Daniel Dead Sea Scrolls

Daniel Manuscripts at Qumran • Dead Sea Scrolls Quoting Daniel •  Dead Sea Scroll NomenclatureLinks12/01/06

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The Book of Daniel & The Dead Sea Scrolls

Daniel Manuscripts, Other Manuscripts, Links, Nomenclature, Dating

Daniel is well represented in the manuscripts found near Qumran. This abundant manuscript evidence does not fit well with the late dating of Daniel in the mid–second century B.C. Daniel must have been well established as scripture before this time. For an excellent discussion of this topic by Christian ThinkTank see: http://www.christian-thinktank.com/qwhendan3a.html.

“Manuscript evidence alone is disturbing* because it leaves too little time between a mid–second–century autograph and the acceptance of the book as canonical.” (Joyce Baldwin, Daniel, p.46.).

* to the late date view, that is.

Daniel Manuscripts

Name

Contents

Date Copied

1QDana (1Q71)

Dan 1:10–17; 2:2–6.

Confirms the shift of language from Hebrew to Aramaic, and omits the phrase ‘in Aramaic’ at 2:4.1

50–68 A.D.

1QDanb (1Q72)

Dan 3:22–30.

Four fragments on vellum in Aramaic.

Confirms the absence of the apocryphal “Prayer of Azariah and Song of the Three Men.”

50–68 A.D. or earlier

4QDana (4Q112)

Dan 1:16–2:33; 4:29–30; 5:5–7; 7:25–8:5; 10:16–20; 11:13–16. Note that portions of these verses are incomplete.

Confirms the shift of language from Aramaic to Hebrew. The manuscript has a blank line between the end the Aramaic section and beginning of the Hebrew.2

50 B.C.

4QDanb (4Q113)

Dan 5:10–12, 14–16, 19–22; 6:8–22, 27–29; 7:1–6, 26–28; 8:1–8, 13–16.

Confirms the shift of language from Aramaic to Hebrew.

50–68 A.D.

4QDanc (4Q114)

Dan 10:5–9, 11–16, 21; 11:1–2, 13–17, 25–29.

 The oldest known text of Daniel.

Late 2nd century B.C.

4QDand (4Q115)

Dan 3:23–25; 4:5?–9; 4:12–14.

Fragments, the largest of which contains five partial lines in severe decay.

 

4QDane (4Q116)

Dan. 9:12–14?, 15–16?, 17?…

Five tiny fragments from chapter nine.

 

6QDana (6Q7)

(aka 6QpapDan)

Dan 8:16, 17, 20, 21; 10:8–16, 11:33–36, 38.

This cave contained papyrus manuscripts rather than leather parchment.

50–68 A.D.

Drawn heavily upon Daniel by John J. Collins. Note the somewhat jumbled verse citations are because of the irregular shapes of the fragments. See also the informal list on Orion by Dr. Flint.

1 Collins, Daniel, p 148.

2 see Frank M. Cross “Editor’s Note” p. xxxvi, as in Daniel by scholar John J. Collins.

 

“Comment: It is interesting to note that every chapter of Daniel is represented in these manuscripts, except for Dan 12. However, this does not mean that the Book lacked the final chapter at Qumran, since Dan 12:10 is quoted in the Florilegium (4Q174), which explicitly tells us that ‘it is written in the Book of Daniel the Prophet.’ The evidence provided by these scrolls shows us that Daniel was a popular book at Qumran.” —‘The Prophet Daniel at Qumran,’ in Craig A. Evans and Peter W. Flint (eds.), Eschatology, Messianism, and the Dead Sea Scroll (Studies in the Dead Sea Scrolls and Related Literature); Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1996.

“On the whole, the Qumran discoveries provide powerful evidence of the antiquity of the textual tradition of the MT.” Collins, Daniel, p. 3.

 

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This site was last updated 12/01/06