Moreno Valley Trekkers
Brief Summary of Basic Emergency Medical Care & Getting Help ASAP)
(Spend only a few seconds!)
Is the scene safe? (animals, insects, lightning, fire, gas, electrical
wires, weather, etc.)
Is patient conscious? (alert or unresponsive?)
patient breathing? (rate & depth?)
there a pulse?
Is there external bleeding?
Is there a possibility of broken
bones? internal bleeding? further
Are there signs of shock? (bluish
skin, weak pulse, dizzy, faint, not breathing)
for help: Call
911 for Fire,
general location and assessment of the emergency.
Report your exact location: Street address, mile marker, latitude &
longitude from GPS, or compass bearings from known landmarks. Or,
give directions to your trailhead, and distance/time you walked from trailhead.
Give condition of trail (accessible by truck, 4-wheeler, or snowmobile?).
Answer Dispatcher’s questions. (Note:
satellite GPS units are relatively accurate;
GPS on cell phone may not be.)
others nearby, if there is anyone with medical training, who will help?
Some others might be sent back toward trailhead to direct medical
professionals to scene, or to continue trying to call 911, if unreachable from
not call or drive to Fire Station; there may be no one there until 911 is
First Aid: Assure breathing and stop external bleeding
until EMTs arrive.
Stop External Bleeding:
Direct pressure; clean area & bandage, maintaining pressure until EMTs
arrive. Arterial blood loss is life
threatening-- bright red, spurting; Vein blood loss is less severe--darker
with steady flow; Capillary loss oozes from skin.
Do not move patient if doing so might endanger patient.
circulation of oxygenated blood to tissue—increased respiration and heart
rate, with skin cool & clammy—patient may be thirsty, nauseous, vomiting,
drowsy. Untreated shock leads
to death. Elevate feet &
legs (6” -12”); cover to prevent heat loss; give no fluids; stop external
bleeding; monitor breathing and pulse; get medical help ASAP.
Know Signs & Symptoms
and Actions to Take For:
stroke, heart attack, bites and stings, choking, drowning, electrical
shock, altitude sickness, hypothermia, heat stroke, frostbite, fractures &
dislocations, sprains & strains, splinters, blisters, burns, poisons, ….
Available for Emergencies (On
the trail, in car, & at home):
flashlight, personal prescriptions, and a first aid kit.