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Obediah C. Lyles joined his brother Robert in Company F of Orr's 1st South Carolina Regiment of Rifles on March 15, 1862, in the Pickens District. Only four months later, he died on July 12 (according to his father) or 13 (according to the Confederate Treasury), 1862, near Richmond, following the Battle of the Seven Days.

He may well have died of wounds. His company and regiment, which were part of A.P. Hill's division, took awful casualties during the Seven Days (June 25 to July 1). On just one day, June 27, at the Gaines's Mill, for instance, Oby's regiment suffered 60 percent killed and wounded, losing 315 of the 537 men engaged, according to historian Clifford Dowdey.

On November 29, 1862, Oby's father, William A. Lyles, put in a claim to South Carolina Court of Common Pleas and General Sessions (see the document below) as Oby's legal heir. On September 12, 1863, a letter from the Confederate Treasury authorized that Oby's service pay be paid to to the care of W.S. Gresham of Walhalla for William A. Lyles: "For pay of the said deceased from the first of May, the date to which he was last paid, to the 12th of July 1862, the date of his death inclusive, 2 months 12 days @ $11 per month. $26.40"

(View the Confederate Treasury letter to William A. Lyles.)

 


William A. Lyles as legal heir of his son Obediah Lyles

 

The State of South Carolina
Pickens District

ON THIS, the 29th day of Nov, 1862, personally appeared before me, Mr. William A. Lyles, of the State and District aforesaid, who, being duly sworn, saith on oath, that he is the father of Obadiah Lyles, who was a private in the Company commanded by Captain R.A. Hawthorne, 1st S.C. Regiment Rifles South Carolina Volunteers:

THAT the said Obadiah Lyles died near Richmond VA., on 13th day July 1862, That he is the legal Heir and Representative of the said Obediah Lyles, deceased, and is legally entitled to receive to receive the amount due his ceased [son] for his service Bounty and Communtation in the Confederate States Army and that he had neither wife or child

Sworn before me on this 29th day | William Liles
of Nov. 1862
W.[]. Grisham
Nt Public

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The State of South Carolina
PICKENS DISTRICT

ON THIS THE 5th day of December, 1862, personally appeared before me, J.B. McGuffin and J.B. Cobb, who, being duly sworn, saith on oath, that they are personally acquainted with Mr. William Liles, father of O. Liles, deceased, who was a private in the Company commanded by Captain R.A. Hawthorne, 1st S.C. Regiment Rifles South Carolina Volunteers; That the said O. Liles, deceased, died near Richmond Va.,on the 13th day of July 1862, and that he is the legal Heir and Representative of the said O. Liles, deceased, and legally entitled to receive the amount due for his services in the Confederate States' Army and that he had neither wife or child

Sworn to before me this, the Fifth day
of December, 1862
W.S. Grisham
Nt Pub.

--------------------------

The State of South Carolina

PICKENS DISTRICT
Office Court of Common Pleas and General Sessions

J. [----] , Clerk of the said Court do [thereby?] certify that W.S. Grisham, Esquire, before whom the above [attestation] was made, is and was a Notary Public at the time of [the] signing, in and for the State and District aforesaid; that his attestation is in the for of Law, and that his signature thereto is genuine

Given under . . .

 

from Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of South Carolina. National Archives microfilm publication M267.