KINGS AND COMMERCE

DARK AGES SCENARIO INSTRUCTIONS

Players and Order of Play:

1. The Barbarians receive 15 Resource Factors per turn.
2. The West receives 15 Resource Factors per turn.
3. Byzantium receives 20 Resource Factors per turn.
4. The East receives 20 Resource Factors per turn.

Special Rules

Turn 2: Nika Revolt. Add 3 negative RFs to Byzantium's Internal Box.

Turn 3: Jihad! The East gets an extra 5 RFs this turn only.

Turn 5: Charlemagne's empire divides. Western player loses 5 RFs this turn only.

Turn 5: Abbasid disintegration. The East loses 10 RFs this turn.

Barbarians The West Byzantium The East
Presence in Internal 2 VPs Presence in Internal 4 VPs Presence in Internal 5 VPs Presence in Internal 5 VPs
Presence in France 2 VPs Presence in France 5 VPs Presence in Spain 1 VP Presence in Spain 3 VPs
Presence in Italy 3 VPs Presence in Spain 3 VPs Presence in Italy 2 VPs Presence in Italy 1 VP
Presence in North Germany 3 VPs Presence in Italy 5 VPs Presence in the Balkans 4 VPs Presence in Russia 1 VP
Presence in South Germany 3 VPs Presence in North Germany 4 VPs Presence in Russia 2 VPs Presence in Anatolia 2 VPs
Presence in East Europe 3 VPs Presence in South Germany 4 VPs Presence in Anatolia 4 VPs Presence in Syria 2 VPs
Presence in the Balkans 3 VPs Presence in East Europe 3 VPs Presence in Syria 2 VPs Presence in Mesopotamia 3 VPs
Presence in Russia 4 VPs Presence in the Mediterranean 2 VPs Presence in Mesopotamia 1 VP Presence in Persia 3 VPs
Presence in the Atlantic Ocean 2 VPs - Presence in Egypt 2 VPs Presence in Egypt 2 VPs
Presence in the Black Sea 2 VPs - Presence in North Africa 1 VP Presence in North Africa 2 VPs
Presence in the Silk Road 3 VPs - Presence in the Mediterranean 3 VPs Presence in the Mediterranean 3 VPs
- - Presence in the Black Sea 3 VPs Presence in the Silk Road 3 VPs

Player Nations Represented
Barbarians 1: Avars
2: Avars, Lombards
3: Avars, Lombards, Bulgars
4: Lombards, Bulgars
5: Vikings
6 :Vikings, Magyars
The West 1-4: Franks
5-6: France and Germany
Byzantium 1: Eastern Roman Empire
2-6: Byzantine Empire
The East 1-2: Persia
3: Umayyids
4: Abbasids, Umayyids
5: Abbasids, Umayyids
6: Fatimids, Buwayhids


Rules
Dark Ages Scenario: Charts
Crusades Scenario: Instructions, Charts
Age of Adversity Scenario: Instructions, Charts
6-Player Scenario: Instructions, Charts
Scenario Notes


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Scenario:

Battle of 5 Armies Scenario for Ancients by Peter L. de Rosa

Article:

Simulations in the Teaching and Learning of History: The Road to World War I by Augustine Ng, Pioneer Junior College


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