These are the Official Answers
for the 2014 Independence Day Fireworks.

We posted them here on August 13.

In addition, earlier in the week we mailed the answers to all competitors.

The answers and explanations below are identical to those sent in the mail, which also include
the procedure for filing a protest (i.e., an objection, which will be due by August 22) regarding any answer.

August 23 update: three questions were affected by protests:

Q21. We scored '4' correct as well as '1' for OUIJA letter 'I'. BR 25 is an Interstate Highway,
so letter 'I' would yield the same course & answer as for letter 'J'.

Q22. We scored 'b' correct as well as 'c'. Leg 5's #13 could be done on Wyo. 789 at Shoshoni,
cutting off our consideration of "Hot Springs" for Q22.

Q36. We scored 'c' correct as well as 'a'. Standard definitions of 'each' require that each be one of a group of two or more,
so Sask. 3's sole digit wouldn't count.

Final results will be mailed as soon as we have them from the printer, probably in about 7 days.

A note regarding Ouija Board scoring:

Q9, Q18, Q21, Q29, and Q32 are interdependent (only 1 letter O, only 1 letter U, etc.), so there are probably 5! = 5 x 4 x 3 x 2 x 1 = 120 permutations of those 5 letters [1 specific order – O, U, I, J, A – was ruled out by Oona in Leg 2, so there are 119 possible sets of correct answers for those five questions]. For instance, the order [Q9: A; Q18: I; Q21: J; Q28: O; Q32: U] yields the set of correct answers [acddd]. You have a perfect score for those five questions if your answer set is any of those 119 sets. For any other answer set, we'll score a 1-point penalty for each answer different from the nearest match among those 119 sets. E.g., [acddc] would score 1 for the five questions, [acdbb] would score 2, etc.

Q Answer Leg 1

Q1

a) Comayagua

Instruction 1 ends by sending us west from Tegucigalpa, then first we see the town Comayagua on the way to #2's turn at Siquatepeque. [The country to our southwest is unnamed on the map, and anyway we can't see it because it's over 1/4 map inch away – Glossary SEE def.]

Q2

a) Guatemala

We see the country Guatemala before we see the capital's printed name.

Q3

a) Chiapas

We fly over it near the town of Tonalá in the state of Chiapas.

Q4

a) 350 miles

We fly 2 7/16 map inches, or, at 145 miles per inch (map legend), about 353 miles.

Q5

a) yes

We fly directly over the town of Rodeo in the state of Durango.

Q Answer Leg 2

Q6

a) yes

On the El Paso map, our Mexican 45 road bends west, then course-following rule d sends us ahead west past Guadalupe Mission and across Toll Br. to #2 right on I-10 at interchange 19, then immediately we see the printed name "Texas St.", in part (B.R. 3/e) "Texas".

Q7

d) Lee Trevino

#3 is at interchange with numbers 29 and 30, onto Lee Trevino Dr.

Q8

a) yes

#4 is onto U.S. 62, whose road runs onto Paisano Dr. and U.S. 85, then just past U.S. 85 shield we see New Mex. across the Rio Grande to the west, so we go right onto gray other road through interchange 16 to end #5 right onto Mesa St., then immediately we see "Sun Bowl Stad."

Q9

0

if your finger stopped on O. In this case, rule b keeps you 'on' U.S. 85 to #7 right on N. Resler Dr. to #8 left on Texas 20 at Resler's junction with Mesa St., then you see none of Q9's things.

or

4

if your finger stopped on U. In this case, for #7 you U-turn at junction with gray other road and go back down U.S. 85 and Paisano Dr. to #8 left on Texas 20 at Alameda Av. [or at principal highway near Mus. of Art if Texas 20 joins Paisano Dr.; it doesn't matter for Q9], then you see Chamizal Pk. across the Rio Grande, then as rule b keeps you on Texas 20 you also see Sun Bowl, printed U.S. highway number "180", and Thunderbird Dr.

or

3

if your finger stopped on I. In this case, #7 is right on I-10 to #8 left on Texas 20 at interchange 19, then you see Sun Bowl, "180", and Thunderbird as above.

or

2

if your finger stopped on J. In this case, #7 is right at junction toward interchange 16, then #8 is left on Texas 20 at the next junction, then you see "180" and Thunderbird as above.

or

1

if your finger stopped on A. In this case, rule b keeps you 'on' U.S. 85 to #7 right on Sunland Park Dr., then #8 is left on Texas 20 at the next junction, then you see Thunderbird only.

Q10

b) no

After B.R. 3/b takes us from the El Paso map to the Texas state map, at map edge it takes us to the New Mexico state map on p. 68, where B.R. 3/a takes us to the Las Cruces city map, where rule b keeps us 'on' I-10 through interchanges 142, 140, and 139 to #10 right on U.S. 70 at interchange 135, then rule b keeps us 'on' U.S. 70 to end #10 left onto I-25 at interchange 6, then back on the state map our limited-access highway misses the printed name "Truth or Consequences" [and the town itself, for that matter].

OMCOM A

The town name was changed from Hot Springs to Truth or Consequences on March 31, 1950 (after Ralph Edwards, the host of the popular game show "Truth or Consequences", called for any town in America to do so). The game show aired on radio from 1940-57 and on television starting on September 7, 1950 (5 months after the town's name change).

Q Answer Leg 3

OMCOM B

a) Capitan Mountains, soldiers

The bear cub was rescued in the Capitan Mountains by a group of soldiers from Ft. Bliss who had come to help fight the 1950 Capitan Gap fire in Lincoln National Forest.

Sources:emnrd.state.nm.us/SFD/SmokeyBear/SmokeyBeartheLivingSymbol.html; en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smokey_Bear; smokeybear.com/vault/rescued.asp

Q11

b) no

#2 is south at county seat Roswell, then quickly west on U.S. 285 [which makes a half-loop around the west side of Roswell; U.S. 70 only makes a quarter-loop before heading west with U.S. 380], then rule b keeps us 'on' 285 up to #3 near Vaughn.

Q12

c) Texas

Rule b keeps us 'on' U.S. 54 to #4 right onto U.S. 84 at interchange 277, then, since #3 did not place us 'on' U.S. 84, we use rule c instead to go west with principal highway at Fort Sumner, then northeast with principal highway before Vaughn (upon U.S. 54 again), then rule d heads us east upon I-40 to #5 north on N.M. 392 at interchange 369, then immediately we see state of Texas nearby.

Q13

a) yes

#8 is left on U.S. 84 at Romeroville (84 runs with I-25), then rule b keeps us on U.S. 84 through the Santa Fe map and up past Ghost Ranch Vis. Ctr. (hence ghost: B.R.s 3/e & 3/f) in Rio Arriba Co.

Q14

c) 3

After #13, B.R. 3/b takes us to the Colorado state map, where we see town Model on the way to #14 east on U.S. 50, then we see Bent's Old Fort N.H.S. and Bent County before ending #14 south on Colo. 101 when we see Purgatoire river.

Q15

b) no

We enter Las Animas County, and its seat Trinidad qualifies with two vowels i and two consonants d, but we must leave Las Animas County (Go Through def.) before #16's action, so we stay on U.S. 160 with rule b up I-25 and out of Las Animas County and west through Walsenburg to #16 southwest on N.M. 12 through La Veta and to #17 at interchange 13, after which we see neither Nat'l For. nor Pryor (B.R. 2/a).

Q Answer Leg 4

Q16

b) 1

#3 is not on Colo. 101 (101 ends at Toonerville: Named Highway def.) but on U.S. 385, then we see Prowers Co. (then our July 5 postcard added a correction: west at county seat [Lamar, onto gray other road]), then #4 heads us west on U.S. 50 to north onto Colo. 109 just before La Junta, then rule d sends us ahead east at incorporated town Cheraw to end #4 west on Colo. 266.

Q17

b) "Pueblo"

On the Pueblo city map on p. 20 we see Mineral Palace Park and Pueblo Motor Sports Park, but then we're back on p. 21 until after Poncha Springs, when back on p. 20 we see Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park before #7 south on U.S. 550, then rule b keeps us 'on' 550 back to the N.M. map for #8 on I-25 near Bernalillo, then immediately we see "Pueblo of San Felipe", among others.

Q18

if your finger stopped on O. In this case, #10 ends right on Academy Blvd., whose printed name "Academy" you see before #11 west at Fountain Blvd.

or

c) see "16"

if your finger stopped on U. In this case, after U-turning at Academy Blvd., you see highway number "16" on the way to #11 east at Mesa Ridge Pkwy.

or

c) see interchange 140

if your finger stopped on I. In this case, rule d sends you ahead onto principal highway at Academy Blvd. and across I-25 (B.R. 3/g: no interchange to get on I-25 here) to rule d east to interchange 138 to end #10 northwest on I-25, then you see interchange 140, where #11 is south.

or

b) go through interchange 135

if your finger stopped on J. In this case, #10 ends left at Academy Blvd., then you go through interchange 135 on the way to #11 south onto Colo. 115. [Then #12 is left onto U.S. 50 at Penrose, then #13 is back on I-25 in Pueblo.]

or

a) go through Stratmoor Hills

if your finger stopped on A. In this case, rule d is ahead onto principal highway at Academy Blvd. end #10 with a turn [left] on Magrath Av. through Stratmoor Hills.

Q19

a) 0

#14 is north at I-76's interchange 34, then right at U.S. 34, then at third junction we're too far away from the U.S. 34's shield's "34" to see it (over 1/4 map inch), so we continue to interchange 73, where (since we weren't placed 'on' U.S. 34) rule c keeps us upon principal highway southwest through Wiggins to rule d onto westbound I-76 at interchange 64 to end #14 south at interchange 39 when we see interchange number "34" ahead, then #15 is east onto Colo. 52 toward Prospect Valley.

Q20

a) 0

After #17's right at Colo. 39 (south toward Wiggins), Colo. 52 does not end at Wiggins (52 goes up to Colo. 14 in Weld Co.), so we continue with rules c and d upon 52's road to the Boulder map on p. 22 to end #17 northeast onto Colo. 119, then back on the state map rules c and d take us through "Firestone" to #18 north on U.S. 85.

Q Answer Leg 5

Q21

2

if your finger stopped on O. In this case, #3 is left at interchange 9, then #4 is west on U.S. 30 at interchange 358, then you see "Taco John's Event Center" nearby before B.R. 3/b takes you to the Wyoming state map to see Curt Gowdy S.P. before #5 north on U.S. 287 at Laramie (rule a).

or

0

if your finger stopped on U. In this case, after U-turning at interchange 7 for #3, B.R. 3/b takes you to the Wyoming map southbound upon I-25, then, after visits to the Fort Collins and Colo. maps, #4 is west on U.S. 40 at interchange 210 in Denver (at I-6: B.R. 3 never takes us to a central city map), then quickly #5 is north on U.S. 287.

or

1

if your finger stopped on I. In this case, #3 is right on I-80, on which B.R. 3/b takes you to the Wyoming map, where there is no evidence that U.S. 30 exists at interchange 370 (B.R. 3/c and the Named Highway def.: on this state map you must con-sider U.S. 30 to end where its type of road ends, near its last symbol way over near Bosler, north of Laramie), so rules c and d keep you going east on I-80 finally to #4 west on U.S. 6 in Iowa on the Omaha map (B-20 on p. 63), then you see Joslyn Art Mus. in Omaha before #5 north on U.S. 75. [Then #6 is west on U.S. 20 on the Sioux City map, taking you back to Wyoming.]

or

4

if your finger stopped on J. In this case, #3 is right at interchange 7, then rule d is ahead at U.S. 85 and up to #4 west on U.S. 30 at Lincolnway, then you see "Lincolnway" and State Cap. as well as "Taco John's Event Center" and Curt Gowdy S.P. before #5 north on U.S. 287 at Laramie.

or

3

if your finger stopped on A. In this case, #3 is right on Randall Av., then rule d is south onto Carey Av. to #4 west on U.S. 30 at 16th St., then you see State Cap., "Taco John's Event Center", and Curt Gowdy S.P. as above.

Q22

c) 2

After #9 at Shoshoni, we're not 'on' U.S. 26 for rule b, so rule d is ahead south at Riverton to go through Wyo. 789 highway number symbol to rule d ahead onto Wyo. 136 at Lander (a county seat) to #10 northeast on Wyo. 28 near Atlantic City, then #11 is northeast on Wyo. 136 at Lander (136 is continuous from its symbol near Lander through its other symbol east of Riverton: Named Highway def.), then rule b keeps us 'on' Wyo. 136 before Riverton to 136's end for rule d ahead onto unpaved roads to #12 west on U.S. 20 at Waltman, then we see nearby Hells Half Acre, then, as rule b keeps us on U.S. 20, "Hot Springs S.P." before #13 right on Wyo. 172 at Lucerne.

Q23

d) Shoshoni

After #15 at Manderson, Wyo. 31 ends at Ten Sleep, where rule d sends us ahead to rule d through Lost Cabin, then rule c keeps us upon our unpaved road northwest at Lysite to #16 south on U.S. 20 near Thermopolis, then we go through Shoshoni first.

Q24

c) Nunn

After #18 on Cy Av., rule c keeps us going north upon principal highway at Poplar St. (which itself is a narrow other through highway) to rule d through interchanges 188B and 191 to end #18 at Bar Nunn, which immediately we see for Q24.

Q25

a) yes

#22 ends northwest on Alt 14 at Cheyenne Crossing, then B.R. 3/b takes us to the South Dakota map for rules c and d onto U.S. 85 to #23 left onto gray other road (not unpaved road) past Geographic Center of U.S. to rule c east to end #23 south near Harding Co.

Q Answer Leg 6

Q26

c) 2

#2's south is in Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe tribal lands, so immediately we see Cheyenne River (B.R. 3/e), so #2 ends onto the road that loops through Red Scaffold to #3 south on S.D. 73, then we see White Owl river, then rule b keeps us 'on' S.D. 73 to Philip for #4's right and we see Bad river.

Q27

a) yes

#5 is not on S.D. 377 (two digits 7), so rule c sends us up the principal highway to rule d across interchange 131, then rule c across U.S. 14 and rule d onto U.S. 14 toward Philip, where #5 is south on S.D. 73, then we see Badlands Petrified Gdns. as rule b takes us to end #5 on S.D. 44 toward Pass Cr.

Q28

b) 1

Rule b keeps us 'on' S.D. 44 after #5, then #6 is north on S.D. 50 shortly after we've entered Charles Mix Co. (50 is continuous, linking its symbols near Academy and east of Platte), then rule b keeps us on 50 to #7 near Fort Thompson, then in Meade Co. we see Bear Butte (several) and, on the Black Hills Region map before ending #8 at Sturgis, V.A. Black Hills Health Care Sys.

Q29

d) travel upon Cloud

if your finger stopped on O. In this case, #9 ends right on E. North St., then rules c and d take you onto E. Blvd. and St. Cloud St. before #10's north on Mt. Rushmore Rd.

or

c) see "Springs"

if your finger stopped on U. In this case, after U-turning at interchange 57, you see "Fountain Springs" ahead before #10's acceleration.

or

a) see Horace

if your finger stopped on I. In this case, #9 ends right on I-190, then you see Horace Mann Pk. before rule d ahead onto West Blvd., then #10 is north on Mt. Rushmore Rd.

or

a) see Horace

if your finger stopped on J. In this case, #9 ends right onto I-190, then you see Horace Mann Pk. as above.

or

b) see Plain

if your finger stopped on A. In this case, rule b keeps you on eastbound I-90 across South Dakota and through the Sioux Falls map, then across Minnesota and through the La Crosse map to the Wisconsin map and through the Madison map to the Janesville map, where finally #9 ends right on Milwaukee Rd. in Beloit, then you see Turtle Cr. Flood Plain before accelerating at Wis. 81 symbol. [Then #11 is north on U.S. 51, then #12 is northwest on I-94 at interchange 132 on the Madison map, then I-94 takes you to North Dakota to end #12.

Q30

d) Zap

#13 is east on N.D. 68, then east on N.D. 200 (symbols northwest and southeast) toward Rawson, then rule b keeps us on 200 south at Watford City, then east after Grassy Butte through Zap to #14 northwest on U.S. 83.

Q Answer Leg 7

Q31

c) "Souris"

#1 is not on N.D. 50 (it says 'whose digit' [singular] is 5) but on N.D. 5 at Bowbells, then #2 is right not on U.S. 52 (no junction, as defined in the Glossary, at which to go right) but on U.S. 83, then west through Lansford to #3 north on N.D. 28, then immediately we see "Upper Souris N.W.R.".

Q32

3

if your finger stopped on O. In this case, #5 is right on Burdick Expwy., then #6 is left onto 16th St., then left onto U.S. 2, then you see 16th St. and Broadway and cross 13th St. before #7 right on U.S. 52.

or

4

if your finger stopped on U. In this case, after U-turning at 30th Av., #6 is left at 46th Av., then left onto U.S. 2, then you go through U.S. 2/52 shield, then do as above.

or

1

if your finger stopped on I. In this case, you stay on U.S. 83 to #5 right on I-90 on the Bismarck map, then #6 is left at interchange 157 (B.R. 3/g), then left onto State St., then back on the state map you see Cross Ranch S.P. before #7 right on N.D. 200 at Underwood.

or

2

if your finger stopped on J. In this case, #5 is right onto 30th Av., then #6 is south onto road that rule d runs onto 16th St., then northeast onto Burdick Expwy., then you see 16th St. and Broadway before #7 right on Valley St.

or

0

if your finger stopped on A. In this case, you stay on U.S. 83 to #5 right onto Calgary Av. on the Bismarck map, then #6 is left onto Washington St., then left onto Century Av., whose road goes south at Centennial Rd. to #7 right on Main St. [Then with rules c and d you leave the Bismarck map upon N.D. 1806 to reach #8 right at Hensler.]

U.S. 85 I

6

We travel upon at least one section of U.S. 85 in all 6 states. These are the first sections for each:

Texas: After Leg 2 #4 places us upon Montana Rd., our road becomes the pathway of Paisano Dr. and U.S. 85 (through its shield's "85" for #5).

New Mexico: The New Mexico map on p. 68 does not show U.S. 85; however, on the Colorado map on page 21, after Leg 3 #17 the evidence is that we're upon U.S. 85 crossing south into New Mexico for #18 at N.M. 72 (and B.R. 3/c doesn't allow us to use information to the contrary from p. 68's New Mexico map).

Colorado: After Leg 3 #15, rule b keeps us on U.S. 160 between I-25's interchanges 13 and 49, coincident with U.S. 85.

Wyoming: Leg 5 #22 places us on U.S. 85 at Four Corners.

South Dakota: Then we enter South Dakota while on U.S. 85.

North Dakota: If your fourth Ouija Board reading yielded a letter O, U, I, or J, Leg 6 #11 places you on U.S. 85 northbound from South Dakota to #12 in N.D.; if your reading yielded the letter A, you miss that stretch but #13 places you on N.D. 200 through Rawson, coincident with U.S. 85.

U.S. 85 II

[optional; not scored]

Texas; the actual U.S. 85 sign is near Union Depot in El Paso. [We Photoshopped out an arrow.]

Q33

a) yes

#9 doesn't place us 'on' N.D. 5 (which ends well before Montana anyway), so rule c sends us north upon principal highway just past Fortuna and into Canada upon Sask. 35 for #10 west onto unpaved road, which bends up to #11 west at Sask. 18, then north on Sask. 6, then on the Sask. map rule b keeps us 'on' Sask. 6 north at Corinne to #12 west onto 714, whose "714" we go through.

OMCOM C

c) Sunshine

All outdoor scenes of the Canadian TV series Corner Gas, whose gas-station-adjacent diner The Ruby was owned by the character Lacey Burrows (played by the actress Gabrielle Sunshine Miller), were filmed on location in Rouleau.

OMCOM D

d) Wolf Willow

Wallace Stegner (1972 Pulitzer winner for Angle of Repose) featured Eastend (which he had lived in between 1917 and 1921) as Whitemud in his 1962 autobiography Wolf Willow.

Sources:en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eastend; en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wallace_Stegner; pulitzer.org/bycat/Fiction

Q34

b) gull

Rule b keeps us 'on' Sask. 334 south at Avonlea to #14 west onto gray other road toward Kayville, then rules c and d send us down 34 through its highway number symbol to #15 west on N.D. 5, then #16 is north on N.D. 13, then west on Sask. 18 at East Poplar, then rule b keeps us on Sask. 18 to #17 north on Sask. 37 at Climax when we see "Frontier" ahead, then #18 is at Gull Lake, which immediately we see for Q34.

Q35

a) yes

#23 is north on 643 at Keeler, then before #24 at Craik we see nearby Arm river.

Q Answer Leg 8

Q36

a) Baden and "Powell"

#2 is west on Sask. 312 at Wakaw, then #3 is north on Sask. 11 (digits could be substituted for each other, as with Sask. 44 earlier in Leg 7 #19), then #4 is east on Sask. 3 (whose single digit has only one position, so it would be the same when placed there) at junction before the Saskatchewan river (note Sask. 3 symbols both west and southeast), then rule b keeps us 'on' 3 to Manitoba for #5 near Mafeking, then immediately we see town Baden and printed "Powell" at the same time.

Q37

a) yes

We must hike between Kasba Lake and the lake north of Nueltin Lake, seeing nearby Mountain Time Zone (B.R.s 3/e & 3/f).

Q38

a) yes

We must hike through Thelon Wildlife Sanctuary and around the north side of Aylmer L. to access the west bank of Coppermine river at Point L. (because Kugluktuk Hist. Sites must be reached on the west bank), then we see Great Bear Lake, hence great bear (B.R.s 3/e & 3/f), in staying west of Coppermine river.

Q39

a) yes

In visiting Oqsuqtooq we see Northwest Passage Interpretive Trail.

Q40

a) Holman or Sachs Harbour

Ikaluktutiak is the only town with a letter I, so it must be the 3rd that we visit, and Talurqjuak has the only letter J, so it must be the 4th. There are 3 ways to include the others: Sachs Harbour for the O, then Oqsuqtooq for the U, then Ikaluktutiak & Talurqjuak, then Holman for the A; or Oqsuqtooq for the O, then Sachs Harbour for the U, then Ikaluktutiak & Talurqjuak, then Holman; or Holman for the O, then Oqsuqtooq for the U, then Ikaluktutiak & Talurqjuak, then Sachs Harbour for the A.