EUROPARL 2007

Chronology

800-300 BC       Hellenic Culture dominates the Mediterranean Basin
330 BC               Hellenistic Culture begins. Roman Empire preserves it to 500 AD,
                            Byzantium until 1453, and the Ottomans into the 1600s
31 BC-180 AD   Pax Romana
1000-1300          Medieval culture spreads throughout Europe.
                            Pope and Holy Roman Emperor each claim supremacy in Christian Europe
1300-1600          Renaissance Culture offers cultural unity to Western Europe
1519-1648          Hapsburgs attempt to dominate Europe
1650                   William Penn proposes a European Parliament
1660-1715          Louis XIV
1700s                  The Enlightenment
1789-1799          French Revolution spreads into Europe
1799-1815          Napoleonic Europe
1815-1848          Congress System tries to preserve order
1817                    Joseph de Maistre proposes a Europe united under the Pope
1848-1989          Rise and fall of European Communism
1889-1914          Second International. Socialism begins
1933-1945          Adolf Hitler and the Third Reich
1944                    Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands sign Benelux agreement in London
1948                    Benelux takes effect
1948                    Organization for European Economic Development
1948                    Brussels Treaty creates Western Union (Britain, France, and Benelux countries)
                            for military, economic, and cultural cooperation
1949                    North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) starts.
                            Includes Canada and USA among 12 founders
1949                    Council of Europe (COE) formed for political coordination
1949                    Council of Mutual Assistance (COMECON) begins. Later includes Cuba,
                            Mongolia, and Vietnam
1950                    European Payments Union (financial cooperation)
1950                    Robert Schuman proposes European economic cooperation
1952                    Shuman Plan adopted. European Coal and Steel Community formed by Belgium,
                            France, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, and West Germany
1952                    European Council for Nuclear Research (CERN)
1952                    European Defense Community proposed. France sinks it in 1954
1952                    Greece and Turkey join NATO
1953                    European Political Community treaty drafted. Fails
1954                    CERN becomes European Organization for Nuclear Research
1954                    WU adds West Germany and Italy
1955                    West Germany becomes NATO's 15th member
1955                    Warsaw Pact starts as counterweight to NATO
1955                    WU becomes Western European Union
1957                    Rome Treaties establish Euratom and the European Economic
                            Community (Common Market)
1960                    COE absorbs the WEU's economic and cultural projects
1960                    Austria, Britain, Denmark, Norway, Portugal, Sweden, and Switzerland form
                            European Free Trade Association to counter the Common Market
1960                    Liechtenstein becomes EFTA associate member
1961                    Finland joins EFTA as associate member
1961                    OEED becomes Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
1962                    Greece becomes an associate member of EEC
1963                    Turkey joins EEC as associate member
1964                    European Space Research Organization
1967                    European Community (aka European Communities) begins. Combines ECSC,
                            Euratom, and EEC. Includes European Parliament in Strasbourg, European Court
                            of Justice in Luxembourg, and executive offices in Brussels
1970                    Iceland joins EFTA as 8th member
1972                    Norway rejects EC membership
1973                    Britain, Denmark and Ireland join EC. Britain and Denmark leave EFTA
1973                    EEC and EFTA sign free-trade agreement
1975                    Helsinki Accords (Conference on Security and Co-operation in
                            Europe) signed
1975                    Lome Convention facilitates EEC-3rd World trade
1979 & 1981       1st European Parliamentary elections
1980                    ESRO becomes European Space Agency
1981                    Greece joins EC as 10th member
1982                    Spain joins NATO. Membership at 16
1984 & 1986       2nd European Parliamentary elections
1986                    Finland becomes full member of EFTA
1986                    Greenland votes to leave the EU
1986                    Portugal and Spain join EC. Portugal leaves EFTA
1988                    Portugal and Spain join WEU
1989                    Fall of Communism in Eastern Europe
1989                    3rd European Parliamentary elections
1990                    German reunification
1991                    WEU fights in the Gulf War
1991                    Liechtenstein becomes full member of EFTA
1991                    EC and EFTA sign free-trade pact (European Economic Area)
1991                    Soviet Union and Yugoslavia disintegrate
1991                    Warsaw Pact dissolves
1991                    COMECON becomes Organization for International Economic Cooperation
1991                    NATO forms North Atlantic Cooperation Council
1990s                   East Europeans join Council of Europe. Membership grows to 40
1990s                   Proposals floated for turning the WEU into the EU's military arm
1992                    Greece joins WEU as 10th country
1992                    WEU creates Associate Member (6 countries) and Observer (5 nations) statuses
1993                    Czechoslovakia divides
1993                    Maastricht Treaty. EC becomes European Union
1993                    NATO intervenes in Bosnia
1994                    Norway rejects EU again
1994                    WEU creates Associate Partner status (7 countries)
1994                    EEA takes effect
1994                    NATO starts Partnership for Peace program with Eastern European countries
1994 & 1995       4th European Parliamentary elections
1995                    Austria, Finland and Sweden join EU and leave EFTA. EU at 15 members.
                            EFTA down to 4
1995                    CSCE becomes Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe
1995                    WEU creates Eurofor
1997                    Amsterdam treaty creates Economic and Monetary Union. Plans for the Euro begin
1997                    NACC becomes the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council for former Soviet
                            republics, Cold War neutrals, and former Yugoslavian states
1998                    European Central Bank formed
1999                    Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland join NATO (19 members)
1999                    NATO intervenes in Kosovo. WEU assists
1999                    5th European Parliamentary elections
1999                    European Security and Defense Policy (EU's military arm)
                            begins plans for EU Defense Force of 60,000
2000                    Denmark rejects the Euro. Britain and Sweden still out.
2000                    WEU begins transferring military functions to EU
2001                    Swiss voters reject exploring EU membership
2001                    NATO mission to Macedonia
2002                    NATO votes to admit Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania,
                            Romania, Slovakia, and Slovenia. They join in 2004
2002                    EU offers membership to Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia,
                            Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and.
                            Slovenia. They join in 2004
2003                    EU replaces NATO forces in Macedonia and absorbs Eurofor
2003                    NATO begins involvement in Afghanistan
2003                    EU begins military missions in the Congo
2004                    EU assumes NATO's role in Bosnia
2004 & 2007       6th European Parliamentary elections held
2005                    EU begins operations in Moldova
2007                    Bulgaria and Romania join EU


Useful web sites include Elections Around the World, and Parties and Elections in Europe. See also the European Parliament's site.


EuroParl 2007 Main Page

Rules

Game Sheet

Victory Point Chart

Scoresheet

Political Parties

European Parliamentary Election Results


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