Despacho describes the Andean practice of making offerings to the mountains (apus), Mother Earth (Pachamama), and other spirits
of nature in reciprocity, reverence, and thanksgiving. A despacho is an act of love and a reminder of the connections we share
with all beings, elements, spirits, and sacred places. At the deepest level, it is an opportunity to enter into the essential
unity of all things, the living energy of the universe.
A despacho is created during a celebratory ceremony. In the cosmology of the Andes, all life is perceived as one grand,
infinite ceremony. Because physical survival is so hard in the high mountains, life is experienced as a true gift to be lived,
not a problem to be solved.
There are at least 300 variations of despachos in the Quechua-speaking Andes (primarily Peru and Ecuador). While there
are certain elements common to all despachos, the particular healing intention--such as bringing harmony and balance to the
earth, honoring new beginnings, or getting rid of an illness--determines the design of the offering, some of the contents,
and even the way that offerings are added.
The ceremony brings participants into alignment with their personal intent, the group intent, and gratitude to the earth,
which supports us in all our endeavors. It also brings participants into internal alignment with the "three bands:"
physical (yankay), feeling and heart (munay), and spirit, or energetic wisdom (yachay). (The alignment of these bands is comparable
to alignment of the seven chakras or the fifteen chakras of other cultural frameworks.) Finally, the despacho harmonizes the
community through the sharing of coco leaves and gifts of stones, all of which strengthen the luminous fibers that connect
A traditional despacho is created by medicine people who work in alignment through their spiritual power. As the ceremony
begins, red wine and white liquor (pisco) are offered to the spirits of the mountains and to Mother Earth. The medicine persons
and all the participants feed each other coco leaves--the sacred plant of the Andes--into which their prayers have been blown.
These gifts are a sign of community and strengthen connections.
The offering is created on Andean weavings that represent the masculine and feminine in balance (mastanas and uncunas).
White paper, for clarity, is placed on the weavings for a base. A bed of incense is laid, to carry the prayers of the offering
into the cosmos. Flower petals (red for Pachamama, white for mountains) are laid in a pattern, commonly in a circle, four
directions, cross, or flower pattern, depending on the intent. Sets of coco leaves, called kintus, are prepared with intent
by each participant, then collected by the medicine people and placed in a pattern on the offering, again reflecting the particular
After the initial "bed" is created, some or all of the following symbolic representations are prayed over, offered
up, and added: fruits of the earth (seeds, raisins, grains, nuts, corn, quinoa); sweets (wrapped candy, sugar); representations
of the sea (a shell) and the stars (a starfish, the five-legged star of return, unfolding into the Fifth world); silver and
gold papers representing threads to the earth and the cosmos; confetti; miniature tin figures of animals, people, and tools;
beads; llama fat from while llamas (symbolizing the sun); a baby llama fetus (representing that which is unborn or not yet
manifested); white cotton (for the clouds that surround the mountains and bring rain); many-colored wool (for the rainbow
bridge into the cosmos); condor feathers; and so on.
A despacho contains symbols of everything: elements, weather, clouds around mountains, rainbows, the four directions,
lakes, rivers, fruits of our labors, earth, stars. Every item represents a part of the Andean cosmology, is imbued with intent
for connection to the mountains and the cosmos, and affects the totality of energy in the universe.
When the offering is complete, the bundle is folded, tied, and wrapped in sacred weavings. The shaman may circle the
group with the despacho bundle, cleansing the luminous bodies of each participant to remove any heavy energy, and blessing
everyone. These heavy energies, or hucha, become part of the offering, as the earth eats heavy energy and composts it. Finally,
the offering is burned. Participants do not watch the offering burning, so Apuchin (the old condor) can come to eat any remaining
hucha, and because watching might hold back some of the filaments being sent into the cosmos.
Q'ero Elder Don Manuel Q'espi, in a presentation at Canyon de Chelley in May 1997 (translated by Jose Luis Herrera), spoke
of despachos this way:
"The despacho is a gift--a giving back of what we receive everyday in our lives. We seek, through the despacho ceremony,
to bridge the ordinary and non-ordinary realms; to establish new patterns of relationship and possibility. The despacho places
us in right relationship, right ayni, with the Pachamama. It establishes a linkage between our three centers of interaction
in the kaypacha (the physical universe); our llankay (our personal power and source of action, located in our solar plexus),
our munay (the source of our love, located in our heart chakra), and our yachay (wisdom, sourced from our foreheads or "third
"The contents of the despacho are in part determined by its purpose. The various elements that comprise the despacho
energetically interact to permit access to portals or bridges from the ordinary and non-ordinary worlds. When working in
ceremony with the despacho, one is accessing the non-ordinary energetic dimensions, the source of things. Though the contents
may have symbolic significance, the despacho, when performed with the correct intent, transcends literal and symbolic domains
and directly accesses the archetypal and energetic realms.
"In order to build a good co-existence with nature, the only real choice we have is to enter with our heart, wisdom,
and our action. We call upon the spirits of the waters, of the mountains, and of the Pachamama to come and help us prepare
the offering. We have the intent of seeking to establish and maintain a continuous dialogue with the Mother and to bring balance
and harmony to our lives, and to all our relations. It is through the dynamics of love, of right thinking, and of right action
that our lives become bountiful.
He described several types of despachos in this way:
"The Pachamama despacho is an offering of thanks to Mother Earth and an invocation for her blessings.
"The Apu despacho is an offering to the mountain, which is the provider of the waters. When the mountain glaciers
melt they provide the water that feeds the high mountain streams and lagoons. The mountain is the bringer of the weather
"The Chaska despacho is an offering to our star, the sun. This despacho is not prepared as often as the offerings
to the Pachamama and to the apu. Most of our business has to do with living in this world. Only when very big events (such
as a earthquake) are occurring, or whenever an offering is made for the benefit of a great number of people, are Chaska despachos
prepared. In this case, the stars as well as Mother Earth and the apu must offer their contribution. For example, in the
case of earthquakes or large-scale environmental events which affect larger numbers of peoples, one wishes to bring together
the power and the blessings of the earth, the mountain, and the star to bring them into right relationship. This is to help
assure that the people go on the right path.
"The Ayni despacho: Ayni is the operating principle in Incan shamanism and refers to 'reciprocity' and divine exchange.
The intent of the Ayni despacho is to bring balance in our lives and relationship between our secular and sacred worlds.
"The Aya despacho is performed to aid the luminous body of the dead or dying to step outside of the physical body
gracefully. It is said that the spirit of the dead lingers in the vicinity of the physical body for seven days. The medicine
person knows when it is necessary to help the luminous body to sever its connection with the physical.
"The Cuti despacho: Cuti literally means 'turning back' or 'shielding off.' It is an offering for protection.
This despacho is typically created with the left hand only, and all motions of placing items in the despacho are performed
in a counter-clockwise (or unwinding) fashion. The right arm is in 'dreamtime' while the left arm performs the action."
Contemporary Despacho Ceremonies
Those of us who have studied with indigenous shamanic teachers and medicine people (in the Andes and elsewhere) want to honor
the teachings and deep wisdom we have received while at the same time making certain practices accessible in contemporary
settings. Our teachers in Peru and Ecuador understand that the cosmology and symbols of their culture are not the same as
ours, and want us to share the intent of the despacho. When we bring the experience of and information about the ceremony
to various groups, from holistic medical practitioners to hikers learning about their local ecosystems, we try to translate
the deep cosmological underpinnings of our own work and vision into forms that people can use.
As they say in the Andes, it is our intent and focus that create shifts in the energy of the universe. With this in mind,
we create contemporary despachos that honor particular sacred places; that represent our thanks for a connection or teaching;
or that offer a gift back to the spirits of the land, the spirit helpers who assist our work, the spirits of the elements
and ancestors, and the essential unity of the cosmos.
While it is possible to bring "kits" from the Andes, or to purchase traditional components of a despacho on
the web, it is perfectly fine to work with local items. It is also important, as with any offering, to think about the source,
energy, and intent put into each component. For example, home-grown or organically grown seed and grains carry strong personal
and healing energy: why not try to use them? In the Andes much wrapped, sugary candy--special and rare in a culture where
nearly everything is home made--is used, whereas in the north, what is more special is the purity of the organic. On a more
practical level, we substitute local leaves for the traditional coco leaves, which are illegal in the north; in California
we use bay laurel leaves, which are a similar shape, though not so nutritious. "There is very minimal structure involved;
we seek to step outside of all structure so that we are not bound by form," said Don Manuel.
To decide what to put in a despacho, it is useful to journey and spend time in prior ceremony with each item, asking for
the gift it would like to impart to spirit. For example, brown sugar might ask to represent an appreciation of the "sweetness
of life" in ceremony participants, or to bathe our prayers/lives with "sweetness." Quinoa (a grain) might ask
to be a bridge between north and south, as it is grown in the North but is native to the Andes.
To create your own despacho, either alone or with friends, think of the ceremony as a fiesta. Bring both joy and deep
seriousness to this honoring of the connectedness of all things.
Begin by laying a square of paper on some cloth or the ground. Sprinkle the paper with incense and sugar. Arrange your
kintus of three bay (or other local) leaves pointing in the same direction, blow your personal intent into the leaves, and
align your three bands (body, heart, and spirit) with your leaves, then place them on your despacho. Repeat this for each
kintu, making a mandala of the leaves. Blow your intent into the other offerings you have chosen and place them on the mandala.
When it is complete, fold the offering as follows: fold the bottom corner in towards the center. Fold the left side, then
the right, towards the center. Finally, fold the top down, so you have a small package, tie with gold thread or twine, and
place a flower on the outside.
When your despacho is complete, bless each other gently with it, starting at the crown and moving the offering down the
front of the body, then the back (do this as you would a sage blessing). Finally, offer your despacho to the fire, or bury
it if you are on a mountain or other place where a fire is not possible.
The initial version of this article, written by
Meg Beeler and Gregory Miller, was published in "21st Century Shamanism: Embracing Ancient Power and New Diversity," the First
Society for Shamanic Practitioners Annual Conference Proceedings, 2005. Copyright
Meg Beeler 2005-2011. All rights reserved.
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