Kanji for Tsuba by Dr. Torigoye


Art of the Japanese Sword

To anyone who is not already a student of the Japanese sword and its related arts, I owe a few words of introduction. A tsuba is the hand guard mounted on a Japanese sword. It serves to keep the user's hand from sliding up onto the blade of the sword, to counterbalance the weight of the blade, to communicate the social standing, beliefs and tastes of its owner, and, to some degree, to protect the hand from an opponent's blade. Tsuba are made from a wide variety of materials including 'soft metals' such as copper and its alloys (shakudo, shibuichi, brass, bronze and others); silver, gold, leather, etc., but here I will focus mostly on iron.

In its simplest form a tsuba can be a plain, undecorated plate. Most however are embellished to some degree with surface texturing, cut-out openwork in positive and negative silhouette or inlay/overlay of various metals. The style of work varies with time, region and the imagination of the maker. Decorated or not, a good tsuba must first satisfy the basic demands of function. This tends to lend certain common characteristics to tsuba that can lead newcomers to think "These things are all alike. Why would anybody care about them other than to mount on a sword?" I know that I once did, but with a little bit of study I found there's a wide world to explore. While I hope that this site can serve as road map for beginners, it is not a comprehensive study of tsuba, but rather is a reflection of my current interests.

Early Soft Metal 1, 2, 3

Early Iron Tsuba 1, 2, 3

Early Brass Inlay Tsuba

Kamakura Tsuba

Saotome Tsuba

Kyo Sukashi Tsuba1, 2

Shoami Tsuba 1, 2

Owari Sukashi Tsuba

Kanayama Tsuba

Owari Tsubako

Akasaka Tsuba

Other Edo Jidai Tsubako







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Updated 1/29/05


Copyright 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005 Jim Gilbert