Carl (Gustav) Jung (1875-1961)
Swiss phychologist and psychiatrist whose theories were the basis of a form
of literary criticism known as "Archetypal"
criticism (a branch of Psychoanalytic Criticism).
In Jung's terms, archetypes are instinctive patterns having a universal
character expressed in behavior and images.
Born in Kesswill, Switzerland, Jung studied at Basel, and Zurich.
from 1907 to 1912, Jung was Sigmund Freud's
close collaborator. In later years, Jung taught psychology in Zurich and Basel.
- Wandlungen und Symbole der Libido (1912; Psychology of the
- Psychologische Typen (1921; Psychological Types)
- Collected Works (4 volumes)
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