Marxist Criticism

An approach of literary criticism, based on the economic and political theories of Karl Marx, that interprets a literary work as both a reflection and a product of economic conflict between the social classes. The basic assumption of Marxist criticism is that those who control a society's economy also control or largely influence its cultural and intellectual products. Traditional Marxist critics such as Gyorgy Lukacs and Lucien Goldman, study the relationship between historical epochs and the rise and fall of certain literary forms -- for example, nineteenth-century Realism or seventeenth-century tragedy. Contemporary Marxists see literature, as well as history, as something that must be constantly rewritten to serve current policy or needs.

People of the Movement

Gyorgy Lukacs
Antonio Gramsci
Lucien Goldman

Related Movements

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