English Origins of the Maltby Family of Canada

 

 

(I.) WilliamD Maltby was born probably in or near Scarborough, Yorkshire, England, sometime in the late 1600s.[1] His parents have not been discovered. He married [--?--] before 1712, and had at least one son born in Scarborough.

            There is a possibility that William may have descended from Sir John Mautby, Knight, of Norfolk, who married Isabel Clavering, daughter and heiress of Robert Clavering, in 1326. She was a granddaughter of Roger, Lord of Clavering, a prominent family of the nobility. Their eldest son and heir, Sir Robert Mautby, Knight, married Ellen Lovayne, daughter and heiress of Thomas Lovayne, Knight, of another prominent family. Sir John Mautby did have other sons, though, whose families have not been traced, and William Maltby, of Scarborough, could have descended from one of these, however this has not been proven, and would be almost impossible to prove. The only clue indicating this possibility is that the descendants of William Maltby, of Scarborough, were unofficially using a coat of arms that was very similar to the Clavering coat of arms, described as Quart. or. and arg. p party per fess indented. The Crest was a Wyren, and the motto was “Fear God in Life.[2]

            The earliest records of a Maltby in Scarborough, England, are in 1334 when the name of William de Malteby appears on a list of freemen,[3] and again in 1406 when the name Richard Malteby appears as a resident of Scarborough.[4] A Hugo de Malebisse held lands in Yorkshire at the time of William the Conqueror in 1066, and it is speculated that he may have been the progenitor of all the Maltbys of England.[5] There is, of course, a very large elapse of time between these records and the birth of the son of William Maltby, that remains to be solved, but supposedly this branch of Maltbys had lived in Scarborough, England, at least back to the mid-1600s, if not earlier.

 

 

(II.) JohnC Maltby, son of WilliamD Maltby, of Scarborough, was born on 12 Sept. 1712 in Scarborough, Yorkshire, England,[6] according to the Maltby Bible entry, but his baptismal entry in the Parish of Scarborough is dated 5 Sept. 1712.[7] The bible entry was evidently made after 1756, when the Gregorian calendar began usage in England, which would have made his birth date in the Julian calendar about 10 days earlier, or 2 Sept. 1712.

            John Maltby married Mary Dickenson on 7 Aug. 1738 in Scarborough.[8] Her father has not been identified, but there was a Mary Dickinson, daughter of Samuel Dickinson, baptized on 22 Apr. 1716 in St. John the Baptist Church, Cayton-by-Scarborough, Yorkshire, and another Mary Dickinson, daughter of George Dickinson, baptized on 9 Oct. 1719 in Seamer-near-Scarborough, Yorkshire.[9] She died before June 1765.[10]

            John and Mary Maltby had children:[11]

            A. Mary Maltby, born on 27 Sept. 1739 in Scarborough, baptized 19 Oct. 1739 in Scarborough Parish, married John Todd on 6 Feb. 1763 in Scarborough,[12] and they had children:[13]

                        1. John Todd, Jr., born on 17 Nov. 1763 in Scarborough, baptized on 24 Jan. 1764 in Scarborough Parish. He was apparently known to his cousin, Thomas Maltby, who included his birth date in the Maltby Family Bible.

                        2. Mary Todd, baptized on 31 Oct. 1766 in Scarborough Parish, possibly died young, since she was not mentioned in Thomas Maltby’s family bible.

            B. William Maltby, born on 10 Sept. 1741 in Scarborough, baptized 24 Sept. 1741 in Scarborough Parish, evidently died young.

            C. JohnB Maltby, Jr., born on 9 Dec. 1742 in Scarborough, baptized 4 Jan. 1743 in Scarborough Parish, married Margaret (Dent[?]/Rickaby[?]) Addison on 20 June 1765 in York, England.[14] (Continued.)

            D. William Maltby, born on 25 Apr. 1744 in Scarborough, his baptism not recorded in Scarborough Parish, survived to adulthood, and was in the fishing business with his brother, John, in Sunderland, England. No marriage or children have been discovered for him.

            E. Dickenson Maltby, a son, born on 3 Sept. 1745 in Scarborough, baptized 21 Sept. 1745 in Scarborough Parish, no further record.

            F. Hugh Maltby, born on 10 May 1747 in Scarborough, baptized 5 June 1747 in Scarborough Parish, no further record.

            G. Isabella Maltby, born on 27 July 1750 in Scarborough, baptized 23 Aug. 1750 in Scarborough Parish, no further record.

 

 

(III.) JohnB Maltby, Jr., second son of JohnC Maltby, WilliamD; born in Scarborough on 9 Dec. 1742,[15] married Margaret (Dent[?]/Rickaby[?]) Addison, widow of George Addison, Esq., of Whitby, Yorkshire, England, on 20 June 1765 in St. Mary Castlegate, York, England.[16] Her maiden name was thought to have been “Dent,” since they named a son William Dent, but no marriage was found for a George Addison and a Margaret Dent. A George Addison, of Whitby, married a Margaret Rickaby on 27 Mar. 1762 in Whitby, Yorkshire.[17] No children were found for George and Margaret Addison, of Whitby, nor was an appropriate baptismal record for Margaret Rickaby found in the I.G.I.[18]

            John and Margaret Maltby, Jr., moved to Sunderland, Durhamshire, England, where he and his broth­er, William Maltby, each owned a fishing vessel. A letter, dated 29 July 1883, from Bell Wilkinson, of Sunderland, to Richard3 Leighton Maltby, of Newcastle, N.B., stated “Our son has a nice old painting of two ships (that I suppose would belong to your great, great-grandfather) sailing from Scarborough, the birthplace of the old, old Maltbys, say 200 years ago; the names of the ships are on the back of the picture. They are bound for the Greenland whale fishery.” John Maltby, Jr., and his brother, William Maltby, supposedly owned the two ships in the picture.[19] Bell Wilkinson married a great-granddaughter of John Maltby, Jr.

            In addition, John Maltby, Jr., taught school in Sunderland, from 1765 until his death, in about 1772 in Sunderland. Richard Leighton Maltby had an account book of his dating from June 1765, with the names of his pupils and the amounts of their tuition fees.[20] His widow, Margaret, moved back to Scarborough after his death, remarried again to William Robinson, of Scarborough, in ca. 1774.

            John Maltby, Jr., had 3 children, and Margaret had 3 more children by William Robinson, but baptisms were found for only the Robinson children:[21]

            A. Capt. ThomasA Maltby, born on 12 Oct. 1766 in Sunderland, England, married Mary Baker[?] in 1789. (Continued.)

            B. Margaret Maltby, born on 30 Aug. 1767 in Sunderland, no further record.

            C. William Dent Maltby, born on 29 Oct. 1769 in Sunderland, no further record.

            D. George Robinson, born on 17 Aug. 1775 in Scarborough, baptized on 15 Sept. 1775 in Scarborough Parish.

            E. Mary Robinson, born on 2 July 1777 in Scarborough, baptized on 30 July 1777 in Scarborough Parish.

            F. Isabella Robinson, born on 6 July 1780 in Scarborough, baptized on 24 Sept. 1780 in Scarborough Parish.

 

 

(IV.) Capt. ThomasA Maltby, eldest son of JohnB Maltby Jr., JohnC, WilliamD; born in Sunderland on 12 Oct. 1766,[22] married Mary Baker[?], of Bristol,[23] England, in 1789, and lived in Scarborough and Sunderland. Her parents have not been discovered, nor has their marriage record. Her surname was thought to have been “Baker” because they named their son Thomas Baker Maltby.[24] There is a marriage record for a Thomas Maltby and Mary Bowen on 6 Oct. 1788 in Cathedral Saint Peter, Sheffield, Yorkshire,[25] but this may be for a different Thomas Maltby, because in the marriage record they were both called “of this parish” (Sheffield.)[26] A greater possibility is that Thomas Maltby, on one of his voyages, met Mary while in port in Bristol, and their marriage record may be in one of the many churches in Bristol, England.

            Capt. Thomas Maltby studied navigation, and, following in his father's footsteps, became a master mariner and sea captain, transporting coal and goods along the Baltic Sea. Before the Napoleonic War with France, 1808‑1815, while trying to run a blockade in the Baltic, Thomas Maltby was taken prisoner in the year 1807, and was imprisoned in the French prison at Arras, for 7 years.[27]

            Capt. Thomas Maltby also kept the Maltby Family Bible from which the early births and marriages were copied. In 1918 the bible was in the possession of Louise Marie (Wilkinson) Browne, of Sunderland, England.[28]

            In 1916 Mary Ethel Keymes (Maltby) Orr, of Old Town, Maine, was in possession of several old letters written by Capt. Thomas Maltby to his wife and family, then living in Sunderland, while he was in prison. While there he taught navigation to the other prisoners. He was a very religious man, and a devout follower of John Wesley. In his captivity, with the many other men there, they enjoyed a religious service often three times a day, each taking turns in “exhorting their congregation to follow the sacred teachings of our Saviour.” In one of his letters to his wife, he says, “Oh, the sweet counsel we take together, blessed be God, he has sent me Jeremiah Taylor, and we take turns preaching twice a day and urging others to follow Christ.” Bell Wilkinson also described the letters: “In his letters from the prison at Arras, the handwriting was as though it was Copper Plate. I blush for my poor writing when I consider the perfect formation of every letter in the closely written epistles he sent from his prison home. He always addressed his wife, 'My Dear Love,' and wrote her affectionately, and filled his letters full with passages from the Scriptures.” He also composed hymns for the Wesleyan Hymnal, marked “Maltby.” They may be very hard to find now, since they were only found in some of the early editions of John Wesley's Hymn Book. There was also, in 1916, a pew in the Sans Street Methodist Church, Sunderland, England, which was supposed to have been the pew of Thomas Maltby. At the close of the war, he was finally released from prison, and he died probably in Sunderland, England.[29]

            Capt. Thomas and Mary Maltby had three children:[30]

            A. Elizabeth Maltby, born on 22 July 1790, presumably in Scarborough, married William Thompson[31] on 2 Sept. 1816 in Sunderland, England.[32] He was called a carpenter, ship carpenter, and shipwright at the baptisms of his children in Sunderland. They lived in Sunderland, and had children:[33]

                        1. Thomas Maltby Thompson, born on 7 Aug. 1817 in Sunderland.[34]

                        2. Mary Ann Thompson, born on 23 May 1820 in Sunderland,[35] possibly married Thomas Smith on 18 Sept. 1838 in Sunderland, or Robert Massey on 17 Nov. 1838 in Sunderland.[36]

                        3. Isabella Thompson, born on 26 Sept. 1822 in Sunderland.[37]

                        4. William Maltby Thompson, born on 23 Apr. 1825 in Sunderland.[38]

                        5. George Thompson, born on 31 Dec. 1830 in Sunderland.[39]

            B. Thomas1 Baker Maltby, born on 17 June 1792 in Scarborough, married Margaret (Kirton) Stainsby, widow of William Stainsby, of Sunderland, Durham Co., England, on 11 May 1816 in Monkwearmouth Church, Durham Co., England.[40] (Continued in Maltby Family of New Brunswick.)

            C. Mary Maltby, born on 14 Dec. 1797, baptized on 20 Jan. 1799 in Sunderland,[41] married Richard Orren Grierson Leighton, son of John and Mary (Nicholson) Leighton, of Gateshead, Durham Co., on 1 Feb. 1823 in Sunderland.[42] He was baptized on 23 Nov. 1800 in Gateshead, Durham.[43] He was also called a carpenter and shipwright at the baptisms of his children in Sunderland. Mary (Maltby) Leighton died in Hartlepool, Durham, before 1881.[44] They lived in Sunderland, England, and had children:[45]

                        1. Richard Maltby Leighton, born on 6 July 1824 in Sunderland,[46] England, no further record.

                        2. Mary Maltby Leighton, born on 23? Nov. 1825,[47] baptized on 25 Dec. 1825 in Sunderland, married Bell Wilkinson,[48] of Sunderland, on 11 May 1846 in Saint Dunstan Church, Stepney, London, England.[49] He was born in ca. 1815 in Sunderland.[50] He was a coal worker, and they were retired and living in Bishopwearmouth, Durham Co., Great Britain, in the 1881 Durham County census, at 17 Elmwood Street.[51] He lived to be quite old, dying at age 96 sometime in the early 1900s.[52] She had one son:

                                    a. John Bell Wilkinson, born ca. 1847 in Stepney, England,[53] married Louise E. Lynn, of London, and they were living in Bishopwearmouth, Durham Co., Great Britain, in the 1881 Durham County census, at 17 Salem Hill, where he was a plumber,[54] and his uncle, Yeal Wilkinson, was living with them. He was described by John Albert Fish, of Melrose, MA, in 1918, as “a grand gentleman of the 'old school,' 70 years old, and in good health. He would never ride in a 'tramcar,' always walked, no matter the distance. He wore a silk hat frock coat, and was a distinguished citizen, a strong, sturdy, and energetic man. He was very kind and hospitable to his kin from Canada and the United States, and always had an open door to them.[55] They had children:

                                                1. Louise Marie Wilkinson, born about 1875 in Sunderland,[56] married Percy Browne, of Sunderland, in 1895, but they had no children as of 1918.[57] She possessed the Maltby Family Bible of Capt. Thomas Maltby in 1918, and copied the names and dates from it for various Maltby researchers, including John Albert Fish and Dorothy (Maltby) Verrill.

                                                2. John Lynne Bell Wilkinson, born ca. 1877 in Sunderland,[58] married Barbara Clough in 1896, and they had 3 children as of 1918,[59] names unknown.

                                                3. Stanley Y. Wilkinson, born ca. 1881 in Sunderland,[60] probably died young. He was not listed among the children of John Bell Wilkinson by John Albert Fish in 1918.[61]

                        3. Thomas Maltby Leighton, born on 4 Feb. 1827 in Sunderland,[62] no further record.

                        4. John McDougal Leighton, born on 30 Mar. 1830 in Sunderland,[63] traveled across the Atlantic to New Brunswick sometime in his life, but he drowned from the brig, “Hope” in the harbor of Saint John, New Brunswick, and lies buried in the Carleton Cemetery there. A stone was set up to mark his grave in about 1884.[64] He was presumably unmarried.

            5. Joseph Nicholson Leighton, born on 1 Nov. 1832 in Sunderland,[65] married Jane Horsby[?] in ca. 1857.[66] She was born ca. 1833, and they were living in Stranton, Durham Co., Great Britain, in the 1881 Durham County census, on Lamb Street, where he was a shipwright.[67] They had children:[68]

                        a. James Shepherd Leighton, born ca. 1858 in Hartlepool, Durham Co., was still unmarried and living with his parents in Stranton in the 1881 census, a blacksmith.

                        b. (Possibly) John Leighton, born ca. 1860 in Hartlepool, Durham Co., was unmarried and living as a lodger in Hartlepool in the 1881 Durham Co. census with Thomas Simpson, a shipwright.[69]

                        c. Richard Maltby Leighton, born ca. 1862 in Hartlepool, Durham Co., was also a blacksmith in the 1881 census, unmarried.

                        d. George Horsby Leighton, born ca. 1865 in Hartlepool, Durham Co., was an iron moulder in the 1881 census.

                        e. Jane Horsby Leighton, born ca. 1868 in Hartlepool, Durham Co.

                        f. William Thompson Leighton, born ca. 1871 in Hartlepool, Durham Co.

                        g. Frank Pounder Leighton, born ca. 1873 in Hartlepool, Durham Co.

                        6. Jessey Leighton, a daughter, born on 6 Feb. 1836 in Sunderland.[70]

 

 

{Back to Site Index}{Continued in Maltby Family of New Brunswick}

 

© 2002 John A. Maltby, Redwood City, California



    [1] Estimation based on the baptism of his son in 1712 in Scarborough, Yorkshire.

    [2] This supposition was first published by Mrs. Dorothy Maltby Verrill, in Maltby-Maltbie Family History, published by Birdsey L. Maltby, in 1916, for The Maltby Association, [hereinafter Verrill, Maltby-Maltbie], pp. 150-151. I have not attempted to verify or disprove this. The arms of Sir John Mautby, Kt., of Norfolk, were described as Quart or. And gules, a bendlet sable, Verrill, Maltby-Maltbie, p. 92.

    [3] Verrill, Maltby-Maltbie, pp. 29, 154, from Cal. Pat. Rolls, p. 18.

    [4] Verrill, Maltby-Maltbie, p. 34, from Cal. Pat. Rolls, p. 62.

    [5] Verrill, Maltby-Maltbie, p. 76.

    [6] According to the Maltby Family Bible, first owned by Capt. Thomas Maltby, son of this John Maltby, Jr. The bible entry was made some years after the event, and certainly after the 1756 calendar change. The birth date was probably expressed according to the current Gregorian calendar, not according to the Julian calendar that was in existence in 1712.

    [7] Verrill, Maltby-Maltbie, p. 151, from a certified record made by Rev. Cecil Cooper, Vicar and Rural Dean of Scarborough for The Maltby Association.

    [8] Verrill, Maltby-Maltbie, p. 151, as transcribed from the Maltby Family Bible.

    [9] From an I.G.I. search for the baptism of Mary Dickenson.

    [10] Per Elizabeth Macaluso, of Wyoming, MI, from information she received from Loran & Barb McKay of Smithers, BC, 5 Apr. 2000.

    [11] Verrill, Maltby-Maltbie, p. 151. Birth dates are from the Maltby Family Bible; baptismal dates were transcribed by Rev. Cecil Cooper, Vicar and Rural Dean of Scarborough, for The Maltby Association.

    [12] Verrill, Maltby-Maltbie, p. 151, except marriage date is from the I.G.I. controlled extraction of Scarborough parish records.

    [13] Birth date of John Todd is from Maltby-Maltbie, p. 151, taken from the Maltby Family Bible. Baptismal dates are from the I.G.I. controlled extraction of Scarborough Parish Records.

    [14] Verrill, Maltby-Maltbie, p. 151, taken from the Maltby Family Bible.

    [15] Verrill, Maltby-Maltbie, p. 151, taken from the Maltby Family Bible.

    [16] Verrill, Maltby-Maltbie, p. 151, taken from the Maltby Family Bible.

    [17] From the I.G.I. controlled extraction of parish records from Whitby, Yorkshire, England.

    [18] Through searches on the I.G.I.

    [19] Verrill, Maltby-Maltbie, pp. 151-152, including extract of a letter from Bell Wilkinson to Richard Leighton Maltby.

    [20] Verrill, Maltby-Maltbie, p. 152.

    [21] Verrill, Maltby-Maltbie, p. 152 for baptisms of Maltby children. Letter of John Albert Fish to John Alfred Montrose Hanson Maltby in 1918, in possession of John A. Maltby, [hereinafter J.A. Fish Letter], also has these birth dates, as well as the Robinson birth dates. Robinson baptismal dates are from the I.G.I. controlled extraction of Scarborough Parish records.

    [22] Verrill, Maltby-Maltbie, p. 152; J.A. Fish Letter.

    [23] She was called “native of Bristol” in the baptismal record of her daughter Mary Maltby, in Sunderland, England. Since Bristol is a port town, Thomas may have met Mary in Bristol while conducting some commerce there.

    [24] Verrill, Maltby-Maltbie, p. 153.

    [25] I.G.I. controlled extraction of Sheffield Parish records. This was the only marriage entry for a Thomas Maltby to a Mary found in this time period.

    [26] LDS Microfilm #919326, “Bishop’s Transcripts of the Parish Church of Sheffield, 1774-1789.”

    [27] Verrill, Maltby-Maltbie, pp. 152-153.

    [28] Verrill, Maltby-Maltbie, p. 152.

    [29] J.A. Fish Letter, and Verrill, Maltby-Maltbie, pp. 152-153.

    [30] Birth dates from Verrill, Maltby-Maltbie, p. 153, taken from The Maltby Family Bible.

    [31] There were several (perhaps 6) different William Thompsons living in Sunderland and having children at about the same time. The husband of Elizabeth Maltby was the only carpenter or shipwright, but identification of his parents is made difficult because of the commonness of the name in Sunderland.

    [32] From the I.G.I. extraction of Sunderland marriage records from LDS microfilm #091116, “Parish Register Transcripts of Sunderland, Durham, England.”

    [33] All from the I.G.I. extraction of Sunderland birth records from LDS microfilm #091116, “Parish Register Transcripts of Sunderland, Durham, England.”

    [34] Parish Register Transcripts of Sunderland, “Sunderland Baptisms, Vol. 2, 1806-1862,” p. 178, from LDS microfilm #091116.

    [35] Parish Register Transcripts of Sunderland, “Sunderland Baptisms, Vol. 2, 1806-1862,” p. 203, from LDS microfilm #091116.

    [36] Both these marriages occur in the I.G.I. extraction of Sunderland marriage records for a Mary Ann Thompson.

    [37] Parish Register Transcripts of Sunderland, “Sunderland Baptisms, Vol. 2, 1806-1862,” p. 228, from LDS microfilm #091116.

    [38] Parish Register Transcripts of Sunderland, “Sunderland Baptisms, Vol. 2, 1806-1862,” p. 263, from LDS microfilm #091116. The “2” is blotted out, so it is not certain if the intended date was 3 April or 23 April, 1825.

    [39] Parish Register Transcripts of Sunderland, “Sunderland Baptisms, Vol. 2, 1806-1862,” p. 340, from LDS microfilm #091116. George was baptized in 1832, the same day that his cousin, Joseph Nicholson Leighton, was baptized.

    [40] Marriage records of Monkwearmouth Parish Registers, Durham Co., England, from George Bell’s transcripts.

    [41] “Parish Register Transcripts of Sunderland, England, Baptisms, Vol. V, 1797-1812,” from LDS microfilm #091115; “Parish Register Transcripts of Sunderland, England, Sunderland Baptisms, Vol. 1, 1719-1804,” p. 437, from LDS microfilm #091116. The mother’s maiden name is given for most of the children baptized, but not for Mary’s mother, unfortunately.

    [42] From the I.G.I. extraction of Sunderland marriage records from LDS microfilm #091116, “Parish Register Transcripts of Sunderland, Durham, England, 1804-1837.” He was called only “Richard Lighton” in the marriage record. His full name was given at his baptism in Gateshead, and again at the baptism of his son Joseph Nicholson Leighton. His second middle name, Grierson, may have been Grayson.

    [43] From the I.G.I. extraction of Gateshead baptismal records from LDS microfilm #252779-252785, “Parish Register Transcripts of Gateshead, Durham, England.” The marriage record of John Leighton and Mary Nicholson, on 19 Feb. 1786 in Gateshead, is from LDS microfilm #252795.

    [44]  J.A. Fish Letter.

    [45] Birth or baptismal dates from the J.A. Fish Letter, and from the I.G.I. extraction of Sunderland birth records from LDS microfilm #091116, “Parish Register Transcripts of Sunderland, Durham, England.”

    [46] Parish Register Transcripts of Sunderland, “Sunderland Baptisms, Vol. 2, 1806-1862,” p. 254, from LDS microfilm #091116.

    [47] Parish Register Transcripts of Sunderland, “Sunderland Baptisms, Vol. 2, 1806-1862,” p. 263, from LDS microfilm #091116. The transcriber of the birth records added a question mark to this date indicating that he was having trouble making it out.

    [48] His parents have not yet been identified. No birth record was found for either a Bell Wilkinson or a Yeal Wilkinson in the I.G.I. There was a family of Wilkinsons living in Sunderland at the time: Joseph and Emma (Pratt) Wilkinson. They had a son named Campbell Wilkinson born on 21 Dec. 1815 in Sunderland, but not a son named Yeal. They had a son named William Wilkinson born on 28 July 1813, who would have been the age of Yeal Wilkinson, brother of Bell Wilkinson. There is a possibility that Campbell was shortened to Bell Wilkinson, and that William Wilkinson had a middle name, Yeal, of which he was known.

    [49] Marriage date from the I.G.I. extraction of Saint Dunstan marriage records from LDS microfilm #801586, “Parish Register Transcripts of Saint Dunstan, Stepney, London, England.”

    [50] Calculated from his age in the 1881 Durham County census. He may have been the Campbell Wilkinson, son of Joseph and Emma (Pratt) Wilkinson, of Vine Street, who was born on 21 Dec. 1815 in Sunderland, from the Parish Register Transcriptions of Sunderland, “Sunderland Baptisms, Vol. 2, 1806-1862,” p. 158, from LDS microfilm #091116. His father’s occupation was lised as “keel,” which was a common occupation in Sunderland, presumably something to do with the ship building industry there.

    [51] 1881 Census, Bishopwearmouth, Durham County, Great Britain, from microfiche, #4993, folio #114, page 32:

                Bell Wilkinson, 66 M, head, married, born Sunderland, Dur., retired, coal.

                Mary M. Wilkinson, 55, F, wife, married, born Sunderland, Dur.

    [52] J.A. Fish Letter.

    [53] Calculated from his age in the 1881 Durham County Census.

    [54] 1881 Census, Bishopwearmouth, Durham County, Great Britain, from microfiche, #4996, folio #33, page 19:

                John Bell Wilkinson, 34, M, head, married, born Stepney, Mid., Plumber

                Louisa E. Wilkinson, 33, F, wife, married, born St. George in Ea.

                John L. B. Wilkinson, 4, M, son, born Sunderland, Dur.

                Stanley Y. Wilkinson, 5 mos., M, son, born Sunderland, Dur.

                Yeal Wilkinson, 68, M, uncle, unmarried, born Sunderland, Dur.

                Emma Powell, 21, F, general servant, unmarried

                Hannah Jearnett, 18 F, nursemaid, unmarried

    [55] J.A. Fish Letter.

    [56] Estimated from her marriage year. She was not listed with her parents in the 1881 Durham County census.

    [57] J.A. Fish Letter.

    [58] From the 1881 Durham County Census.

    [59] J.A. Fish Letter.

    [60] Age 5 months in the 1881 Durham County census.

    [61] J.A. Fish Letter.

    [62] Parish Register Transcripts of Sunderland, “Sunderland Baptisms, Vol. 2, 1806-1862,” p. 276, from LDS microfilm #091116.

    [63] Parish Register Transcripts of Sunderland, “Sunderland Baptisms, Vol. 2, 1806-1862,” p. 310, from LDS microfilm #091116. His name was spelled “John McDougle” in the baptismal record.

    [64] J.A. Fish Letter.

    [65] Parish Register Transcripts of Sunderland, “Sunderland Baptisms, Vol. 2, 1806-1862,” p. 340, from LDS microfilm #091116. He was baptized the same day as his cousin, George Thompson.

    [66] Calculated from the age of their oldest child in the 1881 census. Her name was thought to have been “Horsby” because it was given to two of their children as their middle names.

    [67] 1881 Census, Stranton, Durham County, Great Britain, from microfiche #4911, folio #81-82, p.24:

                Joseph Nicholson Leighton, 62 [sic], M, head, married, born Sunderland, Durham, shipwright

                Jane Leighton, 48, F, wife, married, born Whitby, Yorks.

                James Shephard Leighton, 23, M, son, born Hartlepool, Dur., blacksmith, single

                Richard Maltby Leighton, 19, M, son, born Hartlepool, Dur., blacksmith

                George Horsby Leighton, 16, M, son, born Hartlepool, Dur., Iron moulder

                Jane Horsby Leighton, 13, F, dau., born Hartlepool, Dur., in school

                William Thompson Leighton, 10, M, son, born Hartlepool, Dur., in school

                Frank Pounder Leighton, 8, M, son, born Hartlepool, Dur., in school

    [68] All from the 1881 census.

    [69] 1881 Census, Hartlepool, Durham Co., Great Britain, from microfiche #4908, folio #66, p.42.

    [70] Parish Register Transcripts of Sunderland, “Sunderland Baptisms, Vol. 2, 1806-1862,” p. 376, from LDS microfilm #091116.