I. Jeffersonian Democracy
B. Jefferson's election in 1800 shifted regional power to South and West from mercantile aristocracy of Northeast
C. Jefferson's views:
2) Insistence on strong local governments
3) Each generation should remake its laws to stimulate democracy
2. John Marshall rejected their claim, contending that the Judiciary Act of 1789 was unconstitutional.
b) Victory for Federalists--greatly expanded power of Supreme Court by establishing precedent of court ruling laws unconstitutional.
2. Aaron Burr kills Hamilton in duel
3. Burr moves west to plan western nation with British help
4. Marshall found Burr not guilty of treason.
2. Jefferson sent agents in Paris to purchase New Orleans.
3. Napolean offers entire territory for $15 million
4. Jefferson thus violated his belief in strict construction of Constitution by using necessary and proper clause.
5. Two expeditions sent out to explore new land:
b) Zebulon Pike (1805) explored headwaters of Mississippi and southern Rocky Mountains.
2. Jefferson responded with Embargo Act which prohibited all American trade with foreign ports
b) Jefferson became object of hate in New England
b) Provided for re-opening of trade with England and France if interference ended
b) Desire for Canadian land
ii) Region needed for expansion of settlers
iii) Pawn to trade with England to force end of attacks on shipping
Please cite this source when appropriate:
Feldmeth, Greg D. "U.S. History Resources"
http://home.earthlink.net/~gfeldmeth/USHistory.html (31 March 1998).
Back to Outlines & Charts Index
Back to U.S. History Resources main page.