Moreno Valley Trekkers

 

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Medical Emergencies

HEART ATTACK WARNING SIGNS  

Some heart attacks are sudden and intense, but most of them start slowly, with mild pain or discomfort.  Here are signs that can mean a heart attack is happening:

         CHEST DISCOMFORT.  Most heart attacks involve discomfort in the center of the chest that lasts more than a few minutes, or that goes away and comes back.  It can feel like uncomfortable pressure, squeezing, fullness or pain.

         DISCOMFORT IN OTHER AREAS OF THE UPPER BODY.  Symptoms can include pain or discomfort in one or both arms, the back, neck, jaw or stomach.

         SHORTNESS OF BREATH.  This feeling often comes along with chest discomfort.  But it can occur with or without chest discomfort.

         OTHER SIGNS.  These may include breaking out in a cold sweat, nausea or lightheadedness.  

 

STROKE WARNING SIGNS  

Stroke is a medical emergency.  Every second counts, because time lost is brain lost!  Know these stroke warning signs and teach them to others:

         Sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm or leg, especially on one side of the body.

         Sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding.

         Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes.

         Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination.

         Sudden, severe headache with no known cause.  

 

HEAT EXHAUSTION WARNING SIGNS  

Signs and symptoms of heat exhaustion may come on suddenly or may develop after days of heat exposure.  Possible heat exhaustion signs and symptoms include:

         Cool, moist skin with goose bumps when in the heat

         Heavy sweating, faintness, dizziness or fatigue

         Weak, rapid pulse

         Low blood pressure upon standing

         Muscle cramps, nausea or headache  

If you think you are experiencing heat exhaustion:

         Stop all activity and rest

         Move to a cooler place

         Drink cool water or sports drinks  

Contact your doctor if your signs or symptoms worsen or if they do not improve within 60 minutes.  

 

ALTITUDE SICKNESS WARNING SIGNS  

The symptoms of altitude sickness include:

         Headache

         Nausea

         Dizziness

         Weak and lazy.  In severe cases, you do not have the energy to eat or do anything.

         Waking up during the night and not sleeping well  

The best treatment for altitude sickness is to go to a lower altitude.  Never let someone with severe altitude sickness go down alone.  Drink plenty of water, but do not drink alcohol.  

 

IF YOU OR SOMEONE WITH YOU HAS ONE OR MORE OF THESE SIGNS, DON'T DELAY!  IMEDIATELY CALL 9-1-1.

 

For further information go to www.americanheart.org.