----- Original Message -----
U.S. Soldier Named Sheik by Iraqi Citizens
Horn Helped Arrange
for Aid for Certain Villages
By ANTONIO CASTANEDA, AP http://www.ap.org/
QAYYARAH, Iraq (July 31) - Sheik Horn floats around the room in white robe and headdress,
exchanging pleasantries with dozens of village leaders. But he's the only sheik with blonde streaks in his mustache - and
the only one who attended country music star Toby Keith's recent concert in Baghdad with fellow U.S. soldiers.
Officially, he's Army Staff Sgt. Dale L. Horn, but to residents of the 37 villages and towns
that he patrols he's known as the American sheik.
Sheiks, or village elders, are known as the real power in rural Iraq. And the 5-foot-6-inch
Floridian's ascension to the esteemed position came through dry humor and the military's need to clamp down on rocket attacks.
Late last year a full-blown battle between insurgents and U.S. and Iraqi forces had erupted,
and U.S. commanders assigned a unit to stop rocket and mortar attacks that regularly hit their base. Horn, who had been trained
to operate radars for a field artillery unit, was now thrust into a job that largely hinged on coaxing locals into divulging
information about insurgents.
Horn, 25, a native of Fort Walton Beach, Fla., acknowledges he had little interest in the
region before coming here. But a local sheik friendly to U.S. forces, Dr. Mohammed Ismail Ahmed, explained the inner workings
of rural Iraqi society on one of Horn's first Humvee patrols.
Horn says he was intrigued, and started making a point of stopping by all the villages,
all but one dominated by Sunni Arabs, to talk to people about their life and security problems.
Moreover, he pressed for development projects in the area: he now boasts that he helped
funnel $136,000 worth of aid into the area. Part of that paid for delivery of clean water to 30 villages during the broiling
"They saw that we were interested in them, instead of just taking care of the bases," Horn
Mohammed, Horn's mentor and known for his dry sense of humor, eventually suggested during
a meeting of village leaders that Horn be named a sheik. The sheiks approved by voice vote, Horn said.
Some sheiks later gave him five sheep and a postage stamp of land, fulfilling some of the
requirements for sheikdom. Others encouraged him to start looking for a second wife, which Horn's spouse back in Florida immediately
But what may have originally started as a joke among crusty village elders has sprouted
into something serious enough for 100 to 200 village leaders to meet with Horn each month to discuss security issues.
And Horn doesn't take his responsibilities lightly. He lately has been prodding the Iraqi
Education Ministry to pay local teachers, and he closely follows a water pipeline project that he hopes will ensure the steady
flow of clean water to his villages.
"Ninety percent of the people in my area are shepherds or simple townspeople," said Horn.
"They simply want to find a decent job to make enough money to provide food and a stable place for their people to live."
To Horn's commanders, his success justifies his unorthodox approach: no rockets have hit
their base in the last half year.
"He has developed a great relationship with local leaders," said Lt. Col. Bradley Becker,
who commands the 2nd Battalion, 8th Field Artillery Regiment. "They love him. They're not going to let anyone shoot at Sheik
He has even won occasional exemption from the military dress code - villagers provide a
changing room where he can change from desert camouflage to robes upon arrival.
There are downsides. In his small trailer on base, Horn keeps antibiotics to take after
unhygienic village meals.
"I still refuse to kiss him," joked Becker, referring to the cheek-kissing greetings exchanged
among sheiks. "He doesn't have any sheep - he can't be a sheik," said Becker, apparently unaware of the recent donation of
the small flock.
Some may say he's doing a tongue-in-cheek Lawrence of Arabia, but Horn says he doesn't know
much about the legendary British officer who led the Arab revolt against the Ottoman Empire in World War I.
He acknowledges some villagers are offended at seeing a foreign soldier in clothing usually
reserved for elders, but he says this has diminished over time.
The sheiks told Horn they will give him an official document deeming him a sheik before
he goes home in about two months. He plans to frame it.
And the robe? "Maybe I'll put it in the closet and wear it on occasion," Horn said.
By ANTONIO CASTANEDA, AP http://www.ap.org/