Julia Kristeva (1941-)

Bulgarian born French Psychoanalytic Critic, and educator.


Born and educated in Bulgaria, Kristeva immigrated to France in 1966 where she was research assistant to the Structuralism and Marxist Criticism critic, Lucien Goldman. The critic Roland Barthes became her mentor.


Kristeva is best known for her writings in structurist linguistics, Psychoanalytic Criticism, Semiology or Semiotics and Feminism.


Two distinct trends characterize her writings: an early structuralist-semiotic phase and a later psychoanalytic-feminist phase. Her writings include:

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