul.. Chicana feminist homepage includes
paragraphs about many "Chicanas, Chingonas...are those Chicanas and
Latinas who have made significant professional, educational, and
(1916-1999) from San Antonio, Texas
She was instrumental in leading
Mexican workers rights' movements in Texas during the 1930's and later.
She was part of a “historical
struggle to incorporate Mexican workers into progressive US trade
unions at a time when 88% of all Mexican workers were employed in
low-paying, low-status sectors of the economy”, including the 1930
strike at the Southern Pecan Shelling Company.
At the Pecan plant, extremely low
wages, poor lighting, no indoor plumbing, no indoor washbowls, and
inadequate (consequently there was a higher than normal rate of
tuberculosis) were some of the plight of the workers.
Day 7: Lesbians
of Gay, Lesbian or Bisexual People is a partial list of confirmed famous
people who were or are gay, lesbian or bisexual. Links for additional
information is also available.
1991) from Springfield, Ohio
Spent her formative years and an
influential decade in Paris (1920s)
5 decades of photographic
accomplishments in New York City.
Work ranged from portraiture and
modernist experimentation to documentation and scientific
Known for her roles as
photographic educator, inventor, author and historian.
She established the photography
program at the New School for Social Research and taught there for more
than 20 years (1934-58).
Abbot’s very influential Guide to
Better Photography (1941) was one of several books and numerous
articles she produced.
Has four U.S. patents for
photographic and other devices.
Respect for others work included
rescuing the work of French master photographer Eugene Atget.
Day 8: International
of New Zealanders: provides at
least 885 profiles of women who have had a significant impact in New
Zealand. By typing in women as a search category, an alphabetical list
is generated or the user request the biography of a specific woman or
- 1929) from Newmains, Lanarkshire, Scotland
Former immigrant, domestic
servant, farmer, flour mill owner and prominent land owner.
At around the age of 19, she
emigrated from Scotland to New Zealand (1863).
Initially worked as a dairy maid
until she met her husband when they were able to acquire their own land.
Widowed with ten children, she was
left to run the wheat farm and flour mill.
Successfully managed the mill
enterprise for 13 years until a devastating fire destroyed the mill
operations. (1898). Within a year, she had it rebuilt on an even
grander and more efficient scale.
Margaret Gardner continued to
supervise the farm, adding 180 acres in 1903. In 1904, at the age of
60, she sold the land and mill operation.
Day 9: Feminists
biographical information about 30 women who wrote feminist tracts or
were published between 1400 and 1800.
(1731-1791) from Olantigh, Kent, England
She wrote the popular History of
England from the Accession of James I to the Elevation of the House of
Hanover (8 volumes, 1763-83).
Prolific writer and political
thinker who associated with many others, including George Washington,
Edmund Burke, and John Wilkes.
Supporter of the French Revolution
as well as the formative United States’ radical “Society for the
Supporters of the Bill of Rights.”
Wrote Letters on Education (1790),
which addresses the “controversial” issue of women's education.
Macaulay advocated that both men and women would benefit by allowing
women access to all levels of formal educations.
[letter from G Washington]
Day 10: Suffragists
Suffragists: Provides brief
paragraphs about women active in the suffragist movement. "Most of the
information here comes directly from the wonderful 4-volume set,
Notable American Women. If your interest is stirred by any of these
profiles, check out the fuller biographies in this library mainstay
available from the National Women's History Project."
from Moorestown, New Jersey
Feminist, Suffragist and Political
Raised as a Quaker, believers of
the principle of equality of the sexes.
Graduated first in her class at a
Hicksite school in Moorestown, New Jersey (1901).
B.A. in Biology from Swarthmore
M.A. in Sociology from University
of Pennsylvania, 1907
Ph.D. in Economics from University
of Pennsylvania, 1912
LL.B. from Washington College of
LL.M. from American University,
D.C.L. from American University,
Worked for the passage (1920) of
the Nineteen Amendment: Women’s Suffrage
Formed the National Woman's Party
(NWP) (1916). Known for it’s "Silent Sentinels" standing outside the
White House holding banners inscribed with incendiary phrases directed
toward President Wilson on a daily basis.
Worked on the Equal Rights
Amendment since 1923, on the seventy-fifth anniversary of the Seneca
Falls Convention. ERA premise: "Men and women shall have equal rights
throughout the United States and every place subject to its
jurisdiction." The Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) was introduced in
every session of Congress from 1923 until it passed in 1972. When,
atypically, a time limit was imposed on ratification. The time
constraint was extended until 1982, yet because the amendment fell
short of ratification by three states it is still unresolved.
Day 11: Business
Wonder Women: CEO's Briefly profiles leading female
CEO's and business executives.
(1953 to present) from Trenton, New Jersey
Chairman and Chief Executive
Officer, Lucent Technologies (1953 to present) from Trenton, New Jersey.
In high school, she was co-captain
of her basketball team and captain of the cheerleading squad.
After graduating from Georgetown
University, she spent the next eight years working for sales and
marketing department at International Business Machines (IBM). She went
from being the only women selling mainframes to the position of
Began working for AT&T in
1981. “In 1999 she became executive vice president and chairwoman of
Lucent's $24 billion Service Provider Networks Group, a position that
placed Russo in charge of 80,000 employees.”
February 2003 Russo was named
chairwoman of Lucent, eight months later, Lucent reported a profit for
the first time in three years.Russo stopped the downsizing 150,000 of
three years before to about 35,000.
She’s on the boards of
Schering-Plough Corporation, Xerox Corporation, New Jersey
Manufacturers Insurance Company, and her alma mater, Georgetown
Political science and history
degrees from Georgetown
Advanced Management Program at
Harvard Business School (1989)
Honorary doctorate in
entrepreneurial studies from Columbia College, South Carolina.
Amongst Fortune’s “50 Most
Powerful Women in American Business” (1998, 1999, 2001)
Day 12: Inventors
Inventors Hall of Fame
provides biographies of nationally recognized (1973 - 1999) women and
(1885 - 1975) from Rich, Mississippi
Microbiologists and Co-inventor of
(nystatin) fungal antibiotic
Despite America’s early twentieth
century anti-education sentiment towards women,
Hazen earned a doctoral degree in
microbiology at Columbia University's College of Physicians and
Began her researching career with
New York State’s Department of Health, was “famed for fostering a
spirit of free inquiry and welcoming women scientists.”
Hazen shared tests and samples
through the U.S. mail with chemist, Rachel Fuller Brown in Albany,
together they developed an antibiotic they named 'nystatin'. Nystatin
received Food and Drug Administration approval in 1954 and entered
Nystatin’s value as a cure for
many disfiguring and disabling fungal infections of the skin, mouth,
throat, and intestinal tract, but it could be combined with
antibacterial drugs to balance their effects.
Nystatin can be used in a wide
range of ways including treating Dutch elm disease to rescuing
water-damaged works of art from molds.
Royalties from Nystatin were
donated (more than $13 million) to academic science through a nonprofit
Research Corporation (until the patent expired).
Day 13: Technology
The Tech: profiles18 Biographies of High-tech
Overachievers of Silicon Valley fame.
1950's to present) from California
Founder and CEO of Girl Tech
Swanson tried a variety of
careers: as a model; electronics salesperson at Sears; taught school;
and worked as an airline flight attendant.
Worked at Broderbund Software in
San Rafael where she headed teams that produced ''Where in the
World is Carmen San Diego?, Playroom and Treehouse products, but left
Earned six academic degrees,
including a Doctoral dissertation was on gender issues in product
design and focused on play patterns and gender preferences.
Earned several awards:
"Annual Leading Change Award" from
Women in Communications,
Webgirls, "Top 25 Women on the
YWCA of the USA "Advancement of
Girls and Technology", and
"Women Entrepreneur of the Year
Nominee" from National Association of Women Business Owners.
Featured in Ms. magazine's "Women
of the Year" (1997)
Day 14: Space
Women of NASA: The Women of NASA project offers 80
profiles of the nation's most successful females in a wide range of
professions, offering young people anywhere opportunities and
experiences to gain insight into their own future choices.
Featured Space engineer:
NASA Aerospace Engineer,
Microgravity Combustion Scientist
Chemical Engineer major from the
University of Pittsburgh, and got a
Master's degree in Mechanical and
Aerospace Engineering, Case Western Reserve University
PhD in Mechanical Engineering,
Case Western Reserve University
2003 Emmy Award in the
Children/Youth Program category for "Measurement, Ratios, and Graphing:
Who Added the 'Micro' to Gravity," a program in the NASA CONNECT™
[NASA projects & research]
Day 15: Aviators
Women in Aviation History: "Since the Wright Brothers took
flight in 1903, women have made a significant contribution to aviation.
The following is just a small sampling of the contributions women have
made to the field of aviation." Provided by the Ninety-Nines, an
international organization of women pilots.
(1892 - 1926) from Atlanta, Texas
Pilot, African American
Denied the opportunity (due to
race and gender prejudices) to train to be a pilot, Coleman learned to
speak French and left for Paris, France.
Despite many obstacles, she
persevered and earned her license on June 15, 1921 from the Federation
Returned to the U.S. and began
teaching other black women to fly, giving lectures and performing at
Gained notoriety as a barnstorming
air circus performer in a war-surplus Jenny Trainer, thus earning the
title "Queen Bessie."
She was thrown from the plane and
fell to her death while practicing for a show in Orlando, Florida. (
April 30, 1926.)
Education was primarily completed
all eight grades Missionary Baptist Church, a one-room school.
By saving her money, she had
enough to complete only one term at the Colored Agricultural and Normal
University in Langston, Oklahoma (1910).
Opted to leave the oppressive Jim
Crow south and headed to Chicago with her brother.
She became a beautician to attend
to the needs of some of the nearly 90% of the African American
population who also lived on Chicago’s South Side (1920's) where the
wealthy, the well-educated, the middle class, the poor and the
hard-working co-existed in generally law abiding harmony.
While two of her brothers Walter
and John were fighting in France during World War I, she had moved
north, learned a trade and supported herself. Their tales of
French women flying and having careers inspired Coleman to become a
pilot; she was 27.
Day 16: Architects
International Archive of
Women Architecture (IAWA)
Biographies database is searchable by name and region, provides
biographical, employment, recognition, education, licenses/affiliation,
publications and other useful information about each architect.
(1893-1984) from Junction City, Kansas
Famous Floridian architect
One of the first female practicing
architects in the state of Florida.
Her architectural drawings
(1935-1971) for residences and buildings in Coconut Grove (Miami),
Coral Gables, Miami Lakes, Miami-Dade County, and other parts of South
Florida are stored at the Historical Museum of Southern Florida.
Notable projects include several
buildings for the University of Miami and the Asolo Theater building at
the Ringling Museum in Sarasota.
Graduated from the University of
[photos, Univ Miami buildings]
Day 17: Athletes
Olympians - Tennis provides an
extensive list of women and men who have excelled in Olympic tennis
since 1896 to present.
(1969 to present), from Neckarau, Germany
Turned pro at age 13 and was at
the top of the women's tour for a record 377 weeks during her career.
Retired in 1999.
Tennis Olympic winner
Singles - gold 1988, silver 1992 (130 HP)
Doubles - bronze 1988 (18 HP)
Winner at Wimbledon 7 times ('88,
'89, '91-'93, '95, '96),
Winner at Roland Garros 6 times
('87, '88, '93, '95, '96, '99),
Winner at Flushing Meadow 3 times
('93, '95, '96)
Winner at Australia 4 times ('88,
'89, '90 and '94).
Proclaimed World Champion seven
times ('87-'90 and '93, '95, '96)
Graf is the founder and
chairperson of Children for Tomorrow, a non-profit foundation that
develops and implements projects for children traumatized by war or
Day 18: Biologists
Pioneers in Plant Biology
consists of biographies written by former students, fellow researchers,
admirers, or good friends, each of these women in an effort to
acknowledge pioneering and diverse education, training and careers that
have contributed to various fields of study: genetics, biochemistry,
structure, and physiology.
(1923-1989), from New York City, New York
Research on the biological clocks
Graduate cum laude, major in
mathematics and physics from Barnard College (1944)
Did research at AT&T Bell
Laboratories during World War II.
Completed a horticulture class at
New York’s Botanical Gardens (1951)
YMCA instructor in horticulture
(1953 to 1963) in Hartford, Connecticut
At the age of forty-three, after
raising a family, she earned a Ph.D. in botany from the University of
Connecticut at Storrs, where she later became a faculty member.
In 1968 she began a 12 year
affiliation with Yale University, focusing on the role of phytochrome
(and circadian rhythms) in controlling leaflet movement in compound
leguminous trees and other projects.
Ruth Lyttle Satter Prize in
Mathematics established in 1990 as a memorial to honor Satter’s
commitment to research and to encouraging women in science. The prize
is awarded every two years to recognize an outstanding contribution to
mathematics research by a woman in the previous five years
provided from the Pfeiffer University, is a list of the various
theorists, some biographical information, and a summary of their work.
from Cedarville, Illinois.
She was a sociologist, Nobel Prize
winner, and a pioneer social worker (founded Hull House, 1935).
Graduates from Rockford Female
Founds Hull-House (with Ellen
Gates Starr), a social settlement in Chicago(1889). Where she will live
and work until her death in 1935.
Serves as member of Chicago Board
of Education (1905-08)
Helps to found the National
Association for the Advancement of Colored People (1909)
1st Vice President of National
American Woman Suffrage Association (1911-14)
Helps organize Woman's Peace
Party, elected 1st Chairman (1915)
Founds Women's International
League for Peace and Freedom, serves as President 1919-29
Helps found the American Civil
Liberties Union (1920)
Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, the
1st American woman recipient (1931)
Day 20: Mathematicians
Chronologically and alphabetically listed biographies of women
mathematicians, includes photos and references.
Moufang (1905 -
1977), from Darmstadt, Germany.
Passed the teacher's examination
at the University of Frankfurt (1929)
She earned a PhD in projective
geometry and “helped to create a new mathematical specialty in the
algebraic analysis of projective planes that drew upon a mixture of
geometry and algebra.”
Hitler's Minister of Education her
right to teach, instead she became the first German woman with a
doctorate to be employed in industry (1937)
Beginning in 1946, she was finally
allowed to teach at the university level and became the first German
woman professor at Frankfurt .
Day 21: Physicists
of 20th Century Women to Physics:
Presented here is an archive of more than 75 citations of 20th century
women who have made original and important contributions to physics.
Cauchois (1908 -
1999) from Paris, France
Noted for her realization of a
bent-crystal spectrometer working by transmission and pioneered in the
study of the energies of doubly and multiply ionized atomic states
using x-ray satellite emission lines. She was a professor of chemical
physics at the Sorbonne in Paris and, from 1953 to 1978, had served as
the director of the Laboratoire de Chimie Physique (Laboratory of
Physical Chemistry) at the Sorbonne (now the University of Paris VI).
Education included Licence es Sciences, Sorbonne (1928), Diplome
d'Etudes Supérieures, Sorbonne (1930), and Doctor es Sciences,
Day 22: Astronomers
of Women in Astronomy includes
brief biographical and career contributions of 26 women in the field of
(1944 to present)
Her research focuses on the
formation and evolution of galaxies and the evolution of structure in
Professor of Astronomy at the University of California,
Earned a B.A. in Physics (1966), Swarthmore College and a
Ph.D. in Astronomy, Harvard University (1972).
Has received many
distinguished honors, including being awarded the Centennial Medal of
the Harvard University Graduate School of Arts and Sciences (2006).
SDSC: Women in Science: profiles 16 women scientists. (San
Diego Supercomputer Center)
(1878-1072) from Oakland, California
She was an inventor, author,
industrial engineer, industrial psychologist, and mother of twelve
B.A., Literature from University
of California at Berkeley (1900)
First woman to speak at a
University of California commencement (1900)
Masters Degree, Literature, UC,
First woman member of the American
Society of Mechanical Engineers
First female professor at Purdue,
an the engineering school, as a professor of management (1935).
Awarded the Hoover Medal of the
American Society of Civil Engineers in1966.
Day 24: Scientists
in Science and Engineering
Archives. Iowa State University archives offer photographs,
manuscripts, and papers to record women's social history as well as the
story of their scientific achievements.
(Leola) Ellen Ford
(1917 to present) from Auburn, Indiana
An attorney, scientist, educator,
Her scientific research focused on
corn cytology and monoploids and revolutionized the progress and
development of the hybrid corn industry.
B.A. Wittenberg University
Masters degree from the University
of Minnesota (1949) ;
PhD in Cytogenetics and Botany
from Iowa State University (1952)
J.D. (1972) from the University of
Day 25: Philosophers
4000 Years of
Women Scientists Women
are, and always have been, scientists. This site lists over 125 names
our scientific and technical past, including inventors, scholars and
as well as mathematicians and astronomers before the 20th century.
(370 - 415 BCE)
from Alexandria, Egypt
Mathematician, Inventor, and
She is the author of three major
treatises on geometry and algebra and one on astronomy.
Credited with inventing: an
instrument for distilling water, an instrument to measure the specific
gravity of water, an astrolabe and a planisphere.
Her learning and science is
evident in statements attributed to her:
“Reserve your right to think, for
even to think wrongly is better than not to think at all”
and “To teach superstitions as
truth is a most terrible thing.”
However, intolerance in that era
resulted in her being killed by a fanatical Christian monks when they
dragged her from her classroom into the streets where they peeled her
to death with oyster shells.
Day 26: Lawyers
Women's Legal History
Biography Project developed
by students at Stanford Law School, includes pioneer profiles,
biographical chapters, articles, and other information about more than
a hundred women in the legal profession.
(1914-2001?) from Knoxville, Tennessee
Nashville lawyer and women's
Awarded Nashville’s “Promote Women
President of the Tennessee
Federation of BPW (1957-59) and at the national level as President of
(Papers kept at the Nashville
(Info re: BPW)
Day 27: Politicians
Biography contains a brief
biography of all women who have served or are currently serving in the
House of Representatives. Can be searched alphabetically,
chronologically, or by state.
Eshoo (1942 to
present), from New Britain, Connecticut
California’s United States House
of Representative, since 1993
San Mateo, California County Board
Supervisor for 10 years prior to becoming a congresswoman.
Government Leadership Award from
the Semiconductor Equipment Manufacturing Industry (2006)
Inaugural Congressional Award from
the American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering (2006)
Education: Honorary Doctorate,
Menlo College and an AA, English, from Canada College (1975).
Day 28: Congresswomen
Featured Women’s Biography
Americans in Congress, 1822 -
1995 provides biographical information about women and men in congress.
M. Velázquez (1953
to present) from Yabucoa, Puerto Rico
United States Representative,
Democrat of New York since 1993
Chairwoman of the House Small
Business Committee, making her the first Latina to ever chair a full
First in her family to graduate
from high school.
First Hispanic woman to serve on
the New York City Council
First Puerto Rican woman elected
Graduated from the University of
Puerto Rico in Rio Piedras (1974)
M.A. degree in political science
from New York University (1976)
Day 29: Senators
Biographical Directory of the United States Congress since 1774 to present provides a
search able database by name, position or state for women and men
members of Congress.
(1936 to present) from Baltimore, Maryland
Maryland’s United State Senator
Member on many Senate committees
including Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions
the Retirement Security and Aging Subcommittee; the Commerce, Justice,
and Science Subcommittee; the Defense Subcommittee;
the State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs Subcommittee; the
Transportation, Treasury, the Judiciary, Housing and Urban Development,
and Related Agencies Subcommittee; the Homeland Security Subcommittee;
and the Select Committee On Intelligence.
Former Maryland United State
Representative from 1977 to 1987
Graduated, Mount St. Agnes College
Graduate degree from the
University of Maryland School of Social Work (1965)
Day 30: First
First Ladies includes biographies of women whose
husbands were US Presidents, created by the National First Ladies
Featured First Lady:
Smith Adams (1744
- 1818 ) from Weymouth, Massachusetts
United States First Lady from 1797
She was a strong advocate for the
education for girls that was equal to that given to boys in the public
schools, although she herself had no formal education. At home, she was
taught to read and write and was given access to the extensive
libraries of her father (John Quincy, Speaker of the Massachusetts
Assembly for 40 years) and maternal grandfather, taking a special
interest in philosophy, theology, Shakespeare, the classics, ancient
history, government and law.
She was appointed by the
Massachusetts Colony General Court in 1775 “to question their fellow
Massachusetts women who were charged by their word or action of
remaining loyal to the British crown and working against the
Day 31: Women’s Rights Activists
Women of the Century organized
alphabetically, by category, and by decades, brief profiles and links
to additional information about women who have had an impact these 100
years are listed.
Featured Women’s Rights Activist:
Steinem (1934 to
present) from Ohio
A feminist leader, writer, and
Steinem helped define the feminist
movement since the ’60s. In 1972, she created Ms. magazine, the first
national women’s magazine run by women. She edited the magazine for
many years, as she continued to fight for civil rights, gay rights, and
recently checked: Feb 12, 2007
Thanks for Visiting Women's HerStory Month, March 2007
2000 - 2008 Women's Biography Sites. All