The Desolating Abomination in Daniel

A key sign to watch for as given by Jesus (NAB):

This web page is a technical analysis of the words Jesus used to describe this sign, where the same words can be found in Daniel and whether or not these passages apply to the end times. The key events from the passages will be presented graphically. A discussion of what these events may be will follow on another page.

Jump to discussion: Sacrifice & Oblation in Prophecy

To what was Jesus referring. To answer this question we must find the words in Daniel, written in both Aramaic and Hebrew, that express the same thoughts as the Greek words used in Matthew. Even though I frequently quote from the NAB version, I like the overall translation the best, the KJV will be used in the next chart because it is more consistent in using the same English word for the same concept. The NAB translates desolating in Daniel to horrible.

Phrase as found in KJV of Daniel:

Hebrew

Ch. 8 Ch. 9 Ch. 11 Ch. 12
Abomination

shiqquwts

X

X

X

Desolation

shamen

X

X

X

X

Daily (sacrifice)

tamiyd

X

X

X

The ideas expressed by Jesus, "desolating abomination", appear together only in Daniel chapters 9, 11 and 12. The same source word for desolation, "shamen", is used in all four chapters cited above. The word chosen to express abomination or detestable thing is "shiqquwts" and it is used only in chapters 9, 11 and 12. The source word used in chapter 8 in conjunction with "shamen" is "pesha", which does not have the same expression of disgust as does "shiqquwts". The prophecy described in chapter 8 is different from the one introduced in chapter 9 and amplified in chapters 11 and 12, so the latter vision is the one to which Jesus must have been refering. (Click here if you want greater detail.) However, chapter 8 does have application to this concept also, as we shall see later. "Daily sacrifice" was added to the table because it is relevant to the topic. Sacrifice is in parentheses to show that it is an implied word. There is one Hebrew word which translates to daily or regular and the context implies sacrifice. The NAB version of these passages follow:

The Vision of the Ram & the He-goat

The Prophecy of 70 Weeks of Years

Vision of the Helenistic Wars

A Vision of the Last Days

Do these References in Daniel refer to the Past or the Future?

The Vision of the Ram & the He-goat

The Prophecy of 70 Weeks of Years

Vision of the Helenistic Wars

A Vision of the Last Days

The prophecy of the 70 weeks of years and the vision of the last days apply directly to our time. The details describe the final week of the 70 weeks of years, hereafter referred to as Daniel's 70th Week. A graphic representation of these passages is shown below. The other two visions develop the image of Antiochus Epiphanes as the type of the Antichrist to come.

As one reflects upon these passages and the chart below, it becomes clear that in order to understand the desolating abomination one must first encounter sacrifice and oblation.

Sacrifice & Oblation in Prophecy


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©1997 Collins Hamblen Last Update: 5/9/98