The Zhou Dynasty
Summary of its history: Started in the 1100s BCE. The
Zhou family joined other tribes to defeat the Shang dynasty. The
Zhou dynasty was the longest lasting dynasty in Chinese
history. Kings ruled because of the "Mandate of
Heaven." Social class structure held the dynasty together by a
concept called Feudalism. By 771 BCE, invaders attack the capital
of the Zhou dynasty. Civil wars broke out in 481 BCE starting the
Warring States period. During the Warring States period, the
king's sons were obsessed with power.
Important Leaders: Confucius (spiritual
leader), The Zhou family
Social Class Structure: The king is at the top. Lords and
Warriors are under the King. Peasants are under the Lords and
Trade(how advanced and with whom): Not given.
Accomplishments: Creation of Iron weapons, and the use of horses
to ride on, not just pull chariots. Three basic belief systems
get started during the Zhou time period: Confucianism, Daoism (or Taoism), and Legalism.
Legalism is the belief that people are bad by nature and need to be
controlled. Legalists belief that appointed officials should rule
and not the nobles. Legalists want to see the empire continue to