Julia Kristeva (1941-)
Bulgarian born French Psychoanalytic
Critic, and educator.
Born and educated in Bulgaria, Kristeva immigrated to France in 1966 where she
was research assistant to the Structuralism and Marxist Criticism critic, Lucien Goldman. The
critic Roland Barthes became her mentor.
Kristeva is best known for her writings in structurist linguistics, Psychoanalytic Criticism, Semiology or Semiotics and Feminism.
Two distinct trends characterize her writings: an early
structuralist-semiotic phase and a later psychoanalytic-feminist phase.
Her writings include:
- Semeiotike: recherches pour une semanalyse(1969)
- Polylogue (1977)
- Des Chinoises (1974; About Chinese Women)
- Au Commencement etait l'amour: psychanalyse et foi
(1985; In the Benginning was love: Psychoanalysis and
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