M.H. Abrams Literary Classification

This is a way of catagorizing literature and literary critcism developed by M.H. Abrams. It is essentially based on deciding what is the most important aspect or aspect of text in general. Once that is decided the critic can evaluate the text based on that criterion or those criteria.

Mimetic Criticism

Mimetic criticism judges the literary work based in terms of the "truth" of its representation of the reality of the world and of human life and character.

Marxist Criticism

Pragmatic Criticism

Pragmatic criticism focuses on a literary work as something designed to produce emotional or moral responses in the reader, and on how those effects are produced.

Marxist Criticism
Reader-Response Criticism

Expressive Criticism

Expressive criticism views a work as an expression of the individuality of the author.

Psychoanalytic Criticism

Objective Criticism

Objective Criticism focuses on the intrinsic qualities of a literary work. treating it as an object of art that can be studied and evaluated without reference to author or reader.

New Criticism
Formalism (Russian)
Structuralism

One of the most fascinating things about the Post-Structuralist movements is that they are impossible to classify under any one of the catagories. For example. Some psychoanalytic critics, such as Jaques Lacan, continue to focus on the author, but now are interested in analyzing how the structure of the language itself can subvert authorial intention, which is in a sense an objective analysis.

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