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Daniel Commentaries • Late
Old Testament Commentary Survey
< Fourth Edition to be Released 3/01/2007! >
Tremper Longman III
Longman (Ph.D. Yale University.
Currently Professor of Biblical Studies at Westmont College).
Here's a great tip: Buy the
book that rates the commentaries! Concise reviews and ratings
of hundreds of commentaries. Longman tells the strengths and weakness
of each and who its target audience is: scholar, pastor, or layman. He
provides a recommended library for those on a tight budget as well as
a list of the best of the best.
Bargain price ~ Evangelical ~
Buy this to evaluate available
Baker. ??? pages. 2007.
Daniel, Hermeneia Commentary Series
John J. Collins
Late Date View
Want to run with the big dogs? Got too much time on your hands?
Enjoy arcane scholarly banter? Want to know what 4QDana is?
This is a technical, critical commentary with frequent reference to the original
languages and discussion of detailed textual, historical, and literary issues.
Collins is must reading, period. Comprehensive in scope and packed with
information by a top Intertestamental scholar who is widely respected
and has published
Weak points? It’s
very critical of any
traditional understanding of the Book of Daniel. Collins states
it baldly: “According to the consensus of modern scholarship, the
stories about Daniel and his friends are legendary in character, and
the hero himself most probably never existed.” (p. 1). It is also strictly
academic with no interest in personal application typically appended
to evangelical commentaries. Collins challenges
the authenticity of Daniel at every point. Nothing is plausible unless
it is verified by external historical sources. Daniel is bad history,
patch-worked by several editors. The tone is a bit grating for a
conservative to wade through, but it is filled with important
I wish the author had utilized tables and charts to present and
summarize data. This is tough reading and slow–going (at least for
me). The author is engaging his peers and not considering students.
Since Collins is comprehensively engaging his peers, there’s a lot of
material to churn through and mode of presentation isn't his strong
As to format, Collins presents his own original translation
accompanied by extensive textual notes. Special consideration is given
to the Old Greek version of Daniel and its peculiar history. This is followed by a discussion of
structure and unity, detailed commentary, genre, and concludes with
setting and function.
Beyond commentary, included are excursuses entitled “The Four Kingdoms,”
“One Like a Human Being,” “Holy Ones,” and “On Resurrection.”
The brief introductory note is by Frank Moore Cross, the series editor.
Also included in this volume is an essay, “The Influence of Daniel on the New
Testament,” by Adela Yarbro Collins.
Extensive indices and bibliography are included. Additionally this is a beautifully made book.
The endpapers display images of the Qumran manuscript 4QDana
and the Prayer of Nabonidus 4QPrNab.
Very Expensive ~ Critical,
Scholarly Technical ~
Detailed ~ No Personal Application
Augsburg Fortress Press. 528 pages.
a few quotes from Collins (onsite)
Book review by Edwin Yamauchi JETS March 1998
See all Hermeneia Commentaries
See other books by John J. Collins
Daniel, Word Biblical Commentary
Late Date View
A top commentary on Daniel written at a technical level using the
original languages and extensive interaction with critical literature.
Goldingay is an evangelical scholar taking the late date position.
This will be shocking to many evangelicals, but listen to his
arguments, as he has not chosen his position haphazardly. He has
struggled with the details and drawn his own conclusions.
This is a
technical commentary and I’ve found it to be difficult reading.
Literary and structural analysis are thoroughly addressed. Detailed,
rich exegesis from a man who truly has a passion for the book of
Daniel and a thorough knowledge of ancient near eastern literature. In
other words, it’s hard work but the payoff is worth the effort. Goldingay is Professor of Old Testament at Fuller Theological
From the jacket: Dr. Goldingay shows the distinctive formal feature
of Daniel to be its combination, in nearly equal proportion, of a
series of stories of Daniel and his friends and a series of visions
attributed to Daniel. It is the second of these two foci that has
usually determined how scholars define the book’s form —an apocalypse.
Dr. Goldingay’s significant contribution to a long history of
commentary literature on Daniel probes the interaction between story
Moderate Price ~ Critical,
Scholarly Technical, Evangelical ~ Detailed ~ Personal Application
Thomas Nelson / Word. Word Bible Commentary Series. 335 pages.
See all Word Series commentaries •
See other books by John Goldingay
DANIEL International Critical Commentary
by James A. Montgomery
<0ut of print>
Undoubtedly the most
technical Daniel commentary in print, this won't be of use to most
laymen—its very detailed handling of the original languages of Daniel
(Hebrew and Aramaic) and frequent references to scholarly works in
Latin, French, and German make this a commentary for scholars.
T & T Clark. 478 pages
T&T Clark became part of Continuum
in 2000. In 2003, the three religious academic imprints of Sheffield
Academic Press, Trinity Press International and T&T Clark were united
under one imprint.
DANIEL Daily Study Bible-OT
David Syme Russell
Late Date View
Written at a popular level by a top
specialist in apocalyptic literature of the previous generation. I really enjoyed this book which
had deep concern for understanding the message of the text of Daniel
and making personal
application. Russell states his position succinctly and
clearly. His writing style is that of a preacher and teacher
thoroughly familiar with his material--it is obvious that he enjoys
explaining this book to others.
Russell doesn't provide a detailed
defense of his Late Date view, but readers are directed to his more
academic writings for such material. Likewise, footnotes are minimal
and exiled to an appendix.
The length and treatment lend
themselves more to an introduction and survey than detailed
exposition. This book could serve in an adult Bible study which
introduces Daniel and this type of literature, but not at a detailed
Bargain Price ~ Critical, But
Written for Laymen ~ Limited Detail ~ Personal Application.
Westminster John Knox Press, 234
Daniel New Century Bible Series
Late Date View
Redditt allows no shred of
authenticity to the Book of Daniel, citing historical difficulties in
the opening lines regarding Nebuchadnezzar’s siege of Jerusalem,
Belshazzar’s kingship and lineage, the shadowy figure called Darius
the Mede, the reinterpretation of Jeremiah’s seventy years, and the
wrong description of the death of Antiochus IV. He does, however,
point the reader to more sympathetic sources.
Redditt painstakingly examines
and reconstructs the work of some four redactors evident to him in the
composition of Daniel. He delights in pondering which redactor added
each verse. If literary
sleuthing interests you, this book is the hot ticket, but the price is
high! (Previously available at a bargain price, however, when
Sheffield was bought out by Continuum they really jacked the price!) Exposition, on the other hand, is a step-child at times
given short shrift.
Expensive ~ Critical ~
Fascination with Literary Origins ~ Limited Exposition
Press Continuum Press, 211 pages, 1999.
Daniel Interpretation Commentary Series
W. Sibley Towner, retired Union
Late Date View
This commentary is directed towards the pastor or
layman interested in the message of the Book of Daniel. Towner is
upfront about his critical views, states them succinctly, and moves on
to his main purpose: explaining the text and applying the meaning for
today. He is an excellent writer and his personal applications are
worthwhile. This style could also serve well in an advanced adult
Bible study willing to handle some depth, as well as dedicated reading every
week. As mentioned, it is better suited to non-conservative approaches.
This commentary doesn't include the
text of Daniel, limited quotations are from the Revised Standard
Moderate Price ~ Critical, But
Written for Laymen or Pastor ~ Limited Exposition, Detailed Themes and
Westminster John Knox Press, 228
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