Players and Order of Play:
1. The Barbarians receive 15 Resource Factors per turn.
2. The West receives 15 Resource Factors per turn.
3. Byzantium receives 20 Resource Factors per turn.
4. The East receives 20 Resource Factors per turn.
Turn 2: Nika Revolt. Add 3 negative RFs to Byzantium's Internal Box.
Turn 3: Jihad! The East gets an extra 5 RFs this turn only.
Turn 5: Charlemagne's empire divides. Western player loses 5 RFs this turn only.
Turn 5: Abbasid disintegration. The East loses 10 RFs this turn.
|Barbarians||The West||Byzantium||The East|
|Presence in Internal 2 VPs||Presence in Internal 4 VPs||Presence in Internal 5 VPs||Presence in Internal 5 VPs|
|Presence in France 2 VPs||Presence in France 5 VPs||Presence in Spain 1 VP||Presence in Spain 3 VPs|
|Presence in Italy 3 VPs||Presence in Spain 3 VPs||Presence in Italy 2 VPs||Presence in Italy 1 VP|
|Presence in North Germany 3 VPs||Presence in Italy 5 VPs||Presence in the Balkans 4 VPs||Presence in Russia 1 VP|
|Presence in South Germany 3 VPs||Presence in North Germany 4 VPs||Presence in Russia 2 VPs||Presence in Anatolia 2 VPs|
|Presence in East Europe 3 VPs||Presence in South Germany 4 VPs||Presence in Anatolia 4 VPs||Presence in Syria 2 VPs|
|Presence in the Balkans 3 VPs||Presence in East Europe 3 VPs||Presence in Syria 2 VPs||Presence in Mesopotamia 3 VPs|
|Presence in Russia 4 VPs||Presence in the Mediterranean 2 VPs||Presence in Mesopotamia 1 VP||Presence in Persia 3 VPs|
|Presence in the Atlantic Ocean 2 VPs||-||Presence in Egypt 2 VPs||Presence in Egypt 2 VPs|
|Presence in the Black Sea 2 VPs||-||Presence in North Africa 1 VP||Presence in North Africa 2 VPs|
|Presence in the Silk Road 3 VPs||-||Presence in the Mediterranean 3 VPs||Presence in the Mediterranean 3 VPs|
|-||-||Presence in the Black Sea 3 VPs||Presence in the Silk Road 3 VPs|
2: Avars, Lombards
3: Avars, Lombards, Bulgars
4: Lombards, Bulgars
6 :Vikings, Magyars
|The West||1-4: Franks
5-6: France and Germany
|Byzantium||1: Eastern Roman Empire
2-6: Byzantine Empire
|The East||1-2: Persia
4: Abbasids, Umayyids
5: Abbasids, Umayyids
6: Fatimids, Buwayhids
Dark Ages Scenario: Charts
Crusades Scenario: Instructions, Charts
Age of Adversity Scenario: Instructions, Charts
6-Player Scenario: Instructions, Charts
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Battle of 5 Armies Scenario for Ancients by Peter L. de Rosa
Simulations in the Teaching and Learning of History: The Road to World War I by Augustine Ng, Pioneer Junior College
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