North Korea


Seymour Hersh's timeline of North Korean nuclear program Larry Niksch: North Korea's Coming ICBM


U.S. Expert Unconvinced N. Korea Can Make Nuclear Bomb China, Russia hopeful on North Korea crisis, as Americans brief Japan North Korea Won't Recognize State Dep't. Ideologue (Inter Press Service, 04 August 2003) White House rejects nonaggression pledge for North Korea (San Francisco Chronicle, 22 July 2003) Proposals To N. Korea Weighed: U.S. Might Offer No-Attack Pledge (Washington Post, 22 July 2003) Korea nuclear talks bid fails (BBC News, 12 July 2003) Koreas Agree on Peaceful Fix to Nuke Flap (AP, 11 July 2003) Pre-nuclear blasts in North Korea (The Sydney Morning Herald, 10 July 2003) Fear US will push N Korea into fight (The Australian, 10 July 2003) Pyongyang says blockade will lead to war (Sydney Morning Herald, 18 June 2003) U.S., N. Korea Drifting Toward War, Perry Warns: Former Defense Secretary Says Standoff Increases Risk of Terrorists Obtaining Nuclear Device (Washington Post, 15 June 2003) Korea: Ominous removal of America's 'tripwire' (Asia Times, 13 June 2003) S Korea enhances defence budget to counter North (The News International, 12 June 2003) Iran nuke experts visited N.Korea-report (Reuters, 11 June 2003) U.S. Can't Rule Out N.Korea Strike, Perle Says (Reuters, 11 June 2003) N. Korean threat concerns Canberra (Washington Times, 09 June 2003) North Korea threatens to counter US arms build up (The News International, 9 June 2003) Despite talk of diplomacy, US-N. Korea standoff hardens (Christian Science Monitor, 9 June 2003) No quick solution to N Korean crisis: Wolfowitz (The Straits Times, 31 May 2003) North Korea nuclear mishap more likely than attack, says U.N. expert (Reuters, 30 May 2003) N Korea warns US of nuclear retaliation (ABC News Online [Australian Broadcasting Corporation], 29 May 2003) North Korea not facing sanctions soon: Koizumi (The Japan Times Online, 26 May 2003) Japan Cracks Down on Firms Tied to N. Korea (Washington Post, 22 May 2003) Nuclear accord still valid: Seoul (The News International Pakistan, 20 May 2003) North Korea Warns South of 'Disaster' (AP, 20 May 2003) Is It Legal to Stop North Korea's Nuclear Exports? (New York Times, 18 May 2003) US to toughen stand on N Korea, Syria: Rice (Hindustan Times, 15 May 2003) Pyongyang has dozens of nukes, top defector says (Sydney Morning Herald, 14 May 2003)

A man claiming to be a former North Korean People's Army general who fled the impoverished state last year has told a Japanese publication that Pyongyang secretly imported nuclear bombs from the former Soviet Union and developed dozens of its own weapons.

N. Korea fired laser at troops (Washington Times, 13 May 2003) Kim feared targeting after Saddam (Sydney Morning Herald, 13 May 2003) U.S.-N. Korea Tension Grows (AP, 13 May 2003) Wrong War, Wrong Place, Wrong Time: Why Military Action Should Not Be Used to Resolve the North Korean Nuclear Crisis (Cato Foreign Policy Briefing No. 76, 12 May 2003) North Korea says a no-nuke accord with South Korea nullified (AP, 12 May 2003) Lessons From Iraq Include How to Scare North Korean Leader (New York Times, 12 May 2003) Japan studied attack on North Korea - report (The Southland Times, 9 May 2003) S.Korea Sees No Sign of North's Nuclear Activity (Reuters, 8 May 2003) Plan for N. Korea Will Mix Diplomacy and Pressure (Washington Post, 7 May 2003) North Korea Urges U.S. Action on 'Bold Proposal' (Reuters, 5 May 2003) Observers disagree on how official the North Korean drug trade is (Sydney Morning Herald, 5 May 2003) Bush Shifts Focus to Nuclear Sales by North Korea (New York Times, 5 May 2003) N. Korea has '300 nukes' (, 4 May 2003) Seoul backs off demand for a seat at nuclear talks (Joong Ang Daily, 2 May 2003) North Korea Urges Workers to be Prepared for War With U.S. (AP, 2 May 2003) US split on handling N. Korea: After Pyongyang's nuclear claims last week, hardliners spar with those who advocate more talks. (Christian Science Monitor, 30 April 2003) Bush Would Consider Preemptive Strike: Expert (The Chosun Ilbo, 30 April 2003) N. Korea: Sanction move could trigger war (AP, 30 April 2003) 'Heads will roll' in State Department (Chicago Sun-Times, 28 April 2003) US plans 'Cuba lite' blockade on North Korea (Telegraph, 27 April 2003) McCain: N. Korea Bigger Threat Than Iraq (AP, 26 April 2003) Bush accuses North Korea of blackmail after talks fail (, 26 April 2003) Bush warns N Korea (The Weekend Australian, 26 April 2003) Wolfowitz rejects account of China North Korea summit diplomacy (AFP, 26 April 2003) Wolfowitz blocked China hosted summit on North Korea in 1980s: documents (AFP, 25 April 2003) Experts Doubt N. Korean Nuclear Claim (AP, 25 April 2003) U.S. Had Advance Word of N. Korea Nuclear Claim (Reuters, 25 April 2003) Rumsfeld: North Korea talks did not move toward solution (Ha'aretz, 25 April 2003) North Korea pushing ahead with "deterrence," says forces battle-ready (AFP, 25 April 2003) N Korea talks over: Powell (AFP, 25 April 2003) N. Korea admits having nuclear weapons (Knight-Ridder, 24 April 2003) North Korea's War Strategy of Massive Retaliations against US Attacks (Information Clearing House, 24 April 2003) U.S., N. Korea talks near collapse: NBC reports Pyongyang admitted having nuclear weapons (MSNBC, 24 April 2003) North Korean flights unsettle crisis talks (Sydney Morning Herald, 24 April 2003) N. Korea Claims to Have Nuclear Weapons, U.S. Officials Say (Washington Post, 24 April 2003) N. Korea: U.S. Leading Region Toward War (AP, 24 April 2003) China Looks Like Winner in N. Korea Talks (Los Angeles Times, 24 April 2003) U.S., North Korea End Nuclear Talks in Beijing (Reuters, 24 April 2003) Russian official predicts 'catastrophic' events (Sydney Morning Herald, 24 April 2003) North Korea issues war warning to US (Guardian, 24 April 2003) Chalmers Johnson: Korea, South and North, at Risk

South Koreans are no doubt watching the "multilateral" talks between the United States, North Korea and China with great interest, but they would do well to chart their own course to security on the Korean peninsula.


If President Roh were to ask American troops to leave South Korea altogether, with perhaps only a treaty promising an American "nuclear umbrella" in case the North ever did use nuclear weapons, a reconciliation between the two Koreas might come very speedily. The South risks little by trying this strategy, since its own armed forces are fully capable of matching any Northern threat short of a nuclear attack.

China plays key role in Korea talks: Bringing America to table raises profile of Asia's economic power (The Guardian, 23 April 2003) N Korea admits nuke defection (The Australian, 23 April 2003) Rumsfeld Calls for Regime Change in North Korea (Telegraph, 22 April 2003)

A secret Donald Rumsfeld memorandum calling for regime change in North Korea was leaked yesterday, opening a fresh foreign policy split in the Bush administration.

N. Korea Is No Place to Apply Iraq 'Lessons' (Los Angeles Times, 22 April 2003) US blueprint to bomb N Korea (The Australian, 22 April 2003) Korea's DMZ: 'Scariest place on Earth' (, 22 April 2003) 'NK Poses Threats to Global Security' (The Korea Times, 22 April 2003) U.S., North Korea in Beijing for Nuclear Talks (Reuters, 22 April 2003) US plan to bomb North Korea (The Australian, 22 April 2003) Secret US file: oust regime in Pyongyang (Sydney Morning Herald, 22 April 2003) Lugar says N. Korea nukes beg war option (The Washington Times, 21 April 2003) Administration Divided Over North Korea (New York Times, 21 April 2003)

This story was buried on page A15 of the New York Times, and the most important part of the story -- the memo circulated by Rumsfeld calling for toppling the North Korean government -- was completely missing from the headline.

"WASHINGTON, April 20 -- Just days before President Bush approved the opening of negotiations with North Korea over its nuclear program, Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld circulated to key members of the administration a Pentagon memorandum proposing a radically different approach: the United States, the memo argued, should team up with China to press for the ouster of North Korea's leadership."

N.Korea 'Corrects' Nuclear Reprocessing Statement (Reuters, 21 April 2003) S.Korea Sees U.S. Talks with North Going Ahead (Reuters, 21 April 2003) Japan questions Rumsfeld's remarks over N Korea (Japan Today, 20 April 2003) Smuggle ring lures N. Korea defectors (New York Post Online, 19 April 2003 N Korean scientists defect (The Weekend Australian, 19 April 2003) What China should do about North Korea (Asia Times, 18 April 2003) Uncertainties loom over North Korea talks (Asia Times, 18 April 2003) North Korea "successfully reprocessing" nuclear fuel rods (Agence France Presse, 18 April 2003) U.S. official: N. Korea move 'insulting' (, 18 April 2003) Pyongyang must dismantle nuclear weapons: Bush (Sydney Morning Herald, 18 April 2003) North Korea 'Successfully Reprocessing' Fuel Rods (Washington Post, 18 April 2003) Chalmers Johnson: Korea, South and North, at Risk (17 April 2003) North Korea climbs down on nuclear talks (Independent, 17 April 2003) North Koreans and U.S. Plan Talks in Beijing Next Week (New York Times, 16 April 2003) Bush: Iraq War Drove N. Korea to Concede (Washington Post, 14 April 2003) With N. Koreans, a Quiet Diplomacy: Network of Academics, Officials at Work to Break Impasse (Washington Post, 12 April 2003) U.S. to Respond to N.Korea Via Diplomatic Channels (Reuters, 12 April 2003) U.S. Says N.Korea's Neighbors Key to Ending Crisis (Reuters, 12 April 2003) North Korea Makes Big Shift in Nuclear Talks Demand (Reuters, 12 April 2003) N Korea 'ready for war': North Korea's secretive leader, Kim Jong-il, has reportedly made a highly symbolic visit to an air force base, hours after the fall of Baghdad. (BBC, 11 April 2003) Russian defence chief urges North Korea to take back nuclear inspectors (Agence France Presse, 11 April 2003) China's and U.S. Discuss Iraq, North Korea (Reuters, 11 April 2003) Alarm as North Korean planes enter Japan's airspace (Sydney Morning Herald, 10 April 2003) North Korea says no to nuclear inspections (Agence France-Presse, 10 April 2003) CIA Report: N. Korea Goal Is Two Nukes a Year (Reuters, 10 April 2003) UN discussion of nuke issue 'a prelude to war': Pyongyang (The Straits Times, 10 April 2003) North Korea reminds Japan it is within striking distance (Agence France-Presse, 9 April 2003) China Blocks U.N. Statement Condemning N. Korea: Move Hampers Security Council's Effort to Pressure Pyongyang Over Nuclear Weapons Program (Washington Post, 9 April 2003) U.S. Tells Iran, Syria, N. Korea 'Learn from Iraq' (Reuters, 9 April 2003)

"With respect to the issue of the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction in the post-conflict period, we are hopeful that a number of regimes will draw the appropriate lesson from Iraq that the pursuit of weapons of mass destruction is not in their national interest," Bolton told a news conference.

Tracy McVeigh: North Korea and the US 'on a slide towards conflict' (The Observer, 6 April 2003)

War in North Korea is now almost inevitable because of the country's diplomatic stalemate with America, a senior UN official claims.

U.N. Envoy Sees 'Real Potential' for N. Korea War (Reuters, 3 April 2003) Andrew Grice: Britain and US in crisis talks over North Korea (, 1 April 2003) Pakistan purchases N. Korean missiles (Washington Times, 31 March 2003) N.Korea Vows No Nuclear Concessions, Cites Iraq (Reuters, 29 March 2003) Senior War Lobbyist [Richard Perle] is Forced to Resign (, 28 March 2003)

"Last week he reportedly took part in a Goldman Sachs conference call to advise clients on investment opportunities arising from the war, and its implications for confrontation with North Korea."

US diplomat resigns over Iraq: A senior American diplomat in Mongolia has resigned, saying Washington's policies towards Iraq and North Korea are making the world more dangerous. (BBC, 27 March 2003) North Korea warns of threat of nuclear war (Herald Sun Sunday, 23 March 2003) North Korea says it will be next target of US war (Boston Globe, 22 March 2003) North Koreans to join Berkeley nuclear meetings: Unofficial talks aim to jump-start communications US says N. Korea 'months away' from nuclear weapons potential How to Deal With North Korea North Korea tests cruise missile in campaign of brinkmanship with Washington Congress urged to permit 'low-yield' atomic weapons: Pentagon's bid to roll back nonproliferation policy makes U.S. a hypocrite, Tauscher says

The Pentagon also is about to take the first public step toward obtaining a high-yield, earth-penetrating nuclear weapon that could be aimed at North Korea's underground nuclear and missile production facilities, according to senior Bush administration officials.

US lets N. Korea get nuclear data N. Korea Says Bush Remark Signals Strike Bush sends B-52s to Guam after North Korean jets buzz plane North Korea accuses US of war mongering Korean jets intercept US spy plane Secret, Scary Plans

"[...] several factions in the administration are serious about a military strike if diplomacy fails, and since the White House is unwilling to try diplomacy in any meaningful way, it probably will fail. The upshot is a growing possibility that President Bush could reluctantly order such a strike this summer, risking another Korean war."

"Thinking the Unthinkable" -- Jonathan Schell discusses the crisis the US faces with North Korea and the looming war with Iraq (audio) Korean defiance piles pressure on Bush US is told by North Korea: turn on us and you get total war North Korea threatens US with 'total war' North Korea threatens US with first strike U.S. Bombers on Alert to Deploy as Warning to North Koreans (New York Times, 4 February 2003) Seymour Hersh: The Cold Test: What the Administration knew about Pakistan and the North Korean nuclear program. (The New Yorker, 27 January 2003) Arkin: Bush has lowered bar for using ultimate weapon (Los Angeles Times, 26 January 2003) 'Axis of Evil' Rhetoric Said to Heighten Dangers: Many foreign policy observers think Bush's phrasing, although effective on the home front, caused serious damage abroad (Los Angeles Times, 21 January 2003)

"'It was harmful both conceptually and operationally,' said Graham Allison, government professor and former dean of the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. 'Conceptually, the 'axis' suggested a relationship among the entities that doesn't exist. More important, operationally, the reaction of the world and the North Korea debacle demonstrates that it was a mistake.'"

US hardliners discussed attacking North Korea (, 20 January 2003)

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Last modified: Thu Jan 22 13:31:30 CST 2004