||Germany invades Poland
||September 1, 1939
||Following non-aggression treaty with Soviet Union, German troops invade Poland. England and France declare war on Germany. Soviets invade Poland from East.
||Germany's blitzkrieg takes western Europe
||Denmark, Norway, Nethlerlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, and France crushed by German offensive
||Battle of Britain
||German bombers ruin British cities in attempt to obtain British surrender before U.S. entry. Britain's breaking of German code ("Ultra") helps overcome air attacks.
||U.S. enacts draft bill
||Registration of all men between 21 and 35. Limit of 900,000 men in time of peace.
||Destroyer for Bases deal
||Washington D.C. and London
||U.S. transfers 50 old destroyers to Britain in exchange for use of eight British Atlantic bases.
||U.S. would "lend" military equipment to cash-strapped Britain.
||Germany invades Russia
||Germany begins two-front war with invasion of Russia. Germans halt 15 miles from Moscow in December 1941.
||FDR and Churchill agree to war aims, self-determination, and condemnation of Nazism.
||Japan attacks Pearl Harbor
||December 7, 1941
||361 Japanese warplanes attack American airfields and shipyards, disabling 19 ships, destroying 200 planes, and killing over 2300 men. Southeast Asia, Hong Kong, Malaya, Philippines soon fall to Japan.
||FDR asks for war on Japan
||December 8, 1941
||Congress approves entry into war. Germany and Italy declare war on U.S.
||Battle of Coral Sea
||Carrier-based U.S. planes halt Japanese advance on Australia.
||Threat on Hawaii ended as four Japanese aircraft carriers are sunk.
||Allies attack Germans in North Africa
||Huge Allied landing forces Germany to retreat to Tunisia, where they are surrounded by British and American forces.
||Solomon Islands, South Pacific
||Americans take first island in start of island-hopping strategy.
||Germans surrender at Stalingrad
||Germans surrender after fierce hand-to-hand fighting and huge casualties for each side.
||Germans surrender at Tunisia
||Tunisia, North Africa
||Over 250,000 German and Italian troops are captured and Allies prepare to invade Sicily and Italy.
||Allies invade Sicily
||In largest amphibious invasion in history, over 250,000 American and British troops land. Germans and Italians escape to mainland of Italy.
|| Although Italian troops quit fighting Allies, Germans continue in fierce fighting. Rome finally surrenders on June 4, 1944.
||June 6, 1944
||Normandy coast of France
||Allies use 4600 ships to invade German-held France. Suffering heavy casualites, the Allies were able to retake Paris in August.
||Battle of Leyte Gulf
||Pacific east of Philippines
||60 Japanese ships in largest naval battle in history.
||Battle of the Bulge
||German counteroffensive almost succeeds in retaking Belgium but is crushed with Allied reinforcements.
||Tokyo Bombing Raids
||American bombers destroy 250,000 buildings and kill 83,000 in massive fire-bombing.
||Russians take Berlin
||Russians take German capital after house-to-house fighting. Hitler commits suicide.
||May 7, 1945
||German government issues unconditional surrender to Allied forces.
||April to June 1945
||Southern tip of Japan
||Fighting from caves and bunkers, Japanese inflict 80,000 losses on Americans. Over 30 American ships are sunk by Japanese suicide missions.
||Gen. MacArthur retakes Philippines
||After Manila's fall to Americans in May, Japanese surrender here after inflicting 60,000 American casualties.
||August 6, 1945
||180,000 killed, wounded, or missing after atomic bomb is dropped. Two days later Soviet Union enters war against Japan.
||August 9, 1945
||Second bomb is dropped after Japanese delay surrender. 80,000 killed or missing.
||September 2, 1945
||Japan surrenders with one term: the emperor must retain his throne.
Please cite this source when appropriate:
Feldmeth, Greg D. "U.S. History Resources"
http://home.earthlink.net/~gfeldmeth/USHistory.html (31 March 1998).
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