Carl (Gustav) Jung (1875-1961)

Swiss phychologist and psychiatrist whose theories were the basis of a form of literary criticism known as "Archetypal" criticism (a branch of Psychoanalytic Criticism). In Jung's terms, archetypes are instinctive patterns having a universal character expressed in behavior and images.

History

Born in Kesswill, Switzerland, Jung studied at Basel, and Zurich. from 1907 to 1912, Jung was Sigmund Freud's close collaborator. In later years, Jung taught psychology in Zurich and Basel.

Movements

Psychoanalytic Criticism

Writings

Influential People

Sigmund Freud

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