CRUSADES SCENARIO (1100-1300)
England includes the Normans who operated in the Mediterranean. The Celtic Fringe consists of Ireland, Scotland, and Wales. Negative RFs include baronial (such as de Montfort), Islamic, and local enemies.
France includes the Angevins. Negative RFs indicate Islamic and Byzantine opposition to the Crusades, Angevin enemies, antimonarchial and proEnglish nobility, and Albigensians.
The Church is the Papacy, its supporters (mainly Guelphs), monastic military orders, and rival Emperors. Negatives represent Islamic, Byzantine, and Slavic opposition to Roman Catholicism, antipopes, and heretics.
The Holy Roman Empire represents the stronger German Emperors, mainly the Hohenstaufens, plus the Hanseatic League's forerunners, Teutonic Knights, and antipopes. Negative RFs include antiCrusaders, Imperial rivals, and the Mongol invaders in Eastern Europe.
Northern Italy includes Venice, Genoa, Pisa, and the Lombard and Veronese Leagues. They also faced Byzantine and Islamic opponents in the Crusades.
AGE OF ADVERSITY SCENARIO (1300-1500)
The Holy Roman Empire includes the Teutonic Knights, Hanseatic League, and the stronger German Emperors, mainly the Luxemburg and Hapsburg Houses. The negative RFs represent the Hussite and Swiss revolts, German particularism, and the Nicopolis Crusade.
England's negatives stem from the Wat Tyler and other peasant rebellions, and the Wars of the Roses.
France includes Angevin remains. Her problems stem from disloyal nobles, restless Flanders, scheming Burgundy, the Jacquerie, and Parisien troubles.
Genoa and Venice draw opposition from the other Northern Italian city-states, the Ottomans, and what is left of Byzantium.
Crusades Scenario: Instructions, Charts
Age of Adversity Scenario: Instructions, Charts
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