Chalmers Johnson, author of Blowback, speaks about his new book The Sorrows of Empire: How the Americans Lost Their Country (Flashpoints, 19 September 2003) Chalmers Johnson, author of Blowback, speaks on September 12, 2001 Terror crackdown has not reduced al-Qaida threat, warns thinktank: Iraq war and internet aids network (The Guardian, 14 May 2003)

Al-Qaida remains a "potent" international terrorist network with more than 18,000 trained members at large in up to 90 countries, and could take a generation to dismantle, a leading international affairs thinktank warned yesterday.

The warning came in the annual strategic survey of the International Institute for Strategic Studies whose author, Jonathan Stevenson, said the Riyadh bombings "bore the hallmarks" of an al-Qaida operation.

The bombings "may be the first indication that the regime change in Iraq in the short term is going to cause a terrorist backlash and be an inspiration for terrorists", he added.

America used Islamists to arm the Bosnian Muslims: The Srebrenica report reveals the Pentagon's role in a dirty war (Guardian/UK, 22 April 2002)

In the 1980s Washington's secret services had assisted Saddam Hussein in his war against Iran. Then, in 1990, the US fought him in the Gulf. In both Afghanistan and the Gulf, the Pentagon had incurred debts to Islamist groups and their Middle Eastern sponsors. By 1993 these groups, many supported by Iran and Saudi Arabia, were anxious to help Bosnian Muslims fighting in the former Yugoslavia and called in their debts with the Americans. Bill Clinton and the Pentagon were keen to be seen as creditworthy and repaid in the form of an Iran-Contra style operation - in flagrant violation of the UN security council arms embargo against all combatants in the former Yugoslavia.

Allies and lies (BBC Correspondent, 22 June 2001)

The Bosnian Muslim army was covertly supplied with arms by the US during the 1990s

Allies and Lies transcript Ivan Eland: Does U.S. Intervention Overseas Breed Terrorism? The Historical Record

According to the Pentagon's Defense Science Board, a strong correlation exists between U.S. involvement in international situations and an increase in terrorist attacks against the United States. President Clinton has also acknowledged that link. The board, however, has provided no empirical data to support its conclusion. This paper fills that gap by citing many examples of terrorist attacks on the United States in retaliation for U.S. intervention overseas. The numerous incidents cataloged suggest that the United States could reduce the chances of such devastating--and potentially catastrophic--terrorist attacks by adopting a policy of military restraint overseas.

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Last modified: Fri Feb 13 08:45:50 CST 2004