Daniel History Maps Time

Book of Daniel History ~ History of the Exile and Post-Exilic Periods ~ Intertestamental History ~ 10/21/06

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History, Maps, Timelines, and Etexts Relating to the Book of Daniel

Understanding the Book of Daniel requires some knowledge of the history and culture of the time. Here are some tools to help.

History

Sinai: A moment of meaning; God invading history.

The Ancient World & Mesopotamia

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The Ancient World Web
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A resource directory for locating ancient history web sites.

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Annals of the Kings of Assyria
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Classic 1902 e-text by E. A. Wallis Budge

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Assyrian, Babylonian, and Persian Empires

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Open Directory Project (ODP) Categories:
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Ancient Near East

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Ancient Mesopotamia

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Ancient Persia

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Legends of Babylon and Egypt in Relation to Hebrew Tradition
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1916 Schweich Lectures to the British Academy by Leonard W. King, Assistant Keeper of Egyptian and Assyrian Antiquities in the British Museum and Professor in the University of London, King's College.

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CyberMuseum: Mesopotamia
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Single page about Sumer, Akkad, Assyria, and Babylonia with a few images. Annoying pop-ups.

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Encyclopaedia of the Orient
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Short articles on a wide variety of topics. Annoying pop-ups.

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Gary's Web: Ancient Mesopotamia and the Near East
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Helpful articles with an emphasis on political history and rulers. Bibliographies for further study. §

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Joseph Berrigan: Ancient Mesopotamia
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Short descriptive articles, lots of graphics. Sections on Assyria, Babylon, and Persia. Annoying music.

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Persia: Internet Ancient History Sourcebook

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Introduction to Mesopotamia: First Steps into the Ancient World
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Describes history, climate, geography.

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Interactive Guide to Mesopotamia

 

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The Ancient World by Frank Smitha
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An incredible site with lots of helpful articles sequenced chronologically. This  approach helps you get up to speed quickly by surveying concise articles focused on specific topics and chunks of time. We especially recommend the following for our purposes:

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The Hebrews to 1000 BCE

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Zoroastrians and Judaism

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Greeks, Politics and War

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Alexander Changes the World

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Hellenistic Civilization (Alexander's Empire Disintegrates)

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The Rise of Rome

 

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DrShirley.org
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Exile and Return

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Alexander and the Hellenistic World

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Rome, Revolts, and the Destruction of Jerusalem

 

Babylon, Nabopolassar, and Nebuchadnezzar

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Babylon: Status Reports on the Current Situation of the Archaeological Ruins
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British School of Archaeology in Iraq

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International Audit Comission

 

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Archaeology and the Babylonian Captivity
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Provides a helpful summary of important inscriptions related to the destruction of Jerusalem and the subsequent deportation to Babylon.

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Babylonia
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“A history of ancient Babylon (Babylonia) including its cities, laws, kings and legacy to civilization.”

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Babylonian
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A quick survey of the region, people, and their customs.

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Babylonian Conquest of Philistia and Judah

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Chaldeans (Neo-Babylonians)

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Gateways to Babylon
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Articles and texts.

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Hanging Gardens of Babylon

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Chaldeans Online
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Articles and resources about the Chaldeans throughout history.

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Nebuchadnezzar
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General encyclopedia article at ChristianAnswers.net

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Carchemish Info
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Battle of Carchemish

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Location of Carchemish

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Pharaoh Necho

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King Jehoiakim

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Check-out the great series of maps at Bible Centre.

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The Fall of Babylon by James E. Smith
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Is the fall of Babylon as prophesied by Isaiah and Jeremiah an historical event of the past, or does it await a future fulfillment?.

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The Religion of Babylonia and Assyria
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Turn of the century book by Theophilus Pinches, LL.D., Lecturer in Assyrian at University College, London.

Darius the Mede

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Bible-Exposition.org Darius
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Brief overview of the identity of Darius the Mede.

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Robert Dick Wilson Studies in the Book of Daniel: Darius the Mede §

 

   

Persia and Cyrus

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Ancient Persia
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Articles by Jona Lendering.

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Cyrus And Persia
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Courtesy of Herodotus web site.

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More

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The Story of Cyrus
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Nice chart showing lineage, courtesy of Iransaga site.

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Read The Cyrus Cylinder
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A self–serving account of what a swell guy Cyrus II was. This is Cyrus’s own account of how he let captive foreigners return to their homelands and rebuild their temples. Does not specifically mention the Jews, but is consistent with Ezra chapter one.

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Photo of Cyrus Cylinder Courtesy of Yale University, Sterling Library.

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BibArch: The Decree of Artaxerxes

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Persia and the Bible
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Brief summary with links to Bible passages.

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How Persia Treats Her Subjects
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Courtesy of Herodotus web site.

Greece, Hellenism, Alexander, Maccabees, Antiochus IV

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A Brief History of Alexander The Great

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Intertestamental Period (Persian, Greek, and Hasmonean Eras)
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Between the Testaments
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by Dr. B. H. Carroll

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Intertestamental Background
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by MinistryServer.Web

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Resource Guide
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at Hebrew University

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The Period of Jewish Independence
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by Gerald Larue

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The Legacy of the Maccabees

 

bullet Daniel's Portrait of Antiochus IV: Echoes of a Persian King
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Catholic biblical quarterly article by Paul Niskanen. “…The characterization of Antiochus IV in the Book of Daniel mirrors that of the Persian king Cambyses in the Histories of Herodotus.”

 

   

Old Testament Resources

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The Last Days of Judah and the Babylonian Exile

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When Was Judah's 70-year Captivity?

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Old Testament Life and Literature
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A series of history articles by Gerald Larue  §

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Old Testament Gateway
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Daniel

 

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Quartz Hill School of Theology Lectures
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Babylonia

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End of Judah

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Judah in Exile

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Persia

 
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Catholic University Internet Guide to Oriental Resources
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Resource Guide

 

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Vanderbilt University: [PDF] Judaica Bibliography

 

Maps, Timelines

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This site was last updated 10/21/06