I. Causes for English Colonizing in America (See Colony Chart for quick-reference guide to colonies)
2. England could plant, supply, and protect colonies easily.
B. Changes in English economy.
2. Joint-stock company allowed for pooling of capital with limited risk.
3. Surplus population in cities as farmers were pushed off lands converted to sheep herding
C. Protestant Reformation
2. Anti-"Popish" believers (Puritans) felt that the Church of England was not Protestant enough in its beliefs and practices.
3. Persecution of Puritans, Catholics, and Quakers led to conflict with religious and political authorities
4. America was seen as a desirable haven for these groups.
II. Jamestown and Virginia
2. Convert Indians to Christianity
3. Find a passage to the Indies
B. Early group suffered from laziness, starvation, and malaria. Saved by leadership of John Smith and enterprise of tobacco planter John Rolfe.
2. Brought capital and workers to Virginia
3. Problems with tobacco farming
b) Exhausted the soil
c) Promoted large-acreage plantations which needed large amounts of cheap labor
C. Contributions of early Virginia
2. First representative self-government (House of Burgesses--1619)
3. Demand for slaves (1st slaves sold by Dutch to settlers in 1619)
III. New England Colonies
2. After difficult first winter (44 out of 102 survived), Pilgrims survived under the leadership of Governor William Bradford.
B. Puritans settled Massachusetts Bay in 1630 for economic and religious reasons.
2. Successful as fur traders, fishermen, and shipbuilders.
3. Great Puritan Migration of 1629-1640 brought many new settlers.
4. Ruled as 'Bible Commonwealth" with franchise restricted to male members of Puritan (later Congregational) church--probably 1/5 of adult white male population.
Feldmeth, Greg D. "U.S. History Resources"
http://home.earthlink.net/~gfeldmeth/USHistory.html (31 March 1998).
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