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This page includes immigrant ancestors who were not affiliated with the Quaker, Huguenot or German and Swiss migrations. Most are from the British Isles, but the earliest is from Sweden.

Ann, wife of Richard Buffington, (d. 1698-1700)
Richard Buffington (c.1654-1748)
Oliver Cope (?-1697)
Benjamin Mairs (c.1782-after 1830)
Joseph Mairs (1799-1870)
Rachel Kennedy (c1782-after 1830)
William Sams (?-after 1696)
Timothy Stidham (c1617-1686)

Ann or Anne, wife of Richard Buffington, was probably born in or near Great Marie, Buckinghamshire, England. She is believed to have married Richard in England and had their first two children there before migrating to West New Jersey about 1675. In the 1965 book, "The Buffington Family in America," Ralph M. Buffington wrote of Ann: "She was an outspoken woman of strongly individualistic views. She often did not conform to the conventions of her day and she was ready to stand by her friends in their difficulties, and lend her support as needs be in their non-adherence to the Quaker rules and regulations of the Province." Judging by the court records of Chester County, that may be an understatement.

On 5 June 1689, Ann Buffington was convicted on charges of defiling her marriage bed. A witness testified that as he was coming from Concord down to Chichester, he saw a man and woman on the ground with "ye man lying upon ye top of ye woman and ye woman looking up he saw it was Anne Buffington." The same witness, who also served as prosecutor, later said "Anne Buffington was very earnest to know who this man and woman was for said shee there is never a woman hereabouts that hath a black hatt butt I and then it must needs be me." The jury sentenced her to "10 strips upon her bear backe well laid on and 12 months imprisonment att hard labour."

In 1695, Ann was again called before the bar of justice. A grand jury charged her with helping Robert Roman take the wife of Henry Hastings away from her husband and children and ordered her to appear at the next court. Ann did not appear because she was ill.

Then in March 1698, Ann Buffington and several other individuals were charged with being witnesses at an unlawful marriage.

But through it all, Richard seems to have stood by her. He even joined in providing the bond in the 1689 case. And some of their children were apparently born after that incident

Richard Buffington was born c.1654 in Great Marle, Buckinghamshire, England, possibly the second son of Richard and Helen Boveington.. He died Jan/Feb 1747/8 in Chester County, Penn. Richard and his family immigrated to West New Jersey about 1675, probably on ship Griffin. But he was in Upland (now Chester), Penn., by 1677. His marriage to Ann was apparently in England. He married second 1708 Frances Vane, widow of John Grubb. He married third c. 1720 Alice Palmer. Most of his children were with his first wife. Three were with third wife. Richard served as constable in Aston in 1688. Later he served as constable of Westtown 1700-1702 and was followed in office by Robert Jefferis, another of my immigrant ancestors. Richard was Baptist in religion. In 1715, he was among congregation that reformed to eventually became Brandywine Baptist Church, oldest of that denomination in area. The congregation had previously existed from 1692 to 1701, when it disbanded. Richard was baptised 26 Aug. 1699 in Crum Creek

Oliver Cope was possibly born in Abury, Wiltshire, England, a son of John and Elizabeth Cope. He died late May or early June 1697 in New Castle County, Del. Oliver migrated to Pennsylvania about 1683. He bought 250 acres of land from William Penn on 8 Sept. 1681, while in England. Indenture says Oliver was tailor. His land was surveyed in Jan. 1685/6. Richard Buffington was one of trustees named his will. Although he came about same time, it does not appear that he was a Quaker, although many of his descendants were. He married Rebecca ?? about 1670 in England.They had at least four children. She died 1728, probably in New Castle County, Del. Son-in-law granted letters of administration for her estate on 16 May 1728.

Benjamin Mairs was born c.1782, probably in the Ulster part of Ireland. He died after 1830, possibly in Jefferson County, Ohio. Best guess is that he and his wife, Rachel Kennedy, came to this country about 1815. He and his family were naturalized 24 Sep. 1822 in Jefferson County, Ohio. Benjamin and Rachel had at least four children.

Joseph Mairs was born 3 June 1799 in County Derry, Ireland (Ulster), a son of Benjamin Mairs and Rachel Kennedy. He died 13 July 1870, in Sullivan County, Mo. Joseph came to United States about 1815 with his parents. He, his parents and siblings were naturalized as citizens of United States on 24 Sept. 1822 in Jefferson County, Ohio. One questionable source says he taught school several terms in Pennsylvania; was supposedly proficient in mathematics and penmanship and was once offered $3,500 per year salary to teach in Philadelphia, which he declined. He did study medicine and began practice in Jackson County, (W.)Va., where he moved before 1830 from Jefferson County, Ohio. He abandoned medical practice about 1860, perhaps earlier as he is called farmer in 1850 census, and moved to Sullivan County, Mo., in 1865, where he farmed until death (died while working in hay field). He married Margaret Bell 18 July 1822, in Jefferson County, Ohio. They had nine children. Margaret Bell was born c.1801, possibly in Virginia, and died 11 Sept. 1851 in Jackson County (W.)Va.

Rachel Kennedy was born c.1782, probably in the Ulster part of Ireland. She died after 1830, possibly in Jefferson County, Ohio. Naturalized 24 Sept. 1822, in Jefferson County, Ohio. Rachel and husband Benjamin Mairs had at least four children.

William Sams was born in England. He died after 1696 in Old Rappahannock (now Richmond) County, Va. William sailed from Bristol, England, in 1653, imported by Peter Knight for his plantation on Wicomico river in Northumberland County, Va. With George Morris, William was granted 2,500 acres on north side of Rappahannock River on a great branch (Cat Point Creek) 28 July 1662. William was granted 1,438 acres alone on 30 Oct. 1669. He witnessed a will on Oct. 22, 1696. No records of marriage, children or death have been found, but circumstancial evidence indicates he is probably father of James Sams Sr.

Timothy Stidham [Timen Stiddem] was born in Hammell, according to his will, which is probably Hammel, Denmark. He died 1686 near present-day Wilmington, Dela. His father, Luloff Stiddem, originally of Copenhagen, became a prominent resident of Gothenburg, Sweden. Timen made his first trip to New Sweden (Delaware) as a barber-surgeon on the ship Kalmar Nyckel, arriving 29 March 1638. He returned on the Kalmar Nyckel's second voyage in 1640 and stayed until 1644, when he returned to Sweden. Timen departed for his third voyage to New Sweden in 1649 aboard the Fama with a wife and two young children (a third was born on the voyage). The Fama wrecked near Puerto Rico. After several days, the passengers and crew were taken prisoner by a Spanish ship. Timen's family was killed, but he survived and eventually made his way back to Sweden. Timen sailed for America for last time 2 Feb. 1654 on the Orn. He arrived in Delaware 21 or 22 May. Timen became city surgeon of Christina (Wilmington) in 1662. He received a large land grant in 1671 from the Duke of York through Gov. Sir Francis Lovelace, which was probably just confirmation of what he had held under the Swedes. All his children who reached adulthood are apparently by his second wife, whose name is unknown. He married third about 1680 Christina Thorrson Wallraven, widow of Wallraven Jansson de Vos and daughter of Olof and Elice Thorrson. She outlived Timothy by about 12 years. Timothy's will was signed 1 Feb. 1686 and proved 24 April 1686. He died a wealthy landowner.

For a more comprehensive look at the life and times of Timen Stiddem and information about some of his descendants in Delaware and elsewhere, visit the website of The Timen Stiddem Society

logo copyright The Timen Stiddem Society

William Stidham Sig Allen Gatham has placed on his website a letter written in 1824 by my four-great grandfather, William Stidham, a grandson of Timen Stiddem, to William's brothers Jonas and David. The links in this paragraph and signature image should open a new window or tab in your browser so that you can return to this page by simply closing the new window or tab.

The first Swedish ship to bring settlers to Delaware, the Kalmar Nyckel has been recreated by the Kalmar Nyckel Foundation.

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Created by Karl Seitz

Rev: 07/21/2011