and government with links to the web pages that have more detail information
Name these three MOHs. What branches ?
( I'll sell you my book for 50% off )
For information about the CIB & EIB and MOH ( Combat Infantryman Badge,
Expert Infantryman Badge and the Medal of Honor) These three awards
and or military decorations are more controversial, in the history of the military
than any others. They still remain three of the most respected of all.
Righting Wrongs the Army Way
Over the years the military has developed a pyramid of honors, aNow what to do?
listing of awards, medals and decorations for its members, in an effort
to recognize the G.I. for a job well done, service rendered, and for valor.
One of the first Medals established was during the civil war, the highest
the country can bestow on its members for valor "above and beyond"..
The Medal of Honor. The history of this award is as long and interesting
as its misuse starting with the awarding of it to an entire Regiment who
guarded Washington D.C. in the Civil War. Over the years many who should
have been recommended for the Medal of Honor have not, or were passed over
because of bias or other political considerations; while others have receive it only
because of these very same reasons.
In 1995 a major effort was started to set right these wrongs with the retroactive
awarding of five medals of honor and the up-grading of the Distinguished Service
Cross to the MOH. Of these awards none were given to whites, four were black Americans and
one of Spanish decent. It took an executive presidential order to set the records straight and have
the awards presented to them, some posthumously.
This is only the renewed effort of other issues which are still in need of action. The worse of this is it attaches itself to two awards: the Bronze Star and the C.I. B.: Combat Infantryman Badge.
The C.I.B. is one of the most respected awards a soldier can receive and most
honored, even more so than the Medal of Honor. It has been said that the CIB is the only award worn above the ribbon of the Medal of Honor on the Army uniform. Many holders of the Medal of Honor have not also been bestowed the CIB. Yet it's also one of the most talked about and controversial awards the Army has.
The C.I.B. was established, and back dated, to 6th of December 1941 for action under hostel fire while engaged with an enemy of the United States of America, when the United States is not the belligerent party.
In general that is what the first criteria stated. Since then this wording has changed and been interpreted a 100 different ways, and there in lies the problem. That and several other facts one being the effort, well meaning as it may be, to use it to make up for the missed acts of "Valor" and service while "under fire". Consequently the Army has made it possible for a soldier who received the CIB or the Bronze Star Medal to be eligible for the other, there-by getting both.
In an attempt to right this wrong the Army has gone further and changed the basic criteria and has extended the time for which one can apply if he wants the award(s). The general interpretation of "under fire" in some cases has meant a quick trip out of HQ and fast pass near the front lines.
Then there is the issue of the Tanker not attached to an Infantry Regt. or other line unit, i.e. 6th Tk Ban Korea, the only Tank Ban for the entire Corps. in the early part of the Korean War.. To the best of my knowledge none of its members got the CIB (as tankers) because they did not have an Infantry MOS.
Then there is the Artillery FO who gets volunteered for days to spot for the Infantry units and is under fire all the time, not attached and no CIB. The Army Medic who gets the CMB (Combat Medical Badge) and returns for a second or third tour as an Infantryman and again is under fire does not get the CIB. Why? Because he got the CMB, not the same MOS. Why not ??
The line 2nd Lt. who sticks his neck out and lasts for a big 30 sec. or the young
1st Lt. who finds himself as CO of a rifle Company because his Capt. is KIA.
gets the CIB and rightly so. He's done his job and then some. But the Battalion
Commander who sits several 1000 yards or more away from the fire fight and
directs the operations and the Regimental Commander who flies over the area
in a scout plane to see how his unit is doing still get the CIB, "combat zone"
"under fire". Tell that to the GI in the fox-hole with mud up to his you know where.!
Well many a GI has taken the matter into his own hands and if the truth be known, not just one GI,
but many and units too. Here in is a list of Combat Awards that are identified in name and design
to fit the type of the branch within the Army.
All are front line combat troops and see some of the same action as their brother Infantrymen,
many in direct support of the infantry.(Ground combat Forces).
Or are like the tankers that helped the men of the 34th Inf. Regt. out of Taejon where they were
getting shot at by the very same people. Or the Armor Cav. units in Vietnam that flew many a mission and dropped out of choppers into a hot LZ. Or the Combat Engineers that blew up bridges over the Rhine in Germany and the Naktong Rivers in Korea and then gave supporting fire while the infantry pulled back.....
To add more salt to the wounds of the army, my research has shown that the Navy and Marine Corps and Coast Guard have “Combat Action Ribbons”. The Air Force for the most part uses the Air Medal in the same manner. These awards denote active participation in ground or air combat. If the participant is in more than one such action they can place a “bronze star device” on the ribbon for every action. For more than five such actions a “silver star device” and from then on subsequent ones with no limit. (except in the placement criteria when it limits the amount worn at one time on the same ribbon), (bronze or silver oak leaf for USAF).
Until something is done they will have their own award, unauthorized it may well be. The Tankers have the CAB, Combat Armor Badge, where the rifle sits in the CIB there is a Tank with crossed Cavalry Sabers and the backing is yellow not blue. The CCB, Combat Cavalry Badge, is almost the same as the tankers but with just the crossed sabers. The CAB, Combat Artillery Badge, (also know a CFAB:Combat Field Artillery Badge) is the same but with crossed cannons and on a red background. I have not seen the one for Engineers. I am told that its red background with the Engineer Corps design in center. There are also some for 2nd awards for Medics who were both Medics and one of the above.
Along with this comes the total CIB's one can be awarded.
The rules to date* state one per armed conflict or war. It has been extended to
include some of the US's most recent actions, like Bosnia. It also was extended from 1954 to date for Korea, although the criteria has again changed. Now it's counted in hours and days under fire in a combat zone. It can be awarded to a Command Sgt. Maj.. if he meets the right criteria and the same goes for the Col. in command of a Regt/RCT or whatever. This being true then, the 1st Award (no star) for WWII, 2nd Award (one star) for Korea, 3rd Award (two stars) for Vietnam, can there be a fourth, fifth, sixth or more ??
They're out there and some have and are wearing them. The 4th Award is with
3 stars on top of the wreath, 5th Award Gold wreath blue background, and 6th Award one star on top of wreath, 7th Award two stars on top of gold wreath and the 8th Award 3 stars on the gold wreath.*
Now, no matter how you count that, if a GI could be in the Infantry or attached
to same, he'd been in six wars since and including WWII. OK ? Count along;
WWII=1, Korea=2, Vietnam=3, Grenada=4,Pamna=5, and Desert Storm=6***, now you add in Somalia and Bosnia and you have 8 !!! and now Afganastine and Iraqi . But who lives that long
anyway ?? and as an Infantryman, I don't think so, him I'd like to meet !!!
The point to all this is, as long as the door is open to reconsider the up-grading for the DSC to the MOH, for some (8) eight men in 1995 and more since, this has set a precedence to review all awards and their criteria along with the act and the dates (window) in which they can be recommended and awarded. Can we, should we, overlook still more who have served their country with honor. Let's support any and all efforts that will over turn the old rules and write new ones to right the wrongs of the past and set the records straight. That is, if in fact the records can be found, which as I am sure you all know many millions were destroyed in a fire in St. Louis MO a few years ago. We all know someone who is deserving of this award and possibly many more.
*Note: information taken from several resources one of which:
Army Regulation 672-5-1 Chp#5 Sections #1 and #2, items 5-1 to 5-8.
August 1989 and updates of this regulations. New regulations as of 25 Feb. 1995
now add these actions and places. Laos, Dominican Republic, and Special Operations named such as the MAAG- Teams in Laos and the Army supported DEA teams to name two such operations. These are now eligible for the C.I.B. This would now bring the count to 10 (ten) or over. But wait ................
There is now a newer revision which states that the maximum that can be awarded is three C.I.B.s no matter how many conflicts the G.I. has been in and
met the criteria. Yet the Navy and Marine Corps and Coast Guard and Air Force member who participates in these same actions can place another “star device on their “combat action ribbon” or oak leaf on their Air Medal.....Some deal !!!!
*** There were some 3,000 CIBs awarded in Desert Storm!
Article @ 1998 David Baillie *
Now after a long research comes more up to date
regulation(s) that was on back selves of Army.
Back in 1943 when the C.I.B. and E.I.B. were approved; On the 27th Oct. 1943 War Department Circular # 269 and again on the 8th February 1952, the Chief of Staff for the Army approved the adding of stars to indicate awarding of the badge in separate wars. Regulations are now in place that provide for eight (8) such awards. These same regulations leave it open for more than eight (8).
* This follows the wording listed in the article by; David Baillie
The C.I.B. is awarded to any solider in the grade of Colonel and
lower who has met the criteria.
These newer rules/regulatiuons come via; Frank C. Schoch via
Center for Career Management Field and as part of 13 pages
from the Army's Institute of Heraldry: 06/03/2000
The Expert Infantryman Badge is a proficiency badge and is not awarded for combat action. In my day (1950's -1980's ) you had to be an E-4 or above NCO to take the course, and be recommended to take it.The Expert Infantryman Badge; EIB. It is a highly sought after award among career NCO's. To the best of my knowledge it is worn below all ribbons on the left breast pocket, above all marksmanship awards, on Army uniform.
The Blue metal badge with the silver rifle in the center without the silver wreath is NOT in any way connected to any type of combat action. It is a very select intense course for E-4 and up with Inf. MOS's and you have to be recommended to attend, only a few out of the class reach scores or grades high enough to earn the badge: ( around 10% make it )
( click on EIB for more information, which has details of the course one must pass. @ 1999 )
(It is worn below all the ribbons on Army uniform at all times,
(and above marksmanship medals etc., no matter how many (ribbons are worn and can be worn at same time as C.I.B..)*
*These uniform regs may have changed over the years so consult your newest regs.
The CIB; Combat Infantryman Badge, is awarded for combat action under a given criteria which has changed since it was established on 6th Dec 1941 with it being awarded retroactively for action back to that date.
Article @ 1998-up dated 1999 David Baillie
It is not the Congressional Medal of Honor,
IT IS THE MEDAL OF HONOR
It is so named in the law that established it in 1861
and 1862, "above and beyond "
A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE MEDAL OF HONOR
A Brief History - The Medal of Honor.
The first formal system for rewarding acts of individual gallantry
by the nation's fighting men was established by then Army
General George Washington on August 7, 1782. Designed to
recognize "any singularly meritorious action"; the award consisted of a purple cloth heart. Records show that only three persons received the award: Sergeant Elijah Churchill, Sergeant William Brown, and Sergeant Daniel Bissel Jr.
The Badge of Military Merit, as it was called, fell into oblivion until 1932, when General Douglas MacArthur, then Army Chief of Staff, pressed for its revival. Officially reinstituted on February 22, 1932, the now familiar Purple Heart was at first an Army award, given to those who had been wounded in World War I or who possessed a Meritorious Service Citation Certificate. In 1943, the order was amended to include personnel of the Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard. Coverage was eventually extended to include all services and " any civilian national " wounded while serving with the Armed Forces.Although the Badge of Military Merit fell into disuse after the Revolutionary War, the idea of a decoration for individual gallantry remained through the early 1800s. In 1847, after the outbreak
of the Mexican-American War, a " certificate of merit" was established for any soldier who distinguished himself in action. No medal went with the honor. After the Mexican-American War,
the award was discontinued, which meant there was no military
award with which to recognize the nation's fighting men.Early in the Civil War, a medal for individual valor was proposed
to General-in-Chief of the Army Winfield Scott. But Scott felt
medals smacked of European affectation and killed the idea.
The medal found support in the Navy, however, where it was felt recognition of courage in strife was needed. Public Resolution 82, containing a provision for a Navy medal of valor, was signed
into law by President Abraham Lincoln on December 21, 1861. The medal was "to be bestowed upon such petty officers, seamen, landsmen, and Marines as shall most distinguish themselves by their gallantry and other seaman like qualities during the present war."
Shortly after this, a resolution similar in wording was introduced on behalf of the Army. Signed into law July 12, 1862, the measure provided for awarding a Medal of Honor, " to such noncommissioned officers and privates as shall most distinguish themselves by their gallantry in action, and other soldier like qualities, during the present insurrection."Although it was created for the Civil War, Congress made the
Medal of Honor a permanent decoration in 1863. Almost 3,400 men and one woman have received the award for heroic actions in the nation's battles since that time.------------------------------------------------------* Quoted from " Armed Forces Decorations and Awards,"( for more information click on Medals and MOH ribbons)
a publication of the American Forces Information Service. Copies of the pamphlet are available upon request (in print format only), via the
" Defense LINK Comment/Question Form", in the " Questions" section.
** "Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army", March 2, 1903.
Medal of Honor
In a recent WEB research of sites I came across some rather new
information, or at least I thought it was new. I had always been under the
impression that there were only seven (7) men who were awarded the Medal of
Honor twice. Twice that is for two (2) different acts of Valor while in combat.
It came to my attention as of late there are 19 such men, or so it was told
me. I therefore struck out to find out for myself. I wanted to update my article
“The Magnificent Seven” April 20th 1995. It took me several days using only
the resources available on the WEB sites related to the Medal of Honor.
I found that my article is in fact correct there are only seven (7) men who
have the very special honor of being awarded the MOH twice for two separate acts of Valor. There are, or at least what I found, sixteen (16) who have been presented the MOH twice. However one was given it under two different names for the same act. Seven others where given it twice for the same act. Therefor unless someone else can find more up to date information and site their research,
I'll stand on the following:
2nd Lt. Thomas W. Custer, 10th May 1863 and again 26th May 1865. ( Highest rank held Capt.)
Maj.Gen. Frank D. Baldwin, 20th July 1864 and again 8th Nov. 1864 **
Coxswain, John Cooper, 5th Aug. 1864 and again 26th April 1865
Boatswains Mate, Patrick Mullen, 17th March 1865 and again 1st May 1865
Sgt. Maj. Daniel J. Daly, 14th Aug. 1900 and again 19th July 1901
Lt. Comm. John McCloy, 20th-22nd June 1900 and again 22nd April 1915
Maj. Gen. Smedley D. Butler, 19th July 1901 and again 22nd April 1915 *
Note:* Maj. Gen. S.D. Butler, USMC also was awarded the Marine Corps Brevet
Medal, at the time of it being awarded the rules would not allow for a Major
and above to be awarded the MOH. If not for those rules then Maj. Butler
( at the time of his last award, he was a Major ) may very well have become the
only man ever to be presented the MOH three times for three different acts of Valor.
Note* 2 : all ranks above highest held, not necessary at time of action.
Note **3: Maj. Gen. Frank D. Baldwin, was recommended for the MOH a third time
but the paper work never got forwarded because his commander was KIA.
There is a open question about: ................................................................
Louis Willaims, who some records show as being presented the MOH twice
and for two different acts. Both acts however were in and around the Indian
Wars of 1883-84. He was one who died at the “Little Big Horn” and his last
act was at that engagement. There in lies the question, who was alive to see
his second act for him to be awarded the MOH ? In my research I list him as
NOT having a second MOH but in fact was recommend for the same act at two
different times ??
The Navy MOH was awarded for many years for Valor of saving life and not
all the time under combat conditions. There are also several “special” MOH
that were issued to persons that either were in the military in the past or in
some way part of the military as employees of one type of another. In my view
these were NOT Medals of Honor for Valor . Some were very outstanding feats
but should not be listed or given the same title as the MOH that is given for
Valor under combat conditions. It is impart because of these “Congressional”
issued medals, which were “cast” in different modes then the Military MOH
that the term “Congressional Medal of Honor” is again supported, wrongly too.
I am always open for feedback and welcome more up to date information on
any and all of the above.
NOW COMES STILL ANOTHER TERM, USED BY MEDIA !
"Congressional Gold Medal" which was presented at recent music awards show. It was already miss "quoted" and the term used was; ( 1999 ) "congressional medal of honor". The paths we weave. Can't we get anything right ? There is only one ;
Medal of Honor
The Medal of Honor was not always awarded for
"courage above and beyond" the call of duty.
By Byron Farwell
(reprinted here by Scottie/ David Baillie; webmaster)
The highest decoration awarded by the United States, and its only national medal
for valor of military merit in the 19th century is the Medal of Honor.
Because it is customarily bestowed by the president "in the name of the Congress,"
it is frequently, and erroneously, called the "Congressional Medal of Honor."
Before the Civil War, the United States, unlike European nations, had no standard medals. On August 7, 1782, during the Revolutionary War, General George Washington authorized the award of a Purple Heart. This was not a medal but a cloth badge of purple silk edged in lace. There is no record of more than three ever having been awarded.
Washington was presented with a medal (manufactured in Paris) for driving the British out of Boston in March 1776, and John Paul Jones and Horatio Gates were each given one-of-a-kind medals. Chambers of commerce, citizens and groups of officers sometimes awarded medals, but no national medals or criteria for awarding them were established.
Officers were usually rewarded with brevet rank. During the Mexican War (184648) and later, enlisted men who distinguished themselves in battle were given the Meritorious Service Citation Certificate, commonly
called the Certificate of Merit.
In 1861, Lt. Col. Edward Davis Townsend, assistant adjutant general in Washington, recommended the creation of a medal for valor. General Winfield Scott, although noted for his love of military finery, rejected the idea as "contrary to the spirit of American institutions." But the Navy liked the idea, and on December 9, 1861, Senator James W. Grimes of Iowa, chairman of the Committee on Naval Affairs, proposed it.
The bill passed both houses, and on December 21 Lincoln signed it into law.
The act authorized 200 Medals of Honor for sailors, and on May 15, 1862, the U.S. Mint was ordered to make 175. The original medal was made of copper coated with bronze, which gave it a somewhat reddish cast, and each one cost $1.85.
On February 17,1862, Senator Henry Wilson of Massachusetts, chairman of the Senate Committee on Military Affairs, had proposed a similar medal for the Army, and that bill was signed into law on July 12. The Army medal was to be awarded "to such noncommissioned officers and privates as shall most distinguish themselves by their gallantry in action, and other soldier like qualities, during the present insurrection." The original purpose of the medal was to improve the efficiency of the troops, and acts of bravery were not necessarily required. Army officers did not become eligible until March 3, 1863, but the award was made retroactive to the beginning of the war. The revision was largely ignored, however. After the war, three medals were awarded to officers, but they received the award for their service as enlisted men. There were many awards that were conferred upon officers much later, particularly in the 1890s, when the Grand Army of the Republic, a politically powerful veterans' organization, demanded that more medals be presented.
After General Arthur MacArthur--Douglas's father--was successful in his claim for a medal in 1890, other officers applied for it. Between 1891 and 1896, there were 67 awards to officers for gallantry during the Civil War, 45 of whom were still on active duty. Not until 1915 were naval officers entitled to the award.
The Army had ordered 2,000 medals made, at a cost of $2 each, in November 1862. The medal was similar to the Navy medal but carried a different design.
The first medals were given to the surviving six participants in the Andrews Raid--those involved in the great locomotive chase of April 1862--by Secretary of War, Edwin Stanton on March 25, 1863.
The significance later associated with the medal was not attributed to it originally; many were passed out haphazardly. During the Civil War 1,520 were awarded,
of which 1,196 were given to soldiers and 17 to Marines. There were many instances of what were later considered inappropriate awards. The most egregious distribution occurred when medals were awarded to 309 men of the 27th Maine, none of whom had ever been in battle. The 864 men in the regiment had enlisted for only nine months, and on June 30, 1863, they were all to be discharged. Four days before that date, and five days before the Battle of Gettysburg, they were asked to stay at their post, guarding Washington, D.C.
All refused until they were offered the Medal of Honor. With that bribe, 309 agreed to remain. Their extended tour was only four days, and they were not required to fight. Nevertheless, they had been promised the medal, and orders were issued to give it to every member of the regiment. The governor of Maine was sent 864. After distributing medals to the 309 who had remained, he refused to hand out any more. The remaining medals were stashed in his barn and were later stolen.
In 1917, under the provisions of Section 122 of the Act of Congress of June 3, 1916, 911 awards of the Medal of Honor, including all those awarded to soldiers of the 27th Maine, were revoked.
Only one woman was ever awarded a Medal of Honor Mary Walker, an army surgeon. Her medal was among those revoked in 1917, but political pressure from women's groups caused it to be posthumously restored in 1977.
Twenty-four African Americans earned the award in the American Civil War (8 sailors and 16 soldiers).
The First; Sergeant William Carney, saved the regimental flag of the 54th Massachusetts Inf. Regt. in an attack on Fort Wagner, S.C., on July 18, 1863. He was awarded the Medal of Honor in 1900. Sergeant Llewellyn P. Norton of the 10th New York Cavalry was awarded the Medal of Honor on July 3, 1865, for his heroism in the Battle of Sayler's Creek, Va., on April 6, but he did not learn of it until 23 years later when he read his name among a list of recipients in Appleton's Cyclopedia.
Only five ( seven ) soldiers have ever received the Medal of Honor twice. One of them was Thomas Ward Custer, younger brother of George Armstrong Custer; both brothers died in the Battle of the Little Bighorn on June 25, 1876. No one has earned it three times.(see above this page )*
While the Medal of Honor was undergoing its genesis in the north, the Congress
of the Confederate States of America passed a law in 1862, calling for a Roll of Honor to be published after every battle. The names of those who distinguished themselves were to be read on parade, included in official records, and published in newspapers, although only seldom were any of those things actually done. The only Confederate award, the Davis Guard Medal, was awarded to the 44 members of Company F, 3rd Texas Artillery (formed from the Davis Guards), and CSA President Jefferson Davis by the residents of Sabine City for gallantry in the Battle of Sabine Pass on September 8, 1863.
On June 26, 1897, new regulations were adopted regarding criteria for awarding the Medal of Honor. Claimants were required to supply war department records of eyewitnesses. Claims could not be submitted by the intended recipient, and recommendations had to be made within one year of the performance of the act, although the government appears to have been flexible on that point. In the 19th century, in addition to the 1,520 medals awarded during the Civil War, 15 were awarded for gallantry in the Korean War of 1871, 109 for the Spanish-American War, and 59 for the Boxer Rebellion in China. Only two have been awarded for
feats in peacetime, both in the 20th century: One was awarded to General Adolphus Greely in 1935, the year of his death, for his Arctic explorations, and the other to Charles Lindbergh in 1927 for his famous transatlantic flight on May 20-21 of that year.
Unlike the British Victoria Cross and the French Légion d'Honneur, which can be and has been awarded to foreign nationals, the Medal of Honor cannot be awarded to anyone who is not a U.S. citizen. Like the Victoria Cross, the Medal of Honor has become increasingly more difficult to earn, and the esteem given its recipients
has dramatically increased. President Harry S. Truman said, "I would rather have that medal than be president of the United States," and General George S. Patton said, "I'd give my soul for that decoration." *
"Scottie" Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
The reader can put two and two together and by reading the above articles can understand the webmasters point of view.
The Medal of Honor, should be called/and the words used as the law that established it designed. "Medal Of Honor" no other.
There have been through U.S. history and the history of the MOH, many persons who received the MOH for less than "valor" acts "above and beyond". The webmaster does not nor did not count, include these in totals or looks at them in the same way as "acts of valor".
In the same way the Combat Infantryman Badge (CIB) should be given for persons in "combat" and to anyone who has infantry MOS or is attached to an infantry unit; Company, Regt. BDE., Div., and the like. They should also be able to receive the award as many times as they meet the criteria. !
Well now some wrongs have been made right ! Over the Presidency of
Pres. Wm. J. Cliton there have been some two dozen awards given out.
Most to living relatives and some over 100 years "late", but better late than never.
Now there are some very special MOH that were
awarded as of recent.
Lt. Col. Theodore "Teddy" Roosevelt and his son become two of the only father and sons to be awarded the MOH. And the only father and son to receive it posthumously.
The other father and son, Arthur and Douglas Mac Arthur, but they were both alive when they received theirs. There now have
been many others given to relatives posthumously some over 50
years after their act of valor.
Medal Of Honor
BULLRUN TO BERBER
Hung around the neck, sharp and keen...
Blue, with white stars, in all thirteen...
Few who dare, alive to wear, hung around the neck..
Many gave the highest gift, so others lived..
All who own it, deny "hero" would have done, what the heck..
Membership never large, growing smaller, older by the day..
2,300 not much more, service to God and Country they gave..
135 years from Bullrun to Berbera, brave among the brave..
Only one saluted by Generals all, when not often seen..
Blue, with white stars, in all thirteen..
Army, Navy, Air Force, Coast Guard and Marine..
No stories need to tell, all know full well, when seen..
Always their debt to pay, try hard as we may, never done..
Shadows fall, distant sounds fade away, gone the sun..
Hung around the neck, sharp and keen..
Blue, with white stars, in all thirteen..
All who wear the Blue and White, would rise tall..
None, no none, said "I can't go" and gladly answered call..
All who wear the Blue and White, pray there are no more..
Private to General, matters not their calling, equal all..
Ocean to mountain to valley floor, the rich and the poor..
Hung around the neck, sharp and keen..
Look you one and all for it well could be the last time seen..
Blue, with white stars, in all thirteen..
David Baillie @ 1997
If you have comments or suggestions, email me at :email@example.com
New information on the C.I.B. (Combat Infantryman Badge)
First Award retroactive to 7th Dec. 1941 ( WWII )
To Awards Page Click Silver Star below;
Silver Star with Oak Leaf Cluster
( 2nd Award )
Email with comments; firstname.lastname@example.org
Edward G. Bardfield, memorial page and others
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