IT YOURSELF LAUNDRY SKILLS.
nothing worse than having to say goodbye to a much-loved garment, rug or
sentimental item because it has ruined by an accidental spill. Readers
of The Australian Womenís Weekly have for years been sharing their hints
on removing stubborn spots. Some of these stains are PECULIARLY AUSSIEÖ.Ok?
to dry before scraping off excess. Soak washable articles in biological
detergent or sponge with a weak vinegar and water solution before washing.
Non-washable articles: Sponge with weak ammonia and water solution, then
white vinegar, then cold water. Dry thoroughly and quickly.
fresh blood stains quickly with a mixture of one tablespoon of salt in
two cups of cold water, then with an ammonia solution. Wash in cooler water
than usual. Old stains should be soaked in a hydrogen peroxide or ammonia
solution (one part to eight parts of water), then wash in detergent with
a few drops of ammonia added.Carpet:
For carpet or mattress, apply a thick paste of raw starch and water, allow
to dry, then brush off.
closely, then place absorbent paper over and under stain and iron with
a warm iron. For washable items, rub powdered detergent welt in, then rinse.
Try white spirit or dry-cleaning fluid if the stain is still there, then
wash in water as hot as the fabric will stand. Non-washable items: Try
ironing through paper, then dab with dry-cleaning fluid. Blot as dry as
off as much as possible, then put the article in the freezer for an hour
or two. Otherwise, use a few ice cubes in a plastic bag to harden the wax.
Then place fabric between sheets of absorbent paper or between several
tissues with stronger paper on top, and iron with warm iron. Remove any
fragments with methylated spirits or dry-cleaning fluid. Carpet: Place
absorbent paper over the mark, iron on a cool setting.
a bucket of detergent water to which you add ammonia and vinegar. Get a
big square bristle brush. Dip, scuz rub the carpet so foam appears on top
surface.Swipe with clean, dry rag.
Do again,Swipe again. Takes a pile of rags. If you want to do the entire
house, you put all the children, husband, friends, neighborhood kids to
work with their own square brush and pile of rags. Do the whole house in
with ice cubes or put in freezer to harden, then scrape off as much as
you can. Dab remainder with fluid, white spirit or methylated spirits.
Non-washable items: Blot dry as quickly as possible.
off solids with a blunt knife. For washable articles, use boiling water
poured from a height (taking care not to splash yourself or apply biological
detergent with enzymes to the back of the stain, mopping as you sponge.
Rinse. Use aerosol grease solvent to remove any residue. Wash as usual.
washables in a solution of 30g borax to one litre of warm water, then wash
as usual. Non-washables: Sponge first with grease solvent then the borax
solution. Carpet: Sponge with borax solution (one tablespoon to one cup
carpet, mop up excess immediately from outside to centre of spill.Lightly
sponge remaining stain with eucalyptus wool wash in lukewarm water.
(AUSSIES LOVE THEIR FRUIT CORDIALS! Itís BOOZE AND FRUIT, ok?)
us excess then sponge with one tablespoon of dishwasher powder dissolved
in four cups of warm water. Non-washables: Mop up excess, sponge with cold
water and blot as dry as possible.
of these have their own thinners, which will remove the stain but, if not
available, try dabbing with a cloth dampened with turpentine. Sponge with
warm water and detergent to remove the stain remover before washing as
items: First check that colour doesnít run, treat as above, then sponge
with cold water and blot dry.
solids. If washable, apply liquid detergent, then rinse.Repeat
if needed. Any stain remaining can be soaked in an ammonia solution before
garment is washed.
articles: Sponge with white spirit or dry-cleaning fluid until make-up
colour disappears. Commercial spot-removing kits are available for upholstery.
or sponge off as much as you can. Rinse washable articles in cold water,
then soak in biological detergent or borax solution (one tablespoon to
one cap water). When dry, use dry-cleaning fluid on residue. Wash.
articles: Dab with dry-cleaning fluid, then methylated spirits.
Sponge with one teaspoon detergent and one teaspoon white vinegar in one
litre (qt) warm water.
stain with white vinegar, then rinse and wash as usual.
articles: Carefully sponge with warm water and liquid
washable items in cold water and biological detergent, then wash as usual.
Use a grease solvent to remove any remaining stain.Non-washable
items: Expert care is required so find a dry-cleaner without delay.
anything solid, then spray washable articles with biological detergent.
Use grease solvent on whatís left before washing in the usual way.
articles: Dab with grease solvent, then liquid detergent and sponge oil
with cold water, repeating as often as necessary.
fruit juice, berries
or soak fresh stains at once in cold salted water, soda water or milk.
If article is washable, treat it with detergent, rubbing it into the stain
with your fingers; or treat with borax solution, vinegar or an ammonia
solution (one part to five parts water). Cover wet stain with salt and
wash at high temperature, if possible.Non-washables:
Sponge with cold water when dry, use upholstery spotting kit or dry-cleaning
fluid. Carpet: Sponge with warm water, then treat as for chocolate.
polish on carpet
with dry-cleaning fluid, lighter fuel or turpentine, then sponge with a
solution of one teaspoon of detergent, one teaspoon of white vinegar and
one litre of warm water.
Violet or Mercurochrome
clothing or carpet, cover stain with calamine lotion. Allow to dry, then
brush off. Dab with cloth dipped in methylated spirits.For
carpet thatís heavily stained, make a paste of methylated spirits and borax
and rub into fibre. Cover slain and let dry before vacuuming. Repeat as
stain on washable items, then rub with methylated spirits or glycerine.
Leave an hour, then wash as usual.Non-washable
items: Sponge with methylated spirits or liquid detergent, followed by
cold water. For stains that have browned, sponge with one teaspoon wool
wash in one cup warm water. Rinse after sponging.
off, then sponge with cold water. if washable, soak in a pre-wash solution,
then wash with biological detergent.
articles: Sponge with cold water, then treat with whitespirit or dry-cleaning
fluid. Sprinkle with talcum powder; wipe and re-apply Carpet: Treat the
same as for chocolate stains.
off what you can, then put absorbent paper under and over grease mark and
press with a warm iron (change paper as often as needed). Sponge with white
spirit or dry-cleaning fluid and, if washable, rinse then wash as usual.
items: Try as above without washing.Carpet:
Sprinkle with talcum powder, cover with paper towel and hold a hot iron
over the paper. Press only lightly and repeat if necessary.
itís dry it will often not come out, so act quickly. Rinse washable articles
in cold water and rub with liquid detergent. Sponge with methylated spirits
or ammonia if necessary. Rinse, wash as usual.
articles: Dab with hydrogen peroxide, methylated spirits or ammonia and
sponge with cold water.
washable articles, cover stain with damp English mustard and leave for
24 hours before washing as usual.Non-
washable articles: Sponge with alcohol or methylated spirits.
or sponge garments in a solution of 30g borax to two cups warm water, then
wash as usual.
Sponge, stain with warm water containing ammonia or borax or use dry-cleaning
with blood, theyíre harder to move when dry, so rinse or sponge with cold
water quickly. Soak washable items in biological detergent, working the
powder into the stain. If itís still visible, use white spirit or dry-cleaning
fluid, rinse, then wash in lukewarm water.Non-washables:
Use a dry-cleaning solvent.
off what you can. If washable, rinse in cold water, rub with liquid detergent
or try methylated spirits. Rinse again, then wash.Non-washable
items: Dab with white spirit or dry-cleaning fluid.
the fabric is drip-dry or permanent-press, soak in diluted bleach, then
wash as usual. Or spread spots with lemon juice, cover with salt and leave
in the sun. Keep moist till spots are gone, then rinse and wash as usual.
For dark clothes that have been hanging in a cupboard, sponge with hot
water and a dash of Dettol. Iron kill mould spores and dry well before
washables in cold water. Then soak in lukewarm water with detergent and
a dash of ammonia. If needed, follow up with dry-cleaning fluid, rinse,
then wash as usual.Non-washables:
Sponge with a grease solvent, then with lukewarm water and blot dry.
it dry and brush off what you can. Soak in hot water with plenty of good
detergent, then rub by hand in the bucket to release as much dirt as possible
before putting the article in the washing machine.Non-washable
articles: Sponge the dried mud with detergent and water solution, then
use dry-cleaning fluid.
a mulberry stain with a green mulberry, then sponge, or wash as usual.
up spill and dab with acetone or amyl acetate; donít use oily polish remover.
Sponge out any colour left with methylated spirit.Rinse,
wash as usual.
decant Leave any household poisons in their original containers. Never
store dangerous liquids in empty food or drink containers.
easier tackled while still wet, itís a good idea to note from the can the
name of the thinner for the paint you are using in case of a major spill.
Water-based paint should wash out well in cold water but, if it has dried,
use methylated spirits or paintbrush cleaner. For oil-based paint, sponge
with warm detergent and water, then soak stained area in white spirit and
scrub gently with an old toothbrush. It takes a while and you will need
to repeat the process, but it will come out in the end. Alternatively,
soak paint-stained garment overnight in warm water with one tablespoon
of vinegar, two tablespoons of ammonia and one teaspoon of salt. Rinse
in cold water and hang to dry.
immediately on spilt perfume. Rub in a little glycerine, leave for several
hours, then wash in warm soapy water and rinse.Non-washables:
Sponge with warm water and borax.
for 30 minutes in warm white vinegar, rinse well and wash as usual; or
dissolve three tablespoons of bicarbonate of soda in a bucket of cold water,
soak for an hour, then wash in the usual way.On
a silk dress or shirt, make a paste of fullerís earth and water and spread
over the stain. Brush off when dry. For a woollen garment , sponge with
a weak mixture of bicarbonate of soda and warm water. If the underarm area
is yellow, sponge with hydrogen peroxide and keep it damp for half an hour.
If itís oily, dab with dry-cleaning fluid.
stains See Urine/Vomit.
marks are difficult to get rid of. Careful rubbing with fine sandpaper
or steel wool with a little peroxide may help fade the mark. For washable
articles sponge or soak in ammonia, hydrogen peroxide or borax solution.
On silk or wool, cover scorch with a mix of equal quantities borax and
glycerine, leave for one hour, then carefully hand wash.
articles: Sponge lightly with glycerine solution, then sponge with warm
off what you can. Dab with white spirit or grease solvent, while holding
an absorbent pad underneath to stop stain spreading.Whites
can be bleached. After treatment, rinse and wash as usual.Carpet:
Sponge carpet or chair covers with a mix of three parts wool wash and four
parts warm water. Use a rough cloth like towelling, then sponge with cold
water. If necessary, first treat with white spirit or dry-cleaning fluid.
drinks See Fruit, Fruit Juice and Berries.
off deposit. For washables, apply white spirit or eucalyptus oil. Rinse,
wash as usual. Sponge tar off petsí paws with eucalyptus oil on a soft
cloth, followed by warm soapy water. Non-washable articles: Dab with white
spirit or eucalyptus oil - or see a drycleaner.
juice See fruit, fruit juice and berries.
stains on washable articles can be rinsed in cold, salty water, then washed.
Soak dried stains in biological detergent and use hydrogen peroxide and
ammonia solution if necessary. Non-washable articles: Sponge fresh stain
with cold water, then white vinegar solution. For dried stains, you may
need a drycleaner.
excess. Run washable article under cold tap, soak in biological detergent,
rinse, then wash as usual.Non-washable
articles: Sponge with cold water. Then sponge with mix of two and a half
cups warm water and one tablespoon of borax. A wipe with eucalyptus oil
helps cover odour.
that have been stored for some time and yellowed can be corrected with
a mild bleach solution. For something that canít be bleached, soak 12 hours
in one dessertspoon of cream of tartar to four litres of hot water. Rinse,
wash as usual.
Remove deposit. Dab with neat wool wash on a cloth wrung out in hot water.
Repeat as necessary, using a fresh part of the cloth for each application.
SECRETS OF THE PROS, HOW TO CLEAN A HOUSE