Feminist Criticism

Feminism in general is a position, not necessarily confined to women or to literary criticism, having to do with the advocacy and encouragement of equal rights and opportunities for women -- politically, socially, psychologically, personally and aesthetically. The modern flourishing of this movement has been traced by some to a publication of Simone de Beauvoir's, The Second Sex (1949). In literary criticism, feminism is a mode of discourse that emphasizes and analyzes the gender relationships in text. The general thrust of feminist critics has been to condemn male attitudes toward women, charging that men have historically imposed their will on women in order to convince them of their inherent inferiority. Such a male view of the world has been called "phallocentrism".

People of the Movement

Julia Kristiva is a noted feminist critic who is aligned with the Psychoanalytic group.

also:

Cixous
Gilligan
Haraway
Hooks
Iragaray
Rich

Related Movements

In recent years, feminist criticism has been combied with other current modes of criticism, such as psychoanalytic criticism, Marxist criticism and Poststructuralism. It has also developed internal divisions, resulting, for example, in a group of black feminist critics who have added a racial orientation.

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