A Realistic Look at Nuclear Disarmament


CONTENTS: A Simple Way to Reduce Nuclear Weapons

Forward
Introduction
The Problem
The Cost
The Solution
Summary
Easy Ways to Help
Links

Click here, to read people's responses

Forward

This web site was first placed on the internet in 1996. Since then, the world has been mostly at peace. I know, I know. Wars of retribution and wars of ignorance rage in many locations, particularly in the Middle East. But even there, many countries carry on in a constructive environment, day by day.

Far be it from the 100 Years War or the depths of World War II, or even Vietnam. Ignorance and Cruelty continue to stalk us but it is now clear to the vast majority that only a few uneducated nations and a few other weak and misguided groups continue to desire success through destruction. Their downfall is imminent and they have but one opportunity remaining.

That's why this web site remains. If any one of the remaining factions of ignorance obtains nuclear weapons, then the tables will be turned in an instant. For example, do you think that a simultaneous attack on New York, Chicago and Las Angeles (by even small nuclear devices) would not result in a massive retaliation against the homelands of the perpetrators?

Indeed, despite her recent and historic blunders, the United States has been extraordinarily prudent with its vast array of nuclear bombs. And the rest of the world has become both comfortable and oblivious to the fact that such destructive power could (and would) be released; should anyone choose such provocation.

That's why it's more important than ever to reduce the number of atomic devices in this world. To reduce the possibility of them falling into the hands of imbeciles, who would use them at the first possible opportunity. To reduce the possibility of an all-out retaliation that would throw all of us back into the centuries of destruction, from which we have just begun to claw ourselves free.

Please, please, do not let the idiots win. If they do, this planet is in for a round of hell. Plain and simple. Hell.

It is now far too long in eliminating the weapons of the Cold War. They should have been destroyed by the mid-1990's. They were not.

To return to 'Contents' you can click here.

Introduction

We have been idle for much too long. We have been living in a world so full of nuclear weapons, that we have forgotten there once was a world that held the absolute promise of life for our children and their children's children.

We have become so used to this nuclear sword hanging over our heads that we have gotten over the mental depression that we felt, when we were young, and have accepted the "fact" that these machines of annihilation will, sooner or later, be used. We only hope that they will not be used within our own lifetime.

But deep inside we all know that, as long as they continue to exist, the day will come. By accident or cold calculation, sooner or later....

Today, the public interest is focused on a strong national and global economy. Let me ask you, my friend, what good is a dynamic economy in a world that can, quite possibly, be filled with nuclear fall-out by the year 2100?

To return to 'Contents' you can click here.


The Problem

What is the "solution" of today's START II nuclear treaty? Both, Russia and the United States have an estimated 11,500 nuclear warheads, on each side. It has been said that this is enough to destroy all life on the planet seven times over. If adhered to by both sides, the START II treaty would reduce the long-range arsenals on each side to about 3,500 nuclear devices, by the year 2007.

So you see, if all goes well with the treaty and if no thermonuclear conflict breaks out before 2007, we will end up with only enough nuclear weapons to destroy all life on the planet 2 times over. After all of those years, what will we have gained?

That's the current "solution".

Meanwhile, we're all supposed to relax because we have "aimed our nuclear missiles away from each other" (and we are conveniently expected to forget that it takes approximately 2 minutes to "aim them back").

May 2002 Update: A new agreement between Vladimir Putin and George Bush Jr. will cut each nation's existing store of between 5,000 and 6,000 warheads by about 65 percent, taking both sides down to the neighborhood of "only" 1,700 to 2,200 warheads each.

One major issue in the negotiations is whether the warheads would be destroyed or dismantled and put into storage. Russia wants them destroyed and the United States wants to put a number of warheads in storage to be available in an emergency.

Since the USA is unwilling to destroy the warheads and continues to develop the "Star Wars" defense initiative, many Russians are angry that Putin plans to honor the agreement. One Russian leader, Alexei Mitrofanov, said "We are doing a favor to the United States. They form a shield and we break our sword."

If it goes through as planned, this new agreement may represent a slight improvement over START II, but it is still just a numbers game. The amount of active weapons will be more than sufficient to destroy all of humanity. Even if we don't count the devices that the United States wants to "save for an emergency".

January 2002 Update: In November 2001, President Bush met with Russian President Vladimir Putin, at the Bush Texas ranch. They tried to reach a new agreement over the increased reduction of nuclear weapons. No no agreement was concluded.

In December 2001, President Bush announced that existing nuclear treaties would be ignored by the United States, in the future. In favor of the development of the U.S. Nuclear Defense Initiative ("Star Wars"). This goes against the Bush Presidential Campaign's platform for more nuclear reduction.

Because of this "change in attitude", there is a great probabilty that even the existing nuclear reduction agreements, however feeble, will not be carried out. Please take note, this is a significant setback for nuclear nonproliferation.

To return to 'Contents' you can click here.


The Cost

Is there anything we can do? Well.....yes. The United States has been providing funds to Russia, to support their new system of government. In order to be as certain as possible that they remain a friendly, democratic state, "we the people" have been giving the Russian government in excess of 1 billion dollars a year*.

Now, 1 billion dollars over the course of five years is 5 billion dollars ($5,000,000,000). 5 billion dollars divided by 11,500 Russian nuclear warheads is $434,783 per atomic weapon (interest not included!).

*source= http://www.gwu.edu/~csol/us-russia-conf/rusaind.htm

To return to 'Contents' you can click here.


The Solution

Now, I ask you, why are we giving the Russians billions of dollars in free aid (communist economics) when we could be paying them to render a valuable service by disarming their nuclear weapons, over a period of five years, at the price of, let's say, $400,000 each (capitalist economics)?

Would the Russians accept the deal? If they wanted continued aid, they'd be wise to.

But, if I were a Russian citizen, in the midst of their presently weakened economy, the fact that Russia continues to be a nuclear superpower would be, perhaps, a source of patriotic pride. And I would be suspicious of a "scrap for profit" agreement. There has to be another, greater incentive.

There has to be something more.....and there is. The deal (not "treaty"!) would have to be mutual. For every weapon of nuclear annihilation they are paid to scrap, we scrap an equal amount, on schedule, with full verification and supervision on both sides.

To return to 'Contents' you can click here.


Summary:

1) We pay the Russians (what we are now giving them) to scrap their nuclear arsenals.

2) We scrap ours at the same rate until there's almost nothing left.

3) We two nations keep enough weapons to deter any provocation by other nuclear nations [*20 atomic warheads on modernized delivery systems].

4) The USA & Russia work together to make similar "scrap for profit" deals with other nuclear nations. Also, working together to stifle nuclear attempts by terrorist groups and nations.**

5) When the goals, above, have been achieved, ALL remaining nuclear weapons will be eliminated.

*The exact minimum amount, in step 3 above, would have to be agreed upon, with a close strategic balance in mind. The combined arsenals must be sufficient to ward off any third party attacks, until such time that potential aggressors would no longer pose a threat. On that happy day, all remaining Russian and US devices will be eliminated.

**Both US and Russian arsenals will be controlled by representatives from both countries.


Resolution

Not enough of these damnable nuclear devices left on the face of the planet to ever, ever end our lives or the lives of our children, or their children.......forever.

So, my friend, after all of these years of standing by, helpless. After all of these years of being caught in the politics of the end of the world, we now have a solution that is fair, practical, do-able and appropriate for the situation. This word must get out and it must be spread. Our governments must forge these plans in the spirit of friendship and unity.

For, if we do not, sooner or later.... some idiot.... in the name of some "important" cause, is going to turn this planet into a dead, dead hell.

This is a message of peace, pass it on!


If you agree that this is a viable solution for the elimination of the dinosaurs of the cold war, please tell your friends, relatives and government representatives to visit this site.

You can contact your representatives at:

http://www.senate.gov/

http://www.house.gov/writerep

You can urge your political candidates to adopt an active platform on nuclear disarmament.

You are free to copy this page and associated content, to publish anywhere you like. On the www or elsewhere. If you receive helpful comments, please send e-mail, so this page can be updated.

Do you know those e-mail messages that forward, forward, forward information? Consider generating one, yourself! Only, this time, you'll be sharing information that could be of monumental importance, to you, your children and all people in all generations to come! You can copy the content of this page or include this URL address:

http://home.earthlink.net/~macrobios

TAKE 5 MINUTES TO HELP SAVE OUR WORLD


To return to 'Contents' you can click here.


Note:
Since the first version of this web-page was published, in 1996, the need to take action has grown more urgent. The lack of responsible leadership, by the nuclear powers, has created a more dangerous world situation. By setting the poor example that it is "safe" to maintain a large stockpile of nuclear arms, we have enticed other countries, like India and Pakistan, to choose atomic military options.

If we do not reduce our stockpiles and provide strong leadership, more nations and organizations will continue to make nuclear devices. The end result of this current path is obvious and millions, if not everyone, will be lost.

It is difficult to determine the exact amount of money that is now being loaned to Russia. As it changes frequently and comes from many sources. The figures mentioned, herein, are an approximation. And are likely far less than the actual amount.

Also, a "Pay for Reduction" program, of sorts, has been enacted. It is called the Cooperative Threat Reduction Program (CTR). Unfortunately, the goal of this program is not bilateral disarmament and, like Start II, it is not nearly as productive as possible. For additional information, see the text below.

------- Dated Information // Gleaned from Federal internet resources -------

Initially the United States provided aid for the countries of Eastern Europe and after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in late 1991 the US Congress enacted a large program of assistance for Russia and the other post-Soviet republics in October 1992. Through the end of September of 1995, cumulative expenditures for aid and credits were $12.7 billion - Russia received $3 billion of the expenditures and $4.2 billion in credits.

From the dissolution of the Soviet Union at the end of 1991 until September 30, 1995, the US obligated about $15 billion for Russia and the other New Independent States--$8.7 billion in direct assistance and an additional $6.3 billion in credits to assist the process of transition to democracy and to a market oriented economy.

The Department of Defense portion of the assistance program was the result of a bipartisan initiative in late 1991 by Senators Samuel Nunn and Richard Lugar. They contended that the US had a national interest in helping the four nuclear-armed former Soviet republics - Russia, Ukraine, Kazakstan and Belarus - assure control of and dismantle some of the nuclear, biological and chemical weapons of mass destruction found on their territories.

This part of the assistance effort subsequently came to be called the Cooperative Threat Reduction Program (CTR) and was described by Dr. Harold P. Smith, Assistant to the Secretary of Defense for Atomic Energy, in November 1995 as follows: "The Cooperative Threat Reduction Program gives equipment, technical advice and training to Belarus, Kazakstan, Russia and Ukraine to help dismantle and destroy weapons of mass destruction, ensure safe and secure transportation and storage of nuclear warheads and materials in connection with warhead dismantlement, prevent proliferation, and transform their mass destruction-related industrial and military institutions into peaceful and productive assets."

Starting in late 1991 at the initiative of Senators Nunn and Lugar, the Congress provided funds to enable the US government to help Russia and other former Soviet republics destroy and dismantle nuclear, biological and chemical weapons of mass destruction, to "transport, store and safeguard such weapons in connection with their destruction; ... prevent the proliferation of such weapons" and assist in converting military production facilities to civilian purposes. A 1995 GAO report indicated that Congress has authorized $1.25 billion for these activities through FY 1995 and that the Department of Defense plans to request an additional $735 million for the next two years. The concept of the CTR program has been very important and positive. Given the existence of 9,000 strategic nuclear warheads and an additional 20,000 nuclear weapons in the former Soviet Union along with immense stocks of chemical and biological weapons, the urgent priority and bipartisan support for this effort has been understandable.

In November 1995, Dr. Harold P. Smith, Jr., Assistant to the Secretary of Defense for Atomic Energy, summarized the accomplishments of the program in congressional testimony: the program helped facilitate the return to Russia of over 2000 strategic warheads from Belarus, Kazakstan and Ukraine; more than 8,000 scientists and engineers who had worked on Soviet nuclear weapons were being supported by the program "in peaceful, civilian research projects". He then listed additional achievements which the CTR program has facilitated as including:

At a November 1995 congressional hearing on the program, Congressman Dana Rohrbacher (R-CA) raised questions about published reports that some of the CTR funds were being used to finance continuing and expanded work on nuclear weapons systems, rather than on dismantling or destroying them. The questions raised by the GAO and the difficulties that seem to have attended efforts by the US to do more in this domain in 1994-1995 suggest that the opportunities now and in the future may be fewer. It may well be that the "window of opportunity" for cooperative threat reduction and genuine defense conversion has been closing as the perceived political strengths and prospects of the communists increases inside Russia.

Ukraine's decision to denuclearize and its accession to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty as a non-nuclear-weapons state; early deactivation of all SS-24 ICBM's and one-half of the SS-19 ICMB's in Ukraine; the expediting of Russia's compliance with the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START) by helping to eliminate 212 submarine launched ballistic missile launchers, 378 ICBM silos, 25 heavy bombers, and 1,331 missiles, and the removal of over 1,000 strategic warheads from deployed systems; safe and secure withdrawal to Russia of 72 of 81 SS-25 mobile ICBM's and launchers from Belarus; and, about 20 industrial partnership projects underway currently to convert NIS weapons of mass destruction facilities to civilian production.

These are important accomplishments. Unfortunately, both the Bush administration and the Clinton administration missed significant opportunities during 1992 and 1993. In spite of the immense national security and political reform potential of this part of the US aid program, it seemed to have been given relatively low priority.

---------- (end report) ----------

To return to 'Contents' you can click here.


LINKS

Proposition One is a grassroots movement for disarmament of nuclear weapons and the conversion of the nuclear and other arms industries to provide for human and environmental needs. They link to many disarmament-related web sites.


This site is sponsored and maintained by Wayne C. Weber - U. S. Citizen