James Ashmore

Born: 4 November 1742 Deer Creek, Harford Co., MD (per St. George's Parish)

(Darwin, Hartford Co., MD USA ?? )

ca 1755 Elizabeth Balch
Hartford Co., MD USA
Location 1781 Washington Co., NC/TN on Big Limestone Creek
Moved   Lick Creek in Greene Co.
Moved   Logan Co., KY
Died   Chatham NC USA ??
Internment   Mechlinberg Co., NC USA ??


Father Walter  Ashmore Born: 1700
Died: 1798
Hartford Co., MD USA
Mother Margaret Ashmore Born: before 1729

                James Ashmore

                            Children:                            Mother: Elizabeth Balch Ashmore 

Hezekiah Ashmore Born: 1756
Died: 21 Aug 1822
Born: S. Carolina
Died: Jefferson Co., TN
Joshua Ashmore Born: 1761
Died: 8 July 1846
Rhoda Ashmore Hadden Born: 1762
Died: 1799
Born: N.C.
Margaret Ashmore Henderson Born: 1764
Died: 1799
James Ashmore Jr. Born: 1770
Died: 3/22/1823
Clark Co., IL
Samuel C. Ashmore Born: 1775
Died: 10/25/1836
probably in SC USA
Old Berry Cemetery, Coles Co., IL USA
William Ashmore Born: 26 Nov 1766
Died: 26 Nov 1836
Harford Co., MD USA
Old Indian Cemetery, near Oakland Coles Co. IL USA
Amos Ashmore Born: 24 Jan 1784
Died: 13 Jun 1863
probably NC USA
probably Clark Co., IL USA
Hannah Ashmore    
Ann Ashmore    
Elizebath Ashmore    

Notes for JAMES ASHMORE:       (Courtesy of Mary Sewell)

The Gunpowder Incident

James Ashmore, along with Joshua Hadley (according to the author of "Sketches of Western North Carolina Historical and Biographical" by Cyrus L. Hunter 1877, states that James Ashmore & Joshua Hadley were half brothers), Robert Caruthers, Robert Davis, Benjamin Cochran, John White, James White, William White, Jun.(brothers) and William White (cousin) son of widow White, were involved in destroying the ammunition on May 2,1771 the information can be found in the Colonial Records of North Carolina Vol. 9 and the London Rolls. The group became known as the "Black Boys of Cabarrus", protesting the unreasonable taxes being imposed upon the people. They sought relief from Governor, but getting no help, burned a gun powder train that was on its way to General Waddell, which was to be used against them. Ashmore gave a deposition asking for a pardon for the above nine men 22, June, 1771. Council meeting 27, Nov 1771 request for pardon sent to His Majesty.

The Regulators

About 1763, the citizens of western North Carolina in the Hillsborough District, heretofore peaceful and happy, began to feel "basic economic, social and religious differences of the East (NC), which promoted sectional rivalry and conflict." (Lefler, Orange County 1752-1952) The principal conflict centered upon the domination of the Eastern planter aristocracy and the lack of representation in the government branches. Those who resisted the official extortion and inequitable taxes came to be known as "Regulators", 1767-1771, declaring their own war with many acts of mischief and defiance. Walter Ashmore had signed a protest as early as 1768 (NC Colonial Records v 7 p 935)

James Ashmore’s official part in the War of the Regulators may be found in the NC Colonial Records v 8 pp 622/3:

James Ashmore’s Testimony

June 22, 1771: James Ashmore swears before Thos Polk as follows: "North Carolina, Mecklenburg County. The deposition of James Ashmore, of full age, who being voluntarily sworn on the Holy Evangelists of Almighty God, voluntarily deposeth and saith that he, this deponent, with a number of other persons, was convened at Andrew Logan’s old plantation in consequence of an advertisement (set up by one James McCaul as it was said), when and where this Deponent was accosted by one James White, Junior, to know whether this Deponent thought it any harm to burn the powder then carrying through the county aforesaid, to the army then under the command of General Hugh Waddell, to which this deponent made answer that according to the reports passing of the Governor and his officers, that he did not think the bare burning of the powder any harm, and that then this deponent went home and the day following, between the hours of ten and eleven o’clock in the forenoon, this deponent quit work on his plantation and went to look for his horses. When about three-quarters of a mile from his house, this deponent was met by six men, disguised, in the road, who in appearance resembled Indians, but after some persuasion, consented in part and then went home with his horses and after returned with Joshua Hadley to a place about half a mile from this deponent’s house, where were assembled with himself nine persons, to-wit., James White, Junior, John White, Junior, William White, Robert Caruthers, Robert Davis, Benjamin Cochran, Joshua Hadley and William White, son of widow White, who all went thence disguised to Captain Phifer’s old muster ground where they found and stopped the waggons and enquired for the powder that was carrying to General Waddell. When in the waggon belonging to Col. Alexander they found the powder and took it out of the waggons, broke open the hogsheads and kegs that contained the powder, and set the same on fire and destroyed some blankets, leggins, kettles, and other things, and then dispersed soon after, having at this deponent first joining of them sworn him to secrecy as they informed who they all before, and further his deponent sayeth not.

James Ashmore

James Ashmore’s activity was pardoned at the New Bern Council on 27 November 1771 by Governor Tryon. James left the political hotbed; on 25 September 1771 James and Elizabeth sold their land to Hezekaih James Balch and moved to Georgia. On 7 June 1774 James and Elizabeth received a land grant of 150 acres in St. Paul’s Parish (GA Folio 1077). On 1 February 1775 James and Elizabeth of Mecklenburg NC deed the St. Paul’s Parish land to Robert Neilson and the money was received for them by Francis Ashmore.

Miscellanceous Ashmore/Hadley/Lindley Information

The will of Thomas Lindley, Orange Co., N.C. probated 1782. Sons: William, Jonathan, Thomas, John & (Jas. Deceased). Daughters Katherine White, Ruth Hadley (wife of Joshua Hadley), Elinor Morris & Deborah Newlin.

The will of William Lindley, Orange Co., N.C. probated 1784. Wife Mary; Sons: Thomas, William & Samuel (all under 21 yrs) Daughters: Ruth & Mary (under 18 yrs). Witness: Joshua Hadley,

His brothers Jonathan & Thomas Lindley

William Ashmore B:1766 and his wife Mary Hadden named their child William Lindley.

Joshua Hadley, Sr. will 1815 Book A page 271 Chatham Co., North Carolina

Walter Ashmore is mentioned in Joshua Hadley’s will.

Hezekiah Ashmore
    married Elizabeth Kerr in 1786 Greene Co., TN
    only son to remain in TN.  He was in Jefferson Co. TN in 1792 when it was formed from Green and Hawkins Co's

Joshua Ashmore
    may be a nephew rather than a son

Rhoda Ashmore


Rhoda Ashmore born about 1763 most likely in Mecklenburg Co., N.C.. Rhoda Ashmore married Elisha Hadden in Logan Co., KY, December 10, 1799. In Logan Co., KY. Rhoda & Elisha Hadden are listed on the Logan Co. General Index to Real Estate Conveyances as a grantor of 50 acres on Muddy Creek to William & his wife Mary Ashmore as the grantees.

Elisha Hadden lived on Limestone Creek in Washington Co , TN as well as James Ashmore and he can be found also living on Lick Creek, Greene Co., TN as a neighbor of James Ashmore. In Logan Co., KY there is a Elisha Hadden, Sr. and an Elisha Hadden, Jr.

In Butler Co., KY on the 24th of January, 1818 William Ashmore, Elisha Hadden and John Wilson were the witnesses for the will of William Hadden.

According to the Declaration of Elisha Hadden in his pension file, he states that he that he was 73 since the 28th day of July last past (1759), born in York Co., PA; this declaration was given in Coles Co., IL before the circuit judge on May 6th, 1833.


Elisha Hadden was born in York Co., PA July 28,1759 and was living in Rockbridge Co, VA where he was a private in the militia at age 17 and fought the Shawnee Indians under Captain James Hall and the Regiment Commander - Colonel Andrew Lewis. They marched from Rockbridge Co. to the Levels of Greenbrier and then across the Gauley Mountain in pursuit of the Shawnee Indians, but did not overtake them, so they marched back to Rockbridge Co., VA.

At age 22 he was living in TN (Washington Co., NC/TN) which was not a state at that time, Elisha also fought the hostile Cherokee Indians under Captain William Pruitt's Rangers as a private. He fought in the Battle of Kings Mountain under Captain James Wilson who was under Colonel John Sevier's command. *"The group of Tennessee volunteers dressed in homespun, wearing coonskin caps and armed with rifles, they presented a picturesque appearance. Their equipment consisted of powder horn and bullet pouch, with a measure of parched corn or meal for sustenance. A considerable portion of the command were mounted, but the hardy footmen with their light equipment kept pace with the horses and arrived on the scene of the battle at the same time as the horsemen. Making a forced march across the mountains they learned that Colonel Ferguson was intrenched at King's Mountain, near the boundary line between the Carolinas. Colonel William Campbell was elected to command the attack which was decided to be an immediate attack. King's Mountain was surrounded by the little band of mountaineers, who advanced in Indian fashion, fighting from every tree and bush. So deadly was their aim, so determined was their purpose that the British forces were practically annihilated and Colonel Ferguson and many of his subordinates killed. When Cornwallis heard the news that one of his choicest regiments had been destroyed by a band of mountaineers who fought with tomahawks and long rifles, his heart became as water and he surrendered to General George Washington on October 19, 1881."

In 1787/8 he fought under Captain James Fanes/Fains & Major Craig against the Cherokee Indians,where he was shot by a rifle ball in the left leg, which broke it, also in the left shoulder & one other in the left arm, his horse was shot down, his brother put him on his horse & they escaped to the fort, where he stayed 7 weeks and then was moved on a litter back to Washington Co.

I have no proof but I believe Elisha Hadden's brothers were William and Samuel Hadden (who was also a witness to the will of William Hadden (1816)...Butler Co., KY along with Elisha Hadden & William Ashmore).

Butler Co, KY - 1810 census list as follows:

Elisha Hadden - 2 m under 10, 1 m 16-26, 2 m 26-45, 1 m 45 or over, 3 funder 10, 2 f 10-16, 1 f 16-26

Hugh Hadden - 2 m under 10, 1 m 16-26, 2 f - 10, 1 f 10-16, 1 f 16-26

Samuel Hadden - 1 m 26-45, 1 f under 10, 1 f 16-26

William Hadden - 1 m 16-26, 1 m 45+, 1 f 45+

William Hadden - 1 m under 10, 1 m 16-26, 1 f 16-26

Giles Co., TN Tax List - 1812 list William Ashmore, James Ashmore, James Ashmore, Sr., William Hadden, Samuel Hadden, John Hadden, Hugh Hadden and Thomas Hadden.

Chester Co, PA tax list 1765-69 David Hadden; Harrison Co VA census 1785 is

David Hadden & John Hadden and Monongalia Co., VA William Hadden 1782

In York Co., PA 1790 census is Samuel Hadden, Cumberland Co, PA - Thomas

Haddon, Westmoreland Co., PA William & Berkely Hadden.

The 1787 census of Lincoln Co., VA (KY) Tax List "B", District of John Bryant, Commissioner, list Samuel & William Hadden In Washington Co., TN/NC there also is Anna Hadden with a land grant from NC, which leads me to believe that she was the widow of a Revolutionay War soldier....since women did not own land unless they were heirs. Question could this Anna be the mother of Mary Hadden???? Anna Hadden's land was on the Big Limestone creek which is also where James Ashmore also had land before he moved to Lick Creek.

Margaret Ashmore
    married Hugh Henderson in Logan Co, KY & they moved to Clark Co., IL

James Ashmore Jr.

first married Ann Horn they lived in Giles Co., TN then moved to IL, he also married Cassandra Moore

His wife Elizabeth is not buried in SC at the Ashmore plantation, that is a different Elizabeth, birth dates do not fit Elizabeth
Balch's Harford Co records. Most likely Elizabeth died in Greene Co or Logan Co ,