Radionics In Agriculture

by Steve Diver and George Kuepper
May 1997

This article (slightly revised from the original) does a fair job of describing the routine applications of radionics to farming. It was written as a Current Topics publication for the ATTRA (Appropriate Technology Transfer for Rural Areas) Project. ATTRA is a USDA funded project whose purpose is the dissemination of information on sustainable agriculture. Visit ATTRA's Website at

The use of radionic instruments for plant and animal diagnosis and treatment is gaining increased attention in alternative agriculture circles. While several commercial labs and consultants support this technology, little information is available through conventional channels like the Extension Service or land-grant colleges.

Currently, radionics, and the related concepts of radiesthesia and homeopathy, are largely practitioner-based technologies. An exception is homeopathy, which receives some attention in mainstream medical journals. By contrast, all three are licensed, medical disciplines in the United Kingdom and several other European countries.

Radionics is controversial because it is a metaphysical science. It is not recognized by mainstream agricultural science; thus, useful information is available only from select sources. Even within the alternative (sustainable, organic) agricultural communities, there is disagreement regarding its utility and validity. Yet, there are many reports of success among those who have given radionics a serious look; and the number of practitioners— farmers, gardeners, crop consultants, veterinarians— appears to be growing.

The objective of this discussion is neither to persuade nor dissuade the reader regarding the validity of radionics. The purpose, rather, is to shed light on a poorly understood practice that is being adopted by a growing number of people within sustainable agriculture.


Radionics is closely related to the art of dowsing, also called radiesthesia. A principal difference is that radionics uses instrumentation. These instruments are sometimes referred to as electronic scanners or "black boxes".

At its roots, radionics and radiesthesia rest on a set of assumptions:

Subtle fields and subtle energies are understood to exist on the sub-atomic level. As such, they are not designated as part of the electromagnetic spectrum, but are viewed as its foundation and the foundation of all physical matter. Subtle energies have been described in different terms, in both traditional mystical and theoretical scientific literature. Hindu, Japanese and Chinese cultures refer to "prana", "ki" and "chi" respectively. Modern investigators, such as Wilhelm Reich (1) and Galen Hieronymus (2) have called it "orgone" and "eloptic" energy. Thomas Bearden, an electrical engineer (3), and physicist Eldon Byrd (4) refer to "scalars". Dr. Philip Callahan, a retired U.S.D.A. entomologist, states there are almost 200 terms used internationally for the energy measured by radionics instruments (5).

The scientific basis for subtle energies can be found in the field of quantum physics, which studies the nature of the sub-atomic world. The results of quantum experiments and mathematical proofs lead physicists to the conclusion that the universe is anything but ordinary in the way it is constructed or in how it works. Some physicists now turn to Eastern and Western mystical traditions, noting the parallels between scientific findings, and those, often ancient, metaphysical views of nature.

Scientific research over the past three decades further documents the existence of subtle anatomical structures in the human body, heretofore recognized only by practitioners of Eastern philosophy, alternative medicine, and other metaphysical systems. These include acupuncture meridians, acupuncture points, and chakras, also known as plexes (6).

While quantum physics and related research do not confirm the function and validity of radionics, they suggest the universe may certainly be structured in a way that supports its theory and practical application.

The History of Radionics:

Radionics was originally founded as an alternative diagnostic technique in turn-of-the-century medicine. Dr. Albert Abrams, a medical professor at Stanford University, is credited with its development in the early 1900s (7, 8). The subsequent history of medical radionics in the U.S. is a stormy one, and its practice remains suspect by the American Medical Association and the Food and Drug Administration. It has fared much better in Europe where several countries recognize it as an alternative medical treatment.

In the United States, significant advances have been made in non-medical applications of radionics such as agriculture and mining. Dr. T. Galen Hieronymus (1895-1988), an electrical engineer, received U.S. Patent #2,482,773, for an instrument used to detect and measure "emanations from materials". Hieronymus instrumentation is the standard by which other American-made instruments are now gauged.

Hieronymus was further involved in the creation of the instrument employed by the agricultural radionics company UKACO, to successfully control several agricultural pest species over large acreages in the late 1940s and early 1950s. Some of these experiments, in Pennsylvania, Arizona, and California, were conducted in cooperation with county Extension agents and Farm Bureau workers (7).

Other American researchers and teachers credited with furthering radionics in agriculture include Peter Kelly, Steve Westin, Lutie Larsen, and the late Jerry Fridenstine.

The Basics of Agricultural Radionics:

There are a host of applications for radionics in both animal and crop agriculture. Principal applications fall into three main categories: analysis, evaluation of materials, and vitalization.


Radionic analysis provides a status report on the subtle field associated with a subject. That subject may be a single head of livestock or several at once; it may be a single plant or a large crop acreage. Radionic protocols provide guidelines for collecting the appropriate specimens to analyze different subjects and subject groupings. Common specimens used are hair samples from livestock; and plant tissue and/or soil samples for crops.

Analysis reveals imbalances in the subtle fields. These imbalances correlate to deficiencies, excesses, hyperactivity, and similar problems in the animal or crop. Analysis also identifies dysfunctions in the fields that are associated with disease and contamination; and because subtle fields are blueprints for the physical structure, dysfunctions may be detected radionically well before symptoms become visible. As a result, the farmer may supplement feed rations, or spray a crop to head off an impending problem.

Evaluation Of Materials

When a fertilizer is applied to a crop, or when a cow eats a mouthful of feed, there is also a simultaneous interaction of the associated subtle fields. If the fertilizer or the feed is ill-chosen due to contamination, poor formulation, or some other factor, it will be reflected, not only in disappointing performance, but also in reduced subtle field-strength or "vitality" of the crop or animal. Radionics may be used to measure how well any combination of energy fields interacts (e.g. feed with cow, or fertilizer with plant) in a laboratory setting, and to predict what will happen in the field or feedlot.

This is accomplished by first obtaining the baseline vitality measurement of the crop or animal with a radionic instrument, using a properly-obtained specimen. Then, a small specimen of the fertilizer or feed is introduced, and a second measure taken. If the baseline vitality is enhanced, a suitable product has been found. If it is depressed, it should not be used.

This technique, when combined with "Biological Theory Of Ionization" principles, has been especially effective in the formulating of foliar fertilizer recipes. The Biological Theory Of Ionization, as developed by the late Carey Reams, takes an "energetic" view of nature and is highly compatible with radionics. Foliar recipes, derived through radionic evaluation, are used to control the direction of plant growth, encouraging either vegetative growth or fruit and seed production.

Using similar protocols, it is possible to determine those materials most effective in suppressing specific weed, insect and disease pests. It is here, however, that philosophies diverge. A grower might use radionics to determine which herbicide is most poisonous to a problem weed. Likewise, the most effective insecticide might be identified for the control of potato beetles, corn rootworm, or some other pest. While this is useful information to those farming with pesticides, radionic teachers and researchers are encouraging alternative strategies more in line with sustainable farming philosophy. "Weeds! Why They Grow", by Jay McCaman (9) demonstrates radionically-derived strategies for the management of weeds.

With regard to insects and diseases, it is a principle of organic agriculture that such organisms serve as "nature's housekeepers", destroying and removing old, genetically-inferior and environmentally-weakened individuals. Organic methods then, seek to overcome most pest problems by producing vital and resistant crops and livestock. Most radionic practitioners also adopt this philosophy, using radionics to select fertilizers, soil amendments, feeds and feed supplements, etc., which enhance the field-strength or vitality of their plants and animals, thereby reducing the need for pesticides.

Another unique application involving subtle field interactions is the matching of seed to soil. By comparing a soil specimen with specimens of various crop seed species or varieties, in a radionic instrument, it is possible to determine the optimum match of seed to soil.


Perhaps the most difficult aspect of radionics to credit is its ability to vitalize the subtle field of a plant or animal by remote broadcast— thus improving its performance. The procedure is likened to that of a radio broadcast, with radionic instrumentation serving as the sending station. Using a properly-obtained specimen to achieve the proper resonance, a broadcast may be "targeted" to the subject. Just as music and speech rides the carrier wave from a radio station to a tuned receiver, vitalizing or healing energy is believed to be transported to crop or livestock.

The successes of the radionics company, UKACO (cited earlier), were a result of radionic broadcasting. Their approach involved transmitting the energy pattern of a pesticide through specially amplified instrumentation to the crop field. While this is apparently effective, most practitioners today avoid broadcasting toxic energies in favor of crop-vitalizing alternatives.

Radionic towers are another means by which broadcasting may be accomplished. There are many design concepts in use, but two are clearly distinguishable. The first is the Triune Bio-Tronic Tower system— designed by Jerry Fridenstine and marketed as "towers of power". The towers are constructed from solid copper piping and resemble three-legged tepees with a fourth, central leg. These require custom-engineered for each farm, and two or more units are needed at a location. They are no longer commercially available.

The second design originated with T. Galen Hieronymus, and is called a "cosmic pipe" or "cosmic pipeline". This style of tower is a single unit, composed largely of PVC plastic, which houses wiring and other components. These are easier for the farmer to set up and manage than the triune towers. However, basic skills in radionic analysis are still required for correct siting and to select appropriate energy patterns to "broadcast." An excellent description of Hieronymus towers may be found in the popular book Secrets Of The Soil (10).

The effectiveness of broadcasting varies with circumstances. In crop fertility programs, users report significant reductions in fertilizer needs. Where calcium is involved, however, reductions are small, and practitioners find lime or other materials must be added at close to recommended rates.

Vitalization may also be accomplished through the use of radionic potencies. Potencies are usually neutral substances like water, on which additional, beneficial subtle energies have been imprinted. Homeopathic medicines are potencies, as are the Biodynamic soil and compost preparations. (Note that radionics is also highly compatible with Biodynamic farming and gardening, though it is not known to be widely used by B-D practitioners.)

Radionic instruments can be used to generate specific potencies, commonly used as sprays for crops and soils; or as a bolus, drench, or injection for livestock.

Accessing Radionics:

There are several systems of radionics being taught in the U.S., and several models of instruments are usable within each system. Perhaps the most widely known and used is that originating with T. Galen Hieronymus. Hieronymus instruments, and those patterned after his basic design, also seem to be the most easy to obtain. Instruction is also easy to find. Prices for Hieronymus instruments and clones begin at about $750, and range to $4000. The SE-5 is a computer-enhanced instrument that works well within the Hieronymus system. It is also widely used and costs approximately $2400.

There are a number of instruments based on other systems of radionics, some of them European. One source is Copen Labs, which imports instruments and supplies from the Bruce Copen Laboratories, in Sussex, England. Copen's instruments and literature are probably the best option for those unable to attend workshops. Lots of printed guides are available, with some specific to agriculture.

Instrumentation designed to work within one radionic system (e.g., Hieronymus), adapt poorly to other systems. This is most obvious when one considers radionic rates— the number codes used on most instruments. Rates have been developed for plant and animal diseases, mineral nutrients, and a host of factors necessary and useful in agricultural work. Rate numbers are entered on the dials of instruments for both analysis and broadcasting. For example, the Hieronymus-compatible rate for calcium is 24-04; for a European-style instrument it is 3204. The former employs only two dials for a rate, the latter, a minimum of 4 dials. Protocols used in different systems may also vary.

Likewise, instructors skilled in one radionic system, may be unable to provide useful instruction in another. Therefore, it is wise to obtain an instrument and rate catalog from the person providing instruction, or to spend some time researching these particulars in advance.

Radionics can be learned successfully by most individuals. Instructors and researchers estimate that better than 90% of the population possess the intuitive ability required. Those suffering nervous system disorders or injury; on some forms of medication; or those having drug and/or alcohol problems, may be unable to do radionic work, however. Furthermore, due to the subtle nature of the fields being evaluated, the highly skeptical or hostile individual will also have difficulty getting things to work properly.

Instruction typically ranges in cost from $65 to $150 per day, and classes may run from 2 to 4 days. Beginning classes often concentrate on human health applications, with agriculture the focus of intermediate-level courses. Training occurs at various locations around the country. Most instructors and associations maintain mailing lists or newsletters that provide information about these classes.

Private classes and tutoring can sometimes be arranged with an instructor, though the cost is usually somewhat higher. The advantage is the higher certainty of successful learning, which accompanies the one-on-one environment.

Novices should plan to attend at least one basic course. Radionics is both an art and a science, and some aspects are extremely difficult to learn in the absence of an instructor.



  1. Reich, Wilhelm. 1942. The Discovery of the Orgone: Volume I, The Function of the Orgasm, Sex-Economic Problems of Biological Energy. Orgone Institute Press, New York.

  2. Hieronymus, Sarah Williams, ed. 1988. The Story of Eloptic Energy: The Autobiography of an Advanced Scientist, Dr. T. Galen Hieronymus. Advanced Sciences Research & Development, Lakemont, GA. 498 p.

  3. Bearden, Thomas E. 1988. Excalibur Briefing: Explaining Paranormal Phenomena, 2nd ed. Strawberry Hill Press, San Francisco, CA. 332 p.

  4. Byrd, Eldon A. 1989. Scalars, Part I. Journal Of The United States Psychotronics Association. Winter. p. 26-28.

  5. Andersen, Arden B. 1989. The Anatomy of Life & Energy in Agriculture. Acres, U.S.A., Kansas City, MO. 115 p.

  6. Gerber, Richard. 1988. Vibrational Medicine: New Choices for Healing Ourselves. Bear & Co., Santa Fe, NM. 559 p.

  7. Tompkins, Peter, and Christopher Bird. 1973. Chapter 19. Radionic Pesticides, p. 317-342. In: The Secret Life of Plants. Harper & Row, New York. 402 p.

  8. Russell, Edward Wriothesley. 1973. Chapter 3. New hope for farmers, p. 51-75. In: Report on Radionics - Science of the Future: The Science Which Can Cure Where Orthodox Medicine Fails. Spearman, London, U.K. 255 p.

  9. McCaman, Jay L. 1994. Weeds And Why They Grow. Jay L. McCaman. Box 22, Sand Lake, MI. 49343. 116 p.

  10. Tompkins, Peter and Christopher Bird. 1989. Chapter 22. Cosmiculture, p. 288-301. In: Secrets of the Soil: New Age Solutions for Restoring Our Planet. Harper & Row, New York, NY. 444 p.


Further Readings On Agricultural Radionics:

There are few books that focus specifically on radionics in farming. Most of those listed contain chapters or significant references to its use in agriculture.

Andersen, Arden B. 1989. The Anatomy of Life & Energy in Agriculture. Acres, U.S.A., Kansas City, MO. 115 p.

Andersen, Arden. 1992. Science in Agriculture: The Professional's Edge. Acres, U.S.A., Kansas City, MO. 370 p.

Copen, Bruce. 1974. Radiesthesia For Home And Garden. Academic Publications. Haywards Heath, Sussex, England. 71 p.

Copen, Bruce. 1980. Electronic Homeopathy For Plants. Haywards Heath, Sussex, England. 54 p.

Gershuny, Grace. 1993. The Quest For The Correct Organic Technology...Fringe Science, Authorized Practices, And Politics. Organic Farmer. Fall. p. 5, 6, 12-20.

Kelly, Peter J. 1983. Psychotronics And Agriculture: A Working Manual For Practitioners And Students. Interdimensional Sciences, Lakemont, GA. 64 p.

Kelly, Peter J. 1986. Psychotronics, Book I: A Primer On Instruments Using Variable Capacitor Tuning. Interdimensional Sciences, Lakemont, GA. 107 p.

Kuepper, George. 1991. Psychotronics: A New Frontier In Sustainable Agriculture. Natural Food And Farming. May/June. p. 13, 14, 33.

Kuepper, George. 1992. Experiences with electronic scanning and foliar feeding in commercial small fruit. GAIA Agricultural Consulting and Services, Fayetteville, AR. Information Sheet. 2 p.

Larsen, Lutie. 1988. Gardening Rate Book: A Reference Manual Of Rates And Techniques For Subtle Energy Balancing In The Garden And Homestead. Little Farm Research, Pleasant Grove, UT. 95 p.

Larsen, Lutie. 1994. The Animal Source Book For Subtle Energy Research. Little Farm Research, Pleasant Grove, UT. 255 p.

Lisle, Harvey. 1994. The Enlivened Rock Powders. Acres USA. Metaire, LA. 194 p.

Mattioda, Donald J. 1990. Radionics/Homeopathy: How To Manual. Future World Technologies, Inc. Avon, CT.

McCaman, Jay. 1985. Weeds!!! Why? McCaman Farms, Sand Lake, MI. 20 pp.

McCaman, Jay L. 1994. Weeds And Why They Grow. Jay L. McCaman. Box 22, Sand Lake, MI. 49343. 116 p.

Russell, Edward Wriothesley. 1973. Report on Radionics - Science of the Future: The Science Which Can Cure Where Orthodox Medicine Fails. Spearman, London, U.K. 255 p.

Tompkins, Peter, and Christopher Bird. 1973. The Secret Life of Plants. Harper & Row, New York, NY. 402 p.

Tompkins, Peter, and Christopher Bird. 1989. Secrets of the Soil. Harper & Row, New York. 444 pp.

Wheeler, Phil. 1986. Non-Toxic Farming Handbook. TransNational Agronomy, Grand Rapids, MI. 58 p.

General Readings and Workbooks On Radionics:

Abrams, Albert. 1916. New Concepts in Diagnosis and Treatment. Philopolis Press, San Francisco, CA.

Barr, Sir James (ed.) 1925. Abram's Methods of Diagnosis and Treatment. W. Henemann, London, U.K.

Baerlein, E., & A.L.G. Dower. 1980. Healing With Radionics: The Science Of Healing Energy. Thorsons Publishers Ltd., Wellingborough, Northamptonshire, England. 96 p.

Connor, Caroline. 1993. Educational Radionic Work Book And General Information. C. Connor, P.O. Box 1002, Melbourne, FL 32902. 97 p.

Davis, W.E. 1989. The Black Box & Other Psychic Generators. The Heritage Institute, Plainfield, WI. 68 p.

Denning, R. Murray. 1988. My Search For Radionic Truths. Borderland Sciences Research Foundation, Garberville, CA. 118 p.

Drown, Ruth Beymer. 1938. The Science and Philosophy of the Drown Radio Therapy. Artist's Press, Los Angeles, CA.

Drown, Ruth Beymer. 1939. The Theory and Technique of the Drown H.V.R. and Radiovision Instruments. Artist's Press, Los Angeles, CA.

Du Plessis, Jean. 1922. The Electronic Reactions of Abrams. Blanche and Jeanne R. Abrams Memorial Foundation, Chicago, IL.

Hudgings, Williams F. 1923. Dr. Abrams and the Electron Theory. Century Co., New York, NY.

Hartman, Jane E. 1987. Shamanism For The New Age: A Guide To Radionics & Radiesthesia. Aquarian Systems Inc., Publishers. P.O. Box 575, Placitas, NM 87043. 157 p.

Hieronymus, Sarah Williams, ed. 1988. The Story of Eloptic Energy: The Autobiography Of An Advanced Scientist, Dr. T. Galen Hieronymus. Advanced Sciences Research & Development, Lakemont, GA. 498 p.

Hieronymus, T. Galen. 1947. The Truth About Radionics and Some of the Criticisms Made About It by Its Enemies. International Radionic Assoc., Springfield, MO.

Hills, Christopher. 1975. Supersensonics: The Science Of Radiational Paraphysics, Volume III. University Of The Trees Press. P.O. Box 644, Boulder Creek, CA 95006. 612 p.

Kelsey, Elizabeth. 1943. Trail Blazers to Radionics and Reference Guide to Ultra High Frequencies. 2nd Edition. Zenith Radio Corp., Chicago, IL. 56 pp.

King, Serge Kahili. 1992. Earth Energies: A Quest For The Hidden Power Of The Planet. The Theosophical Publishing House. P.O. Box 270, Wheaton, IL 60189-0270. 243 p.

Kuepper, George L. 1996. Radionics, Reality & Man. GAIA, Goshen, AR 262 p.

Larsen, Lutie. 1987. The SE-5 Research Workbook: Experimental Techniques And Procedures For Researching Subtle Energy Fields With The SE-5 Biofield Spectrum Analyzer. Little Farm Research, Pleasant Grove, UT. 162 p.

MacIvor, Virginia, and Sandra LaForest. 1979. Vibrations: Healing Through Color, Homoeopathy and Radionics. Samuel Weiser, Inc., York Beach, ME. 179 p.

Paris, Don. 1993. Regaining Wholeness Through The Subtle Dimensions: Analyzing And Balancing Subtle Fields With The SE-5. Living From Vision, Stanwood, WA. 160 p.

Prill, Clarence E. 1994. The Prill Method Of Monitoring Radionics/Psionics Phenomena. Clarence E. Prill Family Trust. 1703 S. Cameron Ln., Peoria, IL 61607-9413. 66 p.

Tansley, David V. 1972. Radionics and the Subtle Anatomy of Man. Health Science Press, Rustington, England. 95 p.

Tansley, David V. 1975. Radionics: Interface with the Ether-Fields. Health Science Press, Bradford, England. 114 p.

Tansley, David V. 1977. Dimensions of Radionics. Health Science Press, Holsworthy, England. 207 p.

Tansley, David V. 1982. Radionics: Science Or Magic? C. W. Daniel Co., Saffron Walden, England. 143 p.

Tansley, David V. 1985. Radionics: A Patient's Guide To Instrumented Distant Diagnosis And Healing. Element Books Ltd. Dorset, England. 78 p.

Tansley, David V. 1985. Ray Paths and Chakra Gateways: An Approach to Spiritual Psychology Through Radionics. C. W. Daniel Co., Saffron Walden, England. 123 pp.

Wethered, Vernon Dingwall. 1967. The Practice of Medical Radiesthesia. Fowler, London, U.K. 150 pp.

Wethered, Vernon D. 1974 (reprinted from 1957). An Introduction to Medical Radiesthesia and Radionics. C. W. Daniel, London, U.K. 194 pp.

Suggested Readings on Metaphysics, Psychology, Quantum Physics, and Other Sciences Useful to the Understanding of Radionics:

Bearden, Thomas E. 1988. Excalibur Briefing: Explaining Paranormal Phenomena. 2nd ed. Strawberry Hill Press, San Francisco, CA. 332 p.

Bentov, Itzhak. 1977. Stalking The Wild Pendulum: On The Mechanics Of Consciousness. Bantam Books, New York, NY. 237 p.

Briggs, John P. and F. David Peat. 1984. Looking Glass Universe: The Emerging Science Of Wholeness. Simon & Schuster, New York, NY. 290 p.

Capra, Fritjof. 1975. The Tao Of Physics: An Exploration Of The Parallels Between Modern Physics And Eastern Mysticism. Bantam Books, New York, NY. 332 p.

Dossey, Larry. 1989. Recovering The Soul: A Scientific And Spiritual Search. Bantam Books, New York, NY. 319 p.

Gerber, Richard. 1988. Vibrational Medicine: New Choices for Healing Ourselves. Bear & Co., Santa Fe, NM. 559 p.

Hardy, Dean, Mary Hardy, Marjorie Killick, and Kenneth Killick. 1987. Pyramid Energy: The Philosophy Of God, The Science Of Man. Cadake Industries, Clayton, GA. 366 p.

Herbert, Nick. 1985. Quantum Reality: Beyond The New Physics. Doubleday, New York, NY. 268 p.

Roney-Dougal, Serena. 1991. Where Science & Magic Meet. Element Books Ltd., Dorset, England. 275 p.

Schultz, Ted (ed). 1989. The Fringes Of Reason: A Whole Earth Catalogue. Harmony Books, New York. 224 p.

Stone, Robert B. 1989. The Secret Life Of Your Cells. Whitford Press, 1469 Morstein Rd., West Chester, PA 19380. 192 p.

Talbot, Michael. 1991. The Holographic Universe. HarperCollins Publishers. New York, NY. 338 p.

Talbot, Michael. 1992. Mysticism And The New Physics. Penguin Books. New York. 185 p.

Toben, Bob, and Fred Alan Wolf. 1982. Space-Time And Beyond: Toward An Explanation Of The Unexplainable. Bantam Books, New York, NY. 189 p.

Wolf, Fred Alan. 1981. Taking The Quantum Leap: The New Physics For Nonscientists. Harper & Row, Publishers, San Francisco, CA. 262 p.