The Marx Brothers Chronology

The Marx Brothers

This is a list of important dates in the history of the Marx Brothers

1861 Simon Marx, the father of the Marx Brothers is born in Alsace
9 Nov 1864 Minnie Schönberg, the mother of the Marx Brothers is born in Dornum, Germany
1885 Manfred born (dies in infancy (1888?) of tubercolosis)
21 Mar 1887 Leonard "Chico" Marx is born
23 Nov 1888 Adolph (later Arthur) "Harpo" Marx is born
2 Oct 1890 Julius Henry "Groucho" Marx is born
23 Oct 1892 Milton "Gummo" Marx is born
25 Feb 1901 Herbert "Zeppo" Marx is born
1909 The Three Nightingales: Groucho and Gummo are joined by Mabel O'Donell for this singing trio managed by Minnie Marx
Jan 1910 Harpo joins The Three Nightingales to form The Four Nightingales
Feb 1910 When joined by Minnie Marx and aunt Hannah Schickler The Four Nightingales become The Six Mascots
1912 Fun in Hi Skule is the first musical sketch of the Brothers. This half-hour 'school act' features the four brothers, Paul Yates and others
1913 Mr. Green's Reception is a followup to Fun in Hi Skule
1914 Home Again is developed from the second half of Mr. Green's Reception
22 Mar 1917 Chico marries Betty Carp
1918 In The Cinderella Girl Zeppo replaces Gummo. This musical comedy is written by Jo Swerling with music by Gus Kahn
Jan 1918 Maxine, daughter of Chico and Betty, born
4 Feb 1920 Groucho marries Ruth Johnstone
1921 The silent movie Humorisk is made with money raised by a friend. Director is Jo Swerling. It was made in two weeks at Fort Lee, NJ. studios and in a studio at 49th St. and 10th Ave. in New York. No copy exists of this (unfinished?) film.
1921 On the Mezzanine Floor (in England: On the Balcony) a musical revue written by Herman Timberg, produced by Benny Leonard
Jul 1921 Arthur, son of Groucho and Ruth, born
19 May 1924 Stage show I'll say she is, scripted by Will B. Johnstone, opens at the Casinos
1925 Film Too many kisses is released with Harpo in a supporting role. Details are lacking of how he came to be in this, which even seems to pre-date their first real Broadway play
8 Dec 1925 Stage show The Cocoanuts opens at the Lyric and runs for 275 performances, a full season on Broadway, as well as two years on the road.
12 Apr 1927 Zeppo marries Marion Benda
19 May 1927 Miriam, daughter of Groucho and Ruth, born
23 Oct 1928 Stage show Animal Crackers opens at the 44th Street Theater and runs for 191 performances. It was laid off the following summer, went on tour in mid-October.
1929 Groucho's first book Beds is serialized in the magazine 'College Humor'
16 Mar 1929 Gummo marries Helen von Tilzer
3 Aug 1929 Film The Cocoanuts released
1930 Robert, son of Gummo and Helen, born
1930 Groucho first book Beds published
6 Sep 1930 Film Animal Crackers released
5 Jan 1931 The Marxes appear in the London Palace Theatre
19 Sep 1931 Film Monkey Business released
31 Aug 1932 Film Horse Feathers released
24 Nov 1933 Film Duck Soup released
1934 Flywheel, Shyster and Flywheel Radio Show with Groucho and Chico
1934 Groucho appears in a revival of the play Twentieth Century
1934 Harpo tours Russia
15 Nov 1935 Film A Night at the Opera released
7 Dec 1935 Film La Fiesta de Santa Barbara released. Harpo's wig can be seen in Technicolor
24 Jul 1936 Film Yours For the Asking released. Groucho is an uncredited extra in this.
28 Sep 1936 Harpo marries Susan Fleming
1937 The film The King and the Chorus Girl, written by Groucho and Norman Krasna, appears
11 Jun 1937 Film A Day at the Races released
1938 Harpo and Susan adopt William (Billy/Bill) Woollcott
30 Sep 1938 Film Room Service released
1939 The Kellog's Show on radio with Groucho and Chico
20 Oct 1939 Film At the Circus released
1940 In the 1940s Chico and Betty get divorced
6 Dec 1940 Film Go West released
1941 until 1942 Groucho is a regular guest on The Rudy Vallee Show
20 Jun 1941 Film The Big Store released
1942 Groucho's book Many Happy Returns is published. It deals with income taxes
15 Jul 1942 Groucho and Ruth get divorced
1943 Chico has his own band
12 May 1943 Film Stage Door Canteen released
1944 Zeppo and Marion adopt Timothy
1944 Chico appears in the revue Take a Bow
1944 Harpo plays in The Man who came to Dinner
1944 Groucho starts a radio series The Pabst Show but is soon replaced by Danny Kaye
21 Jul 1945 Groucho marries Kay Gorcey
1946 Melinda, daughter of Groucho and Kay Gorcey, born
10 May 1946 Film A Night in Casablanca released
1947 Groucho starts his show You Bet Your Life which runs until the 60's on radio and from 1950 also on TV
30 May 1947 Film Copacabana released
27 Sep 1948 The play Time for Elizabeth by Groucho and Norman Krasna opens on Brodway but only runs for 8 performances
3 Mar 1950 Film Love Happy released
12 May 1950 Groucho and Kay get divorced
28 Dec 1950 Film Mr. Music released
Dec 1951 Film Double Dynamite released
Jan 1952 Film A Girl in Every Port released
1953 The TV series College Bowl features Chico
12 May 1954 Zeppo and Marion get divorced
17 Jul 1954 Groucho marries Eden Hartford
1955 Harpo makes a guest appearance in Lucille Ball's show I love Lucy
Aug 1957 Film Will Success Spoil Rock Hunter? released
8 Nov 1957 Film The Story of Mankind released. Chico, Harpo and Groucho appear in this film, but not together in one scene
1958 TV production Next to No Time with Chico
Aug 1958 Chico marries Mary De Vithas
1959 Groucho's book Groucho and me is published. A highly fictional autobiography
8 Mar 1959 The TV film The Incredible Jewel Robbery is the last film to have three Marx Brothers
18 Sep 1959 Zeppo marries Barbara Blakely
Apr 1960 A TV production of The Mikado has Groucho as Koko
1961 Harpo's book Harpo speaks published
11 Oct 1961 Chico dies of arteriosclerosis
28 Sep 1964 Harpo dies after open heart surgery
1965 Groucho's book Memoirs of a Mangy Lover published
1967 Groucho's book The Groucho Letters published
19 Dec 1968 Film Skidoo released
4 Dec 1969 Groucho and Eden get divorced
1972 Solo concert with Groucho in Ames, Iowa
1972 at the Cannes Film Festival Groucho is made 'Commandeur des Arts et Lettres' by the French government
May 1972 Solo concert with Groucho at Carnegie Hall in New York
1973 Zeppo and Barbara get divorced. Barbara later marries Frank Sinatra
1974 Groucho receives a Special Academy Award in recognition of a lifetime's achievement
16 Jan 1977 The Marxes are inducted to the Motion Picture Hall of Fame
21 Apr 1977 Gummo dies
19 Aug 1977 Groucho dies
29 Nov 1979 Zeppo dies of lungs cancer

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