||wildflowers|height 24"|spread 15"|partial/full shade|red/yellow flowers in Spring|attracts hummingbirds||
|Eastern Columbine (Aquilegia canadensis)
A long-lived perennial from canyons in the Hill Country, the Eastern Columbine or Red Columbine is one of the first flowers to appear in Spring. Hummingbirds always seek it out.The numerous red and yellow flowers hang like lanterns from delicate stems that rise 6" or more above the leafy rosettes below. Foilage has a light, spicy scent when brushed.
Eastern Columbine prefers damp shade but does equally well in moderately irrigated flowerbeds. In the heat of summer, the plant will often drop its leaves and seem to disappear, but will sprout new foilage when moisture and cooler temperatures return. To keep plants robust, cut off spent foilage and seedpods in late May.
Eastern Columbine is deer-resistant.