The Zhou Dynasty

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Pictures:
Yin Yang
Confucius
Dharma wheel
Yin Yang
Confucius
Dharma wheel


Summary of its history:  Started in the 1100s BCE.   The Zhou family joined other tribes to defeat the Shang dynasty.  The Zhou dynasty was the longest lasting dynasty in Chinese history.   Kings ruled because of the "Mandate of Heaven."  Social class structure held the dynasty together by a concept called Feudalism.  By 771 BCE, invaders attack the capital of the Zhou dynasty. Civil wars broke out in 481 BCE starting the Warring States period.  During the Warring States period, the king's sons were obsessed with power.

Important Leaders:  Confucius (spiritual leader), The Zhou family

Social Class Structure:  The king is at the top.  Lords and Warriors are under the King.  Peasants are under the Lords and Warriors.

Trade(how advanced and with whom):  Not given.

Accomplishments:  Creation of Iron weapons, and the use of horses to ride on, not just pull chariots.  Three basic belief systems get started during the Zhou time period:  Confucianism, Daoism (or Taoism), and Legalism.  Legalism is the belief that people are bad by nature and need to be controlled.  Legalists belief that appointed officials should rule and not the nobles.  Legalists want to see the empire continue to expand.

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