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Broadcast, Scientific, and Industrial Television

Miniature Vidicon Cameras

The miniature 1/2" vidicon camera tube, in combination with the transistor, made possible much smaller cameras.  These cameras were incorporated into systems for industry, home use, and live pick-up for broadcasting.

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The system pictured above consists of a standard TV receiver, a miniature camera, and a modulator.  It was designed for home use. 

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Pictured above is the "Creepie Peepie" portable broadcast camera and associated transmitter.  Win Pike is shooting the action at Princeton Country Club.  This rig was nominated for an Emmy for Best Technical Achievement for 1956, but Ampex took home the statue for their Video Tape Recorder.

Scientific Television

Before the Hubble Space Telescope, there were balloon-launched telescopes called Stratoscope I and II.  Stratoscope I used a television to aim a film camera, while Stratoscope II used television to send images back to Earth.  By getting the cameras above most of the Earth's atmosphere, astronomers were able to take advantage of the full resolution of the instuments. 

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The sun was a primary subject of the Stratoscope I work.  Getting the telescope above the atmosphere gave unprecedented views of the granulation visible on the solar surface, which led to greater understanding of how gasses move on the sun and all other stars.  Stratoscope II, with its larger primary mirror (3 feet) was used for planetary and deep-space studies.

Scientific Television