MelAnaly  Codes and Keystrokes
1983-2005, J. Marshall Bevil


                                                                            P I T C H

Key to Numeric Indicators
(Pitch Only):

Octave Species  (hundreds' place)      Chromatic Prefix (tens' place)    Class (units' place)                          

0 - Central  ( g - f# 1 )                              0 - Natural                                     0 - G
                                                                                                                1 - A                                                   
1 - Upper ( g1 - f# 2 )                              1 - Sharp (or enharmonically                      5 - B                                                
                                                                           equivalent flat)                2 - C                                                 
2 - Lower ( G - f# )                                                                                      3 - D                                                    
                                                                                                                4 - E
                                                                                                                           6 - F

        *The sequence G-A-C-D-E-g  represents the first, or lowest, segment in the anhemitonic gamut. Pitch classes are assigned arbitrarily in order to simplify the definition of the gamut in terms of white-key notes on the keyboard. See the abstract of "Scale in Southern Appalachian Folksong: a Reexamination" (College Music Symposium 26, pp. 77-91).
          This numeric hierarchy reflects the frequent incidence of anhemitonicism in British Insular and Insular-American folksongs. MelAnaly was originally designed to aid in the analysis of those species. However, the procedure of placing C immediately after A in the pitch sequence, with B and F at the end of the sequence, does not restrict pitch encoding to anhemitonic melodies and does not preclude the use of the analytical procedure in the examination of dual-strain, standard-length melodies from outside the folksong sphere.


Code Table
:
 

     Naturals                                   Class / Octave                      Sharps and Equivalent Flats

Code                Keystroke                                                                          Keystroke            Code   

100                        q                              G  /  upper                                        Q                     110       
101                        w                              A                                                        W                     111
105                        e                              B                                                         E                     102  (B# = C)  
102                        r                               C                                                         R                     112
103                        t                               D                                                         T                      113
104                        y                              E                                                         Y                      106  (E# = F)
106                        u                              F                                                          U                     116

000                        a                              G  /  central                                       A                     010       
001                        s                              A                                                         S                     011
005                        d                              B                                                          D                    002  (B# = C)  
002                        f                               C                                                          F                    012
003                        g                              D                                                          G                    013
004                        h                              E                                                          H                    006  (E# = F)
006                        j                               F                                                          J                     016

200                        z                              G  /  lower                                          Z                     210       
201                        x                              A                                                          X                     211
205                        c                              B                                                          C                    202  (B# = C)  
202                        v                               C                                                         V                     212
203                        b                              D                                                          B                     213
204                        n                              E                                                          N                     206  (E# = F)
206                        m                             F                                                          M                     216

- Special Codes -

 9                           9                                   unused space in contour array            9                       9

VACANT                !                                    unused row in contour array                !                     VACANT

 

 

                            D U R A T I O N
                 

                                                                   VALUE

       Undotted                                                                                                        Dotted

                                               Single Notes and Equivalent Ties
Code                Keystroke                                                                             Keystroke            Code

   16                      a                                        Whole                                            A                    24
     8                      s                                         Half                                               S                   12
     4                      d                                        Quarter                                           D                    6
     2                      f                                          Eighth                                            F                    3
     1                      g                                       Sixteenth                                         G                   1.5

                                                  Single Members, Triplet Clusters

     8.3                   z                                         Half                                               Z                   8.35
     4.3                   x                                        Quarter                                           X                   4.35
     2.3                   c                                          Eighth                                          C                   2.35
     1.3                   v                                       Sixteenth                                         V                   1.35
                                                                         

                                                    Tied Members, Triplet Clusters
                                                               (groupings of two)

     8.6                   q                                         Halves                                          Q                   8.65
     4.6                   w                                       Quarters                                        W                   4.65
     2.6                   e                                         Eighths                                         E                   2.65
     1.6                   r                                       Sixteenths                                       R                   1.65

 

                                                     Other Values, in Sixteenths

                                                 Code ( = Value )                Keystroke
                                       
                                                            
5                                1
                                                             7                                2
                                                             9                                3
                                                            10                               4
                                                            11                               5
                                                            13                               6
                                                            14                               7
                                                            15                               8

 

                                                      Unmeasured Ornaments

                                                       Code: 0.1             Keystroke: 9

Note: Unmeasured ornaments are considered only  a) if they are attached to stressed beats and  b) if they appear to be common to most of the variants in a batch. The second condition is unusual. Therefore, unmeasured ornaments normally are regarded as peculiarities of individual performance styles rather than integral parts of tune variants and therefore are ignored.

 

                   Fermata or Notated Duration Longer than Two Measures in Transcription

                                                     Code: 100             Keystroke: 9

 

                                                     Unlisted Value in Sixteenths

                         Code: [value]             Manual Entry:  ESCAPE -> [VALUE] -> RETURN or ENTER

 

 

S T R E S S  -  MOST COMMON FACTORS  
(single-keystroke input, with automatic conversion)

Standard Beats and Afterbeats

Beat (number) / Afterbeat (&):   1           2           3           4             5            6                 Meter*
                                            
&          &           &           &           &           &

     Beat Code
                            1            2            3            4             5                                   5
     Beat Keystroke                    
a            s           d             f              g                                   4
          Afterbeat Keystroke             
 A            S           D            F            G
          Afterbeat Code                     
6             7           8             9            10

     Beat Code                            1            2            3            4                                                 4
     Beat Keystroke                    
a            s           d             f                                                 4
          Afterbeat Keystroke             
 A            S           D            F           
          Afterbeat Code                     
6             7           8             9    

     Beat Code                            1            4            3            4                                                 2
     Beat Keystroke                    
a            f           d              f                                                 4
          Afterbeat Keystroke             
 A            F           D            F           
          Afterbeat Code                     
6             9          
8             9                  

     Beat Code                            1            2            4                                                              3        3
     Beat Keystroke                    
z            x           c                                                              4  or   8 
          Afterbeat Keystroke             
 Z            X           C                       
          Afterbeat Code                     
6             7           9 

     Beat Code                            1           1.4        1.6          3            3.4           3.6                    6
     Beat Keystroke                    
q           w           e            r              t              y                      8
          Afterbeat Keystroke             
 Q           W          E            R             T             Y
          Afterbeat Code                     
6           6.4         6.6          8             8.4           8.6

                                  ________________________________________________________

                                                
*Adjustments for Unlisted Meters

                                                  Original Meter                                                                           Recasting

                                                            2                                                        2         4
                                                            2                                                        4  or    4, according to prevailing pattern of 
                                                                                                                                        stress-placement in original

                                                            3                                                        3
                                                            2                                                        4

                                                            5        5                                              5
                                                            2  or   8                                             4 

                                                            9                                                        3                                 3
                                                            8                                                        8, with re-barring, or  4, in triplets, according to
                                                                                                                                    prevailing pattern of stress-placement in
                                                                                                                                    original

                                                          12                                                        3        6                                 4
                                                           8                                                         8  or   8, with re-barring, or  4, in triplets, according to
                                                                                                                                     prevailing pattern of stress-placement in original

                                    _________________________________________________________

Triplet Beat Divisions
Control-T: Activate triplet entry.     Control-t: Deactivate triplet entry.
ctl
= Control
in the chart below.

Beat (number):         1                       2                        3                      4                         5                         Meter^
               
 triplet ---------------- 1         2         3         1         2         3          1         2         3         1          2          3           1         2         3            
                                                                                                                                                                                                   
     Code
                    1    1.33  1.66    2     2.33   2.66    3    3.33   3.66   4    4.33    4.66     5    5.33   5.66         5
     Keystroke            
a      A   ctl-A     s      S      ctl-S   d      D    ctl-D    f       F     ctl-F      g     G     ctl-G        4
         

     Code                    1    1.33  1.66    2     2.33   2.66    3    3.33   3.66   4    4.33    4.66                                   4
     Keystroke            
a      A    ctl-A   s       S     ctl-S    d      D     ctl-D  f       F       ctl-F                                  4
         

     Code                     1    1.33  1.66   4     4.33   4.66                     3            4                                                 2
     Keystroke             
a      A    ctl-A   f       F      ctl-F           d                      f                                                 4
         

     Code                      1   1.33   1.66   2    2.33   2.66     4    4.33  4.66                                                      3        3
     Keystroke              
z     Z      ctl-Z  x      X      ctl-X     c     C     ctl-C                                                      4  or   8 

     ^ See "Adjustments for Unlisted Meters," above.

Triplet Afterbeat Divisions
Control-Q: Activate afterbeat entry while in triplet entry mode (see chart above).
      Control-q: Deactivate afterbeat entry, but remain in triplet entry mode.
Control-t: Deactivate triplet entry.
ctl
= Control
in the chart below.

Afterbeat of . . .        1                       2                        3                      4                         5                         Meter^
               
 triplet ---------------- 1         2         3         1         2         3          1         2         3         1          2          3           1         2         3            
                                                                                                                                                                                                   
     Code
                    1.02    1.35  1.68      2.02   2.35   2.68      3.02    3.35   3.68     4.02    4.35    4.68         5.02   5.35   5.68         5
     Keystroke            
a      A   ctl-A     s      S      ctl-S   d      D    ctl-D    f       F     ctl-F      g     G     ctl-G        4
         

     Code                    1.02   1.35  1.68       2.02   2.35   2.68      3.02    3.35   3.68       4.02    4.35     4.68                                  4
     Keystroke            
a      A    ctl-A   s       S     ctl-S    d      D     ctl-D   f        F       ctl-F                                4
         

     Code                     1.02   1.35  1.68     4.02    4.35     4.68                      3            4                                                 2
     Keystroke             
a      A    ctl-A   f       F      ctl-F           d                      f                                                 4
         

     Code                      1.02   1.35  1.68       2.02   2.35   2.68      4.02    4.35     4.68                                                    3        3
     Keystroke              
z     Z      ctl-Z    x      X     ctl-X     c       C      ctl-C                                                   4  or   8 

     ^ See "Adjustments for Unlisted Meters," above.


                                               Unmeasured Ornaments

    Unmeasured ornaments, if considered (see above, under "Duration") are given the stress codes of the non-ornamental notes to which they are attached. Hence they can be coded either with automatic, single-keystroke entry, as described above, or with manual input, as described below, depending on the main note in each case.

 

 

S T R E S S  -  LESS COMMON FACTORS 
(manual input, with no automatic conversion)


Entry: ESCAPE -> [FACTOR] -> RETURN or ENTER

Non-Triplet Post-Beat (Non-Afterbeat)

                      Beat (number):   1               2              3              4               5            6                 Meter
                                                                                                                                                                                               See "Adjustments for
                                                                                                                                                                                               Unlisted Meters," above.

                                            


     Beat Code
                            1.5            2.5            3.5            4.5             5.5                                   5
    
                                                                                                                                                       4

     Beat Code                            1.5            2.5            3.5            4.5                                                    4
                                                                                            
                                                           4   

     Beat Code                            1.5            4.5                     3            4                                                 2
                                                                 
          d                            f                                                 4
         8             9                  

     Beat Code                            1.5            2.5            4.5                                                              3        3
                                                                             
                                                                      4  or   8 
 

     Beat Code                            1.5           1.45        1.65           3.5            3.45            3.65                    6
                                                                                                                        
                                     8
 

Non-Triplet Post-Afterbeat (before next beat)

                      Beat (number):   1               2              3              4               5            6                 Meter
                                                                                                                                                                                               See "Adjustments for
                                                                                                                                                                                               Unlisted Meters," above.

                                            

Afterbeat Code                          6.5            7.5            8.5            9.5             10.5                                  5
    
                                                                                                                                                        4

Afterbeat Code                          6.5            2.5            8.5            9.5                                                     4
                                                                                            
                                                            4   

Afterbeat Code
                          6.5            9.5                     3            4                                                 2
                                                                 
          d                            f                                                 48             9  

Afterbeat Code                          6.5            7.5            9.5                                                              3       3
                                                                             
                                                                      4  or   8 

Afterbeat Code
                          6.5           6.45          6.65           8.5            8.45           8.65                   6
                                                                                                                        
                                     8

 

Second Halves of Triplet Beat Divisions
ctl = Control
in the chart below.

Beat (number):         1                       2                        3                      4                         5                         Meter^
  
FOLLOWING  triplet ------- 1         2         3         1         2         3          1         2         3         1          2          3           1         2         3            
                                                                                                                                                                                                   
     Code
                    1.03    1.36  1.69     2.03    2.36   2.69       3.03  3.36   3.69      4.03    4.36    4.69        5.03    5.36   5.69         5
     Keystroke            
a      A   ctl-A     s      S      ctl-S   d      D    ctl-D    f       F     ctl-F      g     G     ctl-G        4

     Code                    1.03    1.36  1.69     2.03    2.36   2.69       3.03  3.36   3.69      4.03    4.36    4.69                                    4
     Keystroke            
a      A    ctl-A   s       S     ctl-S    d      D     ctl-D  f       F       ctl-F                                  4
         

     Code                     1.03    1.36  1.69   4     4.36   4.69                     3            4                                                       2
     Keystroke             
a      A    ctl-A   f       F      ctl-F           d                      f                                                 4
         

     Code                      1.03  1.36   1.69   2.03  2.36   2.69        4.03    4.36  4.69                                                        3        3
     Keystroke              
z     Z      ctl-Z  x      X      ctl-X     c     C     ctl-C                                                      4  or   8 

   ^ See "Adjustments for Unlisted Meters," above.


 

Second Halves of Triplet Afterbeat Divisions
ctl
= Control
in the chart below.

Afterbeat of . . .        1                       2                        3                      4                         5                         Meter^
 
FOLLOWING triplet ----------- 1         2         3         1         2         3          1         2         3         1          2          3           1         2         3            
                                                                                                                                                                                                   
     Code
                    1.04    1.39  1.72      2.04   2.39   2.72      3.04    3.39   3.72     4.04    4.39    4.72         5.04   5.39   5.72         5
     Keystroke            
a      A   ctl-A     s      S      ctl-S   d      D    ctl-D    f       F     ctl-F      g     G     ctl-G        4
         

     Code                    1.04   1.39  1.72       2.04   2.39   2.72      3.04    3.39   3.72       4.04    4.39     4.72                                  4
     Keystroke            
a      A    ctl-A   s       S     ctl-S    d      D     ctl-D   f        F       ctl-F                                4
         

     Code                     1.04   1.39  1.72     4.04    4.39     4.72                      3            4                                                 2
     Keystroke             
a      A    ctl-A   f       F      ctl-F           d                      f                                                 4
         

     Code                      1.04   1.39  1.72       2.04   2.39   2.72      4.04    4.39     4.72                                                   3        3
     Keystroke              
z     Z      ctl-Z    x      X     ctl-X     c       C      ctl-C                                                  4  or   8 

     ^ See "Adjustments for Unlisted Meters," above.