Reconstruction & Gilded Age (1864-1900)

1864 Wade-Davis Bill passed
1865 Freedmen's Bureau established
Johnson permits passage of Black Codes
13th Amendment ratified, outlawing slavery
1866 Congress passes Civil Rights Act
14th Amendment proposed
Ex parte Milligan
Ku Klux Klan formed in South
1867 Tenure of Office Act
Alaska purchased
Southern states establish Reconstruction governments
Grange founded
1868 Johnson impeached by House, acquitted by Senate
14th Amendment ratified
Grant elected president
1869 15th Amendment proposed
Transcontinental railroad completed at Promontory Point, Utah
Knights of Labor formed
1870 Last Southern states readmitted to Congress
1873 Slaughterhouse cases
Comstock lode discovered
Depression (through 1878)
Panic of 1873
1874 Gold rush begins in Black Hills of South Dakota
Barbed wire fence invented
1875 Several Grant assistants indicted for corruption in Whiskey ring scandal
1876 U.S. v. Cruikshank, U.S. v. Reese, Tilden defeats Hayes in popular vote in presidential election
Custer defeated at Little Big Horn
1877 Compromise of 1877: Hayes awarded presidency, troops removed from Southern states
Widespread rail strikes
Knights of Labor
Munn v. Illinois
San Francisco anti-Chinese riots
1878 Timber and Stone Act
Bland-Allison Act
1881 Pres. Garfield assassinated
Helen Hunt Jackson, "A Century of Dishonor"
1882 Standard Oil Trust formed
Chinese Exclusion Act
1883 Pendleton Civil Service Act
1884 Depression (through 1885)
1885-86 Killing winters in Plains
1886 Haymarket Riot
American Federation of Labor formed
Wabash v. Illinois
1887 Dawes Severalty Act, Interstate Commerce Act
1888 Edward Bellamy, "Looking Backward"
1890 Wounded Knee
Sherman Antitrust Act
Sherman Silver Purchase Act
U.S. Census declares end of the frontier
McKinley Tariff
1891 Populist Party founded
1892 Omaha Populist Convention
Homestead Steel Strike
1893 Great Northern Railroad completed
Depression (through 1897)
Frederick Jackson Turner proposes frontier thesis
Panic of 1893
1894 Pullman strike
Coxey's Army
1895 Booker T. Washington's Atlanta Compromise speech
Frederick Taylor explains scientific management
1896 Plessy v. Ferguson upholds separate but equal
McKinley defeats Bryan for president as free silver forces are crushed
1897 Dingley Tariff
Economic depression ends
1898 USS Maine sinks in Havana Harbor
Dewey captures Philippines
Hawaii annexed to U.S.
Anti-Imperialist League established
Philippine insurrection under Aguinaldo begins (until 1902)
1899 First Open Door note
1900 Boxer Rebellion in China

Please cite this source when appropriate:

Feldmeth, Greg D. "U.S. History Resources" (31 March 1998).

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